38 Google Trending Breakout Blog Post Ideas – Updated on 2022-03-03

Find trends and resources for the highest search-volume keywords on Google in the last 24 hours below. This post was updated on 2022-03-03.

The automated system gathers resources for each breakout keyword, making it much easier to write blog articles on hot-topics quickly. Use this tool to climb the SEO ladder for free!

Please note that everything on this page is automatically gathered and generated. Skim through blog post ideas until you find something you’re interested in writing about. Take the hard work out of finding and researching popular blog post ideas.

Post Idea #1: Ignition coil

Related Articles – Summarized

Ignition Coil

An ignition coil is an induction coil in an automobile’s ignition system that transforms the battery’s voltage to the thousands of volts needed to create an electric spark in the spark plugs to ignite the fuel.

More recent electronic ignition systems use a power transistor to provide pulses to the ignition coil.

An ignition coil consists of a laminated iron core surrounded by two coils of copper wire.

Since it has a capacitor connected across it, the primary winding and the capacitor form a tuned circuit, and as the stored energy oscillates between the inductor formed by the coil and the capacitor, the changing magnetic field in the core of the coil induces a much larger voltage in the secondary of the coil.

When batteries became common in automobiles for cranking and lighting, the ignition coil system displaced magneto ignition.

Much smaller coils are used with one coil for each spark plug or one coil serving two spark plugs.

A large ignition coil puts out about 40 kV, and a small one such as from a lawn mower puts out about 15 kV. These coils may be remotely mounted or they may be placed on top of the spark plug, known as direct ignition or coil-on-plug.

NGK Spark Plugs

Designed and manufactured in our ISO 17025 accredited lab, NGK ignition coils are engineered to OE durability and performance.

With more than 494 ignition coil part numbers and 95% VIO coverage, NGK is The Ignition Specialist™.

Symptoms Of A Bad Or Failing Ignition Coil

Ignition coils are an electronic engine management component that are a part of the vehicle’s ignition system.

The ignition coil functions as an induction coil that converts the vehicle’s 12 volts into the several thousand that are required to jump the spark plug gap and ignite the engine’s air-fuel mixture.

Some ignition systems will use one coil to provide the spark for all of the cylinders, however most newer designs use an individual coil for each cylinder.

Usually a faulty ignition coil will produce a few symptoms that alert the driver of a potential issue.

One of the most common symptoms associated with a faulty ignition coil is engine performance issues.

The Check Engine Light will also be set off if the computer detects an issue with the ignition coil signal or circuit, such as when a coil burns out or shorts.

For vehicles that use a single ignition coil as the source of spark for all of the cylinders, a faulty coil will affect the operation of the entire engine.

Symptoms Of A Bad Ignition Coil: All That You Need To Know – Rx Mechanic

The symptoms of a bad ignition coil are mostly manifested as difficulties starting the car, a stalling engine, and loss of power while on the road. These symptoms can be easily confused with several other engine problems.

We need to know how to diagnose a bad ignition coil.

Because a coil pack ignition system involves fewer moving parts, identifying ignition coil problems and their correction poses challenges to a car owner.

What Does an Ignition Coil Do? A vehicle ignition coil is a transformer that amplifies the small voltage from a car battery into enough power capable of igniting the fuel and starting the engine.

Since a car ignition coil acts as a step-up transformer, the secondary coil has many more turns than the primary coil.

Motorists should look out for ignition coil failure causes and the symptoms of coil malfunction for early correction.

If your car has multiple ignition coils, testing all of them is the only way how to tell which ignition coil is bad.Most times ignition coils malfunction because of spark plugs or they may return good readings but have physical damage and weakened insulation.

How To Diagnose And Test An Ignition Coil

HOW AN IGNITION COIL WORKS. Inside every ignition coil are two sets of windings around a laminated or segmented iron core.

IGNITION COIL DIAGNOSIS. When a coil failure occurs on a distributor ignition system, it affects all the cylinders.

HOW TO TEST AN IGNITION COIL. WARNING: Never pull off a plug wire or the coil’s high voltage output wire to test for a spark.

To test the ignition coil connect the ohmmeter’s two test leads to the coils primary terminals.

Some auto parts stores have an ignition coil bench tester that can simulate a running engine to test coil function and output.

If your coil passes all tests but your engine has a misfire, the problem is likely a bad spark plug, a bad wiring connector at the coil, or a bad ignition control module or PCM. If the coil fails any part of the test, you need a new coil.

DIS ignition coil and pencil coil for coil-on-plug ignition system.

Post Idea #2: Federal-Mogul

Related Articles – Summarized


The partners formed a subsidiary called the Mogul Metal Company where they launched various bearing innovations.

In 1924, the Muzzy-Lyon Company and Federal Bearings and Bushing, an engine bearings and bushings manufacturing company founded in 1915 by a group of Detroit businessmen, merged to become Federal-Mogul Corporation.

In 1955, the company acquired National Motor Bearing Company, and the company name was changed to Federal-Mogul Bower.

The large number of products liability claims that came with the Turner & Newall acquisition were largely responsible for Federal-Mogul’s federal Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing in 2002.

During the company’s restructuring, Federal-Mogul Corporation acquired multiple companies including Robert G. Evans Co., Hanauer Machine Works, Inc., Metaltec, Inc., Mather Co. and Fel-Pro, Inc. The company emerged from Chapter 11 reorganization in January 2008, and in April 2008, the company listed Class A common stock on NASDAQ under the trading symbol FDML. In June 2010, Federal-Mogul expanded further into Asia by opening a headquarters and technical center in Shanghai, China.

In July 2012, Federal-Mogul announced a definitive agreement to purchase the BERU spark plug business from BorgWarner Inc. In September 2014, the company formally announced the long pending modification to the company’s corporate structure would be a split into two separate companies, Federal-Mogul Powertrain, and Federal-Mogul Motorparts.

In January 2017, majority shareholder Carl Icahn completed a $300 million deal for all of Federal-Mogul’s stock, after which he changed the company from a public company to a private company.

Federal-Mogul Corporation

The company rose to prominence through a series of expansions and acquisitions, which included the Bearing Company of America in 1953, the Bower Roller Bearing Company in 1955, and National Seal in 1956.

As a result of the increased business, the partners formed a subsidiary company called the Mogul Metal Company.

The companies merged in 1924, taking the name Federal-Mogul Corporation.

In 1936, the corporation acquired the Indianapolis-based Superior Bearings Company, and, in 1937, the service division went international with the acquisition of the former Watkins Rebabbitting Limited, with Canadian locations in Toronto, Montreal, and Winnipeg.

The corporation announced its third major merger in as many years, when The National Motor Bearing Company joined the new Federal-Mogul-Bower Bearing Corporation in July 1956.

Federal-Mogul Corporation … Again, 1965-90s. The company’s name was changed back to Federal-Mogul Corporation in April 1965.

Chrysler Corporation recognized the company for outstanding manufacturing plant performance in the areas of Quality, Delivery, and Warranty in May 1996, with its Gold Pentastar Award being given to Federal-Mogul’s Blacksburg, Virginia engine bearing manufacturing facility.

These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, all statements, other than statements of historical fact, included in this communication that address activities, events or developments that we expect or anticipate will or may occur in the future or that depend on future events and statements about our future business plans and strategy and other statements that describe the Company’s outlook, objectives, plans, intentions or goals, and any discussion of future operating or financial performance.

Forward-looking statements included in this communication concern, among other things, the proposed acquisition of Federal-Mogul LLC, including the expected timing of completion of the proposed acquisition and related transactions; the benefits of the proposed acquisition; the combined company’s plans, objectives and expectations; future financial and operating results; and other statements that are not historical facts.

2 Safe Harbor Additional Information and Where to Find It In connection with the proposed transaction between Tenneco Inc. and Federal-Mogul LLC, the Company intends to file relevant materials with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including a preliminary proxy statement on Schedule 14A. Following the filing of the definitive proxy statement with the SEC, the Company will mail the definitive proxy statement and a proxy card to each stockholder entitled to vote at the special meeting relating to the proposed transaction.

INVESTORS AND SECURITY HOLDERS OF THE COMPANY ARE URGED TO READ CAREFULLY THE PROXY STATEMENT AND OTHER DOCUMENTS FILED WITH THE SEC WHEN THEY BECOME AVAILABLE BECAUSE THEY WILL CONTAIN IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THE COMPANY, FEDERAL-MOGUL AND THE PROPOSED TRANSACTION. Investors and security holders may obtain free copies of the proxy statement and other relevant materials, and any and all documents filed by the Company with the SEC may be obtained for free at the SEC’s website at www.

Stockholders may obtain free copies of the documents filed with the SEC by the Company via the Company’s Investor Relations section of its website at investors.

Information about the persons who may, under the rules of the SEC, be considered to be participants in the solicitation of the Company’s stockholders in connection with the proposed transaction, and any interest they have in the proposed transaction, will be set forth in the definitive proxy statement when it is filed with the SEC. Additional information regarding these individuals is set forth in the Company’s proxy statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which was filed with the SEC on April 4, 2018, and its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, which was filed with the SEC on February 28, 2018.

The company believes investors find the non-GAAP information helpful in understanding the ongoing performance of operations separate from items that may have a disproportionate positive or negative impact on the company’s financial results in any particular period.


AFTERMARKET AND MARKETING GROUP. Nral pistons and Goetze rings and Goetze cylinder liners manufactured by Federal-Mogul Turkey and Global Aftermarket brands produced by Federal-Mogul are reliable sources for the global aftermarket.

Glyco engine bearings, AE engine components, Champion spark plugs, ignition products and wipers, Moog suspension products, Ferodo friction Products, Payen, Goetze and Fel-Pro gaskets are distributed by Federal-Mogul Turkey spare part distribution system to the Turkish aftermarket.

ATLAS. The Atlas brand of gaskets is Federal-Mogul’s market-leading brand in Mexico and is part of the Federal-Mogul Sealing Solutions group.

FEL-PRO. Federal-Mogul’s Fel-Pro brand is a premium sealing system and the industry’s leading brand of replacement sealing products for light vehicles, light trucks, medium-duty trucks and heavy-duty applications.

FERODO. Ferodo has led the development of friction materials in their modern form Ferodo braking products and is chosen by endurance racing, rallying, saloon touring cars and other circuit racing, such as Formula BMW. FP DIESEL. Federal-Mogul’s FP Diesel brand is a leading premium brand of heavy-duty engine parts and gaskets, offering a comprehensive range of precision-engineered components for the construction, marine, agricultural, mining, gas compression, trucking and industrial sectors.

SEALED POWER. Federal-Mogul’s Sealed Power brand product line represents a complete system of application-engineered internal components, including pistons, piston rings, engine bearings, camshafts, oil pumps, timing components and valvetrain products.

WAGNER BREAK PRODUCTS. Wagner Brake Products offers product lines that feature quick, convenient, precise installation for passenger vehicles and medium-duty commercial applications.


80 years on the market – the beginnings of the company under the name “Gorzyce Transport.Equipment Company” About us.

18 years of piston production by Federal-Mogul Gorzyce About us.

Manufacturing facility at 33-ha site – the area of EURO-PARK WISŁOSAN Tarnobrzeg Special Economic Zone About us.

Federal-Mogul Gorzyce Sp. z o.o. is a manufacturer of components such as gasoline engine pistons offered in the original equipment market and aftermarket.

The company has over 80 years of experience in manufacturing, which drives its further robust growth.

Our key products are pistons for internal combustion engines.

Customers 80 satisfied customers We cooperate with many entities and that is why we are well positioned to deliver the best quality pistons to our customers.

Post Idea #3: Robert Bosch

Related Articles – Summarized

Bosch Global

Bosch at a glance Sales revenue, associates, locations – key figures and brands at a glance.

Through Robert Bosch Stiftung, a charitable foundation, our profits are used to benefit society, the environment, and future generations – sustainably and for the long-term.

That’s what makes working for Bosch so special.

Products and services that spark enthusiasm In your car, at home, or at work – Bosch technology shapes many areas of life.

With its extensive technical expertise, Bosch develops smart mobility solutions in the areas of hardware, software, and services.

Bosch offers you individual solutions for your home to make life a bit easier every day.

Bosch offers innovative products and services for industry and trades.

Robert Bosch

Robert Bosch was a German industrialist, engineer and inventor, founder of Robert Bosch GmbH. Bosch was born in Albeck, a village to the northeast of Ulm in southern Germany as the eleventh of twelve children.

One of his brothers was Carl Friedrich Alexander Bosch, the father of Carl Bosch.

After his school and practical education, Bosch spent a further seven years working at diverse companies in Germany, the United States, and the UK. On 15 November 1886, he opened his own “Workshop for Precision Mechanics and Electrical Engineering” in Stuttgart.

Robert Bosch did not wish to profit from the armaments contracts awarded to his company during WWI. Instead, he donated several million German marks to charitable causes.

In the 1920s and 1930s, Robert Bosch was politically active.

In 1937, Bosch had restructured his company as a private limited company.

Theodor Heuss: Robert Bosch – his life and achievements.

Biography, Facts And Pictures

Robert August Bosch was a German inventor, engineer and industrialist who founded Robert Bosch GmbH, one of the world’s leading engineering firms, in 1886.

Robert Bosch is noted for inventing the spark plug, a magneto-based ignition system, for automobiles.

Born on September 23, 1861, near Ulm in Württemberg, south-western Germany, Robert Bosch was the eleventh of twelve children from a wealthy farmer’s family.

Robert Bosch established the Robert Bosch GmbH Corporation, one of the leading producers of automotive technology who also manufactured numerous other products.

Returning to Gernany, Bosch started his own company, “Workshop for Precision Mechanics and Electrical Engineering”, when he was only 25 in 1886.

His company largely benefited from the armament contracts during the First World War, but Bosch open-heartedly donated more than ten million Reich marks back to the German public.

Robert Bosch died on March 12, 1942 in Stuttgart, Germany, of complications resulting from an inflammation of the middle ear.

Corporate Information

Text, images, graphics, sound, animations and videos as well as the arrangement of the same on Bosch web sites are protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights.

Some Bosch web sites may also contain text, images, graphics, sound, animations and videos subject to third party copyrights.

Bosch web sites may also contain other product, service and/or company names which may be the trademarks of their respective owners.

This information is provided by Robert Bosch LLC ”AS IS” and without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied, including any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for any particular purpose or non-infringement.

The intellectual property contained in the Bosch web site, e.g. patents, trademarks and copyrights, is protected by law.

All personal data entered on the Bosch web site will be stored, processed, and if necessary, passed to companies of the Bosch Group exclusively for the purpose of providing a personal service to you, to send you product information or to submit service offers to you.

Bosch may modify, suspend, discontinue or restrict the use of any portion of the site, including the availability of any portion of the content at any time, without notice or liability.


The Power Tools Division of the Bosch Group is the world market leader for power tools and power tool accessories.

Each year, Bosch launches more than 100 new power tools into the global market.

Robert Bosch Tool Corporation in North America was formed in January 2003 when Robert Bosch GmbH combined its North American power tool and power tool accessory divisions into one organization.

As a manufacturing pioneer with more than a century’s worth of experience, the Bosch name has become synonymous with engineering excellence.

Robert Bosch Tool Corporation is a world leader in the design, manufacture and sale of power tools, rotary and oscillating tools, power tool accessories, laser and optical leveling devices, and range finding tools.

The Bosch Group comprises Robert Bosch GmbH and its more than 350 subsidiaries and regional companies in more than 60 countries.

To learn more about Bosch Worldwide, visit: www.

Vancouver, BC For Sale “Bosch”

Vancouver, BC for sale “Bosch” – craigslist.

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Post Idea #4: Ignition system

Related Articles – Summarized

Ignition System

An ignition system generates a spark or heats an electrode to a high temperature to ignite a fuel-air mixture in spark ignition internal combustion engines, oil-fired and gas-fired boilers, rocket engines, etc.

Some older automobiles had both a magneto system and a battery actuated system running simultaneously to ensure proper ignition under all conditions with the limited performance each system provided at the time.

The Kettering system became the primary ignition system for many years in the automotive industry due to its lower cost, and relative simplicity.

The ignition system is typically controlled by a key operated Ignition switch.

External to the distributor is the ignition coil, the spark plugs and wires linking the distributor to the spark plugs and ignition coil.

Digital electronic ignition modules can be designed as either capacitor discharge ignition or inductive discharge ignition systems.

Ignition system John A. Hawthorne 1964/1967 comments about Kettering ignition system: “Practical efforts to improve or supplant this system have failed, and it has remained virtually unchanged through the years. However, the present trend toward higher performance automobile engines threatens to render this tried and true system obsolete. The principal limitation of the Kettering system is, as typically applied, the inability to develop adequate levels of spark plug gap energy without sacrificing longevity of the ignition points or the transformer coil. The inherent inefficiency of the system is particularly apparent at higher engine speeds.”

How The Ignition System Works

The bowl houses the contact-breaker points, rotor arm, and a device for altering the ignition timing.

The distributor cap is made of nonconductive plastic, and the current is fed to its central electrode.

The rotor arm is fitted on top of the central shaft, and connects to the central electrode by means of a metal spring or spring-loaded brush in the top of the distributor cap.

The current enters the cap through the central electrode, passes to the centre of the rotor arm through the brush, and is distributed to each plug as the rotor arm revolves.

As the rotor arm approaches a segment, the contact-breaker points open and HT current passes through the rotor arm to the appropriate sparkplug lead. The contact-breaker points are mounted inside the distributor.

In some modern ignition systems, micro-electronics ensure the optimum ignition timing for all engine speeds and engine load conditions.

Chambers in the cylinder head. HT current passes from each segment on the distributor cap down the plug leads to the plug caps.

If you’re serious about your precious vehicle, knowing how the different types of ignition system work and their advantages and disadvantages is useful in choosing the right spark plug that works most effectively given the performance requirements of the ignition system.

Currently, there are four types of ignition systems used in most cars and trucks, by order of invention: conventional breaker-point ignitions, high energy ignitions, distributor-less ignition and coil-on-plug ignitions.

The oldest type of ignition system is the conventional breaker-point ignition system, which sometimes is also called mechanical ignition systems.

A high energy ignition system that relied less on mechanical workings: the electronic ignition system.

Like early breaker-point ignition systems, electronic systems have two ignition coils and accordingly two circuits, a primary circuit and a secondary circuit.

These systems are very different from breaker-point and electronic ignition systems, The ignition coils now sit directly on top of the spark plugs, spark plug wires are eliminated, and the system is fully electronic.

The third types of ignition system is the distributor-less, also called waste spark ignition system.

What Is Ignition System?- Types, Parts, And Working

An ignition system generates a spark or heats an electrode to a high temperature to ignite a fuel-air mixture in spark ignition internal combustion engines, oil-fired and gas-fired boilers, rocket engines, etc.

A vehicle ignition system is divided into two electrical circuits, the primary and the secondary.

The vehicle’s computer system uses engine sensors to regulate the electronic control module and instruct the ignition coils to ignite the spark plugs.

The second type of ignition system is distributorless ignition.

The distributorless ignition system may have one coil per cylinder or one coil for each pair of cylinders.

Electronic ignition system is the type of ignition system that uses electronic circuit, usually by transistors controlled by sensors to generate electronic pulses which in turn generate.

The need for higher mileage, reduced emissions and greater reliability has led to the development of the electronic ignition system.

How Automobile Ignition Systems Work

The ignition system on your car has to work in perfect concert with the rest of the engine.

­The goal is to ignite the fuel at exactly the right time so that the expanding gases can do the maximum amount of work.

If the ignition system fires at the wrong time, power will fall and gas consumption and emissions can increase.

There is a small delay from the time of the spark to the time when the fuel/air mixture is all burning and the pressure in the cylinder reaches its maximum.

To make the best use of the fuel, the spark should occur before the piston reaches the top of the compression stroke, so by the time the piston starts down into its power stroke the pressures are high enough to start producing useful work.

Because the length of the stroke and the area of the piston are fixed, the only way to maximize work is by increasing pressure.

The timing of the spark is important, and the timing can either be advanced or retarded depending on conditions.

Ignition Sytem: Types, Parts, Working, Diagram [PDF]

In this article, you’ll learn what is ignition system how it works? types of ignition system, working, diagram, and more.

The ignition system is one of the most important systems used in the I.C engines.

The ignition takes place inside the cylinder at the end of the compression stroke, the ignition system serves this purpose.

Compression ignition engine does not have such an ignition system.

The ignition system should function efficiently at the high and low speeds of the engine.

The figure shows the battery ignition system for a 4 cylinder engine.

The magneto ignition system has the same principle of working like that of the battery ignition system.

One Industrial Platform For SCADA, IIoT, MES, And More

Ignition comes with everything you need to create any kind of industrial application for desktops, industrial displays and mobile screens.

The included Ignition Designer combines a rich component library, easy data-binding, as well as powerful tools for drawing and scripting, into one fully-integrated development environment.

Post Idea #5: Spark plug

Related Articles – Summarized

Spark Plug

If a spark plug were to protrude into the Wankel’s combustion chamber it would be hit by the passing apex seal, but if the plug were recessed to avoid this, mixture access to the spark would be reduced, leading to misfire or incomplete combustion.

The operating temperature of a spark plug is the actual physical temperature at the tip of the spark plug within the running engine, normally between 500 and 800 °C. This is important because it determines the efficiency of plug self-cleaning and is determined by a number of factors, but primarily the actual temperature within the combustion chamber.

A spark plug is said to be “Hot” if it is a better heat insulator, keeping more heat in the tip of the spark plug.

A spark plug is said to be “Cold” if it can conduct more heat out of the spark plug tip and lower the tip’s temperature.

Whether a spark plug is “Hot” or “Cold” is known as the heat range of the spark plug.

The heat range of a spark plug is affected by the construction of the spark plug: the types of materials used, the length of insulator and the surface area of the plug exposed within the combustion chamber.

Engine and spark plug manufacturers will publish information about the characteristic markings in spark plug reading charts.

NGK Spark Plugs

NGK spark plugs push the limits of performance and innovation, bringing the most advanced technology to today’s high-efficiency engines.

From the high-tech Ruthenium HX™ to the industry standard OE-style spark plugs, NGK drives the future of spark plug engineering.

Automotive Service Parts And Accessories

A new iridium alloy tip with a diameter of 0.4 mm is laser welded to the tip of the center electrode to make the center electrode.

This lowers the spark voltage, secure reliable spark, reduces the quenching effect, and improves ignition performance.

Iridium, like platinum, is a precious metal and has extraordinarily superior properties for a spark plug electrode, for example high-temperature withstand, high strength, and low resistance.

In order to further improve oxidation resistance at high temperatures, DENSO developed a unique new iridium alloy containing rhodium.

Auto Shop For A Spark Plug Change

I got quotes going from wildly hallucinating at $400-$500 from Kal Tire, to more palatable sounding $120 or so at Auto Zone.

Are there any auto shops that are decently priced for a spark plug change, considering it would take about 30-45 mins of labor to change 4 spark plugs in a Honda Civic?

I went to Kal tire for an oil change and tire rotation, and I feel ripped off! I have a really small baby so I don’t have the time to do these small auto jobs myself anymore so I am looking for suggestions for an affordable shop.

Auto Zone sounds like a good deal at $120 but just wanted to check in to see if the community has other recommendations.

Edit: as a woman I get fairly outrageous quotes on the phone or in person.

Would prefer to go someplace that won’t rip me off!

Post Idea #6: Coast Capital Savings

Related Articles – Summarized

Coast Capital Savings

Coast Capital Savings Federal Credit Union is a member-owned financial co-operative headquartered in Surrey, British Columbia.

Coast Capital Savings found its beginnings in 1940 as a co-operative of British Columbia government employees later emerging as Pacific Coast Savings Credit Union throughout a series of mergers of local Vancouver Island credit unions.

In June 2002, Coast Capital Savings acquired Surrey Metro Savings, expanding the reach of the credit union from Vancouver Island to the Fraser Valley.

In the years that followed the merger with Surrey Metro Savings, Coast Capital Savings has seen membership growth from 300,000 members in 2002, to 522,000 members in 2015.

