17 Google Trending Breakout Blog Post Ideas – Updated on 2022-03-05

Find trends and resources for the highest search-volume keywords on Google in the last 24 hours below. This post was updated on 2022-03-05.

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Please note that everything on this page is automatically gathered and generated. Skim through blog post ideas until you find something you’re interested in writing about. Take the hard work out of finding and researching popular blog post ideas.

Post Idea #1: Water resource management

Related Articles – Summarized

Water Resources Management Overview: Development News, Research, Data

Particularly, water resource management is tackled in SDG 6.5, but other SDGs and targets require water resource management for their achievement.

Water Resources Management is the process of planning, developing, and managing water resources, in terms of both water quantity and quality, across all water uses.

Water resources management seeks to harness the benefits of water by ensuring there is sufficient water of adequate quality for drinking water and sanitation services, food production, energy generation, inland water transport, and water-based recreational, as well as sustaining healthy water-dependent ecosystems and protecting the aesthetic and spiritual values of lakes, rivers, and estuaries.

Water security suggests a dynamic construct that goes beyond single-issue goals such as water scarcity, pollution, or access to water and sanitation, to think more broadly about societies’ expectations, choices, and achievements with respect to water management.

The Water Security and Integrated Water Resources Management Global Solutions Group supports the Bank’s analytical, advisory, and operational engagements to help clients achieve their goals of water security.

Achieving water security in the context of growing water scarcity, greater unpredictability, degrading water quality and aquatic ecosystems, and more frequent droughts and floods, will require a more integrated and longer-term approach to water management.

Key areas of focus will be ensuring sustainability of water resources, building climate resilience, and strengthening integrated management to achieve the Global Practice’s goals and the SDGs. The GSG will work with a multiple GPs and Cross Cutting Solutions Areas directly through water resources management or multi-sectoral projects and indirectly through agriculture, energy, environment, climate, or urban projects.

Water Resource Management Strategies

The California Water Plan provides a broad set of resource management strategies that can help local agencies and governments manage their water and related resources.

The 30-plus RMSs provide a comprehensive suite of tools that can be used to achieve a variety of intended outcomes by utilizing a diverse mix of strategies.

Resource Management Strategies The RMSs can be considered as tools in a toolkit.

Just as the mix of tools in any given kit depend on the job to be accomplished, the combination of strategies will vary from region to region, depending on climate, projected growth, existing water system, environmental and social conditions, and regional goals.

At the local level, it’s important the proposed strategies complement the operation of existing water systems.

While most of the RMSs have multiple potential benefits, each area of California needs to select the right mix of strategies to achieve their intended outcomes.

If you are looking for a way to improve water quality, look under the Improve Water Quality management objective.

Integrated Water Resource Management

Integrated Water Resource Management, also known as One Water, is an approach to managing water that looks holistically at the planning and management of water supply, wastewater, and stormwater systems.

IWRM focuses on the water cycle as a single connected system and promotes coordinated development and management of water, land, and related resources to maximize the economic and social benefits while minimizing impacts on the environment.

There are four central components of integrated water resource management: stormwater management, wastewater treatment, water supply, and conservation of existing water sources.

Water Supply – Water for human use comes from two primary sources-surface water and groundwater.

Water supply systems convey, store, treat, and distribute water.

These decisions influence water demand, affect water supply, and impact water quality.

IWRM represents a paradigm shift in the management of water, both in terms of the physical systems that manage water and the institutional structures.

Water Resources Management, M.S. < University Of Wisconsin-Madison

The program addresses the complex, interdisciplinary aspects of managing water resources by helping students integrate the biological and physical sciences with engineering as well as law and the social sciences.

Through the WRM program, a student gains breadth in relevant planning and management areas while developing depth in an area specialty.

The water resources management degree is designed to prepare students for employment as water resources management professionals.

Rather than conduct individual research projects, WRM students participate in a summer group practicum workshop with a water resources management focus.

In most cases Water Resources Management is unable to guarantee any funding to students.

A maximum of 3 credits graded S may be counted toward program requirements if approved by the student’s faculty advisory committee and the program chair.

Wisconsin Statutes 36.12 reads, in part: “No student may be denied admission to, participation in or the benefits of, or be discriminated against in any service, program, course or facility of the system or its institutions or center because of the student’s race, color, creed, religion, sex, national origin, disability, ancestry, age, sexual orientation, pregnancy, marital status or parental status.” In addition, UW-System prohibits discrimination based on gender identity or gender expression.