From October 17 to November 28, 2016, a vote was held for members on whether or not Coast Capital Savings should become a federal credit union.

Coast Capital Savings will be the second federal credit union, after New Brunswick’s Fédération des caisses populaires acadiennes in July 2016.

Pursuant to a federal letters patent, Coast Capital is to be renamed as Coast Capital Savings Federal Credit Union effective November 1, 2018.

Coast Capital Savings Career Site

You’re in the driver’s seat of your career, and there’s almost no limit to where you can go with Coast Capital Savings.

We’ll support your growth by providing opportunities designed to help you take your career to the next level.

We’re Canada’s largest credit union by membership, with over 572,000 members.

We have big plans to expand into new markets, and we’re always looking for new ways to help our members.

Without the right people, we wouldn’t be able to do any of this.

Check out what Coast Capital Savings has to offer you.

If you’re looking for a career, not a job, look no further.

Coast Capital Savings Routing, Transit Number And Institution Number

What is a transit number and a routing number?Coast Capital Savings institution number.

Wise is the cheaper way to send money abroad. Sending domestic payments with your bank can be easy enough.

Many of which take a new approach, and skip the usual costs of sending money around the world.

Learn more about sending money internationally with Wise.

Where to find the Coast Capital Savings transit number on a cheque?

Your Coast Capital Savings bank transit number and institution number can be found at the bottom of a cheque.

How to find your Coast Capital Savings transit number?Start saving on your transfers to Canada.

At Coast Capital we’re member owned, so we take the time to learn what really matters to you and we’ll support you every step of the way.

Congratulations to over 1,400 nominees, nearly 40 winners and the entire Coast Capital team for their amazing contributions in building better futures together for our members, employees and communities throughout 2021.

Join us in congratulating them! 👏. Show this thread.This week, we celebrated our talented Coast colleagues at our annual employee recognition event: #ToastToCoast.

Our Toast to Coast Awards recognize collaborators, trusted advisors, exceptional leaders and brand ambassadors across our organization.

Ly/VNsX50HR9vN”This recognition reminds us of the incredible things we can achieve together, and as a community, when we put purpose and our people at the heart of everything that we do.” – Ania Cox, Coast Capital’s Chief People Officer.

“As a refugee immigrant who came to Canada at a young age, I have experienced how hard it can be to financially support life and education. The Coast Capital Standing Tall Education Award means the absolute world to me.” – Maria Karaji.

Do understand how a credit score works? Coast Capital’s Matt Atkinson joins Global News to break it down.

Post Idea #7: Online banking

Related Articles – Summarized

Mobile And Online Banking

View current balances and review transactions for all your U.S. Bank accounts.

Access e-statements, tax documents and letters & notices online or in the app.

Transfer instantly among your U.S. Bank accounts and to or from accounts you hold elsewhere.

Find the nearest U.S. Bank branch or ATM. Stay informed.

Set up customized alerts2 to stay informed about account activity that’s important to you.

The Best Online Banks Of 2022

TOP ONLINE BANK. TIAA Bank offers certificates of deposit in terms ranging from three months to five years, as well as savings, money market and checking accounts, all of which pay competitive yields.

Broad reach: TIAA Bank serves customers in all 50 states, has a highly rated mobile app that lets you pay bills, deposit checks and bank on the go, and it provides access to thousands of fee-free ATMs. TOP ONLINE BANK. If you’re looking for competitive rates on deposits and low deposit requirements to open accounts, BrioDirect is an online bank worth considering.

TOP ONLINE BANK. Many consumers think that Discover provides only credit cards, but it’s also a top online bank offering CDs, and savings, money market and checking accounts.

No minimum deposit requirements: The online bank doesn’t require a minimum deposit to open a savings account or a checking account.

TOP ONLINE BANK. At Transportation Alliance Bank, or TAB Bank, you can earn one of the highest yields available on a savings account and competitive yields on certificates of deposit without paying steep fees.

TOP ONLINE BANK. First Internet Bank of Indiana is one of the best online banks because of its low fees, free checking account with a low opening-deposit requirement, and competitive rates on CDs and its Money Market Savings account.

Low minimum deposit requirements: The required deposit to open a Free Savings or Free Checking account is just $25. The Money Market Savings account is also easy to open, with a minimum deposit requirement of $100. TOP ONLINE BANK. Sallie Mae is a great place for savers to sock away money into a money market account, savings account or CD. In addition to competitive yields, there are no opening deposit requirements for the High-Yield Savings, SmartyPig savings and money market accounts.

Online Banking

You can now request a new card in RBC Online Banking.

You can also set up and receive RBC Alerts about your banking activity and available RBC Offers.

Order Foreign Cash Online Purchase foreign cash 24/7 through RBC Online Banking and pick it up at any of the 1,200+ RBC branches in Canada.

Your Money is Always Safe RBC Digital Banking Security Guarantee Should anything ever happen, we’ve got you covered.

We’ll fully reimburse you for any unauthorized transactions11 made through the RBC Mobile app or RBC Online Banking.

RBC Online Banking is operated by Royal Bank of Canada.

The TransUnion CreditView Dashboard is only available to existing RBC Online Banking clients who are age of majority in their province of residence.

Best Online Banks Of March 2022 – Forbes Advisor

The best online banks offer a healthy mix of high APYs, low fees and reasonable minimum requirements.

Because they are often branchless or maintain limited physical locations, these institutions also tend to provide an intuitive online and mobile banking experience, along with customer support that’s attentive and easy to reach.

When you’re shopping for a new banking relationship, whether it’s for a single savings account or a full-service online bank, keep in mind the banking traits that are most valuable for you and your family.

To help support our reporting work, and to continue our ability to provide this content for free to our readers, we receive compensation from the companies that advertise on the Forbes Advisor site.

First, we provide paid placements to advertisers to present their offers.

The compensation we receive from advertisers does not influence the recommendations or advice our editorial team provides in our articles or otherwise impact any of the editorial content on Forbes Advisor.

While we work hard to provide accurate and up to date information that we think you will find relevant, Forbes Advisor does not and cannot guarantee that any information provided is complete and makes no representations or warranties in connection thereto, nor to the accuracy or applicability thereof.

Trinidad And Tobago

SMS Banking Commands First Citizens SMS Banking allows you to use your cell phone to access eligible accounts using SMS:. Check your account balances.

To have a mobile device that supports SMS or Text Messaging.

What are Commands and how do I use them? Commands are the SMS you send from your mobile device to First Citizens to request your account information or transfer money between your eligible accounts.

After you have verified your mobile phone number, send a SMS to the First Citizens Mobile Text short code 34778 using one of the commands.

HELP BALRetrieve information on the format of the balance commandsHELP TRANRetrieve information on the format of the Transfer commandsHELP RTRARetrieve information on the format of the Recent Transfers commandsHELP HISTRetrieve information on the format of the Account History commands HELPRetrieve information on the format of the Help command STOPUnsubscribe your mobile device from receiving First Citizens SMS Alert messagesSending Commands: Using SMS Banking is as simple as sending a short command via SMS to the First Citizens shortcode 34778.

Type “Bal Sav1” as a SMS. The format to be used is Bal account nickname.

You will receive a SMS which will state the available balance on the account you nicknamed as Sav1.When you send First Citizens a SMS, make sure you send it to the First Citizens SMS Banking short code 34778.

Online Banking

The online banking system will typically connect to or be part of the core banking system operated by a bank to provide customers access to banking services in place of traditional branch banking.

Online banking significantly reduces the banks’ operating cost by reducing reliance on a branch network, and offers greater convenience to customers in time saving in coming to a branch and the convenience of being able to perform banking transactions even when branches are closed.

In the United States in-home banking was “Is still in its infancy” with banks “Cautiously testing consumer interest” in 1984, a year after online banking went national in the UK. At the time Chemical Bank in New York was “Still working out the bugs from its service, which offers somewhat limited features”.

In January 2015, WeBank, the online bank created by Tencent, started 4-month-long online banking trail operation.

In December 1995, Advance Bank acquired by St.George Bank, started to provide customers with online banking with the rollout of the C++ Internet banking program.

Mbanx was released at the very beginning of the internet banking revolution in Canada and was the first full-service online bank Also in 1996, RBC started providing banking information online and had the first personal computer banking software released that year In 1997, the bank ING Direct Canada was founded with almost entirely online banking using only small cafes for meetings and very few physical branches.

According to research by Online Banking Report, at the end of 1999 less than 0.4% of households in the U.S. were using online banking.

Post Idea #8: Magic Quadrant

Related Articles – Summarized

Magic Quadrant Research Methodology

Use a Gartner Magic Quadrant as a first step to understanding the technology providers you might consider for a specific investment opportunity.

Gartner’s interactive Magic Quadrant features enable you to create a view of the Magic Quadrant to reflect your own business goals, needs and priorities.

Most significantly the interactive features enable you to adjust the weightings applied to each of the evaluation criteria to generate a new, client-specific Magic Quadrant graphic for that market.

You can then save and share these customized Magic Quadrants for your internal analyses and decision making.

Gartner’s interactive Magic Quadrant also brings together our expert opinion and the Peer Insights user-contributed reviews into one experience.

Contextualization enables you to view a Gartner Magic Quadrant through a specific lens, providing high-impact additional perspectives by key industry, region and company size.

The interactive Magic Quadrant experience provides you with a customized view of the market based on the criteria most important to you.

A Leader In Gartner® Magic Quadrant™ Reports

This graphic was published by Gartner, Inc. as part of a larger research document and should be evaluated in the context of the entire document.

The Gartner document is available upon request from Microsoft.

Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product or service depicted in its research publications, and does not advise technology users to select only those vendors with the highest ratings or other designation.

Gartner research publications consist of the opinions of Gartner’s research organization and should not be construed as statements of fact.

Gartner disclaims all warranties, express or implied, with respect to this research, including any warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

Magic Quadrant

A vendor in the Leaders quadrant has the market share, credibility, and marketing & sales capabilities needed to drive the acceptance of new technologies.

Challengers A vendor in the Challengers quadrant participates in the market and executes well enough to be a serious threat to vendors in the Leaders quadrant.

Financial viability is not an issue for vendors in the Challengers quadrant, but they lack the size and influence of vendors in the Leaders quadrant.

Visionaries A vendor in the Visionaries quadrant delivers innovative products that address operationally or financially important end-user problems at a broad scale, but has not yet demonstrated the ability to capture market share or sustainable profitability.

Gartner Critical Capabilities complement Magic Quadrant analysis to offer deeper insight into the products and services offered by multiple vendors by a comparative analysis that scores competing products or services against a set of critical differentiators identified by Gartner.

It has been pointed out[by whom?] that the criteria for the Magic Quadrant cater more towards investors and large vendors than towards buyers.

Gartner was the target of a federal lawsuit from software vendor, ZL Technologies, challenging the “Legitimacy” of Gartner’s Magic Quadrant rating system.

2021 Gartner Magic Quadrant I Microsoft Power BI

For 14 consecutive years, Gartner has recognized Microsoft as a Magic Quadrant Leader in analytics and business intelligence platforms.

Learn more in this report about the Power BI features that we believe helped again position Microsoft as a Magic Quadrant Leader in analytics and BI:. The Power BI cloud service is extremely rich in its capabilities, including an increased set of augmented analytics and automated ML capabilities.

AI-powered services, such as text, sentiment, and image analytics are available within Power BI Premium and draw on Azure capabilities.

The increasing integration of Power BI into Microsoft Teams, with its tens of millions of daily active users, will inevitably further increase Power BI’s reach in the world of remote working.

The Gartner document is available upon request from Microsoft.

Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product or service depicted in its research publications, and does not advise technology users to select only those vendors with the highest ratings or other designation.

Gartner research publications consist of the opinions of Gartner’s research organization and should not be construed as statements of fact.

Okta Named Leader In Latest Gartner® MQ For Access Management

Gartner recently recognized Okta as a Leader in the “Magic Quadrant for Access Management, November 2021.” Okta has been placed the highest for “Ability to Execute” of all vendors evaluated.

This report defines the AM market as “Customers’ needs to establish, enforce and manage runtime access controls for internal and external types of identities, interacting with cloud, modern standards-based web and legacy web applications.” This is the fifth year in a row that Okta has been named a Leader in the Magic Quadrant for Access Management.

Okta believes this recognition from Gartner adds to their continued momentum.

In August, Forrester Research Inc. recognized Okta as a Leader in The Forrester Wave™: Identity-As-A-Service for Enterprise, Q2 2021.* In the Forrester evaluation, Okta earned the highest scores amongst all vendors evaluated in both the Current Offering and Strategy categories, earning a 5/5 score in 14 of the 18 evaluation criteria.

The Gartner document is available upon request from Okta.

Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product or service depicted in its research publications, and does not advise technology users to select only those vendors with the highest ratings or other designation.

Gartner research publications consist of the opinions of Gartner’s research organization and should not be construed as statements of fact.

Microsoft Named A Leader In 2021 Gartner® Magic Quadrant™ For Cloud DBMS Platforms

We are pleased to share that Microsoft is named a Leader in the 2021 Gartner® Magic Quadrant™ for Cloud Database Management Systems.

1 This placement reflects our completeness of vision and ability to execute, and we feel is a testament to our ongoing innovation and the integration of a comprehensive cloud data management ecosystem into Microsoft’s end-to-end data platform.

Today’s organizations are modernizing their data platforms as part of a broader digital transformation and need to rely on data as a strategic asset and competitive differentiator.

Our recent announcement of SQL Server 2022 in preview showcases our most Azure-enabled SQL Server release yet, with Azure SQL Managed Instance, Azure Synapse Analytics, and Azure Purview integrations in a single product.

Azure Purview, our unified data governance service, helps organizations manage and govern their on-premises, multicloud, and software-as-a-service data.

With over 57 billion data assets discovered by customers already, Azure Purview ensures your Microsoft data estate is governed through deep integrations with data services in Azure, Microsoft 365, Power Platform, and more.

Chief Data Officers who successfully demonstrate return on investment from their data and analytics investments are 1.7 times more likely to consistently produce clear business value.

2021 Gartner Magic Quadrant For Supply Chain Planning Solutions Report

OMP has once again been recognized as a Leader in a Magic Quadrant for Supply Chain Planning 2021* by Gartner, the world’s leading information technology research and advisory company.

The report, published February 2021., examines the vendors of supply chain planning solutions, focusing on analyzing the market for transformational technologies and approaches delivering on the future needs of end users.

“Gartner defines supply chain planning solutions as a platform that provides technology support which allows a company to manage, link, align, collaborate and share its planning data across an extended supply chain. It supports demand creation through to the detailed supply-side response and from strategic planning through tactical-level planning.”

Read the report to learn more about where supply chain planning is headed and see why OMP is positioned in the Leaders quadrant.

Post Idea #9: Leadership

Related Articles – Summarized

What Is Leadership? The Ultimate Guide

That’s because the ultimate definition of leadership is empowering others to become effective leaders as well.

In developing a grasp of true leadership meaning, you must ask yourself not only what is leadership.

What is great leadership? Great leadership – quality leadership – is servant leadership.

Whether you want to work on your own leadership skills or cultivate leaders within your organization, leadership development programs will help you get there.

Core leadership concepts How can I develop my leadership potential?

Tony Robbins’ Seven Qualities of Leadership teach us that there are seven areas of our lives we must master in order to be a great leader: energy, emotions, time, relationships, purpose, finances and our ability to celebrate victories.

Every great athlete has a coach and, fortunately for us, there are so many inspirational leaders that we don’t have to look far to pick up the core of the features, or qualities, of influence and leadership.

Leadership: What Is It?

Leadership captures the essentials of being able and prepared to inspire others.

Effective leadership is based upon ideas-both original and borrowed-that are effectively communicated to others in a way that engages them enough to act as the leader wants them to act.

In business, leadership is linked to performance, and any leadership definition has to take that into account.

While leadership isn’t intrinsically linked to profit, those who are viewed as effective leaders in corporate contexts are the ones who increase their company’s bottom line.

While there are people who seem to be naturally endowed with more leadership abilities than others, anyone can learn to become a leader by improving particular skills.

History is full of people who, while having no previous leadership experience, have stepped to the fore in crises and persuaded others to follow their suggested course of action.

Leadership vs. Management Leadership Management May or may not be a manager May or may not be a leader Must inspire followers May or may not inspire those under them Emphasizes innovation Emphasizes rationality and control May be unconcerned with preserving existing structures Seeks to work within and preserve existing corporate structures Typically operates with relative independence Typically a link in the corporate chain of command May be less concerned with interpersonal issues May be more concerned with interpersonal issues The terms leadership and management tend to be used interchangeably, but they’re not the same.

What Is Leadership?

For me, the best explanation of “What is Leadership” defined as: “Leadership is a process of social influence, which maximizes the efforts of others, towards the achievement of a goal”.

The process of leadership is a transactional event between the leader and the followers, rather than a feature or feature of the leader.

The term “Process” relates to how a leader inspires his followers and is impacted by them.

Leadership therefore becomes a participatory experience for everybody.

Leadership involves influencing a group of individuals with a shared purpose.

The leadership of one individual is to persuade another group to cooperate towards a common goal.

The emphasis on shared objectives provides leadership a fundamental ethical tone, as it highlights the necessity for leaders to work with supporters to achieve particular objectives.

Understanding Leadership

Reprint: R0401K. The would-be analyst of leadership usually studies popularity, power, showmanship, or wisdom in long-range planning.

None of these qualities is the essence of leadership.

Leadership is the accomplishment of a goal through the direction of human assistants-a human and social achievement that stems from the leader’s understanding of his or her fellow workers and the relationship of their individual goals to the group’s aim.

Prentice calls for democratic leadership that, without creating anarchy, gives employees opportunities to learn and grow.

This concept, along with his rejection of the notion that leadership is the exercise of power or the possession of extraordinary analytical skill, foreshadows the work of more recent authors such as Abraham Zaleznik and Daniel Goleman, who have fundamentally changed the way we look at leadership.

Attempts to analyze leadership tend to fail because the would-be analyst misconceives his task.

Some leaders have these things, but they are not of the essence of leadership.

What Is Leadership?

I’ve now written several books on leadership for employee engagement, and yet it occurred to me that I never actually paused to define leadership.

Leadership has nothing to do with seniority or one’s position in the hierarchy of a company.

Leadership has nothing to do with personal attributes.

We don’t need extroverted charismatic traits to practice leadership.

DEFINITION: Leadership is a process of social influence, which maximizes the efforts of others, towards the achievement of a goal.

Leadership stems from social influence, not authority or power.

Leadership requires others, and that implies they don’t need to be “Direct reports”.

We believe leaders should think and behave differently; to strive to achieve the pinnacle of leadership; to become Leaders Worth Following.

3 12 Principles of Great Leadership: Quotes and Tips About Leadership Styles 5 Leadership Values Before adopting the behaviors of a leader, it’s important to understand the core values of a Leader Worth Following.

Patrick Lencioni: Trust – Leading by Example “People will walk through fire for a leader that’s true and human.” – Patrick Lencioni The authentic leader is one who sets out to provide a genuine picture of who he/she is.

“Great leaders lead people in ways that their brains can actually follow” – Dr. Henry Cloud As your leadership responsibilities grow, it is easy to get caught up in greater complexities: the number of decisions you must make increases; the alternatives seem endless.

Check out an example of the power of simplicity from Henry Cloud, in “Leaders Create Focus, Which Leads to Brillant Simpicity:” When Steve Jobs came back to Apple, the first thing he did was start walking the halls and he found 30 versions of the Mac.

Dr. Tim Irwin: What Must Leaders Do When Conditions are Turbulent? “In turbulent times, leaders must get out in front and lead.” – Dr. Tim Irwin When you think of some of the greatest leaders in history, they all demonstrated the characteristic of bravery – whether in large or small ways.

“Beyond you leaders fearlessly and selflessly empower leaders around them as well as those coming along beside them.” – Andy Stanley As you observe leaders growing and having greater influence within an organization, it is easy to see how they might use that influence to benefit themselves, whether it is having decisions go their way or reaping the rewards of others’ success.

Executive Leadership Voted In At Maple Ridge Branch Of The Royal Canadian Legion – Maple Ridge News

Zone command Sandi Wight, current president Al Casswell, and past president Mike Ward, after the installation ceremony at the Royal Canadian Legion Branch 88.

Executive leadership voted in at Maple Ridge branch of the Royal Canadian Legion Al Casswell re-elected as president.

A new executive committee has been elected for the Maple Ridge branch of the Royal Canadian Legion.

An installation ceremony was held on Saturday, Jan. 8, at Branch 88, conducted by returning officer Sandi Wight and Sgt. at Arms Tom Gardner.

Al Casswell was re-elected as president, Judy Ballard as first vice, and Julie Drennan as second vice.

“They are volunteers, and as we know, volunteers make the world go round,” said secretary manager Lesley Nantel, thanking the executive leadership for their support of the branch.

Nantel said the branch still holds karaoke every Thursday, there is live entertainment and meat draws from 5-9 p.m. every Friday and Saturday.

Post Idea #10: Zebra Technologies

Related Articles – Summarized

Enterprise Visibility & Data Capture

Retail has experienced a step change, moving from crisis to a new normal in an unprecedented short period of time.

The need for quick, frictionless shopping experiences has accelerated, and a mandate for customer and associate safety has grown.

Is retail getting it right for right now? Join Zebra as we discuss how retail is moving forward to address customer demands through technology.

Zebra Technologies

Zebra Technologies Corporation is an American mobile computing company specializing in technology used to sense, analyze, and act in real time.

The company changed its focus to specialty on-demand labeling and ticketing systems in 1982 and became Zebra Technologies Corporation in 1986.

In 1998, Zebra Technologies merged with Eltron International, Inc. In 2000, Comtec Information Systems was acquired by Zebra Technologies, followed in 2003 by the acquisition of Atlantek, Inc., which was a manufacturer of photo ID printers.

The company bought the Enterprise Solutions Group in 2008 and renamed the group Zebra Enterprise Solutions in 2009.

In 2013, the company acquired Hart Systems for $94 million in cash from the private equity firm Topspin Partners LBO. In 2014, Zebra acquired Motorola Solutions’ Enterprise Division in a $3.45 billion transaction, providing mobile computing and advanced data capture communications technologies and services.

In 2019, Zebra acquired Temptime Corporation, a provider of temperature monitoring devices to the healthcare industry.

In 2020, Zebra acquired Reflexis Systems, a provider of workforce scheduling and task management software solutions to the retail, food service, hospitality, and banking industries for $575 Million.

Zebra Technologies Corp. engages in designing, manufacturing and selling of automatic identification and data capture products.

Its products include mobile computers, barcode scanners, radio frequency identification devices readers, specialty printers for barcode labeling and personal identification, real-time location systems, accessories and supplies, such as self-adhesive labels and other consumables, and software utilities and applications.

It also provides services such as maintenance, technical support, repair,.

Managed and professional services, including cloud-based subscriptions.

It operates through the following two segments: Asset Intelligence & Tracking and Enterprise Visibility & Mobility.

The AIT segment comprises of barcode and card printing, location solutions, supplies, and services.

Brokerages Anticipate Zebra Technologies Co. Will Announce Quarterly Sales Of $1.37 Billion

Analysts expect Zebra Technologies Co. to post $1.37 billion in sales for the current fiscal quarter, Zacks reports.

Two analysts have made estimates for Zebra Technologies’ earnings, with estimates ranging from $1.37 billion to $1.38 billion.

Zebra Technologies reported sales of $1.35 billion during the same quarter last year, which would suggest a positive year over year growth rate of 1.5%. The firm is expected to issue its next quarterly earnings report on Tuesday, May 3rd. On average, analysts expect that Zebra Technologies will report full year sales of $5.91 billion for the current financial year, with estimates ranging from $5.90 billion to $5.92 billion.

Zacks Investment Research’s sales averages are a mean average based on a survey of sell-side research firms that that provide coverage for Zebra Technologies.

Zebra Technologies last issued its quarterly earnings data on Thursday, February 10th. The industrial products company reported $4.54 earnings per share for the quarter, beating the Zacks’ consensus estimate of $4.40 by $0.14.