Online Water Resources Management Programs

As the global population continues to grow, sustainable water management is increasingly more vital.

Colorado State University is actively working to enhance educational resources surrounding water management via academic programs and affiliate partnerships like the Colorado Water Institute.

Start taking an active role in the study and advancement of water sustainability as you earn career-building credentials in one of CSU’s online water resource management degree or certificate programs.

With a focus on water management, CSU’s civil engineering master’s program prepares you to take on multifaceted challenges and address water-related concerns facing future generations.

With a focus on water resource management courses, this program allows you to concentrate your studies on topics like water resources planning and management, irrigation systems, engineering hydrology, wastewater processing, infrastructure management, and more.

Gain a deeper understanding of the hydrologic cycle, water resources analysis and planning, sustainable water management, laws, and policies.

Prepare to pursue career opportunities in parks and wildlife, public lands management, special-purpose water districts, water resources engineering/consulting, and more.

Integrated Water Resource Management: A New Way Forward 1 The Pursuit of Water Management Fit for a Complex World T he gradual transformation in expectations for water resources management over the last century is well known to those working in the field.

Water strategies today continue to strongly echo the critical priorities set out in 1977, for planning that accounts for improvements in irrigation, prevention of land and water degradation, multipurpose development of hydropower infrastructure, industrial water use, inland navigation, pollution control, flood and drought prevention, and the protection of ecosystems.

Since Mar del Plata, the Dublin Principles of 1992 have become familiar as the guiding principles for IWRM. There is, as a result, a widespread interpretation that IWRM is expected to combine: Principle 1 – that fresh water is a finite and vulnerable resource, essential to sustain life, development and the environment Principle 2 – that water development and management should be based on a participatory approach, involving users, planners and policy-makers at all levels Principle 3 – that women play a central part in the provision, management and safeguarding of water, and Principle 4 – that water has an economic value in all its competing uses and should be recognized as an economic good.

Major reforms include: implementation of a new institutional framework to promote decentralised management and increased stakeholder participation adoption of a long-term strategy for IWRM through the National Water Plan, as a framework for investment until 2020 and the vehicle for prioritising changes in management introduction of economic incentives for water allocation through rational tariffs and cost recovery establishment of monitoring and control of water quality to reduce environmental degradation, and capacity enhancing measures to reduce institutional constraints on water management.

With pragmatic problem solving under-emphasised, implementation of IWRM, according to Shah and van Koppen, has been left over-reliant on a relatively standard package of top-down reforms: the development of a national water policy, a water law and regulatory framework, recognition of the river basin as the unit of water planning and management, creation of river basin entities, development of pricing mechanisms for water, creation of water-use rights, and promotion of participation in water resources management.

With new vectors for change in water management at work, and with climate change in an increasingly uncertain world, a wider mix of operating mechanisms will be necessary in the post-2015 agenda for IWRM. Ownership of and involvement in IWRM needs to extend beyond the water box and proactively include key water dependent sectors.

The hydroelectric plant sells power to local communities and is 75% owned by the JVRH. Collaboration among the water, agricultural and mining sectors has improved water security for everybody, made new energy generation possible, and kept water flowing in the river.

Water Management Resources – We Don’T Make The Food You Produce… We Make The Food You Produce Cleaner.

Water Management Resources…. We don’t make the food you produce… we make the food you produce cleaner.

Contact Us Today!Get a free, no-obligation quote…. Tell us the details of your project, and we’ll respond with an accurate quote and timeline for the work.

Continue…Need custom replacement parts?

We can help! Tell us about your custom replacement part needs.

Post Idea #2: Infrastructure as a Service

Related Articles – Summarized

What Is IaaS? Infrastructure As A Service

IaaS provides all the infrastructure to support web apps, including storage, web and application servers, and networking resources.

Your organization can quickly deploy web apps on IaaS and easily scale infrastructure up and down when demand for the apps is unpredictable.

With the appropriate agreement in place, the service provider assures that your infrastructure is reliable and meets service-level agreements.

With the appropriate service agreement, a cloud service provider can offer better security for your applications and data than the security you would attain in house.

Platform as a service refers to cloud computing services that supply an on-demand environment for developing, testing, delivering, and managing software applications.

Most cloud computing services fall into four broad categories: infrastructure as a service, platform as a service, serverless, and software as a service.