Zacks Investment Research raised shares of Zebra Technologies from a “Hold” rating to a “Buy” rating and set a $464.00 price objective on the stock in a research report on Monday, February 14th. Finally, Needham & Company LLC dropped their price target on shares of Zebra Technologies from $660.00 to $620.00 and set a “Buy” rating on the stock in a research report on Tuesday, February 8th. One equities research analyst has rated the stock with a sell rating and seven have assigned a buy rating to the company.

KRS Capital Management LLC acquired a new stake in shares of Zebra Technologies in the 4th quarter valued at approximately $29,000.

Zebra Technologies Named A Leader In 2022 Gartner® Magic Quadrant™ For Indoor Location Services

Zebra Technologies Corporation, an innovator at the edge of the enterprise with solutions and partners that enable businesses to gain a performance edge, today announced it has been recognized by Gartner, Inc. as a Leader in the Magic Quadrant for Indoor Location Services.

This is the third consecutive year that Zebra Technologies has been placed in the Leaders Quadrant.

“Zebra Technologies is proud to be recognized by Gartner as a Leader in the 2022 Magic Quadrant for Indoor Location Services for the third consecutive year,” said Matt Seltz, General Manager of Location Solutions, Zebra Technologies.

“Zebra provides operational visibility into the location of assets along with their utilization and status, allowing customers to implement workflow optimizations. We believe the Gartner Magic Quadrant positioning reflects our ability to transform the physical to digital so organizations can sense what’s happening in their operations, analyze that data to deliver insights, and act on those insights to make smarter decisions.”

Zebra’s location solutions leverage technologies such as Wi-Fi, cellular data, GPS, Bluetooth Low Energy, UWB, Visible Light Communications, ultrasound, UHF RFID and motion-sensing so they can successfully integrate and excel in existing customer environments.

KEY TAKEAWAYS.Zebra Technologies is recognized as a Leader in the Gartner Magic Quadrant for Indoor Location Services for the third consecutive year.

ZEBRA and the stylized Zebra head are trademarks of Zebra Technologies Corp., registered in many jurisdictions worldwide.

Zebra Technologies Products

Browse our selection of Zebra Technologies products.

Zebra is the industry leader in barcode printing and scanning as well as mobility and RFID products.

Put our 20+ years of barcoding and selling Zebra to work for you! Ask us how we can setup your business platform and purchase your next Zebra product with professional service at an unbeatable price.


This dataset includes 1.05 million corporation entities registered with Corporations Canada, a division of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada.

Each corporation is registered with corporation number, corporate name, office address, current status, directors, annual filling dates, etc.

Post Idea #11: Compound semiconductor

Related Articles – Summarized

What Is A Compound Semiconductor

Transistors are made by holding a layer of one type of semiconductor between two layers of a different type of semiconductor.

The p-n junction is the boundary or interface between two types of semiconductor materials, p-type and n-type, inside a single semiconductor crystal.

A semiconductor is called a semiconductor because it is a type of material that has an electrical resistance that is between that of metals and that of insulators, so in a sense or “Semiconductor” it conducts electricity.

The silicon element is widely used because it is a semiconductor in semiconductor devices.

Electrons as charge carriers increases, making the resulting semiconductor an n-type semiconductor.

The pure form of a semiconductor is known as an internal semiconductor, and a semiconductor to which impurities are intentionally added to make it conductive is known as an external semiconductor.

An n-type semiconductor is an internal semiconductor doped with phosphorus, arsenic or antimony.

Compound Semiconductor

Compound semiconductors are the compounds of the elements of Groups II and VI as well as semiconductor substrates.

Are widely used for high speed semiconductor devices over Si. Recently, III-V compound semiconductor materials such as GaAs and InP were used for microelectronic and optoelectronic devices.

From these reasons, there are some reports on the improvement of compound semiconductor surface/interface characteristics by chemical treatment using H2S, Na2S,2S, and2Sx solutions [6-9.]. The surface treatment with these reagents induces the formation of passivation layer with sulfur and is often used to reduce the surface state density on the facets of optical devices and at the regrown interface.

In the mid-1990s the promise of real-time monitoring and control for compound semiconductors helped push development of fast, wide spectral range SE systems that could cover appropriate photon energies of semiconductor critical points.

The compound semiconductor materials allow monolithic integration of optoelectronic devices such as lasers, light-emitting diode, and photodiodes with micromechanical structures.

Micromachined InP/air gap distributed Bragg reflector-based tunable vertical cavity devices such as filters, VCSELs, and photodiodes are attracting much interest because of their unique features of a wide continuous wavelength tuning and 2D array integration, thus making it possible to realize dense wavelength division multiplexing systems on InP.Recently, some efforts have been directed toward employing wider band gap compound semiconductor materials such as gallium nitride and SiC for microsystems owing to their excellent electrical and mechanical properties with regard to chemical inertness and their high-temperature stability, which make them a suitable choice for MEMS applications in harsh environments.

Freestanding SiGe micro/nanostructures such as tubes, helical coils, and bridges have also been fabricated on SiGe.Microsystems have been successfully implemented on compound semiconductors; however, there is a skepticism with regard to the mechanical strength of some of the III-V compound semiconductors such as GaAs- and InP-based materials for microstructures.

What Are Compound Semiconductors?

Compound semiconductors are the next generation of semiconductors.

Semiconductors themselves began to be used extensively from the 1950s and it wasn’t long before research into compound semiconductors began.

There are a number of reasons why it took so long to develop compound semiconductors for commercial use: the difficulty in growing compound crystals, the high number of defects in the crystals, the greater fragility of the crystals and the high cost of making them, relative to silicon.

While the cost of manufacturing compound semiconductors has come down, it is still far higher than the production of silicon semiconductors.

What does all this have to do with 5G? A lot! Just as silicon semiconductors revolutionised and made possible the electronics industry, compound semiconductors will revolutionise technology and enable a wide range of developments, from 5G to robotics, more efficient renewable energy and autonomous vehicles.

Compound semiconductors will underpin the Internet of Things, which itself will not be possible without 5G. Compound semiconductors have numerous properties that will benefit the IoT. Key among them is the greater power efficiency that will be essential for battery-powered devices and the optical properties that enable them to be used in sensors that will deliver new imaging techniques for connected cars, healthcare and much, much more.

The UK has been conducting compound semiconductor research for over 20 years and has invested nearly £750m in research into compound semiconductor materials and the application of semiconductor devices.

Compound Semiconductor Market Size, Share And Analysis

Market size and forecast, by type.

Market size and forecast, by type.

Market size and forecast, by type.

Market size and forecast, by type.8.5.3.

Market size and forecast, by type.

Market size and forecast, by type.

Market size and forecast, by type.

CSW 2022

We take the health and safety of the community seriously.

We are monitoring the COVID situation closely and will adjust the mode of the conference accordingly.

Please submit your abstracts by the deadline, which also helps us tremendously to plan CSW 2022.

Post Idea #12: Sumitomo Electric Industries

Related Articles – Summarized

Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.

Sumitomo Electric U.S.A., Inc. serves North American customers in various industries, including electric power, data communications, automotive, electronics manufacturing, medical devices, and more.

SEUSA was established in 1971 as the first North American subsidiary of Sumitomo Electric Industries.

Our early activities contributed to the development of other subsidiaries, and today we are a part of a regional network of more than 40 companies affiliated with the Sumitomo Electric Group.

Code of Conduct The Code of Conduct of Sumitomo Electric Industries states the Company’s expectations that its employees conduct business in accordance with the Sumitomo Spirit and high ethical standards.

We are committed to integrity and ethical business practices as we conduct business worldwide.

The Company encourages employees and third parties to seek guidance or to report suspected violations of the Code, and the Company provides several avenues for reporting.

One example is SEI’s Hotline, which allows for anonymous, confidential reporting maintained by an independent third party.

Sumitomo Electric Industries

Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. is a manufacturer of electric wire and optical fiber cables.

2007 – Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd. was made a wholly owned subsidiary; Nissin Electric Co., Ltd. was made a consolidated subsidiary.

2009 – Eudyna Devices Inc. was made a wholly owned subsidiary and changed its trade name to Sumitomo Electric Device Innovations, Inc. 2010 – Opened WinD Lab, a new laboratory building; SEI Optifrontier Co., Ltd. Started lightwave network product business.

With the aim of realizing an automotive society characterized by safety, comfort, and environmental responsibility, Sumitomo Electric supplies the global market with a broad range of products, including wiring harnesses for in-vehicle data and energy transmission, and anti-vibration rubber.

At present, Sumitomo Electric promotes the automotive wiring harness business in a tripartite system, in which Sumitomo Electric takes charge of sales and business planning, Sumitomo Wiring Systems handles design and manufacturing, and AutoNetworks Technologies conduct research and development.

Sumitomo Electric produced optical fiber well ahead of other manufacturers, taking note of the product’s great capacity for voluminous, speedy, and assured data transmission, ideal for the advanced information age that was to come.

The Sumitomo Electric Group’s electronics division supplies various products to manufacturers of smartphones, flat-screen televisions, and other highly advanced electronic goods.

Shareholders Board Members Managers And Company Profile

Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. is one of the world’s leaders of electric wires and cables, and fiber optic manufacturing.

Automotive: cable beams, rubber anti-vibration products, etc.

Energy and environment: copper electric wires, electric cables, magnet wires, power cables, etc.

Electronic: electronic wires, semiconductors components, electronic components, printed circuit boards, etc.

Information and communication: fiber optic cables, optic components, network cabling systems, etc.

Net sales break down geographically as follows: Japan, China, Asia, the United States, the Americas and other.

Post Idea #13: Semiconductor device fabrication

Related Articles – Summarized

Gettering Layer a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) Deposition of ~0.5 µm low-temperature oxide ~1 hr at 400 °C Spin photoresist on wafer front side Etch backside oxide Deposit ~1.2 µm phosphorus-doped polysilicon Spin photoresist on wafer backside Remove front-side polysilicon Deposit capping LTO Spin photoresist on wafer back side to protect capping layer Remove LTO from wafer front side 2.

Immerse in 5:1 H2S04:H202 at 120 °C HF etch rinse in Dl water immerse in 5:1:1 solution of H20:NH4OH:H202 at 65 °C dilute HF etch rinse in Dl water immerse in 5:1:1 solution of H20:HCI:H202 at 65 °C rinse in Dl water This is just an outline! Many more detailed steps are involved, so that a detector fabrication run requires 4 to 5 weeks.

4000A field oxidation a. Standard prediffusion clean: 5 minute piranha at l00 °C DI water rinse Dilute HF etch DI water rinse 5 minute megasonic RCA I clean at 40°C DI water rinse Dilute HF etch DI water rinse 5 minute megasonic RCA II clean at 40 °C DI water rinse b. Steam oxidation to grow 4000A field oxide, 4 hours at 900 °C using Thermco recipe WET4000A, tube 2-1, with TCA clean of furnace tube prior to oxidation using Thermco recipe 1TCACLN. c. Measure oxide thickness on monitor wafers.

Oxide etch a. Hard bake wafers for 30 minutes at 120 °C. b. Determine etch rate of 6:1 buffered oxide etch rate using 1000A thermal oxide test wafer.

b. LPCVD of SiO2, 30 minute deposition at 425 °C using Thermco recipe UDLTO. c. Anneal for 30 minutes in N2 at 900 °C using Thermco recipe PRANNEAL, tube 1-1, with TCA clean of furnace tube prior to oxidation using Thermco recipe 1TCACLN. Wafers should be transferred directly from the LPCVD tube to the anneal tube with no clean in between.

Metal etch a. b. c. e. Hard bake wafers for 30 minutes at 120 °C. Etch wafers in aluminum etchant at 30 °C. Remove silicon residue in freckle etch.

0.1µm backside aluminum deposition/sinter a. b: c. d. c. d. e. f. Prime wafers in LP3. Spin OGG825 photoresist.

Semiconductor Device Fabrication

3.6 Optical SensingSilicon is a reflective material as are many other materials used in semiconductor device fabrication.

5.8 Integrated Process EquipmentIntegrated processing is the term or expression normally used to describe the combination of two or more sequential processes in semiconductor device fabrication.

MEMSs are fabricated using modified semiconductor device fabrication.

Laser microprobe analysis is useful for studying many of the high density thin films used in semiconductor device fabrication.

Device applications: case by case, implantable vascular medical device, semiconductor device fabrication.

One of the key processes from which any modern semiconductor device fabrication. Micro/nano-electro-mechanical processesIn the past two decades, MEMS/NEMS processes such as depositions, photolithography and etching that were commonly used in semiconductor device fabrication.

Semiconductor Device Fabrication

Semiconductor device fabrication is the process used to manufacture semiconductor devices, typically the metal-oxide-semiconductor devices used in the integrated circuit chips such as modern computer processors, microcontrollers, and memory chips such as NAND flash and DRAM that are present in everyday electrical and electronic devices.

The entire manufacturing process takes time, from start to packaged chips ready for shipment, at least six to eight weeks and is performed in highly specialized semiconductor fabrication plants, also called foundries or fabs.

A specific semiconductor process has specific rules on the minimum size and spacing for features on each layer of the chip.

Early semiconductor processes had arbitrary names such as HMOS III, CHMOS V; later ones are referred to by size such as 90 nm process.

In semiconductor device fabrication, the various processing steps fall into four general categories: deposition, removal, patterning, and modification of electrical properties.

Once the front-end process has been completed, the semiconductor devices or chips are subjected to a variety of electrical tests to determine if they function properly.

Device yield must be kept high to reduce the selling price of the working chips since working chips have to pay for those chips that failed, and to reduce the cost of wafer processing.

Occupational Safety And Health Administration

The files provide technical chemical information, including chemical and physical properties, health effects, exposure limits, and recommendations for medical monitoring, personal protective equipment, and control procedures.

The photoresist is applied by delivering a small amount of the liquid to the center of the wafer, then spinning the wafer at high speed to spread the material over the entire surface in a thin, uniform coating.

Following exposure, the wafers are developed with aqueous solutions of either sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide.

Wet Chemical Etching: Wet etching is accomplished by submersion of the wafer in an acid bath.

The RF energy ionizes the gas and forms the etching plasma, which reacts with the wafers to form volatile products which are pumped away.

The high-velocity beam of ions is focused on the wafer, causing the dopant ions to strike the wafer surface and penetrate.

Usually, hydrogen chloride gas is first used to etch the wafers.

Semiconductor Device Fabrication

Semiconductor device fabrication is the process used to manufacture semiconductor devices, typically the metal-oxide-semiconductor devices used in the integrated circuit chips that are present in everyday electrical and electronic devices.

The entire manufacturing process, from start to packaged chips ready for shipment, takes six to eight weeks and is performed in highly specialized semiconductor fabrication plants, also called foundries or fabs.

Production in advanced fabrication facilities is completely automated and carried out in a hermetically sealed nitrogen environment to improve yield, with automated material handling systems taking care of the transport of wafers from machine to machine.

In semiconductor device fabrication, the various processing steps fall into four general categories: deposition, removal, patterning, and modification of electrical properties.

Wafer test metrology equipment is used to verify that the wafers haven’t been damaged by previous processing steps up until testing; if too many dies on one wafer have failed, the entire wafer is scrapped to avoid the costs of further processing.

Device yield or die yield is the number of working chips or dies on a wafer, given in percentage since the number of chips on a wafer can vary depending on the chips’ size and the wafer’s diameter.

Device yield must be kept high to reduce the selling price of the working chips since working chips have to pay for those chips that failed, and to reduce the cost of wafer processing.

Eight Major Steps To Semiconductor Fabrication, Part 1: Creating The Wafer – Samsung Global Newsroom

Read on for the first part of the series, which introduces the “Canvas” for integrated circuits, otherwise known as the silicon wafer.

The largest wafer diameter used in semiconductor fabrication today is 12 inches, or 300mm.

The flawless surface allows the circuit patterns to print better on the wafer surface during the lithography process, which we will cover in a later posting.

Each part of a finished wafer has a different name and function.

Edge Die: dies around the edge of a wafer considered production loss; larger wafers would relatively have less chip loss.

Flat Zone: one edge of a wafer that is cut off flat to help identify the wafer’s orientation and type.

Want to know what happens next? Then, stay tuned for Part 2, as Samsung Tomorrow will take you through the disc production stage by discussing the oxidation process of the wafer next week.

A large wafer fab can process 40,000 silicon wafers into circuits each month.

Liquid photoresist is placed on the wafer, and the wafer is spun at high speed to produce a thin, uniform coating.

A very precise determination of the total number of implanted ions per square centimeter is Ion analyzer magnet Ion selection aperture y-scan plates Acceleration tube Ion beam x-scan plates Lens Wafer V Rotating wafer holder Ion source FIGURE 3-11 Simplified schematic of an ion implantation system.

Fm Page 77 Thursday, February 12, 2009 12:28 PM 3.7 Thin-Film Deposition Sputtering target Ion Atoms sputtered out of the target Target material deposited on wafer Si wafer FIGURE 3-17 Schematic illustration of the sputtering process.

Fm Page 79 Thursday, February 12, 2009 12:28 PM 3.7 Pressure sensor Thin-Film Deposition Resistance-heated furnace Quartz tube Trap To exhaust Si wafers Pump Source gases Gas control system Heater coil Wafers To pump Gas inlet RF power leads RF electrodes FIGURE 3-19 Schematic illustration of an LPCVD system and a PECVD reactor chamber with plasma generated radio-frequency power.

3.9 TESTING, ASSEMBLY, AND QUALIFICATION After the wafer fabrication process is completed, individual ICs are electrically probed on the wafer to determine which IC chips are functional.

If electrical contact is to be made to the P-type substrate, the oxide grown on the back of the wafer in step 2 must be removed while the front of the wafer is protected with photoresist as shown in step 11.

Post Idea #14: Freescale Semiconductor

Related Articles – Summarized

Freescale Semiconductor

Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. was an American semiconductor manufacturer.

Existing shareholders of Motorola stock received 0.110415 shares of Freescale stock for every share of Motorola stock as a dividend which was distributed on December 2, 2004.

Freescale was traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol FSL. At the time of the IPO, the company had $7.6 billion in outstanding debt on its books, and the company was investigated for misconduct related to this IPO. On March 8, 2014, Freescale announced that 20 of its employees were lost aboard Malaysia Airlines Flight 370.

MSG is the largest business unit within Freescale and is currently the largest semiconductor supplier to the automotive industry.

In November 2008 Freescale announced that the company would collaborate with McLaren Electronic Systems to further develop its KERS system for McLaren’s Formula One car from 2010 onwards.

Besides MSG business group, Freescale other major semiconductor businesses are the NMG as well as RASG. Freescale, under the guidance of IBM, had also been a source of PowerPC microprocessors for Apple Computer’s PowerBooks and Mac mini products until the Mac transition to Intel processors in 2006.

Freescale was sued by Marvell Semiconductor for infringing seven patents.

Freescale Semiconductor Ltd. provides embedded processing solutions, which includes the combination of embedded processors, complementary semiconductor devices and software.

Its business is organized around five principal product groups: Microcontrollers, Digital Networking, Automotive MCUs, Analog and Sensors, and RF. The company’s key applications and end-markets include automotive safety, hybrid and all-electric vehicles, next generation wireless infrastructure, smart energy management, portable medical devices, consumer.

SCM-i.MX6D wearable prototype Freescale Semiconductor had their technology ecosystem last week in Austin, TX. The introduction this week of the new Freescale Semiconductor Single Chip System Module has gotten me back to thinking about a question.

Freescale Semiconductor Stock Forecast, Price & News

Freescale Semiconductor, Ltd. is a United States-based company, which provides microcontrollers and digital networking processors.

The Company offers its product under various categories, including advanced reduced instruction set computer machines processors, such as QorIQ multicore processors; Power Architecture processors, such as integrated host processors; more processors, such as crypto coprocessors; analog and power management, such as drivers and switches; radio frequency, such as digital front end processors; sensors, such as intelligent sensors and sensor hubs; wireless connectivity, and programs and technologies.

The Company offers various applications, including basic rear view camera, EtherCAT, portable navigation devices, access and remote control, human machine interface, blood glucose monitors, and gas and water meter.

Its software’s and tools include run-time software, software development tools and hardware development tools, among others.

Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. Manufacturer

Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. was an American multinational corporation headquartered in Austin, Texas with design, research and development, manufacturing and sales operations in more than 75 locations in 19 countries.

Freescale specializes in embedded processing solutions.

Freescale Semiconductor is the third largest chipmaker in the United States and the ninth largest in the world.

Freescale is awarded as top supporter for 2007 by US Black Engineer & Information Technology.

On December 7, 2015, NXP Semiconductors completed its merger with Freescale for about $11.8 billion in cash and stock.

Freescale shareholders received $6.25 billion in cash and 0.3521 of an NXP share for each Freescale common share.

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT BRAND MANUFACTURERS PLEASE VISIT: JOTRIN WEBSITE. Freescale is product portfolio consists of PLC programmable logic controller, Microcontroller, microprocessor, 8-bit Microcontroller, 32-bit controller, development kit, active device, MOS transistor.

NXP® Semiconductors Official Site

As our digitally-enhanced world is evolving to anticipate and automate people’s needs, NXP strives to engage, protect and respect our relationship with the wider world.

NXP employees embrace new technologies and seize opportunities to advance our world.

We encourage passionate, talented people looking for the freedom to innovate to come join our team.

Our focus is to invest in system solutions that will drive long-term, profitable growth, superior free cash and robust capital to owners.

Rothschild Inherits Semiconductor Rights After MH370 Engineers Vanish

Lord Jacob Rothschild has inherited the patent to a powerful semiconductor that belonged to four engineers who went missing on Malaysia Airlines flight MH370.

The famous billionaire now owns the rights to the Freescale Semiconductor’s ARM microcontroller ‘KL-03’ – which is a new improved version of the older microcontroller KL-02.

This crazy story about how Illuminati Rothschild exploited the airlines to gain full Patent Rights of an incredible KL-03 micro-chip is going haywire across the internet especially when it’s involving Jacob Rothschild as the evil master plotter.

Freescale Semiconductor has been developing microprocessors, sensors and other technology for the past 50 years.

The 20 Freescale employees, among 239 people on flight MH370, were mostly engineers and other experts working to make the company’s chip facilities in Tianjin, China, and Kuala Lumpur more efficient, said Mitch Haws, vice president, global communications and investor relations.

Four days after the flight MH370 disappear, semiconductor patent was approved by the U.S. patent office patent is divided in parts of 20% between five starters.

British billionaire owns the company Blackstone, which in turn owns the company Freescale Semiconductors.

NXP® Semiconductors Official Site

As our digitally-enhanced world is evolving to anticipate and automate people’s needs, NXP strives to engage, protect and respect our relationship with the wider world.

NXP employees embrace new technologies and seize opportunities to advance our world.

We encourage passionate, talented people looking for the freedom to innovate to come join our team.

Our focus is to invest in system solutions that will drive long-term, profitable growth, superior free cash and robust capital to owners.

Post Idea #15: Semiconductor industry

Related Articles – Summarized

Understanding The Semiconductor Industry

I said semiconductor MATERIALS. If the term semiconductor is commonly used to talk about chips, it is actually a misuse of language.

The interconnections between these two devices are made from a thin substrate of semiconductor material.

We take a block of semiconductor material that we cut into an extremely thin and perfectly polished slice.

The process of building a semiconductor plant is extremely expensive in terms of capital, time and complexity.

Workers need specialized training to handle the toxic chemicals used in the semiconductor manufacturing process, creating another bottleneck to increasing the workforce.

The Oregonian recently reported that Intel, the world’s largest semiconductor company, is even running a “Help wanted” TV and radio ad campaign aimed at students who are still in college to work part-time when they are not in class.

This raises the question of whether the fabless-foundry model will eventually dominate the semiconductor industry or whether it will only grow to some extent.

Semiconductor Market Size & Share

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Top 10 Biggest Semiconductor Companies

As electronic devices proliferate, companies that manufacture semiconductors continue to prosper.

For investors looking to gain exposure to the semiconductor industry, there are many companies that produce these chips.