Explore unique Azure infrastructure as a service solutions that enable productivity from anywhere, increase efficiency, deliver innovation across hybrid environments, and help ensure security.

Infrastructure-As-A-Service: Definition, Benefits & M

IaaS allows businesses to migrate some or all of their on-premises data centre infrastructure to the cloud, where it is owned and managed by a cloud provider.

Web ApplicationsStorage, web servers and networking are all included in IaaS, which provides all of the infrastructure required to run large-scale web applications.

Organizations can use IaaS services to swiftly launch web applications and easily expand their infrastructure as their application requirements grow or shrink.

The major IaaS providers provide services that make HPC accessible to small enterprises, allowing them to use HPC on-demand rather than investing much in HPC infrastructure.

All of this infrastructure is provided as a managed service by IaaS providers, and most of them also provide PaaS services that can execute the real analytics, such as machine learning and AI. Benefits of IaaS. Compared to typical on-premises data centres, IaaS has a number of advantages.

The infrastructure may scale in minutes using IaaS, allowing workers to focus on more business-critical tasks and reporting.

Maintenance & UpgradeAlthough IaaS service providers update the software, some organizations do not receive upgrades.

Infrastructure As A Service

Infrastructure as a service, or IaaS, is a type of cloud computing that provides the entire infrastructure needed to run a business.

The idea behind IaaS is to provide businesses with the computing resources they need on-demand.

When compared to the needs of a legacy infrastructure system, IaaS is much easier to manage.

With cost management in mind, IaaS can help businesses optimize their compute resources, boost workloads, and grow their operations on-demand.

IaaS provides the complete infrastructure needed to run a business online.

A good example of a third-party provider integration is LiveAgent help desk software which you can connect to your IaaS infrastructure layer using API. It allows you to communicate with LiveAgent or any other integrated application with an added layer of security and ease.

IaaS simplifies management in any environment, including PaaS and SaaS. Adding IaaS to existing solutions can help users improve efficiency and operation for everyone involved.

Infrastructure As A Service

IaaS cloud computing platform layer eliminates the need for every organization to maintain the IT infrastructure.

In the case of public cloud, it is located at the cloud computing platform vendor’s data center, and the hybrid cloud is a combination of the two in which the customer selects the best of both public cloud or private cloud.

IaaS allows multiple users to share the same physical infrastructure.

IaaS providers focus on the organization’s core business rather than on IT infrastructure.

Although IaaS service providers maintain the software, but they do not upgrade the software for some organizations.

The cloud services offered by RIDC include IaaS and SaaS.Sify TechnologiesSify IaaSSify’s cloud computing platform is powered by HP’s converged infrastructure.

The vendor offers all three types of cloud services: IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS.Tata Communications InstaComputeInstaCompute is Tata Communications’ IaaS offering.

Advantages And Disadvantages

Read on to learn about IaaS in cloud computing, the benefits it offers an organization, the challenges it may present and examples of IaaS. What is Cloud Computing?

What are the advantages of cloud computing? Here are eight benefits of cloud computing that illustrate why you should make the move.

Hybrid Cloud: A company chooses to leverage both public cloud and private cloud for applications or overall architecture.

Today the range of cloud computing services is quite broad. Learn more about cloud computing types, solutions and vendors.

Rackspace is a managed cloud computing company that aims to make it easy to manage private and public cloud deployments.

The company is the largest managed cloud provider, offering expertise across cloud platforms such as AWS, Microsoft Azure and OpenStack.

Whether you’re looking to work in cloud computing or simply want to increase your knowledge on the subject, be sure to check out our other cloud computing resources.

Infrastructure As A Service

Infrastructure as a service are online services that provide high-level APIs used to dereference various low-level details of underlying network infrastructure like physical computing resources, location, data partitioning, scaling, security, backup etc.

Pools of hypervisors within the cloud operational system can support large numbers of virtual machines and the ability to scale services up and down according to customers’ varying requirements.

Containerisation offers higher performance than virtualization, because there is no hypervisor overhead. IaaS clouds often offer additional resources such as a virtual-machine disk-image library, raw block storage, file or object storage, firewalls, load balancers, IP addresses, virtual local area networks, and software bundles.

The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure but has control over operating systems, storage, and deployed applications; and possibly limited control of select networking components.

According to the Internet Engineering Task Force, the most basic cloud-service model is that of providers offering IT infrastructure – virtual machines and other resources – as a service to subscribers.

To deploy their applications, cloud users install operating-system images and their application software on the cloud infrastructure.

Cloud providers typically bill IaaS services on a utility computing basis: cost reflects the amount of resources allocated and consumed.

Post Idea #3: Wind power

Related Articles – Summarized

Wind Power

Wind power is variable renewable energy, so power-management techniques are used to match supply and demand, such as: wind hybrid power systems, hydroelectric power or other dispatchable power sources, excess capacity, geographically distributed turbines, exporting and importing power to neighboring areas, or grid storage.

Wind power in an open air stream is thus proportional to the third power of the wind speed; the available power increases eightfold when the wind speed doubles.

As of November 2021, the Hornsea Wind Farm in the United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 1,218 MW. In a wind farm, individual turbines are interconnected with a medium voltage power collection system and communications network.

One of the biggest current challenges to wind power grid integration in some countries is the necessity of developing new transmission lines to carry power from wind farms, usually in remote lowly populated areas due to availability of wind, to high load locations, usually on the coasts where population density is higher.

Wind power advocates argue that periods of low wind can be dealt with by simply restarting existing power stations that have been held in readiness, or interlinking with HVDC. Electrical grids with slow-responding thermal power plants and without ties to networks with hydroelectric generation may have to limit the use of wind power.

Wind power hardly ever suffers major technical failures, since failures of individual wind turbines have hardly any effect on overall power, so that the distributed wind power is reliable and predictable, whereas conventional generators, while far less variable, can suffer major unpredictable outages.

Blyth’s 10 metres high cloth-sailed wind turbine was installed in the garden of his holiday cottage at Marykirk in Kincardineshire, and was used to charge accumulators developed by the Frenchman Camille Alphonse Faure, to power the lighting in the cottage, thus making it the first house in the world to have its electric power supplied by wind power.

WINDExchange: What Is Wind Power?

Wind power or wind energy describes the process by which the wind is used to generate mechanical power or electricity.

Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy in the wind into mechanical power.

You can learn how wind turbines make electricity and see an illustration of the components inside a wind turbine, or view a wind power animation that shows how moving air rotates a wind turbine’s blades and how the internal components work to produce electricity.

This class of wind turbine produces more power than the average house consumes but can be well suited for small businesses; farms; ranches; facilities such as schools, office buildings, or part of a campus; or a public load such as a hospital.

This wind turbine class produces commercial quantities of power and can be well matched with campuses, larger facilities, communities, and larger municipal public loads.

This wind turbine class is at the top end of the midsize machines and is well suited for communities and very large onsite industrial loads and can even form the basis of small wind farms in certain situations.

These are highly efficient, state-of-the-art wind turbines that operate with exceptionally high availability rates and generate cost-competitive electricity at power plant scales.

What Is Wind Energy

The wind is a clean, free, and readily available renewable energy source.

Each day, around the world, wind turbines are capturing the wind’s power and converting it to electricity.

Wind power generation plays an increasingly important role in the way we power our world – in a clean, sustainable manner.

How is wind energy created? Wind turbines allow us to harness the power of the wind and turn it into energy.

When the wind blows, the turbine’s blades spin clockwise, capturing energy.

This triggers the main shaft of the wind turbine, connected to a gearbox within the nacelle, to spin.

The gearbox sends that wind energy to the generator, converting it to electricity.

Over the past decade, wind turbine use has increased more than 25 percent per year.

Most wind energy comes from turbines that can be as tall as a 20-story building and have three 200-foot-long blades.

The biggest wind turbines generate enough electricity in a year to supply about 600 U.S. homes.

Wind farms have tens and sometimes hundreds of these turbines lined up together in particularly windy spots.

Since the wind is free, operational costs are nearly zero once a turbine is erected.

Drawbacks include complaints from locals that wind turbines are ugly and noisy.

In 2015, China also surpassed the EU in the number of installed wind turbines and continues to lead installation efforts.

Capacity & Facts

Wind power, form of energy conversion in which turbines convert the kinetic energy of wind into mechanical or electrical energy that can be used for power.

Wind resources are calculated based on the average wind speed and the distribution of wind speed values occurring within a particular area.

A wind power class of 3 or above is suitable for utility-scale wind power generation, although some suitable sites may also be found in areas of classes 1 and 2.

As of 2018 the largest wind farm in the world was the Jiuquan Wind Power Base, an array of more than 7,000 wind turbines in China’s Gansu province that produces more than 6,000 megawatts of power.