As a group, semiconductor companies play a major role in the development of new technology products and are seen by many investors as a key investment.

Below are the 10 biggest semiconductor companies based on their 12-month trailing revenue.

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. is one of the world’s largest dedicated independent pure-play semiconductor foundries.

Many semiconductor companies outsource the manufacturing of their components to Taiwan Semiconductor.

Based in the Netherlands, NXP Semiconductors NV provides semiconductors and related technology to companies in the businesses of in-car entertainment, mobile devices, security applications, and more.

Semiconductor Industry News Portal

Chipmakers see limited impact for now, as Russia invades Ukraine Large chip companies said they expected limited supply chain disruption for now from the Russia-Ukraine conflict, thanks to raw material stockpiling and diversified procurement, but some industry sources said there could be an impact longer term.

Europe faced one of its biggest security crises in []..

Post Idea #16: United Arab Emirates

Related Articles – Summarized

United Arab Emirates

The UAE is a member of the United Nations and several of its specialized agencies, as well as the World Bank, IMF, Arab League, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and the Non-Aligned Movement.

The UAE recognized Israel in August 2020, reaching a historic Israel-United Arab Emirates peace agreement and leading towards full normalization of relations between the two countries.

The Trucial Oman Scouts were turned over to the United Arab Emirates, as the nucleus of its defence forces in 1971, with the formation of the UAE, and was absorbed into the Union Defence Force.

Although initially small in number, the UAE armed forces have grown significantly over the years and are presently equipped with some of the most modern weapon systems, purchased from a variety of western military advanced countries, mainly France, the US and the UK. Most officers are graduates of the United Kingdom’s Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, with others having attended the United States Military Academy at West Point, the Royal Military College, Duntroon in Australia, and St Cyr, the military academy of France.

The UAE operates the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon F-16E Block 60 unique variant unofficially called “Desert Falcon”, developed by General Dynamics with collaboration of the UAE and specifically for the United Arab Emirates Air Force.

On 2 May 2020, the Consul General of India in Dubai, Vipul, confirmed that more than 150,000 Indians in the United Arab Emirates registered to be repatriated through the e-registration option provided by Indian consulates in the UAE. According to the figures, 25% applicants lost their jobs and nearly 15% were stranded in the country due to lockdown.

As of 2019, according to Rabbi Marc Schneier of the Foundation for Ethnic Understanding, it is estimated that there are about 150 families to 3,000 Jews who live and worship freely in the UAE. South Asians in the United Arab Emirates constitute the largest ethnic group in the country.

On 15 September 2020, the UAE and Bahrain signed a peace agreement with Israel – brokered by the US – in Washington DC. The UAE and Bahrain thus became the third and fourth Middle Eastern countries, along with Egypt and Jordan, to recognize Israel.

The UAE’s dependence on oil is a significant long-term challenge, although the UAE is one of the most diversified countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council.

Low oil prices have prompted the UAE to cut expenditures, including on some social programs, but the UAE has sufficient assets in its sovereign investment funds to cover its deficits.

The UAE’s strategic plan for the next few years focuses on economic diversification, promoting the UAE as a global trade and tourism hub, developing industry, and creating more job opportunities for nationals through improved education and increased private sector employment.

The UAE Armed Forces inventory is comprised of wide variety of mostly modern imported equipment; since 2010, the UAE has acquired military equipment from more than 20 countries with France, Russia, and the US as the leading suppliers; in recent years, the UAE has tried to boost its domestic defense industry.

As of 2021, the UAE was closely aligned with Saudi Arabia and Bahrain on regional security issues; it hosted a multipurpose air, ground, and naval French military base, which included the French naval command for the Indian Ocean; the UAE has a defense cooperation agreement with the US and, as of 2021, hosted about 3,500 US troops, mostly air and naval personnel.

In 2015, UAE intervened militarily in Yemen as part of the Saudi-led coalition in support of the Republic of Yemen Government with an estimated 3,500 troops, as well as supporting air and naval forces; UAE withdrew its main military force from Yemen in 2019, but has retained a small military presence while working with proxies in southern Yemen, most notably the Southern Transitional Council; as of 2021, UAE had recruited, trained, and equipped an estimated 150-200,000 Yemeni fighters and formed them into dozens of militia and paramilitary units.

United States Department Of State

The United States has had friendly relations with the United Arab Emirates since 1971, following its formation and independence from the United Kingdom.

The two countries established formal diplomatic relations in 1972.

The U.A.E. plays an influential role in the Middle East, and is a key partner for the United States.

The United States and the U.A.E. enjoy strong bilateral cooperation on a full range of issues including defense, non-proliferation, trade, law enforcement, energy policy, and cultural exchange.

The two countries work together to promote peace and security, support economic growth, and improve educational opportunities in the region and around the world.

The prosperity of the U.A.E. is based in large part on the country’s vast oil and gas reserves It is the United States’ single largest export market in the Middle East and North Africa region, and more than 1,000 U.S. firms operate in the country.

Many more U.S. companies, drawn by strong logistics and transport industries, use the U.A.E. as a regional headquarters from which to conduct business throughout the Middle East, North Africa, and parts of Asia.

History, Culture, Population, Map, & Capital

United Arab Emirates, federation of seven emirates along the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.

The largest of these emirates, Abu Dhabi, which comprises more than three-fourths of the federation’s total land area, is the centre of its oil industry and borders Saudi Arabia on the federation’s southern and eastern borders.

The port city of Dubai, located at the base of the mountainous Musandam Peninsula, is the capital of the emirate of Dubai and is one of the region’s most vital commercial and financial centres, housing hundreds of multinational corporations in a forest of skyscrapers.

The smaller emirates of Sharjah, ʿAjman, Umm al-Quwain, and Ras al-Khaimah also occupy the peninsula, whose protrusion north toward Iran forms the Strait of Hormuz linking the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman.

The federation’s seventh member, Fujairah, faces the Gulf of Oman and is the only member of the union with no frontage along the Persian Gulf.Historically the domain of individual Arab clans and families, the region now comprising the emirates also has been influenced by Persian culture owing to its close proximity to Iran, and its porous maritime borders have for centuries invited migrants and traders from elsewhere.

In the 18th century, Portugal and the Netherlands extended their holdings in the region but retreated with the growth of British naval power there; following a series of truces with Britain in the 19th century, the emirates united to form the Trucial States.

The stability of the federation has since been tested by rivalries between the families governing the larger states of Abu Dhabi and Dubai, though external events such as the Persian Gulf War and an ongoing territorial dispute with Iran have served to strengthen the emirates’ political cohesion.

The UAE has diversified and has become a regional trading and tourism hub.

UAE firms have invested heavily abroad.President: Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed.

Abu Dhabi President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed, who has a reputation as a pro-Western moderniser, was named as president by the UAE Federal Council in November 2004, shortly after the death of his father, Sheikh Zayed Bin-Sultan Al Nahyan.

Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ajman, Fujairah, Ras al Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al Quwain – the seven emirates that make up the UAE – maintain a large degree of independence.

The UAE is governed by a Supreme Council of Rulers made up of the seven emirs, who appoint the prime minister and the cabinet.

The UAE is a regional and international centre for TV and media.

2020 – The UAE establishes diplomatic relations with Israel.

Travelers’ Health

Travelers visiting rural or remote areas that are served by unregulated water sources such as private wells should take special precautions to ensure the safety of their drinking water.

See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.

For more detailed information on avoiding bug bites, see Avoid Bug Bites.

If your travel plans in the United Arab Emirates include outdoor activities, take these steps to stay safe and healthy during your trip.

Bring a travel health kit with items appropriate for your activities.

Review your health insurance plan to determine what medical services it would cover during your trip.

Consider purchasing travel health and medical evacuation insurance.

Persons may be charged and convicted even if the controlled substances were ingested outside of the UAE as long as traces are still present in the bloodstream upon arrival in the UAE. If suspected of being under the influence of drugs or alcohol, individuals may be required to submit to blood and/or urine tests and may be subject to prosecution.

Photography: Taking photographs of UAE military facilities, sensitive civilian sites, airports, some beaches, or foreign diplomatic missions – including the U.S. Embassy or Consulate General – may result in arrest, detention, and/or prosecution by local authorities.

Individuals who are associated with groups on the UAE list could be detained at UAE borders, have their assets frozen, and/or be prosecuted for membership in a terrorist organization.

Employment in the UAE: Although it is common for a local sponsor to hold an employee’s passport, it is illegal to do so under UAE law.

U.S. citizens have become involved in commercial or financial disputes that have prompted local firms or courts to take possession of the U.S. citizen’s passport, effectively preventing the individual from leaving the UAE. In addition, local firms have been known to file criminal complaints, which may lead not only to travel restrictions but possible criminal penalties, including jail time.

Document Authentications: U.S. citizens intending to reside and work in the UAE are generally required by the UAE government to present authenticated personal documents for themselves and accompanying family members such as marriage and birth certificates, adoption and custody decrees, certificates of good behavior from police, and educational documents to include diplomas and certificates.

Determining the exact requirements with one’s prospective employer is strongly recommended before arrival in the UAE. LGBTI Travelers: Consensual same-sex sexual relations are criminalized in the UAE. Penalties may include fines and imprisonment.

Post Idea #17: Direct flight

Related Articles – Summarized

Non-Stop Direct Flights

Direct flights between cities Travelmath provides an online direct flight finder to help you determine whether there is a non-stop flight to your destination.

Nonstop flights can be faster, since they don’t require you to change planes or stop at a connecting airport.

Sometimes you can’t find any non-stop flights between two cities.

In that case, you may want to search for a direct connection that goes through an airline’s hub.

You can use the flight search engine on this site to find the best airline routes for your trip.

Enter any city or IATA airport code to check for direct flights.

If you’re just trying to figure out frequent flyer miles, you may want to get the flight distance or flight time.

What Does Direct Flight Mean?

A flight in which the passenger makes intermediate stops but does not change aircraft.

A flight where the bird’s altitude does not change significantly with each wing beat.

A direct flight in the aviation industry is any flight between two points by an airline with no change in flight numbers, which may include a stop over at an intermediate point.

When there is a change in flight number, the subsequent flight is referred to as a connecting flight.

The numerical value of direct flight in Chaldean Numerology is: 7.Pythagorean Numerology.

The numerical value of direct flight in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4.Examples of direct flight in a Sentence.

Sher Baz:.It is a very difficult journey, but I have to make it because there is no direct flight.

What’S The Difference?

As the name suggests, non-stop will fly between two cities without other stops, direct flights may have them.

A direct flight refers to a flight between two cities, with a single flight number.

An airline may advertise, and sell, a flight between two cities – carrying a single flight number – but this does not need to be offered as a single non-stop flight.

Cathay Pacific, for example, offers several flights a day between Hong Kong and Singapore, all carry a single flight number but some of them make a stop in Bangkok.

British Airways daily flight BA15 from London to Sydney, for example, involves a stop in Singapore, so it is direct but not non-stop.

Cathay Pacific flights, for example, from Hong Kong to Singapore are not necessarily more expensive on the non-stop flights but are certainly preferable and worth spotting when booking.

Would you like to share any thoughts or comments on direct vs non-stop flights? With many longer routes passengers may prefer to stop, or change planes, rather than stay on board for so long – are you one of them?

Looking for a nonstop flight for your next trip? Check out our Non stop Flights page to grab amazing flight deals on direct flights to top business and leisure destinations across the globe.

No matter if you are searching for flights to Germany or flights to Hawaii.

Plan your trip with OneTravel and enjoy great savings on your airfares.

Whether it’s a business trip, a family vacation or a weekend getaway with your someone special, plan with OneTravel and save big on direct flights! When you book a nonstop flight with us, you not only save big on airfares, but you also save your time, which would have been wasted waiting for your connecting flight in an airport.

What are you waiting for? Book nonstop airline tickets on OneTravel and save big on your trip!

If you’re looking for cheap direct flights, your best methods are an openness in your destination and flexibility in travel dates.

Choosing a popular travel or business hub for a vacation will always makes it easier to book a low-cost flight that doesn’t make any stopovers.

Direct Flights Vs Non-Stop Flights

Many people think that nonstop and direct flights are the same with interchangeable terms, but this is not true.

There is a lot of difference between non-stop flights and direct flights although both seem to mean the same.

Let us discuss what is a ‘Direct flight’ and answer the question “Is a non-stop flight the same as a direct flight”? We will also tell you how ‘connecting flight’ can relate to a ‘direct flight’.

Non-Stop FlightsNon-stop flights, as the name suggests, make no stops or layovers during the journey and proceed directly to their destination, such as a coast to coast flight from Tampa airport to Oakland OAK. Generally speaking, a non-stop flight is the quickest most direct way to fly from point A to point B. Almost all regional and low-cost airlines operate exclusively non-stop flights.

Direct FlightsDirect flights also get you from point A to point B, but there may be a stop during the journey.

While a direct flight is not a non-stop flight, you still have to land at a connecting city or airline hub.

The passengers who are traveling on direct flights may need to make a stop at midpoint and remain seated on the plane.

$68 Cheap Flights To Surrey BC In 2022

Get started finding a cheap flight to Surrey on Expedia by either choosing a deal on this page or entering into the search bar your travel dates, origin airport, and whether you want roundtrip or one-way airfare.

This allows you to pick the cheapest days to fly if your trip allows flexibility and score cheap flight deals to Surrey.

Roundtrip prices range from $129 – $908, and one-ways to Surrey start as low as $68. Be aware that choosing a non-stop flight can sometimes be more expensive while saving you time.

You have several options for which airline you choose to travel with to Surrey.

There are 10 airlines flying into YVR: TAP Portugal, Condor, Icelandair, Turkish Airlines, Air Canada, Delta, Lufthansa, Brussels Airlines, KLM. Cheap plane tickets may be available from different airlines at different times and with unique terms.

If you plan to check a bag or bring a carry-on, check whether the cheap airfare deal includes a baggage allowance.

Your preferred frequent flyer membership programs may influence your choice of cheap airline.

Direct Flight

A direct flight in the aviation industry is any flight between two points by an airline with no change in flight numbers, which may include one or more stops at an intermediate point(s).

Direct flights are often confused with non-stop flights, which are a special case of direct flights involving no intermediate stops.

When there is a change in flight number, the subsequent flight is referred to as a connecting flight.

In relation to this, a direct flight with stopovers may or may not involve a change in the flight crew.

Airlines may also market connections to a consolidation airport, usually an airline hub, where the continuation of the flight from multiple aircraft is to a single aircraft listed under several flight numbers.

Unlike traditional direct flights, multiple legs of such ‘direct’ flight actually operate as individual/independent legs, such that the latter leg can operate without any dependency or consideration of the former leg.

In other words, the flight that comprises the latter leg can depart even if the flight that comprised the former leg failed to arrive.

Post Idea #18: Dubai International Airport

Related Articles – Summarized

Dubai International Airport

Dubai International Airport is the primary international airport serving Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is the world’s busiest airport by international passenger traffic.

Concourse 1, in which over 100 international airlines operate, became Concourse C. Concourse 2 became Concourse B and Concourse 3 became Concourse A. The gates in Terminal 2 were changed and are now numbered F1 to F6. The remaining alpha-numeric sequences are being reserved for future airport facilities that are part of the Dubai Airports’ $7.8 billion expansion programme, including Concourse D. Summary of Dubai International Airport Masterplan Phase Year Description Phase 1 1997 Initial capacity of 11 million passengers per annum.

There has been an official plan to build the Dubai Metro Purple Line to connect Al Maktoum International Airport to Dubai International Airport; construction was set to begin in 2012.

Dubai International Airport was conceptualized to function as Dubai’s primary airport and the region’s busiest for the foreseeable future without the need for relocation or the building of another airport when passenger figures increased.

The airport projects that international passenger and cargo traffic will increase at an average annual growth rate of 7.2% and 6.7%, respectively, and that by 2020 passenger numbers at Dubai International Airport will reach 98.5 million and cargo volumes will top 4.1 million tonnes.

Dubai Airport has constructed a flower centre to handle flower imports and exports, as Dubai is a major hub for the import and export of flowers, and the airport required a specialist facility since these products need special conditions.

In 2013, Dubai International Airport was featured in a 10-part documentary series called Ultimate Airport Dubai that aired on the National Geographic channel and was produced by Arrow Media and National Geographic Channels International.

Dubai International Airport

Photo Dubai Airport Dubai Airport Contacts: adress, zip code, phone.

Dubai International Airport is the primary international airport serving Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is the world’s busiest airport by international passenger traffic.

It is also the fourth-busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic, the seventh-busiest cargo airport in the world, the busiest airport for Airbus A380 and Boeing 777 movements, and the airport with the highest average number of passengers per flight.

Dubai International Airport is situated in the Al Garhoud district, 2.5 nautical miles east of Dubai and spread over an area of 7,200 acres of land.

Terminal 3 is the second-largest building in the world by floor space and the largest airport terminal in the world.

Post Idea #19: Prince Abdul Majeed Bin Abdulaziz-Mogayla Airport

Related Articles – Summarized

Prince Abdul Majeed Bin Abdulaziz International Airport

It was named after Prince Abdul Majeed bin Abdulaziz.

The planned capacity of the airport was 100,000 passengers per year, particularly both tourists and locals.

The airport began operations on 31 October 2011 when the first flight from Riyadh operated by Saudia.

It is the closest airport to the pre-Islamic archaeological site of Mada’in Saleh and Al-‘Ula Heritage Village.

The airport is the first one in Saudi Arabia specifically designed to serve people coming to the region for visiting purposes.

In March 2021, the General Authority of Civil Aviation in Saudi Arabia has approved the landing of international flights at the airport.

According to Saudi Press Agency, the airport’s annual capacity has increased from 100,000 passengers to 400,000 and its area has increased to 2.4 million square meters.

Saudi Arabian Airlines Al Ula Flights Information, ULH Contact Number

Looking for Saudi Arabian Airlines flights to Al Ula ULH? Here you can compare Saudi Arabian Airlines flights to Al Ula from 00 flights.

There are 00 Saudi Arabian Airlines flights daily fly from Al Ula.

The official website of Saudi Arabian Airlines is and, Saudi Arabian Airlines customer care in Al Ula is +966 2 686 0000.

Saudi Arabian Airlines have a wide range of flight options at Al Ula direct and codeshare flights.

Saudi Arabian Airlines provides three economy class fares: Saudi Arabian Airlines basic, Main Cabin, and Comfort+.

A Superior Saudi Arabian Airlines premium class is best suitable for Saudi Arabian Airlines international flights.

Here are some options to contact Saudi Arabian Airlines Al Ula Airport customer care.

Cheap Flights From Prince Abdul Majeed Bin Abdulaziz Airport(ULH) To Mohammad Bin Abdulaziz Airport(MED)

Singapore’s Vaccinated Travel Lane policy will stop selling new flight tickets from Dec. 23 to Jan. 20 next year.

VTL policy enables travelers from foreign countries fly to Singapore without quarantine if they meet certain conditions.

Check Singapore VTL policy to see whether you are eligible.

Please read the latest Vaccinated Travel Lane Info before traveling.

Post Idea #20: Medical imaging

Related Articles – Summarized

Medical Imaging

Medical imaging refers to several different technologies that are used to view the human body in order to diagnose, monitor, or treat medical conditions.

Each type of technology gives different information about the area of the body being studied or treated, related to possible disease, injury, or the effectiveness of medical treatment.

Medical Imaging

Medical imaging is the technique and process of imaging the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues.

Although imaging of removed organs and tissues can be performed for medical reasons, such procedures are usually considered part of pathology instead of medical imaging.

As a discipline and in its widest sense, it is part of biological imaging and incorporates radiology, which uses the imaging technologies of X-ray radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, endoscopy, elastography, tactile imaging, thermography, medical photography, and nuclear medicine functional imaging techniques as positron emission tomography and single-photon emission computed tomography.

In the clinical context, “Invisible light” medical imaging is generally equated to radiology or “Clinical imaging.” “Visible light” medical imaging involves digital video or still pictures that can be seen without special equipment.

As a field of scientific investigation, medical imaging constitutes a sub-discipline of biomedical engineering, medical physics or medicine depending on the context: Research and development in the area of instrumentation, image acquisition, modeling and quantification are usually the preserve of biomedical engineering, medical physics, and computer science; Research into the application and interpretation of medical images is usually the preserve of radiology and the medical sub-discipline relevant to medical condition or area of medical science under investigation.

Certain specialised imaging contract research organizations provide end to end medical imaging services, from protocol design and site management through to data quality assurance and image analysis.

While there has not been any definitive legal decision in the matter, at least one study has indicated that medical imaging may contain biometric information that can uniquely identify a person, and so may qualify as PHI. The UK General Medical Council’s ethical guidelines indicate that the Council does not require consent prior to secondary uses of X-ray images.

What Is Medical Imaging?

Medical imaging is a discipline within the medical field which involves the use of technology to take images of the inside of the human body.

Medical imaging is sometimes referred to as diagnostic imaging, because it is frequently used to help doctors arrive at a diagnosis, and there are a number of different types of technology used in imaging.

One of the most famous types of diagnostic imaging is the x-ray, which uses radiation to take a static image of a specific area of the body.

Medical imaging can also produce dynamic images, such as scans of brain activity or pictures of the heart in motion which can be used to look for diagnostic issues which would not appear in a static image.

Some imaging studies simply require a capture of an image, while others involve the introduction of a contrast material to the body.

New technology for medical imaging is being developed all the time, including machines which are less invasive and technology which reduces the need for radioactive materials and other harmful substances in imaging.

When a doctor orders a medical imaging study of a patient, he or she may go over the procedure or ask a nurse to provide the patient with information so that he or she knows what to expect.

Medical Imaging, Inc.

RY-DR. High quality imaging at an affordable price.

KM-AEROHD. The Konica Minolta AeroDR HD Flat Panel Detector provides extremely high-definition radiographic imaging with the same recommended dose, housed in a lightweight, durable and highly water-resistant enclosure.

NS-NV64. Focused on minimizing patient x-ray dose which provides increased coverage, better image quality and faster exams.

ZI-VR. The Vision R is a surgical, feature-rich mobile system designed to perform a wide range of fluoroscopic applications.

FJ-AC. The intelligent design of ASPIRE Cristalle’s patented Comfort Paddle provides noticeably less pain and anxiety for the patient.

The intelligent design of ASPIRE Cristalle’s patented Comfort Paddle provides noticeably less pain and anxiety for the patient.

With its unique flexible, slotted 4-way tilting paddle design, it provides more even compression, that combined with the Intelligent Automatic Exposure Control image processing, make it possible to provide more optimized images at low dose for every breast type, including implants.

Medical Imaging Center Of Southern California: Radiology And Medical Imaging: Santa Monica, CA & Beverly Hills, CA

Jabour of Medical Imaging Center of Southern California in Santa Monica and Beverly Hills, California is an internationally recognized Neuroradiologist with more than 30 years of experience in academic and clinical practice having authored dozens of peer-reviewed research articles as well as textbook chapters.

Dr. Jabour served his radiology residency at Stanford University and University of Southern California.

He was appointed to the radiology faculty at UCLA where he was Attending Professor in Head and Neck Radiology and was Chief of Neuroradiology at the VA UCLA Medical Center.

Dr. Jabour gained national recognition for developing new techniques in cancer imaging in the head and neck using PET/CT.Dr.

Dr. Jabour has founded multiple leading medical companies utilizing his academic and research expertise.

These companies include the Medical Imaging Center of Southern California in both Santa Monica and Beverly Hills, the premier multi-modality outpatient imaging facility in Los Angeles.

Dr. Jabour continues to be a leading innovator in multiple fields of radiology and has been a featured as a guest on many media venues in the United States as a medical expert, including Dr. Phil and The Doctors.

Post Idea #21: E-commerce

Related Articles – Summarized


2015: Amazon accounts for more than half of all e-commerce growth, selling almost 500 Million SKU’s in the US. 2017: Retail e-commerce sales across the world reaches $2.304 trillion, which was a 24.8 percent increase than previous year.

In order to give a uniformity to e-commerce law around the world, many countries adopted the UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce.

In 2013, Brazil’s e-commerce was growing quickly with retail e-commerce sales expected to grow at a double-digit pace through 2014.