From 2007 to 2016, for example, total installed wind power capacity quintupled from 95 gigawatts to 487 gigawatts worldwide.

China and the United States possessed the greatest amount of installed wind capacity in 2016, and that same year Denmark generated the largest percentage of its electricity from wind.

The wind power industry estimates that the world could feasibly generate nearly 20 percent of its total electricity from wind power by 2030.

U.S. Energy Information Administration

Wind turbines use blades to collect the wind’s kinetic energy.

Wind flows over the blades creating lift, which causes the blades to turn.

The amount of wind electricity generation has grown significantly in the past 30 years.

Advances in wind energy technology have decreased the cost of producing electricity from wind, and government and other incentives in the United States and in other countries have encouraged growth in wind power.

Total annual U.S. electricity generation from wind energy increased from about 6 billion kilowatthours in 2000 to about 338 billion kWh in 2020.

In 2020, wind turbines were the source of about 8.4% of total U.S. utility-scale electricity generation.

Utility scale includes facilities with at least one megawatt of electricity generation capacity.

13 Best Home Wind Turbines In 2022

Let’s explore together the many home wind turbines available for use at home.

Here, we are going to look at 13 of the best home wind generators and turbines that can help transform your energy bills.

Main parameter -“Model: NE-700M4, max wattage: 720W, Rated Wattage: 700W, rated voltage: dc 24v, rated wind speed: 36. 1 ft/s, starting wind speed: 8. 2 ft/s; safe wind speed: 147. 6 ft/s”.

The Primus Air 40 Wind Turbine is among the best residential wind turbines for sale in the market, and that offers the following features to suit your energy needs.

For those who have been craving for a noiseless home wind turbine, then this is the best wind turbine for you.

Since different home wind turbines have various power generating capacities, you can decide which is the best for you.

I believe this piece on home wind turbines has shed more light on wind energy production as well as the various turbines you can buy.

Post Idea #4: Gobi Desert

Related Articles – Summarized

New World Encyclopedia

It is most notable in history as part of the great Mongol Empire, and as the location of several important cities along the Silk Road. The Gobi Desert is categorized by the World Wildlife Federation as consisting of two broadly defined ecoregions: The Gobi Steppe Desert and the Gobi Lakes Valley Desert Steppe region.

The Eastern Gobi Desert Steppe lies in the eastern portion of the Gobi Desert, reaching from the Inner Mongolia Palteau into Mongolia.

The other ecosystem recognized by the World Wildlife Federation in the Gobi Desert is the Gobi Lakes Valley Desert Steppe, situated between the Khangai range and the Gobi-Altai and Mongol-Altai ranges in southwestern Mongolia.

Like the East Gobi Desert Steppe, all the plant life found in the Gobi Lakes Valley Desert Steppe region has adapted to the harsh conditions of life in the desert.

The ancient Silk Road traversed the southern part of the Ala Shan Desert and crossed the Ka-shun Gobi as it skirted north and west around the Takla Makan Desert.

Deserts often have to be crossed in order to reach potential markets, and the Gobi Desert was no exception.

Another significant portion of the population of the Gobi Desert was herdsmen and agriculturalists who crossed the desert in search of suitable grazing land for their livestock.

The Gobi Desert

The Gobi Desert is the largest desert in Asia and the fifth largest in the entire world.

The Gobi Desert can be cleanly divided into several distinct regions, such as the Gaxun Gobi in the west and the Alxa Plateau in the south.

The Gobi is a semiarid desert, also known as a cold-winter desert.

In addition to being semiarid, the Gobi can also be classified as a rain shadow desert due to the fact that the Tibetan Plateau prevents rain from the Indian Ocean penetrating its borders.

The Gobi Desert originally found its place in the global spotlight for being the largest reservoir of dinosaur fossils in the world, particularly dinosaur eggs.

The Gobi Desert used to be home to various ancient peoples; archaeologists have found numerous remains and artifacts dating back 35,000 years.

As a shared landscape, the Gobi Desert remains a point of heated contention between Mongolian and Chinese governmental officials, raising questions about economic development versus conservation.

Map, Plants, Animals, & Facts

To the west, beyond the southwestern limit of the Gobi, lies another arid expanse-the Tarim Basin of the southern Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang-which encompasses the Takla Makan Desert and is enclosed by the Tien Shan ranges to the north and the Kunlun and western Altun mountains to the south.

In the present discussion, the Gobi is defined as lying between the Altai Mountains and Hangayn Mountains to the north; the western edge of the Da Hinggan Range to the east; the Yin, Qilian, eastern Altun, and Bei mountains to the south; and the eastern Tien Shan to the west.

Physical features Physiography The Gobi consists of the Gaxun, Junggar, and Trans-Altai Gobi in the west, the Eastern, or Mongolian, Gobi in the centre and east, and the Alxa Plateau in the south.

The Gaxun Gobi is bounded by the spurs of the Tien Shan to the west and the Bei Mountains to the south and rises to elevations as high as 5,000 feet.

The Trans-Altai Gobi is situated between the eastern spurs of the Mongolian Altai and Gobi Altai mountains to the north and east, respectively, and the Bei Mountains to the south.

The Junggar Gobi is north of the Gaxun Gobi, in the Junggar Basin between the eastern spurs of the Mongolian Altai and the eastern extremity of the Tien Shan.

The Eastern Gobi is similar to the western regions, with elevations varying from 2,300 to 5,000 feet, but it receives somewhat more precipitation-up to 8 inches per year-though it lacks significant rivers.

Asia’S Largest Desert, With A Difference

The Gobi Desert is the largest desert in Asia, spanning over 1,600 km over China and Mongolia, and the 5th largest desert in the world.

Contrary to the popular idea of the definition of a desert, the Gobi Desert is not just bare sand.

The Mongolian Gobi Desert can be split into 5 different ecoregions, including the Eastern Gobi desert steppe, the Alashan Plateau semi-desert, the Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe, the Dzungarian Basin semi-desert, and the Tian Shan range.

The Gobi Desert holds historical importance as it played an important role in history as part of the great Mongol Empire, serving as the location of several important cities along the Silk Road. 9.

Occasionally, the Mongolian Gobi Desert is also visited by snow leopards, brown bears and wolves.

Let the local guides and Gobi Desert experts take you to the most dazzling places that the Gobi Desert has to offer – all the while knowing that you’re in safe hands.

Tour leader Rich Beal has 15 years of experience leading tours to Mongolia, including remote areas of Mongolia’s far west and Gobi Desert.

National Geographic Society

Wild Chronicles joins National Geographic photographer George Steinmetz as he sets out to document the heart of a harsh and foreboding landscape from above.

From a unique aerial vantage point, the Gobi Desert’s parched landscape unfolds in all its breathtaking glory.

George, the photographer, visits an isolated monastery before beginning his journey.

What two features does George say make the Gobi such a unique place?

How do George and his team feel connected to the native people of the Gobi?

Area of land that receives no more than 25 centimeters of precipitation a year.

Post Idea #5: Neurovascular bundle

Related Articles – Summarized

Neurovascular Bundle

Abaxial sesamoid nerve blockThe neurovascular bundle.

Abaxial sesamoid nerve blockThe dorsal and palmar/plantar digital nerves are part of the neurovascular bundle.

Axilla and ArmThe median nerve travels between the axillary outlet and the cubital fossa in close relationship with the axillary/brachial artery as a neurovascular bundle.

In the proximal half of the arm, the neurovascular bundle is closely related to other terminal branches of the brachial plexus, including the musculocutaneous nerve in a lateral position, the ulnar nerve in a posteromedial position, and the medial cutaneous nerves of the arm and forearm in a medial position.

It has a variable number of communications with the musculocutaneous nerve that pass above or underneath the brachial artery, which represent rerouting of nerve fibers to the appropriate nerve if they were incorporated in the wrong bundle during embryological development.

Can the clinicians recall any instance of having identified a large dorsal branch, or for that matter, any branching of the nerve at all? The lack of nerve branches in the midpastern region is circumstantial evidence that important innervation to the structures located dorsally within the hoof capsule occurs farther proximally or after the nerve courses deep to the cartilages of the foot.

Accurately quantifying the contribution of the palmar digital nerve to the innervation of the foot or, for that matter, the exact percentage of structures desensitized by palmar digital analgesia may be impossible.

Neurovascular Bundle

A neurovascular bundle is a structure that binds nerves and veins with connective tissue so that they travel in tandem through the body.

There are two types of neurovascular bundles: superficial bundles and deep bundles.

As arteries do not travel within the superficial fascia, superficial neurovascular bundles differ from deep neurovascular bundles in both composition and function.

Deep neurovascular bundles, which often include arteries, have a more complicated structure than superficial neurovascular bundles.