E-commerce has the capability to integrate all inter-company and intra-company functions, meaning that the three flows of the supply chain could be also affected by e-commerce.

E-commerce has been cited as a major force for the failure of major U.S. retailers in a trend frequently referred to as a “Retail apocalypse.” The rise of e-commerce outlets like Amazon has made it harder for traditional retailers to attract customers to their stores and forced companies to change their sales strategies.

E-commerce may take place on retailers’ Web sites or mobile apps, or those of e-commerce marketplaces such as on Amazon, or Tmall from AliBaba.

Retail sales of e-commerce shows that COVID-19 has a significant impact on e-commerce and its sales are expected to reach $6.5 trillion by 2023.

Ecommerce Definition

Whereas e-business refers to all aspects of operating an online business, ecommerce refers specifically to the transaction of goods and services.

There are four main types of ecommerce models that can describe almost every transaction that takes place between consumers and businesses.

Business to Consumer: When a business sells a good or service to an individual consumer.

Consumer to Consumer: When a consumer sells a good or service to another consumer.

Consumer to Business: When a consumer sells their own products or services to a business or organization.

Wholesale: The sale of products in bulk, often to a retailer that then sells them directly to consumers.

Dropshipping: The sale of a product, which is manufactured and shipped to the consumer by a third party.

What Is Ecommerce? Ecommerce Definition Explained With Examples

Ecommerce stands for electronic commerce and refers to a digital platform and a business model where you can buy or sell products online.

So if ecommerce experts can’t formulate an exact definition, what should you settle for? Maybe, you should keep it simple and stay with the first sentence of this article as your official definition.

The ecommerce industry is growing exponentially, more ecommerce businesses are emerging, and the digital economy is continuously expanding while reaching every corner of the world that has internet access.

The U.S Bureau of Labour Statistics has revealed that from 1997 to 2016, employment in the ecommerce sector increased by 80%. And today, in 2022, there are already 787,104 U.S employees in the ecommerce space.

A B2C ecommerce brand that sells skin care products online to the people who are going to use them.

You could categorize them as B2B ecommerce since they sell products to businesses, but their role is simply to act as vendors for the brands who put those products on the market.

Using shopping carts and ecommerce platforms, retailers build online stores where they showcase their products and services.


A digital strategy is the starting point for cross border ecommerce.

Learn more about how implementing a business digital strategy can help you focus your business technology to achieve your overseas ecommerce goals.

The US Commercial Service’s Trade Specialists provide counseling and guidance to businesses selling online that wish to find more overseas consumers.

Cross-border ecommerce focuses online sales to overseas consumers and includes promoting your brand awareness in addition to generating sales.

eCommerce has become a term that covers everything a business does online to sell to consumers, both domestically and overseas.

The brand building that helps tie it all together as a narrative for consumers.

See our latest market intelligence related to the information and communications technologies industry.

Electronic Commerce Definition

Nearly every imaginable product and service is available through ecommerce transactions, including books, music, plane tickets, and financial services such as stock investing and online banking.

As noted above, ecommerce is the process of buying and selling tangible products and services online.

It is part of the greater industry that is known as electronic business, which involves all of the processes required to run a company online.

Ecommerce actually goes back to the 1960s when companies used an electronic system called the Electronic Data Interchange to facilitate the transfer of documents.

An ecommerce website is any site that allows you to buy and sell products and services online.

Ecommerce involves the purchase and sale of goods and services online and is actually just one part of an ebusiness.

While the latter involves the entire process of running a business online, ecommerce simply refers to the sale of goods and services via the internet.

What Is E-Commerce? Definition And Overview

E-commerce is a $2.3 trillion industry that’s growing each year, so anyone who wants to open an online store and benefit from the rise of e-commerce needs to understand its fundamentals.

Most people think of e-commerce as selling or purchasing a physical product online.

An e-commerce business can operate as the digital arm of a retail giant or a physical store.

B2B e-commerce refers to when a company purchases goods or services online from another enterprise.

B2B online sales tend to be more complicated than other forms of e-commerce because they rely on large catalogs of complex products to sell.

Although B2C e-commerce seems more prominent, it’s only about half the size of the worldwide B2B e-commerce market.

Do you have a great idea for an e-commerce enterprise? Whether you want to get into online wholesale, subscriptions, crowdfunding, digital products, or software as a service, there’s a spot to open an e-commerce company in the e-commerce marketplace.

What Is Ecommerce?

Your ecommerce platform – or ecommerce website – is the first connection point between you and the buyer.

Attract customers to your ecommerce website through ecommerce marketing efforts.

The good news is, there are plenty of ecommerce platforms and services online for you to build your ecommerce website.

Your ecommerce platform has this piece built-in, so it’s not something you have to set up separate from the rest of your ecommerce store.

Print-on-demand, or on-demand printing, is an ecommerce model featuring ecommerce personalization.

Or, you can an ecommerce platform like Shopify or BigCommerce, which is built solely for ecommerce websites.

Ecommerce business enables online retailers to reach consumers across the globe through an ecommerce store and improve sales numbers while attracting customers.

Post Idea #22: Mobile commerce

Related Articles – Summarized

Mobile Commerce Definition

Mobile commerce is an increasingly large subset of electronic commerce, a model where firms or individuals conduct business over the internet.

The rapid growth of mobile commerce has been driven by several factors, including increased wireless handheld device computing power, a proliferation of m-commerce applications, and the broad resolution of security issues.

The range of devices capable of mobile commerce is growing.

The portability of mobile devices helps businesses extend their reach to their customers through mobile commerce.

Ways to Improve Mobile Commerce Quick-loading web pages are likely to win more sales because consumers can be impatient and demand instant gratification.

Mobile checkouts must let buyers easily enter payment information, preferably with mobile wallets that eliminate the use of manual entry, thereby reducing human error and facilitating a smoother checkout experience.

Mobile Commerce Videos and Marketing Mobile applications that use videos to demonstrate a product’s key features are likely to generate more revenue.

Overview, Applications, Design Interface

The rapid growth of mobile commerce is attributed to the growth of wireless communication networks, mobile commerce apps, and improved device infrastructure.

Consumer purchase patterns are defined by two features of mobile commerce – mobile setting and mobile device constraint.

The interface of mobile commerce apps considers the multitasking nature of consumers to support their limited attention.

Middleware infrastructure plays a vital role in driving mobile commerce applications.

Eventually, browsers facilitate more online commercial transactions than mobile commerce applications.

Mobile applications track the location of goods and services to determine a delivery time.

To generate more revenues, mobile commerce applications use videos to demonstrate the product’s key features and usage.

What Is Mobile Commerce?

Our devices go wherever we go, which is why mobile commerce is an excellent way for business owners to increase sales.

Mobile banking: Now think about the time you logged in to the Chase mobile app to transfer your money from one account to another or when you transferred a check via your bank’s mobile app.

Mobile payments may also power mobile shopping and banking experiences.

Better customer experience: With speed, convenience, interaction, and exclusivity built into your mobile commerce app, customers are on track for a great shopping experience – one better than they might get in person or on the web.

Scalability: Mobile commerce allows you to better scale all parts of your business, whether it’s inventory or marketing.

Mobile wallets: A mobile wallet is a digital version of the wallet you keep in your purse or back pocket.

Mobile transfers: Mobile transfers are the services you usually receive through mobile banking apps, where you’re able to transfer money from one bank account to another with the push of a button on your mobile device.

Mobile Commerce 101: M-Commerce Trends + Stats

As of recent years, mobile devices have also become a popular medium for online shopping – and that’s where mobile commerce steps in.

Mobile commerce is more than just a simple evolution of electronic commerce.

If the customer has already inputted their payment information into a mobile wallet – typically Apply Pay, Google Pay or Samsung Pay – they can then use their mobile wallet when making payments at a physical store.

We’ve already established that mobile commerce is quite different than traditional ecommerce – therefore, you can’t expect that all the resources and talent you have are going to perfectly transfer when you build a mobile store.

Prioritize a mobile commerce platform over design trends.

Luckily, BigCommerce offers a variety of mobile integrations and features – such as text marketing and automation, one-click checkout and a built-in mobile shopping cart – to help your customers have the best experience on their mobile device.

Considering 91% of social media users engage with social channels through their mobile devices and 80% of total time spent on social media occurs through mobile platforms, it’s no surprise that social commerce is on the rise.

Mobile Commerce: What It Is And Why You Should Care

Below we’ve broken down why brands need to prioritize mobile commerce and how to create a better customer experience.

Mobile commerce is a branch of ecommerce that covers any transactions conducted on a mobile device.

Beyond direct purchasing, activities associated with mobile commerce also include: engaging with mobile ads, communicating with sales reps via smartphone and researching brands on a mobile device.

Mobile commerce is about more than just “Using your phone to buy stuff.” The broader definition of mobile commerce includes any purchasing activity made on an app or mobile browser.

Below are some recent mobile commerce statistics that highlight the dominance of smartphone shopping and why brands can’t ignore it.

The benefits of mobile commerce are well-documented for consumers and brands alike.

In short, mobile commerce provides a quick and timely avenue for consumers to research products and mentally bookmark brands to buy from later.

Mobile Commerce: What Is It And Why Is It Important?

Understanding the world of mobile commerce has become all the more important for online business owners.

Also known as mCommerce, mobile commerce refers to any transactional activities conducted using a mobile device.

Mobile commerce presents an opportunity to reach your customers on a device they interact with the most – smartphones.

Since mobile commerce platforms may gain access to specific private information, there are also special rules to follow – such as the particular PCI guidelines for mobile payments.

Lastly, mobile commerce can be an expensive investment if you want to build an eCommerce application.

Although mobile device users now dominate internet traffic, some studies suggest desktop brings in most commerce sales.

Building a mobile commerce application usually requires hiring a developer.

Definition From WhatIs.Com

Examples of m-commerce include in-app purchasing, mobile banking, virtual marketplace apps like the Amazon mobile app or a digital wallet such as Apple Pay, Android Pay and Samsung Pay.

Financial services, which includes mobile banking as well as brokerage services, in which stock quotes can be displayed and trading conducted from the same handheld device.

M-commerce can be categorized by function as either mobile shopping, mobile banking or mobile payments.

Mobile shopping allows for a customer to purchase a product from a mobile device, using an application such as Amazon, or over a web app.

Mobile payments enable users to buy products in-person using a mobile device.

With most m-commerce enabled platforms, the mobile device is connected to a wireless network that can be used to conduct online product purchases.

Once a mobile device is paired with a bank card’s information, the phone can be waved over a payment terminal to pay for a product.

Post Idea #23: Cochlear implant

Related Articles – Summarized

Cochlear Implants

Vivien Williams: Baby Aida can’t hear any of it.

Vivien Williams: Aida’s mom and dad, Melinda and Matt Little, took her to Mayo Clinic, where a team of experts diagnosed Aida with a rare genetic condition.

Baby Aida, like all patients who get cochlear implants, went through two steps.

Vivien Williams: Cochlear implants work for most people who have them, but there’s always the chance they won’t.

Aida’s brother, parents, grandparents and cousins were all there the day audiologists at Mayo Clinic attached the outside piece behind Aida’s ear and turned it on for the first time.

Vivien Williams: To people in that room, witnessing Aida hear for the first time was to witness a miracle.

Vivien Williams: For Aida to be able to hear the happy sounds of childhood.

What Are Cochlear Implants For Hearing?

A cochlear implant is very different from a hearing aid.

Hearing through a cochlear implant is different from normal hearing and takes time to learn or relearn.

The FDA first approved cochlear implants in the mid-1980s to treat hearing loss in adults.

Research has shown that when these children receive a cochlear implant followed by intensive therapy before they are 18 months old, they are better able to hear, comprehend sound and music, and speak than their peers who receive implants when they are older.

Some adults who have lost all or most of their hearing later in life can also benefit from cochlear implants.

Use of a cochlear implant requires both a surgical procedure and significant therapy to learn or relearn the sense of hearing.

Researchers also are looking at the potential benefits of pairing a cochlear implant in one ear with either another cochlear implant or a hearing aid in the other ear.

What Is A Cochlear Implant?

A cochlear implant is an implanted electronic hearing device, designed to produce useful hearing sensations to a person with severe to profound nerve deafness by electrically stimulating nerves inside the inner ear.

Cochlear implants are designed to help severely to profoundly deaf adults and children who get little or no benefit from hearing aids.

Even individuals with severe or profound “Nerve deafness” may be able to benefit from cochlear implants.

A cochlear implant receives sound from the outside environment, processes it, and sends small electric currents near the auditory nerve.

The cochlear implant somewhat simulates natural hearing, where sound creates an electric current that stimulates the auditory nerve.

Most modern cochlear implants are versatile, in that they are somewhat capable of being adjusted to respond to sound in various ways.

Support groups for cochlear implanted patients and their caregivers.organizations supplying information on hearing loss.

Cochlear Implant Surgery

A cochlear implant is a small electronic device that electrically stimulates the cochlear nerve.

In cases of more moderate hearing loss, a partially inserted cochlear implant is used to preserve hearing so that both a hearing aid and the cochlear implant may be used simultaneously in the same ear.

Most individuals note a significant growth in their awareness of sounds within days after their cochlear implant is turned on, which is about four to six weeks after surgery.

A cochlear implant requires a period of training and therapy after surgery.

Cochlear implant surgery is a safe and well-tolerated procedure.

Cochlear implant surgery is done in a hospital or clinic.

Equally important to a good cochlear implant surgery is the care provided after surgery, as well as a long-term commitment from the patient and family to learn the new way of listening through a cochlear implant.

Cochlear Implant

This new type of cochlear implant incorporates all the current external components of an audio processor into the internal implant.

In the past, cochlear implants were only approved for people who were deaf in both ears; as of 2014 a cochlear implant had been used experimentally in some people who had acquired deafness in one ear after they had learned how to speak, and none who were deaf in one ear from birth; clinical studies as of 2014 had been too small to draw generalizations.

Reported rates of revision cochlear implant surgery vary in adults and children from 3.8% to 8% with the most common indications being device failure, infection, and migration of the implant or electrode.

A consensus statement from the European Bilateral Pediatric Cochlear Implant Forum also confirmed the importance of bilateral cochlear implantation in children.

In 2017, a study also reported that adults using a cochlear implant had significantly improved cognitive outcomes including working memory, reaction time, and cognitive flexibility compared to people who were waiting to receive a cochlear implant.

As of 2021, four cochlear implant devices approved for use in the United States are manufactured by Cochlear Limited, Advanced Bionics, MED-EL, and Oticon Medical.

Critics of cochlear implants from Deaf cultures also assert that the cochlear implant and the subsequent therapy often become the focus of the child’s identity at the expense of language acquisition and ease of communication in sign language and Deaf identity.

Cochlear Implant: Cost, Pros, Cons, Risks, How It Works

If you have severe hearing loss, you may benefit from a cochlear implant.

In this article, we’ll explore how the device works, what the procedure entails, the expected cost, as well as pros and cons of the implants.

A cochlear implant is a small electronic medical device that improves moderate to severe hearing loss.

Like most other medical devices, cochlear implants present pros and cons.

If you have severe hearing loss, a cochlear implant could improve your quality of life.

Without insurance, a cochlear implant can cost between $30,000 and $50,000 on average.

If hearing aids aren’t able to improve your hearing or speech, or you experience severe hearing loss that can’t be fixed through a standard hearing aid, you might be a good candidate for a cochlear implant.

Post Idea #24: Out-of-home advertising

Related Articles – Summarized

Outdoor advertising signage formats like billboards, digital screens, and the rest of the out-of-home family are unskippable.

Media buyers who have made out-of-home a part of their multichannel campaigns have found that doing so provides an important boost to their other channels, too.

With out-of-home one of the oldest and most enduring methods of advertising, it might seem a little strange that it’s becoming more valuable and important today.

Digital out-of-home media offers brighter colours, movement, and a lot more convenience.

Where replacing a physical media is a time-consuming, often labour-intensive process, digital out-of-home can load many different ads – or even multiple images for a single ad – onto a system at once.

Because data used in the out-of-home space is anonymized, digital out-of-home is being used as a friendlier, safer alternative for reaching target audiences with impressive, exciting visual ads.

Today, programmatic digital out-of-home, which automates ad transactions and delivery similar to most online advertising, is becoming more common.

What Is Out-Of-Home Advertising?

Out-of-home advertising, sometimes also called out-of-home marketing, refers to the process of reaching consumers while they are, you guessed it, out of their homes.

According to the Out-of-Home Advertising Association of America, 66 percent of smartphone users took action after interacting with an out-of-home advertisement.

Not sold? Check out the below infographic that identifies which advertising mediums consumers trust the most.

While we already mentioned the NYC Times Square billboard, there are less ubiquitous mediums for out-of-home advertising.

Whether your billboard is responding to current events or simply underlining your product’s main value proposition, getting creative is a surefire way to find out-of-home advertising success.

While the out-of-home advertising market is nowhere near as saturated as that of the digital advertising market, you can use the same principles to ensure your advertisement stands out from the crowd.

Looking for inspiration? Check out these out-of-home advertising ideas that had people talking.

Out Of Home Advertising Association Of America, Inc.

Search for providers offering data & technologies important to the growing out of home industry.

Use the directory to search OAAA member companies by name and location, and also by which OOH formats, products, or services they provide.

Quickly determine OOH format options by market and media company.

Search includes CBSA or DMA markets, OOH media category, and OOH media formats.

The Associate Directory is an interactive catalog comprised of OAAA associate members including, suppliers, tech, law firm, and financial.

This interactive map provides the latest information on cannabis legalization and advertising regulations by state.

Out-Of-Home Advertising

The OOH advertising industry in the United States includes more than 2,100 operators in 50 states representing the major out of home format categories.

Billboard advertising is a traditional OOH advertising format, but there has been significant growth in digital OOH in recent years.

Transit advertising is typically advertising placed on anything which moves, such as buses, subway advertising, truckside, food trucks, and taxis, but also includes fixed static and electronic advertising at train and bus stations and platforms.

Digital out of home advertising seems to be a cost-effective way for promoting or marketing any brand or product.

Billboard bicycle is a new type of mobile advertising in which a bike tows a billboard with an advertising message.

Taxi advertising – Taxi advertising allows advertisers to highlight their products, whether brand awareness, or a targeted message, directly to areas where people work, shop, and play.

Aircraft Advertising – Aircraft advertising includes product or service branding inside and outside the aircraft.

10 Examples Of Effective OOH Advertising In A Year Where Outdoor Spend Has Fallen

Twitter In September, Twitter tapped into so-called ‘caution fatigue’ for an OOH campaign, which is the apparent lack of motivation to partake in social distancing or proper mask-wearing efforts to fight the spread of the virus.

Outsmart Back in April, the OOH industry donated media space to the ‘Grateful Britain’ campaign, which amplified the nation’s gratitude to the NHS and other key workers on the frontline.

The brand cleverly adapted an outdoor advertising campaign to poke fun at the bad timing of their original planned launch.

Fishburne said: “They committed to their first advertising campaign at the end of 2019, planning for an outdoor ad campaign, unfortunately not realising that it would run in the summer in the UK when everybody was sheltering. Rather than pull the ad or run completely generic advertising, they decided to have a bit of humour about the situation they were in.”

Bumble Bumble is another brand that used relatable humour in its 2020 OOH campaign, launching billboards that cleverly referenced dating in a post-Covid world.

The Guardian The Guardian recently launched a striking OOH campaign in Dublin and Berlin in a bid to attract more subscribers to Guardian Weekly – its international news magazine.

The campaign gained attention on social media, with people praising its bold message and unique execution – as well as being an example of how to breathe new life into out-of-home advertising during the pandemic.

Post Idea #25: Lamar Advertising Company

Related Articles – Summarized

Looking Into Lamar Advertising’S Return On Invested Capital

According to Benzinga Pro, during Q4, Lamar Advertising earned $123.31 million, a 15.42% increase from the preceding quarter.

Lamar Advertising also posted a total of $494.57 million in sales, a 3.71% increase since Q3. In Q3, Lamar Advertising earned $106.84 million, and total sales reached $476.89 million.

Return on Invested Capital is a measure of yearly pre-tax profit relative to capital invested by a business.

In Q4, Lamar Advertising posted an ROIC of 3.27%. Keep in mind, while ROIC is a good measure of a company’s recent performance, it is not a highly reliable predictor of a company’s earnings or sales in the near future.

For Lamar Advertising, the positive return on invested capital ratio of 3.27% suggests that management is allocating their capital effectively.

Effective capital allocation is a positive indicator that a company will achieve more durable success and favorable long-term returns.

Lamar Advertising reported Q4 earnings per share at $1.21/share, which beat analyst predictions of $1.18/share.

Lamar Advertising Company

Lamar Advertising is an outdoor advertising company which operates billboards, logo signs, and transit displays in the United States and Canada.

The company was founded in 1902 by Charles W. Lamar and J.M. Coe, and is headquartered in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

They have reportedly more than 325,000 displays across the USA. Lamar Advertising Company became a real estate investment trust in 2014.

The Company became independent under its current name in 1908 in Pensacola, Florida, when Charles W. Lamar, Sr. and J.M. Coe decided to dissolve their three-year partnership using a coin toss to divide their assets.

The Pensacola Opera House and the Pensacola Advertising Company that was created to promote it were to be divided between the two men.

Charles W. Lamar lost the toss and was left with the less-lucrative poster company, which he renamed the Lamar Outdoor Advertising Company.

In January 2016, Lamar purchased advertising rights in five major American markets from Clear Channel Outdoor for $458.5 million.

Lamar Advertising Company

In celebration of #BlackHistoryMonth, Lamar is honoring African American “Heroes in History” on digital billboards across the country.

We will be sharing information about the featured individuals on our social media accounts throughout the month.

Lamar Advertising Company

1908: Lamar and Coe dissolve their partnership and the company is renamed Lamar Advertising.

Lamar Advertising Company is the third-largest outdoor advertising company in the United States, ranking behind Outdoor Systems, Inc. and Clear Channel Communications, Inc., both of which have more assets and larger networks than Lamar.

Through two of its subsidiaries, Lamar Outdoor Advertising and Lamar Transit Advertising, it manages approximately 149,000 billboards in 43 states.

A new period of expansion for Lamar began in 1958 under the leadership of president and CEO Kevin Reilly, Sr. Reilly represented a third generation of family management of Lamar Advertising through his marriage to Charles Lamar, Sr.’s granddaughter, Ann Switzer Reilly.

In 1992, tobacco advertising accounted for 12 percent of Lamar’s net revenue, and although it had dropped only by 3 percent by 1997, Lamar was faced with the prospect that settlements in suits against the tobacco industry would lead to a total ban of outdoor advertising of tobacco products.

In May, Lamar acquired two more companies: Sun Media and Odegard Outdoor Advertising, L.L.C. A major acquisition followed in October, when, for $385 million and a debt assumption of about $105 million, Lamar purchased Outdoor Communications, Inc., adding 14,700 displays in 12 southeastern states.

In a major acquisition in June 1999, Lamar purchased the outdoor advertising division of Chancellor Media Corp., ranked number five in the billboard advertising business, for $1.6 billion.

Post Idea #26: Emulsion polymerization

Related Articles – Summarized

Emulsion Polymerization

Emulsion polymerization is a free-radical polymerization in which a monomer or mixture of monomers is polymerized in an aqueous surfactant solution to form a latex.

Emulsion and micro-emulsion polymerization differ in the kinetics of the polymerization.

Emulsion polymerization exhibits three reaction rate intervals, whereas only two are detected in micro-emulsion polymerization.

These advantages result mostly from the multiphase and compartmentalized nature of the emulsion polymerization which allows for production of polymers of high molecular weights at high polymerization rates at the same time, delivering a high versatility to product qualities.

The classical description of an emulsion polymerization considers the presence of monomer droplets, which serve as monomer reservoir up to intermediate stages of the polymerization.

In the following emulsion polymerizations are discussed with respect to gaining a deeper understanding of the iodine transfer polymerization.

In microsuspension polymerization, it is believed that polymerization occurs within ∼1 μm droplets to produce domains as for suspension polymerization.