In surgeries, the principle superficial neurovascular bundles at risk are, medially, the great saphenous vein and its accompanying nerve, and, laterally, the superficial peroneal nerve.

The main deep neurovascular bundle at risk is the posterior tibial artery.

The fascia of the deep posterior compartment is carefully opened distally and proximally, under the belly of the soleus muscle, paying special attention to the posterior tibial neurovascular bundle.

Anatomy Of The Neurovascular Bundle: Is Safe Mobilization Possible?

Purpose: We have previously defined the anatomy of the neurovascular bundle in the normal and hypospadiac penis.

Historical experience suggests that mobilization of the neurovascular bundle is anatomically possible.

We attempt to prove whether mobilization of the neurovascular bundle is safe and theoretically sound.

Specific questions that will be addressed are does the neurovascular bundle send perforating branches into the corporal bodies; how far lateral does the dissection need to be before nerves are injured and exactly how deep into Buck’s fascia must one go.

A microscopic plane exists between the neurovascular bundle and tunica of the corporal bodies measuring 20 to 30 micro.

Conclusions: Perforating branches from the dorsal lateral neurovascular bundle do not exist based on serial step sectioning and microscopic examination of male genital specimens.

Surgically it is possible to elevate the neurovascular bundle but the dissection needs to remain directly on top of the tunica albuginea to prevent neuronal injury.

Neurovascular-Bundle Sparing And Cancer Outcomes In High-Risk Men

DjinTonic said…Association of neurovascular bundle preservation with oncological outcomes in patients with high-risk prostate cancer.

Objective: To investigate the oncologic safety of neurovascular bundles preservation at radical prostatectomy in patients with high-risk and/or locally advanced prostate cancer.

Subgroup analyses focused on patients with clinical stage T3 and/or biopsy ISUP grade 5 and pathologic stage T3. Results: Of 4351 patients with D’Amico high-risk, 35.7% vs. 38.0% vs. 26.3% underwent bilateral vs. unilateral vs. no NVB preservation, respectively.

At 120 months after RP BCR-free, metastasis-free survival and OS rates were 62.2% vs. 44.3% vs. 27.1%, 83.7% vs. 66.7% vs. 60.3%, and 91.8% vs. 87.5% vs. 72.3% for bilateral vs. unilateral vs. no NVB preservation, respectively.

In multivariable Cox regression models, bilateral and unilateral compared to no NVB preservation did not increase the risk for BCR, metastasis or death in the entire cohort and in subgroups with clinical stage T3 and/or biopsy ISUP grade 5, as well as pathologic stage T3. “Conclusions: NVB preservation was not associated with worse oncological outcome in patients with high-risk and/or locally advanced PCa and may be offered to well-selected patients who are at risk of harboring nonorgan-confined PCa.”.

When discussing treatment options, my uro/surgeon said he was reasonably sure he could spare the left NV bundle in a RP given my lesion location, would know about the right bundle only during the surgery.

My doc stopped in while I was being prepped for the RP to confirm that I wanted him to give priority to cancer control and not bundle preservation.

Where Is The Neurovascular Bundle?

The neurovascular bundles located underneath the ribs are small collections of blood vessels and nerves which supply the tissues of the chest wall.

When procedures such as a thoracentesis are performed, health professionals must avoid hitting this bundle.

Secondly, where is the first intercostal space located? Each intercostal nerve runs in a groove in the inferior aspect of the rib along with the intercostal artery and vein.

A neurovascular bundle is a structure that binds nerves and veins with connective tissue so that they travel in tandem through the body.

Nerves and blood vessels usually travel together and in the most direct way towards their targets.

Nerves are tougher than most other structures, followed by arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels.

Nerves should therefore follow the most direct route, and be followed by the arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels.

Why Do We Have Neurovascular Bundles?

A neurovascular bundle is a structure that binds nerves and veins with connective tissue so that they travel in tandem through the body.

The neurovascular bundles located underneath the ribs are small collections of blood vessels and nerves which supply the tissues of the chest wall.

Why do veins arteries and nerves travel together? Nerves and blood vessels usually travel together and in the most direct way towards their targets.

Nerves are tougher than most other structures, followed by arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels.

Nerves should therefore follow the most direct route, and be followed by the arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels.

The main trunks of the intercostal nerves pass anteriorly from the intercostal spaces and run between the internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles.

Medical Definition of neurovascular : of, relating to, or involving both nerves and blood vessels.