Emulsion Polymerization

Emulsion polymerization is one of the most important methods for the polymerization of a large number of monomers, like vinyl acetate, vinyl chloride, chloroprene, acrylamide, acrylates, and methacrylates.

Emulsion polymerization has several advantages over other polymerization techniques; for example, it is more rapid than bulk or solution polymerization at the same temperature, the conversion is essentially 100 percent, and the average molecular weight is usually higher than at the same polymerization rate in bulk or solution polymerization.

In general, an emulsion polymerization system consists of a dispersing medium, monomer, emulsifier, initiator and, if necessary, modifiers.

Stages of an Emulsion Polymerization Stage I. At the beginning, the mixture consists solely of the continuous water phase with dispersed surfactant micelles3 and emulsified monomer droplets of 1-10 microns.

During the first stage of the polymerization, monomers continuously migrate from the large monomer droplets through the water phase into the micelles and are added to the growing polymer chains.

Some polymerization takes also place in the water phase due to the solubility of the monomers and initiators, whereas the monomer droplets do not provide loci for polymerization because the negatively charged surfactant molecules that surround these droplets are virtually impossible to penetrate by the also negatively charged initiator molecules.

The diffusion of the free radicals into the monomer droplets is generally not important to the reaction rate during the growth stage and the rate of monomer diffusion is usually adequate to supply enough monomer to keep the reaction in the particles going.

Emulsion Polymerization

BASF uses its know-how to deliver high performance products, of consistent high quality, to customers in the emulsion polymerization industry.

Emulsion polymerization is a complex technology employed to produce a variety of polymer dispersions.

The dispersions then find application in adhesives, paints, textiles leather and paper.

BASF surfactants and additives used during the polymerization process are critical for problem-free manufacture; post-polymerization stabilization and can also positively influence the dispersion performance in application.

Emulsion Polymerization

Emulsion polymerization is a type of radical polymerization that usually starts with an emulsion incorporating water, monomer, and surfactant.

A dispersion resulting from emulsion polymerization is often called a latex or an emulsion.

The first “True” emulsion polymerizations, which used a surfactant and polymerization initiator, were conducted in the 1920s to polymerize isoprene.

Improved understanding of emulsion polymerization has relaxed that criterion to include more than one growing chain per particle the number of growing chains per particle is still considered to be very low.

Because of the complex chemistry that occurs during an emulsion polymerization, including polymerization kinetics and particle formation kinetics, quantitative understanding of the mechanism of emulsion polymerization has required extensive computer simulation.

Living polymerization processes that are carried out via emulsion polymerization such as iodine-transfer polymerization and RAFT have been developed.

The same rules and comonomer pairs that exist in radical polymerization operate in emulsion polymerization.

As the propagation takes place in the newly created particle, a thermodynamic potential difference is created for the diffusion of the monomer from the monomer droplets into the growing particles.

After sufficient number of particles are formed that are able to absorb all of the radicals in the water phase, no new particles are formed in the water phase and the number of particles becomes constant.

If quality control tests indicate that the particle number and particle size distribution of the seed particles will not result in the desired end-product specifications, the batch is normally terminated.

A growing radical can escape from a particle and return to the aqueous medium to participate in an aqueous phase termination reaction or enter into another particle.

During Stage II, monomer continuously diffuses from the monomer droplets into the particle phase, providing a steady monomer supply for the growing polymer particle.

The kinetics of absorption and desorption are described as follows: kap Absorptionby particles: R*j Ni Ni1 , Rap kapapCNi CR*j am Absorptionby micelles: R*j Nmi k Nmi1 , Ram kamamCNmi CR*j kde Desorption: Ni Ni1 R* , Rde kdeCNi Where: am = Area of a single micelle ap = Area of a single particle Nmi = Number of micelles with i radicals per cubic meter of aqueous phase Ni = Number of particles with i radicals per cubic meter of aqueous phase 2.5.

Important assumptions are made in the emulsion polymerization model: The reaction mixture is perfectly mixed Particles are formed by the micellar or the homogeneous mechanism No agglomeration or breakage of particles occurs No secondary nucleation occurs All particles have the same average number of radicals and hence the same volumetric growth rate The particle size distribution is unimodal, with moments of PSD sufficient to describe the PSD There are no mass transfer limitations on the polymerization reactions Molecular weight is controlled by chain transfer reactions 2.6.

Emulsion polymerization is a rather complex process because nucleation, growth and stabilization of polymer particles are controlled by the free radical polymerization mechanisms in combination with various colloidal phenomena.

Aside from other polymerization techniques, emulsion polymerization affords increasing molecular weight of the formed latexes through decreasing polymerization rate by either decreasing initiator concentration or lowering reaction temperature [5, 6].Systems of emulsion polymerization involve conventional emulsion polymerization, in which a hydrophobic monomer emulsified in water and polymerization initiated with a water-soluble initiator.

Inverse emulsion polymerization , where organic solvents of very low polarity as paraffin or xylene used as a polymerization media to emulsify hydrophilic monomers , then initiation proceed with the aid of hydrophobic initiator.

Due to their amphoteric structure and polymerization ability, they serve to synthesize inorganic/organic nanocomposite, and applied to emulsion polymerizations as polymerized emulsifiers, to stabilize the formed latexes, to prepare novel water-soluble hydrophobically associating polymers with strong thickening properties so, they greatly applied in the field of enhanced oil recovery.

Depending on monomer solubility in aqueous phase, there is three categories of typical emulsion polymerization monomers which comprise monomers of high solubility such as acrylonitrile, monomers of medium solubility as methyl methacrylate and monomers insoluble in aqueous phase such as butadiene and styrene.

Studied the surfactant-free emulsion polymerization of styrene initiated by KPS. Wang and Pan studied the surfactant-free emulsion polymerization of styrene with the water soluble co-monomer as 4-vinylpyridine.

Emulsion polymerization mechanismEmulsion polymerization is a free radical polymerization protocol occurs in three distinct steps; initiation, propagation, and termination.

Post Idea #27: Welded wire mesh

Related Articles – Summarized

#1 Top Rated & Best Price & Delivery

This type of mesh is used to increase the strength of concrete and help with repair of concrete pilings.

This is welded mesh that utilizes specialty-shaped or dropped wires to produce a custom mesh, or a specialty-shaped end product.

DWT manufactures a wide range of height aspect ratio weld mesh products.

This type of construction is often used when a client requires a high percent of open area in the mesh.

Dorstener is able to produce welded mesh with up to a 90% open area.

Our welded wire mesh products can be manufactured in rolls, sheets and as round, square, rectangular, or special shapes.

Dorstener Wire’s welded wire mesh is available in extra long and extra wide rolls to provide you with the most effective material configuration for your application.

Welded Wire Mesh

Joints keep opening sizes uniform and prevent fraying as you bend this wire cloth.

Has better corrosion resistance than 304 stainless steel.

For technical drawings and 3-D models, click on a part number.

Build screens, barriers, and enclosures that last-the PVC coating on this wire cloth provides excellent corrosion and wear resistance for a long service life.

The welded joints keep opening sizes uniform and prevent fraying as you bend this wire cloth.

Use it to construct protective screens for use outdoors.

This wire cloth is made from galvanized steel for better corrosion resistance than plain steel.

Welded Wire Mesh Products

Along with woven wire mesh, welded wire mesh is one of the two main types of wire cloth products.

Welded wire mesh can also be bent or cut to form a variety of shapes without causing the wires to come apart.

Welded wire mesh offers a cost-effective alternative, as it requires less reinforcement than when using steel bars.

Architectural Wire Mesh for Green Building Design: Using welded wire mesh can help achieve LEED credits and certification.

Screens for doors and windows: Welded wire mesh screens provide a sturdy material and effective insect control when installed in windows.

As one of the leading welded wire mesh suppliers in the United States, Marco Specialty Steel can provide high-quality mesh made from carbon steel, stainless steel, pre-galvanized and galvanized-after.

Marco Specialty Steel Inc. is a full-service welded wire mesh distributor in Houston, TX that offers a wide range of welded utility mesh solutions.

Welded Wire Mesh

The strength and versatility created by all-welded construction make welded wire panels a preferred choice.

This rigid product can be sheared, formed, fabricated, and finished to the most demanding specifications.

Ideal for handrail infill panels, security applications, and as an economical screening option.

Popular sizes range from 1″ to 4″ square or rectangular mesh with wire diameters ranging from.120″ to.250″.

Custom openings and panel sizes can be manufactured to match your design creativity.

View Sizes & Options for readily available products.

Welded Wire Mesh

Welded wire mesh, or welded wire fabric, or “Weldmesh” is an electric fusion welded prefabricated joined grid consisting of a series of parallel longitudinal wires with accurate spacing welded to cross wires at the required spacing.

The welded wire mesh is a metal wire screen that is made up of low carbon steel wire or stainless steel wire.

Weld mesh is the term given to the kind of barrier fencing that is manufactured in square, rectangular or rhombus mesh from steel wire, welded at each intersection.

There are several types of welded wire mesh which can be categorized according to their structure, use, and characteristics.

This type of mesh wire is generally made up of plain steel wire.

PVC coated welded mesh with plastic covering is constructed with galvanized iron wire of high quality.

The smooth plastic coating on this corrosion protective wire is attached with a strong adhesive which make increases durability of the wire.

Post Idea #28: KNORR-BREMSE

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Knorr Brake Company

Located in Westminster, Maryland, Knorr Brake Company is a manufacturer of Braking, Door, and HVAC systems for the Mass Transit Rail Industry.

KBC is division of Knorr-Bremse, AG a Munich Germany based global leader in the design and manufacture of Brakes, Doors, HVAC, and on-Board OEM systems, aftermarket spare parts, overhaul & maintenance services for the Mass Transit Rail.Brands.

Commercial Vehicle Systems

Knorr-Bremse is the world’s leading manufacturer of braking and control systems for commercial vehicles and supplies all the world’s leading commercial vehicle manufacturers.

Apart from complete braking systems, its product range includes Driver Assistance System solutions all around the power train as well as associated aftermarket service.

With its production, sales and service centers, the field of systems for commercial vehicles is represented in over 20 countries around the globe.

The Commercial Vehicle Systems division posted sales of EUR 3.28 billion in 2019 with a workforce of 12,084 employees.


In the early twentieth century, train guards still had to operate brakes by hand, from so-called “Brake vans”.

The second main area of activity emerged in 1922, when Knorr moved into pneumatic braking systems for commercial road vehicles.

In 2002 Knorr takes over from Honeywell International Inc. its share of joint ventures in Europe, Brazil and the United States, buying Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems to make it the leading company in the brake system industry.

1900 Georg Knorr invents Knorr-Einkammerschnellbremse compressed-air brake for passenger trains.

Knorr-Bremse develops air brakes for trains and becomes a major European manufacturer of rail vehicle brakes.

Bruno Kunze and Knorr invent Kunze-Knorr brake, later enhanced to Hildebrand-Knorr brake with Wilhelm Hildebrand.

1920 Former BMW plant in Munich becomes a subsidiary, manufacturing braking systems as Süddeutsche Bremsen-AG. 1923 Development of air brakes for commercial road vehicles and trailers.

Knorr-Bremse To Provide Rail Solutions For Alstom Coradia Stream Trains

German braking systems manufacturer Knorr-Bremse has entered a long-term framework contract with Alstom to deliver systems for Coradia Stream regional trains.

The company will deliver electropneumatic braking systems, such as the PistonSupply Eco oil-free compressor, the SysControl electronic brake control system, the FlexControl flexible brake control unit, electromagnetic track brakes and sanding systems.

Knorr-Bremse’s brand IFE will provide entrance systems while its other brand Merak will supply heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems for the regional trains.

Knorr-Bremse will also function as a provider of supply systems for three electric multiple units orders received by Alstom.

In a statement, Knorr-Bremse said: “Alstom has added to its existing order book for the Coradia Stream train family with three new orders from three different European countries and Knorr-Bremse will be a supplier for all three projects.”

Secondly, Danish rail operator DSB, who has signed a framework agreement with Alstom with a first firm order of 100 Coradia Stream trains, will also receive supply systems.

Knorr-Bremse has also been selected to provide systems for 34 modern high-capacity regional trains.

Starke Partnerschaft: Knorr-Bremse Wird Ausgewählter Systempartner Der Neuen Alstom Coradia Stream Zugfamilie Und Gewinnt Drei Großaufträge, Knorr-Bremse AG, Pressemitteilung

Im Rahmen von drei hochkarätigen Neuaufträgen über Coradia Stream Regionalbahnen für Dänemark, Italien und Norddeutschland ist Knorr-Bremse mit seinen drei Systemen und einem kombinierten Basisauftragsvolumen im niedrigen dreistelligen Millionen-Euro-Bereich an Bord.

Knorr-Bremse, Weltmarktführer für Bremssysteme sowie weiterer Systeme für Schienen- und Nutzfahrzeuge, und Alstom untermauern ihre Partnerschaft bei der Gestaltung sicherer, nachhaltiger und effizienter Mobilität auf der Schiene: Mit einem neugeschlossenen Rahmenabkommen genießt Knorr-Bremse mindestens bis 2025 eine bedingte Exklusivität als Systemausrüster für Züge, die Bahnbetreiber aus der hochleistungsfähigen, vielseitig einsetzbaren Coradia Stream Zugfamilie abrufen.

„Die Bedarfe an sauberem, zuverlässigem und verfügbarem Schienenverkehr in Europa sind angesichts der anstehenden Verkehrswende ungebrochen”, erklärt Dr. Jürgen Wilder, Mitglied des Vorstands der Knorr-Bremse AG und verantwortlich für die Division Systeme für Schienenfahrzeuge.

Wir freuen uns außerordentlich, mit diesem Rahmenabkommen unsere seit Jahrzehnten bestehende vertrauensvolle Zusammenarbeit mit unserem Kunden Alstom zu intensivieren, unseren Stand als Partner beim wichtigen und prestigeträchtigen Plattformgeschäft weiter auszubauen und zur Realisierung der entscheidenden Mobilitätslösungen der Zukunft beizutragen.

Mit dem Rahmenvertrag steigt Knorr-Bremse bei Alstom in den Rang eines führenden Partners für hochqualitative elektro-pneumatische Bremssysteme inklusive ölfreiem Kompressor PistonSupply Eco, der flexiblen Bremssteuerung FlexControl und der Bremselektronik SysControl sowie Magnetschienenbremsen und Sandungsysteme auf.

Zudem wird das Unternehmen zuverlässige, gewichtsoptimierte und wartungsfreundliche Einstiegssysteme der Konzernmarke IFE, Weltmarktführer für Türsysteme für Schienenfahrzeuge, sowie energieeffiziente und modular skalierbare Klimaanlagen von Merak, der Konzernmarke für integrierte Klimatisierungslösungen, für die Regionalzüge beisteuern.

Der Coradia Stream von Alstom ist ein hochmoderner Niederflur-Hochleistungstriebzug, der die heutigen Anforderungen des Regional- und Intercity-Verkehrs erfüllt.

Wertpapier Profil Knorr-Bremse WKN KBX100 ISIN DE000KBX1006 Chart Nachricht Aktien Kursvergleich

Dabei durchläuft die Aktie eine Bewertung für 8 Faktoren, die jeweils mit der Bewertung “Buy”, “Hold” oder “Sell” versehen werden.

Denn: Das KGV liegt mit 23,37 insgesamt 42 Prozent niedriger als der Branchendurchschnitt im Segment “Maschinen”, der 40,28 beträgt.

Technische Analyse: Der aktuelle Kurs der Knorr-bremse von 79,92 EUR ist mit -15,68 Prozent Entfernung vom GD200 aus Sicht der charttechnischen Bewertung ein “Sell”-Signal.

Demgegenüber weist der GD50, der die mittlere Kursentwicklung aus 50 Tagen beziffert, einen Kurs von 88,3 EUR auf.

Unter dem Strich wird der Kurs der Knorr-bremse-Aktie als “Sell” bewertet, wenn der Durchschnitt aus 50 und 200 Tagen als Grundlage herangezogen wird.

Zusammengefasst ist die Redaktion somit der Auffassung, die Aktie von Knorr-bremse sei bezogen auf die Anlegerstimmung mit “Buy” angemessen bewertet.

Wie wird sich Knorr-Bremse jetzt weiter entwickeln? Ist Ihr Geld in dieser Aktie sicher? Die Antworten auf diese Fragen und warum Sie jetzt handeln müssen, erfahren Sie in der aktuellen Analyse zur Knorr-Bremse Aktie.

Gutes Gesamtjahr: Knorr-Bremse-Aktie Gibt Trotzdem Deutlich Ab: Knorr-Bremse Nach Gewinnsteigerung Optimistisch F�r 2022

Zudem kletterte der Auftragseingang berraschend krftig, weshalb sich der Bremsenhersteller optimistisch fr das neue Jahr zeigt.

Der Auftragseingang legte laut Mitteilung 2021 um gut 13 Prozent zu, im Schlussquartal um knapp 8 Prozent und damit strker als Analysten laut Factset erwartet haben.

Im Schlussquartal stieg der Umsatz den Angaben zufolge noch um 8,3 Prozent auf knapp 1,7 Milliarden Euro, das EBIT sank allerdings um 4,6 Prozent auf 212 Millionen Euro.

Nach Steuern verdiente Knorr-Bremse im Gesamtjahr 650,4 Millionen Euro, das waren 22 Prozent mehr als im Vorjahr.

Das Ergebnis je Aktie betrug 3,87, Analysten haben nur mit 3,57 Euro je Aktie gerechnet.

Die operative EBIT-Marge sollte zwischen 13,0 und 13,5 Prozent liegen nach 13,2 Prozent im Vorjahr.

Fr das laufende Gesamtjahr rechnet das Unternehmen mit einem Umsatz von 6,8 bis 7,2 Milliarden Euro.

Post Idea #29: Publishing

Related Articles – Summarized


It has various divisions such as: trade/retail publishing of fiction and non-fiction, educational publishing and academic and scientific publishing.

“Publisher” can refer to a publishing company or organization, or to an individual who leads a publishing company, imprint, periodical or newspaper.

The history of modern newspaper publishing started in Germany in 1609, with publishing of magazines following in 1663.

Publishing is now a major industry with the largest companies Reed Elsevier and Pearson PLC having global publishing operations.

The question pertains to the role and importance the publishing houses have in the overall publishing process.

Directory publishing is a specialized genre within the publishing industry.

Green publishing means adapting the publishing process to minimise environmental impact.


Publish, don’t perish, with free publishing templates We all have stories to tell.

Send yours out into the world with publishing templates from Microsoft.

Free publishing templates give you a variety of ways to share what’s important to you.

Want to share your love of music, movies, or muscle cars? Publish your passion with templates for magazines and magazine cover templates.

These include free Microsoft publishing templates for a wide range of book cover designs, including book publishing templates for mysteries, how-to books, and inspirational stories.

Photobook publishing templates are also available for specific subjects for personal or professional use.

Browse the selection of publishing templates to see what works for you.

Sterling Publishing Buys Boxer Books For Undisclosed Sum

Sterling Publishing in America has acquired Boxer Books, an independent London-based children’s picture book press.

David Bennett, publisher and owner of Boxer Books, will continue to lead the publisher as an imprint within Sterling.

It will now publish children’s books under its Union Square Kids and Boxer Books imprints.

The purchase of Boxer Books, dedicated to picture books for children under seven, includes more than 200 backlist titles and dozens of frontlist projects.

Union Square & Co currently distributes Boxer Books in the US and sales representation “Remains business as usual”, Sterling said.

Boxer Books is distributed in the UK by Bounce Marketing.

“We are proud to be providing a new home for Boxer Books and publisher David Bennett. I’ve long admired his curated approach to children’s book publishing,” Meehan said.

How Self-Publishing May Damage Your Business

While this has allowed for non-professional writers to emerge, it has also brought to light how easy and cheap publishing routes may be less effective than traditional ones, seeing publishing has a lasting effect on both the book and its author.

For authors who would rather spend time instead of money on their book cover, a number of things may happen: it might send out the wrong message or simply look cheap or unprofessional, it might even attract a less desired audience or ultimately discourage your target market by the simple fact that it looks self-published.

A book cover is your book’s chance to make a first impression, so why risk getting it wrong?

Considering all the effort that goes into finishing writing a book, it only makes sense for it to reach as a big an audience as possible, through different outlets, platforms and reputed book retailers such as Barnes & Noble, Chapters Indigo, Target, among others.

Any publication route is valid so long as it is truthful to the book and author’s brand, for how are you supposed to represent quality when your book doesn’t?

As both the founder and the owner of an award-winning publishing house with access to a variety of international distribution, as well as retail and wholesale channels, I believe that if publishing were as free and easy as self-publishing, there would be no publishing industry.

Self-publishing is rarely ever a successful enterprise because self-published books look self-published and that isn’t something any author would want.

Forms, Development, & Facts

History of publishing, an account of the selection, preparation, and marketing of printed matter from its origins in ancient times to the present.

A more detailed examination of printing technology can be found in printing.

Publishing could begin only after the monopoly of letters, often held by a priestly caste, had been broken, probably in connection with the development of the value of writing in commerce.

The invention of printing in Europe is usually attributed to Johannes Gutenberg in Germany about 1440-50, although block printing had been carried out from about 1400.

The mechanization of printing in the 19th century and its further development in the 20th, which went hand in hand with increasing literacy and rising standards of education, finally brought the printed word to its powerful position as a means of influencing minds and societies.

Most modern Western publishers purchase printing services in the open market, solicit manuscripts from authors, and distribute their wares to purchasers through shops, mail order, or direct sales.

For statistical purposes the United Nations Educational, Social and Cultural Organization defines a book as “a non-periodical printed publication of at least 49 pages excluding covers.”

Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing

Publishing takes less than 5 minutes and your book appears on Kindle stores worldwide within 24-48 hours.

Enroll in KDP Select and earn more money through Kindle Unlimited and the Kindle Owners’ Lending Library.

Keep control of your rights and set your own list prices.

Post Idea #30: Albert Sustainable Production Certification

Related Articles – Summarized


Sky Sports News receives albert certification for carbon neutral status 02 Feb 2022.

AFPI. The AFPI is measuring the ecology of the Finnish film and TV industry using albert 18 Jan 2022.

Albert Sustainable Production Certification

Albert is an environmental organisation aiming to encourage the TV and film production industry to reduce waste and its carbon footprint.

Productions can then go through the certification process, where they implement sustainable production techniques to reduce carbon emissions where possible, and offsets where it is not.

Productions that successfully complete certification are awarded a 1, 2 or 3 star certificate and given use of the albert Sustainable Production logo on their credits.

Currently, all BBC, ITV, Channel 4, UKTV, Sky and Netflix productions in the UK are required to register their carbon footprint using the albert carbon calculator.

Albert started the Creative Energy project in 2017, which enables production companies to switch to a 100% renewable energy supplier.

Creative offsets is another upcoming albert scheme which allows productions to offset/mitigate their environmental impact with carbon offsetting schemes.

In September 2020, albert launched the ‘Screen New Deal’ report in association with the British Film Institute and Arup as a route-map to help film production transition to net zero emissions by 2050.

RTÉ’S Cláracha Gaeilge Awarded Albert Sustainable Production Certification – About RTÉ

RTÉ’s Cláracha Gaeilge has been awarded certification from Albert for Sustainable Production and minimising its carbon footprint.

Albert certification was awarded to Cláracha Gaeilge for all five programmes in the new series, Gafa , the first RTÉ programmes to receive this certification.

The team are also seeking certification for the upcoming series of Scannal.

The Albert Carbon Calculator is specifically designed for programme making and is a widely recognised tool which is used by other broadcasters throughout the UK and around the world.

The Albert certification follows online training sessions organised by RTÉ for our producers and directors and all support personnel on how to use the Albert Carbon Calculator to reduce the carbon footprint of RTÉ productions in line with RTÉ’s commitments.

Assistant Producer, Sonia Patterson, explains that following the training the team started closely scrutinising their production to “Improve our practices to lessen the environmental impact our of work. What we learned was that environmental savings often equate to financial savings. So as an extra bonus we managed to make some savings in our budget. The key really is to just take everything one step at a time.”

Commenting on this achievement by Cláracha Gaeilge, Programme Department Assistant, Maria Schaler added, “I think the whole team is quite proud to have been awarded certification for the series. While the process took a bit of time, work, and thinking it was so worthwhile because in the end, not only did we reduce the carbon – and financial – cost of our programmes, but we have also been recognised for this effort by Albert. We are delighted to include the Albert Sustainable Production stamp on our programme end boards and we hope that it will inspire other production teams to work towards earning certification as well.”

Sky Sports News Receives Albert Certification For Carbon Neutral Status

Sky Sports News has been recognised as a carbon neutral sustainable production by albert, the organisation leading the UK TV and film industry in the charge against climate change.

The wider achievement marks Sky Sports News’ efforts to reduce its environmental impact, with the channel now hitting the highest standards of sustainability set by albert.

Sky Sports UK Host Broadcasts, Sky Original productions and Sky News have also earned albert’s carbon neutral certification.

“Sky Sports managing director Jonathan Licht said:”We’re delighted that Sky Sports News is now a carbon neutral channel and has received certification from albert.

Sky Sports has made significant progress to support Sky’s overall ambition to be net zero carbon by 2030.

As well as adopting advanced approaches to greener production, Sky Sports has engaged with viewers to inform them on how they can make small changes to reduce their own carbon footprint.

Sky Sports News achieved albert certification by using 100% renewable energy in the studio and galleries, turning off equipment when not in use, reducing employee travel and using electric taxis when available, crewing local operators for shoots, and offsetting the remaining carbon with certified carbon offsets.

Sustainable Production Requirements

Familiarity with the information required early in the production process ensures that the right data is collected during the course of production.

Collecting the required information throughout the production process will make it significantly easier to fill in the final form and have it ready to submit to albert in good time to receive the albert logo for end credits.

By nominating an ‘albert expert’ within a production company this person can also develop the knowledge to guide successive productions on how to upload evidence of their sustainable actions.

Albert will respond with a request for evidence, which the production team needs to gather and upload online during the production process.

When the final footprint is completed at the end of the production the accurate offset cost can be calculated, recorded in the production budget and paid.

Watch recordings from the BBC Climate Creatives festival for a wealth of information on sustainable production and inspiration for how sustainability can be incorporated into editorial along with further resources on the BBC Academy website.

Best practice guidance, recommendations, case studies and useful tips for making productions sustainable can be found on the albert website, along with information about how to document and evidence the sustainability within a production and how to complete the albert carbon footprint calculator.

How Film Production Is Becoming More Sustainable And Profitable

Blockbuster films with budgets of over $70 million produce an average of 2,840 ton of CO2 per production.

On a production set, several copies of the all-important script are printed on paper and throwaway plastic is often used to keep the cast and crew fed and hydrated.

Accelerated by the pandemic, virtual production technologies are reducing and sometimes eliminating travel associated with film and TV productions.

Virtual production studio and sound stages, powered by virtual reality and augmented reality, use LED walls and green screens to render any given location on to a given set, can replacing physical props of all shapes and sizes to help reduce material waste.

From biodegradable snow and water-based smoke to eliminating plastic water bottles and using eco-friendly detergents on set, the filmmakers achieved a 52% waste diversion rate from landfills to become the most eco-friendly and financially successful film in the history of Sony Pictures.

Studios and industry consortiums like BAFTA’s Albert in the UK and Production Guild of America are now developing certification schemes and offering green production guide toolkits to ensure that everyone in the Media & Entertainment industry has an opportunity to create positive environmental change.

Combined with CFO’s looking for a more eco-friendly production environment with a positive impact on the bottom line, sustainable business practices will take center stage.

Log In

Hello, please log in to access our carbon calculator and carbon action plan.

The calculator allows you to measure a production’s carbon footprint, report it to broadcasters/funders, and compare it against our database of over 1,000 productions.

For productions that want to be rewarded for reducing their footprint, you can also complete a carbon action plan.

Post Idea #31: Computer numerical control

Related Articles – Summarized

Computer Numerical Control

System consists of three basic components: CNC software that is a program of instructions, a machine control unit, and processing equipment, also called machine tool.

The machine tool interface software is used to operate the communication link between the Central Processing Unit and the machine tool axes to accomplish the control functions.

In today’s CNC technology, the machine control unit consists of some kinds of computers with related control hardware that store and sequentially execute the program of instructions by converting each command into mechanical actions of the processing equipment.

A MCU generally consists of the following components or subsystems: CPU; memory; I/O interfaces; controls of machine tool axes and spindle speed; sequence control for other machine tool functions.

The subsystem of machine tool controls is hardware components that control the position and velocity of each machine axis as well as the rotational speed of the machine tool spindle.

The control signals generated by MCU must be converted to a form and power level suited to the particular position control systems used to drive the machine axes.

Advanced PC-based control systems have achieved nanometer or even subnanometer levels of control resolution for ultraprecision and micro-manufacturing purposes, such systems also being used commonly in the majority of commercially available ultraprecision machines.

Programming Systems Two types of programming modes, the incremental system and the absolute system, are used for CNC. Both systems have applications in CNC programming, and no system is either right or wrong all the time.

The programmed information in the CNC program must accurately position the cutting tool from one point to the next and follow a predefined accurate path at a programmed feed rate in order to produce the form or contour required Fig.

Programming Format Word address is the most common programming format used for CNC programming systems.

19 Group 01 01 01 01 06 06 00 00 07 07 07 08 08 08 03 03 Code G00 G01 G02 G03 G20* G21* G24 G28 G29 G32 G40 G41 G42 G43 G44 G49 G84 G90 G91 Function Rapid positioning Linear interpolation Circular interpolation clockwise Circular interpolation counterclockwise Inch input Metric input Radius programming Return to reference point Return from reference point Thread cutting Cutter compensation cancel Cutter compensation left Cutter compensation right Tool length compensation positive direction Tool length compensation minus direction Tool length compensation cancel Canned turning cycle Absolute programming Incremental programming – on some machines and controls, these may be G70 and G71 – refers only to CNC lathes and turning centers.

The programmer must first establish a reference point for aligning the workpiece and the machine tool for programming purposes.

26 A sample flat part used for CNC programming and machining Milling and Drilling Programming Program Notes: Program in the absolute mode starting at the tool change position at the top left corner of the print.

N145 M30 M30 end of program 37 CNC Programming Hints – TURNING Indicates the X Z 0 location which is the starting point for programming.

Computer Numerical Control

That’s where CNC operators and programmers come in.

As a certified CNC operator, you can work for fabrication companies or in a manufacturing plant.

In MTC’s CNC training program, you’ll learn the basics of CNC programming and gain hands-on experience with CNC machines under the supervision of our experienced faculty.

CNC courses cover all the skills you will need to start work in a manufacturing facility.

Once you successfully complete your coursework, you’ll be qualified for entry-level work as a CNC operator or programmer.

Why choose MTC? At MTC, CNC machining students get hands-on, real-world experience that prepares them to enter the workforce.

Like the rest of our QuickJobs programs, the CNC certificate was developed to provide intensive and complete job training for a career that will be in high demand over the next decade.

What Is Computer Numerical Control? Definition From SearchERP

Computer numerical control is a method for automating control of machine tools through the use of software embedded in a microcomputer attached to the tool.

It is commonly used in manufacturing for machining metal and plastic parts.

With CNC, each object to be manufactured gets a custom computer program, usually written in an international standard language called G-code, stored in and executed by the machine control unit, a microcomputer attached to the machine.

The program contains the instructions and parameters the machine tool will follow, such as the feed rate of materials and the positioning and speed of the tool’s components.

Mills, lathes, routers, grinders and lasers are common machine tools whose operations can be automated with CNC. It can also be used to control non-machine tools, such as welding, electronic assembly and filament-winding machines.

CNC is considered to provide more precision, complexity and repeatability than is possible with manual machining.

Continue Reading About computer numerical control Dig Deeper on Supply chain and manufacturing.

Programmed instructions converted into output signals which in turn control machine operations such as spindle speeds, tool selection, tool movement, and cutting fluid flow.

Program Machine Control Unit Machine CNC Overview By integrating a computer processor, computer numerical control is obtained or “CNC” allows part machining programs to be edited and stored in the computer memory permit diagnostics and quality control functions during actual machining.

All CNC machining begins with a part program, a sequential instructions or coded commands that direct the specific machine functions.

Part program may be manually generated or, using computer aided part programming systems.

Codes X, Y, and Z codes are used to specify the coordinate axis.

Number following the code defines the coordinate at the end of the move relative to an incremental or absolute reference point Codes I, J, and K codes are used to specify the coordinate axis when defining the center of a circle.

Number following the code defines the respective coordinate for the center of the circle Codes F-code: used to specify the feed rate Relative translation of tool w.r.t. work piece S-code: used to specify the spindle speed T-code: used to specify the tool identification number associated with the tool to be used in subsequent operations.

What Is Computer Numerical Control?

Computer Numerical Control retains the fundamental concepts of NC but utilizes a dedicated stored-program computer within the machine control unit.

CNC is mostly the result of technological progress in microelectronics, rather than any radical departure in the concept of CNC. CNC attempts to accomplish as many of the MCU functions as possible within the computer software which is programmed into the electronic control unit.

The chief operating program is stored within the CNC control unit a first memory chip.

CNC control units, like the computers on which they are based, operate according to a stored program held in computer memory.

Programs can, of course, still be loaded into the CNC machine via punched tape, but only one pass is necessary to read the complete part program into the memory of the control unit.

Stored Programs Part programs may be stored in the memory of the device.

Often, more than one program may be resident in the control unit memory at one time with the ability to switch between them.

Article About Computer Numerical Control By The Free Dictionary

A control system in which numerical values corresponding to desired tool or control positions are generated by a computer.

Abbreviated CNC. Also known as computational numerical control; soft-wired numerical control; stored-program numerical control.

Machine movements that are controlled by cams, gears, levers, or screws in conventional machines are directed by computers and digital circuitry in computer numerical control machines.

Computer numerical control provides very flexible and versatile control over machine tools.

With computer numerical control these parameters are set once, and then they are repeated precisely for each subsequent machine cycle.

In computer-aided manufacturing, computers are used to assist in programming CNC machines.

Computer numerical control machines are used mainly when flexibility is required or variable and complex part geometries must be created.

Post Idea #32: Netreo Inc.

Related Articles – Summarized

IT Infrastructure Monitoring & Network Monitoring Software

Customer Success Stories Mitsubishi Motors North America needed a reliable, affordable network monitoring tool with a centralized management approach to maintain its MPLS network and VoIP operations.

Learn More Twin Disc needed a single source of truth visibility into global IT infrastructure health and performance, with easy to interpret green, yellow and red status indicators for rapid IT response and a maximum return on investment.

Learn More The University of California, Irvine needed to monitor more than 3,000 mission critical network components at maximum ROI, including core routers, switches, distribution level routers and switches, and wireless access points.

See How Val Verde needed a unified, holistic view of the infrastructure supporting the district.

See How Simon Med needed a way to monitor the the performance, availability, and utilization of their infrastructure in over 150 locations simultaneously.

See How Pomeroyrequired a monitoring solution that allowed real time network functions evaluation, timely problem identification and compliance reporting support on service level agreements.

See How IT Infrastructure Monitoring and Management for Any Industry Healthcare With the implementation of electronic health records and other healthcare information systems, there has been explosive growth in the amount of data captured by provider organizations.

Netreo, Inc.

Netreo is the ideal, full-stack IT infrastructure monitoring and observability solution for today’s modern enterprises, delivering actionable insights, AIOps-driven automation and tool consolidation that speeds time-to-value and lowers TCO. Combining comprehensive observability, high-performance monitoring and real-time intelligence on on-premises and hybrid networks, systems, applications and cloud services, Netreo provides a single source of truth on infrastructure data that improves decision making and ensures great customer experiences.

Prefix by Netreo is the code-level profiling solution built for developers by developers that guarantees faster time-to-production and optimal application performance every time.

By testing application code as you write it, Prefix by Netreo helps IT teams fix slow queries, hidden exceptions, unknown bottlenecks, poor performing downloads, affected records and slow web application load times before releasing code to production.

Prefix by Netreo helps you deliver an optimum user experience while relieving application churn and reducing trouble tickets, which increases the productivity of your entire development team and frees IT leadership to better align resources in support of critical business objectives.

Retrace is the full lifecycle APM solution that combines robust APM capabilities with the top tools and capabilities IT team needs most to eliminate application bugs and performance issues before impacting users.

A comprehensive yet easy-to-use SaaS solution, Retrace delivers end-to-end application visibility and enhanced troubleshooting at the code level across hybrid, cloud and on-premises environments with Detailed Application Tracing, Centralized Logging, Application Error Tracking, Critical Metrics Monitoring, Fully Integrated Alerts, Real User Monitoring and Deployment Tracking.

By providing a single tool for optimizing application performance, Retrace simplifies how DevOps teams manage applications from development through deployment, support and maintenance.

Device Parenting

The proper parenting of devices in Netreo is extremely important for getting an accurate display of your network topology, as well as for incident management.

The “Host” tab in the administrative view of the Device Dashboard for a single device.

Ensuring that all of your devices have parenting properly configured in Netreo allows the network topology to be displayed visually on the network topology map, as well as on the device map found on the “Topology” tab of the Device Dashboard for each device.

Parent/Child DiscoveryYou can have Netreo attempt to discover the parents and children of a given device for you on a per-device basis.

Navigate to the Device dashboard of the device for which you wish to discover parent and children.

Select the gear icon below the device menus to switch to the Administrative View.Select the “Host” tab.

Will remove any manual parenting you may have already done for a device.

Post Idea #33: Extreme Networks

Related Articles – Summarized

Extreme Networks

Through a series of historical and contemporary merger and acquisition activity, Extreme Networks claims an industry lineage that includes, at a minimum, the networking-focused elements of the following companies: Digital, Chantry, Siemens, Cabletron, Enterasys, AirDefense, Symbol, Motorola, Zebra, Wellfleet, SynOptics, Bay Networks, Nortel Networks, Avaya, Vistapointe, StackStorm, Foundry Networks, Brocade, and Aerohive Networks.

Extreme Networks itself claims that the combined entity should now be able to generate annual revenues in the region of US $1 billion and to now rank in the top three enterprise networking companies, and Zeus Kerravala, an industry pundit, has observed that “a bigger, more profitable Extreme will have more money to invest in R&D, fueling further innovation.”

In 2017 and as a result of the Avaya networking business integration, Extreme Networks introduced Extreme Fabric Connect, a standards-based fabric technology based on enhanced IEEE 802.1aq Shortest Path Bridging and IETF 6329, Extreme Fabric Connect combines decades of experience with Ethernet and Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System to deliver a next-generation technology that combines the best of Ethernet with the best of IP. In January 2019, Extreme Networks made AI-Infused 802.11ax Access Points and Multi-Rate Switches available to enterprises in all industries.

In February 2019, Extreme Networks rolled out Extreme Defender for IoT, a simple security solution to help organizations secure unsecured IoT devices and network endpoints.

In October 2019, Extreme Networks announced ExtremeCloud IQ, a cloud-based enterprise network management application, to its portfolio as a result of the Aerohive Networks acquisition.

In late October 2019, Extreme Networks selected Broadcom’s networking chipsets and programmable silicon to power all new Extreme hardware products from the edge to the data center.

In October 2020, Extreme Networks became the first networking vendor to offer Bluetooth and BLE intrusion prevention and Wi-Fi security within a single wireless intrusion prevention system – Extreme AirDefense.

Extreme Networks Inc. Stock Quote

Extreme Networks, Inc. engages in providing software driven networking solutions for enterprise, data center, and service provider customers.

The firm designs, develops, and manufactures wired and wireless network infrastructure equipment and develops the software for network management, policy, analytics, security, and access controls.

The company was founded in May 1996 and is headquartered in Morrisville, NC..

Extreme Networks Online Store

For a second consecutive year, we’ve been recognized for our bold vision and ability to execute in Gartner’s 2019 Magic Quadrant for Wired and Wireless LAN Access Infrastructure.

This analyst report by Gartner evaluates a variety of enterprise LAN vendors.

Gartner positions vendors in their respective quadrant based on their ability to execute and their completeness of vision.

Changes in the vendor landscape over the past year including how vendors are adapting and differentiating their solutions.

Strengths and cautions for each of the vendors included in the report.

RCMP: 4 Facing Conspiracy To Murder Charges In Wake Of Alberta Border Blockade – Maple Ridge News

Canada Border Services Agency said operations had resumed at the crossing and RCMP confirmed later Tuesday that traffic was moving smoothly.

The exodus of vehicles came one day after RCMP arrested 13 people and seized a cache of firearms and ammunition.

Four people also face a charge of conspiracy to murder RCMP members, said Chief Supt.

Daroux said the RCMP became aware of the heavily armed group a few days after the protest began.

Protesters are dissociating themselves from the group of people facing serious charges.

Two tactical vests seized by the RCMP had badges on them, which the Canadian Anti-Hate Network said have links to troubling movements.

A video posted to social media showed RCMP members shaking hands with and hugging protesters.

Extreme Networks Stock Price, News & Info

The Fool has written over 100 articles on Extreme Networks.

EXTR earnings call for the period ending December 31, 2021.

EXTR earnings call for the period ending December 31, 2020.

EXTR earnings call for the period ending September 30, 2020.

The network equipment maker’s soaring stock was brought down to Earth by a miss-and-reduce earnings report.

EXTR earnings call for the period ending December 31, 2019.

EXTR earnings call for the period ending September 30, 2019.

We’re the industry’s first cloud-driven, end-to-end enterprise networking company, with solutions from the wireless and IoT edge to the data center.

Ly/3tqEmbQ #WLPC HEARTLAND, USA :: Awesome Heart of a Hall of Famer connected by today at with 📍INDYThe is set to host the 2028 Olympic games with a robust, high-density #WiFi network from Extreme.

Learn why leading organizations rely on Extreme Networks – bit.

Hear how is enabling next-gen fan experiences and leveraging network insights with Extreme.

Ly/36DKqGg #WiFi #securityNeed a better more reliable network? Tune in on March 3 to learn how you can simplify your infrastructure and get more insights with a #cloud-managed network.

Hear how the network is speeding up the #fanexperience from VP of Media and Event Technology John Martin.

Ly/3HudFIm #WiFi #securityIT staff facing increased demands and expectations? Learn how a #cloud-managed network can eliminate mundane & time-consuming tasks and free up your team’s workload. bit.

Post Idea #34: Agribusiness

Related Articles – Summarized

Agribusiness Definition

Agribusiness is the business sector encompassing farming and farming-related commercial activities.

Agribusiness treats the different aspects of raising agricultural products as an integrated system.

Market forces have a significant impact on the agribusiness sector, as do natural forces, such as changes in the earth’s climate.

Climate change has placed intensifying pressure on many companies in the agribusiness industry to remain relevant, and profitable, while adapting to the threats posed by large-scale shifts in weather patterns.

Agribusiness Challenges Countries with farming industries face consistent pressures from global competition.

Use of New Technology The use of new technology is vital to remain competitive in the global agribusiness sector.

Because agribusiness is a broad industry, it incorporates a wide range of different companies and operations.

Overview, Components, Importance

One of the largest agricultural machinery companies is John Deere, which specializes in providing farming and gardening equipment.

Agribusiness is a sector that supports the growth of the agricultural industry, which is pivotal to GDP Formula.

Agribusinesses can potentially improve agricultural productivity, which is why governments often offer subsidies to agricultural businesses.

Ultimately, the aim of innovation in agribusiness is to improve agricultural productivity and make agricultural activities easier for farmers.

In the United States, agribusinesses are referred to as large agricultural corporations that are Vertical Integration.

Participate in many activities in the agricultural value chain.

Such companies tend to employ their own production, processing, and sales units, as opposed to organic farms that are small and focused on crop production and use products from other agribusinesses.


An agricultural supply store or agrocenter is an agriculturally-oriented shop where one sells agricultural supplies-inputs required for agricultural production such as pesticides, feed and fertilizers.

Small farms with a land area of less than 2 hectares operate about 1% of the world’s agricultural land, and family farms comprise about 75% of the world’s agricultural land.

Agricultural engineering, also known as agricultural and biosystems engineering, is the field of study and application of engineering science and designs principles for agriculture purposes, combining the various disciplines of mechanical, civil, electrical, food science, environmental, software, and chemical engineering to improve the efficiency of farms and agribusiness enterprises as well as to ensure sustainability of natural and renewable resources.

Agricultural engineers make the engineering designs and plans in an agricultural project, usually in partnership with an agriculturist who is more proficient in farming and agricultural science.

A broad typology of agricultural cooperatives distinguishes between agricultural service cooperatives, which provide various services to their individually-farming members, and agricultural production cooperatives in which production resources are pooled and members farm jointly.

The primary role of agriculturists are in leading agricultural projects and programs, usually in agribusiness planning or research for the benefit of farms, food, and agribusiness related organizations.

Studies of agribusiness often come from the academic fields of agricultural economics and management studies, sometimes called agribusiness management.

Agribusiness Definition & Meaning

In recent years some industry players have followed up on pledges to improve the lives of Mexican laborers, according to produce distributors, labor organizers, agribusiness executives, watchdog groups and industry analysts.

Richard Marosi, Los Angeles Times, 31 Dec. 2021 For years, agribusiness in the Central Valley drained aquifers with deep, expensive wells, while smaller farmers and agricultural communities watched their wells go dry.

Jared Olson, The New Republic, 2 Dec. 2021 Farmers and agribusiness furnish the USDA with political capital and the USDA guarantees stable prices for commodity monocrops with minimal regulation.

Gabriel N. Rosenberg, The New Republic, 27 Dec. 2021 The grassroots sustainability momentum in the U.S. is consistent with recent scientific studies that expose the yield/productivity myth of chemical intensive agribusiness.

Errol Schweizer, Forbes, 3 Nov. 2021 The changes were met with criticism from predictable corners such as major agribusiness interests and farm state politicians, including Democrats Jon Tester and Al Franken.

Gabriel N. Rosenberg, The New Republic, 27 Dec. 2021 For expansion, agribusiness is eyeing markets in lower-income countries and looking at smallholder crops, such as eggplant, millet and cassava.

Lindsey Mcginnis, The Christian Science Monitor, 17 Dec. 2021 These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘agribusiness.

What Is Agribusiness?

Agribusiness relates to industries that are engaged in farming or that produce farm inputs.

Examples of agribusiness include farm machinery manufacturing, seed supply, and agrichemicals.

Take Deere & Company, which makes John Deere equipment and may be one of the best-known examples of a classic agribusiness company.

Bayer, which acquired The Monsanto Company in 2018 and manufactures the herbicide Roundup and various Roundup Ready genetically modified seeds, is another example of a company that engages in agribusiness.

Another agribusiness company, Corteva Agriscience, an independent company that was previously a wholly owned subsidiary of Dow AgroSciences LLC, makes pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides, in addition to marketing seeds.

The term agribusiness generally isn’t used to refer to individual farms, although Smithfield Foods Inc., the largest U.S. producer of pork, owns and runs its farms.

Small organic farms often use agribusiness products like John Deere tractors.


Texas A&M is your one stop source for knowledge, expertise, and professional development about agribusiness.

Texas A&M agribusiness researchers in the Agribusiness, Food, and Consumer Economics Research Center are building on a 45-year history conducting research on food, feed, and fiber markets.

Texas A&M offers agribusiness degree programs for undergraduate, masters, and doctoral students.

Our experts in agribusiness outreach offer programs to assist farmers, ranchers, and allied industry managers in Texas and worldwide.

Click below to learn more about agribusiness at Texas A&M..

Post Idea #35: Intra-aortic balloon pump

Related Articles – Summarized

Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump

Demonstrated a 30% increase in aortic distensibility with IABP, thereby reducing the aortic stiffness constant, resulting in a 24% increase in cardiac index and a 31% reduction in myocardial oxygen demand.

A possible mechanism contributing to augmented coronary blood flow with IABP use is the result of an increased diastolic aortic pressure with pulsatile balloon inflation during the diastolic phase and endothelial-derived nitric oxide release from vascular stretch results in diastolic arteriolar vasodilation.

Registries comparing left-side heart pump systems with IABP in post-resuscitation shock patients described no difference in survival rate between left-side heart pump systems treated and IABP treated patients, i.e., 23.0% vs. 29.5%, respectively, p =0.61; however, a higher bleeding complication rate of 26% was observed in the left-side heart pump systems treatment group as compared to 9% in IABP treated patients, p=0.06.

Subsequent randomized clinical trials did not demonstrate any difference in the in-hospital mortality, major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events between the patients undergoing high-risk PCI with or without the support of IABP. The randomized controlled clinical trial of Balloon Pump-Assisted Coronary Intervention Study evaluated the elective use of IABP during high risk percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with severe coronary artery disease having compromised left ventricular function.

The improved 90 days of survival in the left-side heart pump systems group was attributed to better hemodynamic support offered by left-side heart pump systems compared to IABP during the high-risk PCI. Based on the evidence available, IABP use is not routinely recommended in hemodynamically stable patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction and extensive coronary artery disease undergoing high-risk PCI unless the patient is hemodynamically unstable or deemed to be at high risk of becoming unstable during the PCI. Also, if feasible, the hemodynamic support with a left-side heart pump system provides a better clinical outcome than IABP in high-risk patients undergoing PCI as suggested by PROTECT II clinical trial.

The efficacy of IABP is dependent on the timing of balloon inflation and deflation relative to the cardiac cycle; therefore, controlling the timing of interbeat IABP inflation during both regular rhythm and arrhythmias by application of Real-time dicrotic notch detection algorithm ensures the efficacy of IABP in either condition.

Evaluated the outcome of perioperative intra-aortic balloon pump use in high-risk cardiac surgery patients and demonstrated no mortality benefit in the IABP group.

Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump Therapy

You may need it if your heart is unable to pump enough blood for your body.

Your healthcare provider will insert the balloon pump catheter into an artery in your leg.

In some cases, you might not be able to use an IABP, even if your heart can’t pump enough blood.

What happens during intra-aortic balloon pump therapy?

IABP therapy involves inserting the balloon-tipped catheter into a blood vessel and advancing it to the heart.

What happens after intra-aortic balloon pump therapy?

If your heart continues to pump well on its own, you may be ready to stop the IABP therapy.

Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump

An intra-aortic balloon pump is a mechanical device that helps the heart pump blood.

If you are hospitalized, your doctor may insert an IABP. Your doctor will numb an area of your leg and thread the IABP through the femoral artery in your leg into your aorta.

The IABP reduces the workload on your heart, allowing your heart to pump more blood.

The IABP is placed inside your aorta, the artery that takes blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

The balloon on the end of the catheter inflates and deflates with the rhythm of your heart.

As your left ventricle is about to pump out blood, the balloon deflates.

In rare cases, the balloon may overinflate and tear the aorta.

Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump

Various mechanical circulatory devices have been developed to mitigate the adverse outcomes of cardiogenic shock until treating the underlying cause.

To date, four types of mechanical circulatory support devices exist that include Intra-aortic balloon pump, non-IABP ventricular circulatory assist devices, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation devices, and non-percutaneous ventricular assist devices.

Intra-aortic balloon pump is the simplest, cost-effective, easy to implant and explant in the coronary catheterization laboratory by an interventional cardiologist and can effectively be managed in an intensive care unit by an intensivist.

Although IABP has a modest hemodynamic beneficial effect compared with novel, advanced mechanical circulatory support devices, it has a better safety profile, relative simplicity to use, and the beneficial cardiovascular physiological impact.

These features make IABP a frequently used circulatory support device in patients requiring hemodynamic support either in cardiogenic shock or at risk of hemodynamic decompensation during a high-risk coronary intervention.

Currently available evidence related to the use of IABP is in constant flux.

It is important to review the safety and efficacy of IABP in various clinical conditions and appraise the health care providers of current evidence-based literature related to IABP. This article reviews the physiological and hemodynamic effects of IABP on the cardiovascular system as well as the safety and efficacy of its use in various cardiovascular clinical conditions.

Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump

The IABP consists of a balloon catheter and a pump console to control the timing of balloon inflation and deflation.

Optimal hemodynamic effect from the IABP depends on several factors, including the balloon’s position in the aorta, the blood displacement volume, the balloon diameter in relation to aortic diameter, the timing of balloon inflation in diastole and deflation in systole, and the patient’s own heart rate, blood pressure, and vascular resistance.

The IABP consists of a balloon catheter and a pump console to control the balloon.

The balloon inflates with the onset of diastole, which roughly corresponds with electrophysiologic repolarization or the middle of the T-wave on the surface ECG. Following diastole, the balloon rapidly deflates at the onset of left ventricular systole, which is timed to the peak of the R-wave on the surface ECG. The IABP increases diastolic blood pressure, decreases afterload, decreases myocardial oxygen consumption, increases coronary artery perfusion, and modestly enhances cardiac output.

Optimal hemodynamic effect from the IABP is dependent on several factors, including the balloon’s position in the aorta, blood displacement volume, balloon diameter in relation to aortic diameter, timing of balloon inflation in diastole and deflation in systole, and the patient’s own heart rate, blood pressure, and vascular resistance.

Intra-Aortic Balloon PumpThe IABP, developed as 15-French in the 1960s, is a polyethylene balloon mounted on the end of a flexible 7-9-French catheter.

Direct aortic injury can be disastrous particularly if acute intervention is necessary and the patient is unable to tolerate removal of the IABP. If the patient is stable, balloon removal can be undertaken and the aorta treated as indicated.

Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump Overview LITFL CCC Equipment

OVERVIEW. Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump or intra-aortic counterpulsation device.

Helium is used to inflate the balloon as its low density means there is little turbulent flow so the balloon can inflate fast and deflate slowly.

Balloon should never be turned off in situ except when the patient is anticoagulated because of the risk of thrombus formation on the balloon.

Ranucci et al found that in patients undergoing nonemergent coronary operations, with a stable hemodynamic profile and a left ventricular ejection fraction <35%, the pre-incision insertion of intra-aortic balloon pump does not result in a better outcome.

A randomized controlled trial of preoperative intra-aortic balloon pump in coronary patients with poor left ventricular function undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery*.

Thiele H, et al; Intraaortic Balloon Pump in cardiogenic shock II trial investigators.

Intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation for myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock.

Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump: Purpose, Procedure, Risks, And Recovery

An intra-aortic balloon pump, or IABP, is a long, skinny balloon that controls the flow of blood through your largest blood vessel, the aorta.

The device gets smaller when your heart pumps so blood can flow out to the rest of your body.

Your doctor may recommend an IABP if your heart isn’t getting enough blood or isn’t sending enough out to the rest of your body.

Your doctor will put the catheter and balloon into an artery in one of your legs and use an X-ray camera to move it up to your aorta.

The device is hooked up to a machine that tells the balloon when to get bigger and when to get smaller.

If you’re already in surgery, like during a bypass, your doctor will put the device in while you’re asleep.

If not, your doctor will give you medicine to help you relax, then they’ll use another medication to numb the part of your leg where they’ll put the catheter in.

Post Idea #36: Liquid crystal

Related Articles – Summarized

What Are Liquid Crystals?

The well-known three states of matter are solid, liquid and gas.

Frequent collisions between molecules make the liquid more viscous, yet it can still flow like “Liquid.” As the liquid is further cooled, say at the freezing point of water 0℃, it is transformed to a solid, which is rigid; water freezes to become ice at 0℃. Until two scientists in Europe, Friedrich Reinitzer and Otto Lehmann, discovered liquid crystals in the late 19th century, these three were the only states of matter that humans have ever known.

Liquid crystal is the fourth state of matter that occurs between solid and liquid.

While studying the function of cholesterol in plants, Friedrich Reinitzer, an Austrian botanist, found an unusual melting that was always accompanied by the presence of cloudy liquid state before the clear liquid appears.

Through his careful observations of the melting of the substance using his state-of-the-art microscope with a gas heating stage, Lehmann was convinced that the cloudy state is truly a new state of matter that differs from solid, liquid and gas.

The year 1888, in which Reinitzer found this double melting phenomenon, is officially recognized as the year of discovery of liquid crystals.

To demonstrate the phase change from the liquid crystal state to the ordinary liquid, the glass vial is inserted in hot water.

Liquid Crystal

Blue phases are liquid crystal phases that appear in the temperature range between a chiral nematic phase and an isotropic liquid phase.

As the isotropic phase would not significantly affect the polarization of the light, it would appear very dark, whereas the crystal and liquid crystal phases will both polarize the light in a uniform way, leading to brightness and color gradients.

Liquid crystals find wide use in liquid crystal displays, which rely on the optical properties of certain liquid crystalline substances in the presence or absence of an electric field.

Liquid crystal lenses converge or diverge the incident light by adjusting the refractive index of liquid crystal layer with applied voltage or temperature.

To converge a plane wave into a diffraction limited spot, for a physically-planar liquid crystal structure, the refractive index of liquid crystal layer should be spherical or paraboloidal under paraxial approximation.

Liquid crystal lenses with electrically tunable refractive index have potentials to achieve arbitrary function of optical path length for modulating incoming wavefront; current liquid crystal freeform optical elements were extended from liquid crystal lens with same optical mechanisms.

Liquid crystal lasers use a liquid crystal in the lasing medium as a distributed feedback mechanism instead of external mirrors.

ScienceDirect Topics

LC phases are formed by materials made of anisotropic molecules or other entities, such as aggregates of molecules in surfactant solutions known as micelles.

The key parameters specifying the liquid-crystalline order are the director, that is, the unit vector representing spatial orientation of the molecule, and the center position of each molecule.

“Active” nanoparticles enhance interactions between mesogenic molecules causing the increase of the liquid crystals order parameter.

In the nematic state, the molecules are arranged parallel to each other in an arbitrary direction, with a casual distribution of the centers of mass of the molecules.

For increasing values of the magnitude of the electric field E. If E>Eth, the molecules begin to align along the field direction; when E≫Eth, the majority of the molecules are aligned perpendicularly to the interface.

For EEth the molecules begin to align along the field direction; for E≫Eth the molecules are almost completely aligned in the direction of the electric field and the LC cell shows essentially homeotropic ordering.

The type of bonding between the dye and the liquid crystal molecules tends to align the former parallel to the director and to follow its orientation.

The characteristic orientational order of the liquid crystal state is between the traditional solid and liquid phases and this is the origin of the term mesogenic state, used synonymously with liquid crystal state.

Liquid Crystal Phases The liquid crystal state is a distinct phase of matter observed between the crystalline and isotropic states.

Photo of the smectic A phase Photo of the smectic C phase Chemical Properties of Liquid Crystals Liquid crystals can be classified into two main categories: thermotropic liquid crystals, and lyotropic liquid crystals.

Thermotropic liquid crystals can be classified into two types: enantiotropic liquid crystals, which can be changed into the liquid crystal state from either lowering the temperature of a liquid or raising of the temperature of a solid, and monotropic liquid crystals, which can only be changed into the liquid crystal state from either an increase in the temperature of a solid or a decrease in the temperature of a liquid, but not both.

Applications of Liquid Crystals Liquid crystal technology has had a major effect many areas of science and engineering, as well as device technology.

Liquid Crystal Displays The most common application of liquid crystal technology is liquid crystal displays This field has grown into a multi-billion dollar industry, and many significant scientific and engineering discoveries have been made.

Liquid Crystal Thermometers As demonstrated earlier, chiral nematic liquid crystals reflect light with a wavelength equal to the pitch.

Liquid Crystal

Liquid crystals share with liquids the ability to flow but also display symmetries inherited from crystalline solids.

Symmetries of liquid crystals Liquid crystals, sometimes called mesophases, occupy the middle ground between crystalline solids and ordinary liquids with regard to symmetry, energy, and properties.

Typical liquid crystal structures include the smectic shown in Figure 1B and the nematic in Figure 1C. The smectic phase differs from the solid phase in that translational symmetry is discrete in one direction-the vertical in Figure 1B-and continuous in the remaining two.

As a substance in the liquid state is reduced in temperature, rotational symmetry breaking creates the nematic liquid crystal state in which molecules are aligned along a common axis.

When continuous translational symmetry is broken along only one direction, the smectic liquid crystal is obtained.

Many interesting liquid crystal phases are not listed in this table, including the discotic phase, consisting of disk-shaped molecules, and the columnar phases, in which translational symmetry is broken in not one but two spatial directions, leaving liquidlike order only along columns.

Selected phases characteristic of liquid-crystal-forming molecules phase order isotropic liquid full continuous translational and rotational symmetry nematic molecular orientation breaks rotational symmetry untilted tilted smectic-A smectic-C layering breaks translational symmetry; smectic-C molecules are tilted hexatic-B smectic-F bond orientational order breaks rotational symmetry within layers crystal-B crystal-G crystallization breaks translational symmetry within layers; molecules may rotate about their long axis crystal-E crystal-H molecular rotation freezes out.

Welcome To The Liquid Crystals

The Liquid Crystals are geometric vibrational remedies made from the Earths Metals, Minerals and Crystals.

They are change facilitators, healing Spiritual, Emotional, Mental and thus Physical imbalance.

The Liquid Crystals are created via an ancient remembered process that embraces Crystalline Integrity, Sacred Geometry, Alchemy, Solar, Luna and Universal energy.

The Liquid Crystals have returned to facilitate our planet back to Oneness by Reuniting the Crystalline grids, Above, Below and within Humanity.

How To Make A ‘Computer’ Out Of Liquid Crystals: Breakthrough Could Pave The Way For Applications In Robotics, Computing Using Soft Materials

Researchers with the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering have shown for the first time how to design the basic elements needed for logic operations using a kind of material called a liquid crystal – paving the way for a completely novel way of performing computations.

The molecules in a liquid crystal tend to be elongated, and when packed together they adopt a structure that has some order, like the straight rows of atoms in a diamond crystal – but instead of being stuck in place as in a solid, this structure can also shift around as a liquid does.

One consequence of this odd molecular order is that there are spots in all liquid crystals where the ordered regions bump up against each other and their orientations don’t quite match, creating what scientists call “Topological defects.” These spots move around as the liquid crystal moves.

In a new paper, they took it a logical step further and determined that it should be theoretically possible to use these techniques to make a liquid crystal perform operations like a computer.

Researchers are interested in soft robots – robots with bodies that aren’t made out of hard metal or plastic, but rather stretchy and soft materials – because their flexibility and gentle touch means they can perform functions that hard-bodied robots cannot.

The team can imagine creating such robots that can do some of their own “Thinking” using active liquid crystals.

They can also imagine using topological defects to ferry small amounts of liquid or other materials from place to place inside tiny devices.

Post Idea #37: Medical device

Related Articles – Summarized

Medical Device

A medical device is any device intended to be used for medical purposes.

Significant potential for hazards are inherent when using a device for medical purposes and thus medical devices must be proved safe and effective with reasonable assurance before regulating governments allow marketing of the device in their country.

Later in 1976, the Medical Device Amendments to the FD&C Act established medical device regulation and oversight as we know it today in the United States.

Medical device regulation in Europe as we know it today came into effect in the 1993 by what is collectively known as the Medical Device Directive.

“The term covers a wide range of health or medical instruments used in the treatment, mitigation, diagnosis or prevention of a disease or abnormal physical condition. Health Canada reviews medical devices to assess their safety, effectiveness, and quality before authorizing their sale in Canada. According to the Act, medical device does not include any device that is intended for use in relation to animals.”

In January 2021, the FDA published a proposed regulatory framework for AI/ML-based software, and the EU medical device regulation which replaces the EU Medical Device Directive in May 2021, defines regulatory requirements for medical devices, including AI/ML software.

The identification of medical devices has been recently improved by the introduction of Unique Device Identification and standardised naming using the Global Medical Device Nomenclature which have been endorsed by the International Medical Device Regulatory Forum.

Post Idea #38: Internet of things

Related Articles – Summarized

Microsoft Azure

What is IoT. It’s your equipment, machines, products, and devices that are connected to the cloud and outfitted to collect and securely transmit data.

IoT enables your organization to analyze and act on data, allowing you to make smart decisions in real-time.

With the timely and relevant insights about your business and customers that come with these new sources of data, there’s great potential for industries of all kinds-including manufacturing, transportation, energy, agriculture, retail, and government-to operate more efficiently and provide new value to customers by implementing the right IoT solution.

In short, IoT lets you solve your business problems using your own data.

With IoT, it’s possible to learn from your own systems find new ways to manage your processes and product quality with data from your devices and sensors.

Accelerate your business transformation with IoT. Reduce complexity, lower costs, and speed up your time to market with fully managed IoT services.

On a basic level, IoT is used for collecting data about the physical world that would be very difficult or impossible for humans to collect without the aid of smart devices and monitoring systems.

Internet Of Things

Defining the Internet of things as “Simply the point in time when more ‘things or objects’ were connected to the Internet than people”, Cisco Systems estimated that the IoT was “Born” between 2008 and 2009, with the things/people ratio growing from 0.08 in 2003 to 1.84 in 2010.

Building on the Internet of things, the web of things is an architecture for the application layer of the Internet of things looking at the convergence of data from IoT devices into Web applications to create innovative use-cases.

Social Internet of things is a new kind of IoT that focuses the importance of social interaction and relationship between IoT devices.

It is important to the IIoT subset of the IoT. O-DF Open Data Format O-DF is a standard published by the Internet of Things Work Group of The Open Group in 2014, which specifies a generic information model structure that is meant to be applicable for describing any “Thing”, as well as for publishing, updating and querying information when used together with O-MI. O-MI Open Messaging Interface O-MI is a standard published by the Internet of Things Work Group of The Open Group in 2014, which specifies a limited set of key operations needed in IoT systems, notably different kinds of subscription mechanisms based on the Observer pattern.

To provide an impetus to the IoT ecosystem, in March 2016, a bipartisan group of four Senators proposed a bill, The Developing Innovation and Growing the Internet of Things Act, to direct the Federal Communications Commission to assess the need for more spectrum to connect IoT devices.

According to Lonergan, the term IoT was coined before smart phones, tablets, and devices as we know them today existed, and there is a long list of terms with varying degrees of overlap and technological convergence: Internet of things, Internet of everything, Internet of goods, industrial Internet, pervasive computing, pervasive sensing, ubiquitous computing, cyber-physical systems, wireless sensor networks, smart objects, digital twin, cyberobjects or avatars, cooperating objects, machine to machine, ambient intelligence, Operational technology, and information technology.

A study issued by Ericsson regarding the adoption of Internet of things among Danish companies identified a “Clash between IoT and companies’ traditional governance structures, as IoT still presents both uncertainties and a lack of historical precedence.” Among the respondents interviewed, 60 percent stated that they “Do not believe they have the organizational capabilities, and three of four do not believe they have the processes needed, to capture the IoT opportunity.” This has led to a need to understand organizational culture in order to facilitate organizational design processes and to test new innovation management practices.

What Is The Internet Of Things, And How Does It Work?

There’s a lot of noise at the moment about the Internet of Things and its impact on everything from the way we travel and do our shopping to the way manufacturers keep track of inventory.

What is the Internet of Things? How does it work? And is it really that important?

In a nutshell, the Internet of Things is the concept of connecting any device to the Internet and to other connected devices.

The IoT is a giant network of connected things and people – all of which collect and share data about the way they are used and about the environment around them.

There are even connected footballs that can track how far and fast they are thrown and record those statistics via an app for future training purposes.

Devices and objects with built in sensors are connected to an Internet of Things platform, which integrates data from the different devices and applies analytics to share the most valuable information with applications built to address specific needs.

We’ve got lots of examples that show the Internet of Things in action.

Internet Of Things Insurance Market Growth, Recent Trends, Industry Analysis, Outlook, Insights, Share And Forecasts Report 2028

The Internet of Things is swiftly gaining acceptance in the insurance business as a technology that will revolutionize how we design, evaluate, and provide insurance products and services.

According to Emergen Research, the global Internet of Things Insurance market size is expected to reach USD 775.65 Billion in 2028 and register a robust revenue CAGR of 62.2% during the forecast period.

Increasing demand for IoT devices in the insurance industry to enhance customer experience is the key factor driving the global Internet of Things insurance market growth during the forecast period.

Growing demand for value-added services is expected to propel global Internet of Things insurance market growth during the forecast period.

Increasing adoption of Internet of Things devices in developing and developed countries is expected to augment global Internet of Things insurance market growth going ahead. Claim Sample PDF: www.

Increasing usage of IoT-driven devices in property & casualty insurance to mitigate insurance costs and enhance risk management are some key factors driving revenue growth of the property & casualty insurance segment, which is expected to register a significantly high CAGR of 62.7% over the forecast period.

Emergen Research has segmented the global Internet of Things insurance market on the basis of insurance type, application, end-use, and region.

Get Ready For Security In The Age Of The Extended Internet Of Things, Says Claroty

Get ready for security in the age of the Extended Internet of Things, says Claroty.

Operational technology company Claroty makes a big claim about the future of OT and industrial control systems security: Based on data collected over the past few years, the distinction between OT/ICS and the rest of enterprise tech is beginning to fade in earnest, and new security headaches have appeared in their place.

Claroty states is case in its ICS Risk and Vulnerability report for the second half of 2021, which found among other things that there has been a 110% year-over-year increase in the number of ICS vulnerabilities disclosed since 2018, and that non-OT products made up 34% of ICS vulnerabilities reported in 2021.

“As more cyber-physical systems become connected, accessibility to these networks from the internet and the cloud requires defenders to have timely, useful vulnerability information to inform risk decisions,” said Amir Preminger, vice president of research at Claroty.

The name that Claroty gives to its vision of a world devoid of distinctions between operational tech, informational tech and internet of things devices is the “Extended internet of things.” It describes the XIoT as “An umbrella term that captures the cyber-physical systems critical to our lives not only for security management, but for data analysis, performance tracking and enhancement, and much more.”

If Claroty is correct in assumptions about the future of tech being an XIoT one, and those statistics presented above are correct, we’re looking at a coming apocalypse of vulnerable devices being exposed to the internet.

Also See Share: Get ready for security in the age of the Extended Internet of Things, says Claroty.

The Youth Of Sweden And Denmark Are Working With Internet Of Things-Sensors Together With Artists

With the help of data from Helsingborg and Elsinore, the light installation of the Internet of Things- and art project Över sundet will show the mood of the cities.

The installation is connected to Internet of Things-sensors that measure the cities’ air pressure, temperature, humidity, noise levels and pollution.

The youth of the cities will be responsible of taking care of sensors, they will be in dialog with the artists and together learn about the environments of the cities.

In Helsingborg, the installation will be shown between 3 June and 3 July at Dunkers kulturhus, the artwork will be exhibit during the international city fair H22 City Expo.

Över sundetAn art and Internet of Things project with the aim of creating networks and increased exposure for creators in the cultural sector on both sides of the strait between Helsingborg and Elsinore.

The project will create a cultural and technical light installation for residents and tourists in both cities during the spring and summer of 2022.

The aim is to bring the viewers of the installation closer together, both within and between the cities.

Why Cybersecurity On The Internet Of Things?

Internet use in more and more processes and tasks in administration and companies, but also in the private sphere, means that we are highly dependent on functioning information technology and secure information infrastructures.

The importance of IT and cyber security is constantly increasing due to the digitalization of all areas of life, work and business on the Internet of Things, the real world is merging with the digital world.

Due to the framework of limited resources in cyber-physical systems on the Internet of Things or sensor networks, traditional security mechanisms, and techniques, such as firewalls, intrusion detection systems, or even anti-virus software, cannot be applied.

The constraints imposed by limited resources usually have a direct impact on the IT security of these systems.

The Internet of Things will have an estimated 50 billion end devices integrated in our everyday lives by 2020.

In general, the challenge is to enable end-to-end data confidentiality, integrity and authenticity in data communication on the Internet of Things.

Technology for secure identification and authentication on the Internet of Things.

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