Intercostal Spaces: Anatomy, Contents And Boundaries

The eleven paired intercostal spaces contain the intercostal muscles, nerves, arteries, veins and investing fascia.

The intercostal spaces are filled by the three groups of intercostal muscles: external, internal, and innermost.

Internal intercostal muscles The internal intercostal muscles consists of oblique fibers, perpendicular to the external intercostal muscle fibers, running from the angle of the rib, posteriorly, to the sternum, anteriorly.

Parasternal intercostal muscles are the thick anterior extension of the internal intercostal muscle and function as an inspiratory muscle, with the external intercostal muscles, raising the lower ribs.

Innermost intercostal muscles Lying between the internal intercostal muscle and the endothoracic fascia is the innermost intercostal muscle layer, which works with the internal intercostal muscles to depress the rib.

An easy way to remember that is to use a mnemonic VAN. Intercostal nerves Intercostal nerves originate segmentally from the anterior rami of spinal nerves T1-T11. In addition to motor nerves to the intercostal muscles, they contain sensory afferents from the skin, intercostal muscle, ribs, pleura, and peritoneum.

Intercostal veins The intercostal veins follow a similar distribution with the intercostal nerves and arteries.

Post Idea #6: Terumo Medical Corporation

Related Articles – Summarized

Terumo Medical Corporation

Thank you for visiting the TERUMO MEDICAL CORPORATION Career Center You are the lifeblood of our business.

Terumo has long attracted and retained the brightest and most accomplished people in the world.

Our Associates follow rewarding and meaningful career paths and maintain a strong sense of job satisfaction.

We maintain a passionate, dedicated and collaborative team environment across multiple functional areas.

Terumo Medical Corporation was established in 1972 as a U.S. subsidiary of Tokyo-based Terumo Corporation, one of the world’s leading medical device manufacturers.

TMC develops, manufactures, and markets high-quality medical devices used in a broad range of applications in numerous healthcare markets.

TMC is structured across the following four business divisions: Terumo Interventional Systems, offering minimally-invasive solutions for entry site management and lesion access; Terumo Medical Products providing devices for injection and infusion therapy; Terumo Pharmaceutical Solutions developing drug delivery devices, and Terumo Business Edge, a consulting group focusing on identifying operational and administrative process improvements in the Cardiac Cath Lab.

Terumo Global Website

Terumo Group provides products and services in over 160 countries and regions.

Information about our products and services is available on regional and company-specific websites.

Add separate thumb and finger grips, sharper needles, and competitive pricing, and you’ll understand why we say SurGuard®3 is the one needle that fits every clinician’s style.

3 modes of activation-thumb, finger, or hard surface Separate finger and thumb grips with ridges and nonslip surfaces Hub and needle locks for security post activation Broad range of sizes Firm injection feel S harpest needles among major brands tested* – 10% sharper than similar needles from Becton, Dickinson and Company – More comfortable injections for patients Bottom line: No matter what you’re looking for in a needle, you’re looking for SurGuard®3.

Unique needle locking mechanism helps reduce the risk of needlestick injuries One-handed activation for safety and ease of use No change in needle insertion technique Simple, built-in safety design is easy to use 1.

Surshield® Safety Winged Blood Collection Sets Packed: 50/box, 10 boxes/case Product Code Description MN*SVS21B30 21G x w” needle MN*SVS23B30 23G x w” needle MN*SVS25B30 25G x w” needle MN*SVS21B18 21G x w” needle MN*SVS23B18 23G x w” needle 2.

Flashback appears between the specially grooved needle and the catheter, providing medical staff with a higher certainty of proper catheter placement.

SURFLO® ETFE I.V. Catheters SurFlash® Polyurethane I.V. Catheters A sharp double-bevel introducer needle plus a medical grade lubricant allow for easier penetration and smoother travel through tissue.

TerumoTMP.com What is the shelf life of Terumo Products? Standard & Safety Syringes & Needles: 5 years Standard IV Catheters: 3 years Standard & Safety Blood Collection/Infusion: 3 years Capiject Lancets: 5 years What’s the difference between SurFlash® & Surflo® IV Catheters? SurFlash is an I.V. Polyurethane Catheter which allows for a visual confirmation of catheter placement due to its unique flashback feature.

Terumo Corp. Stock Quote

Terumo Corp. engages in the manufacturing and sale of medical products and equipment.

It operates through the following segments: Cardiac and Vascular Company, General Hospital Company, and Blood Management Company.

The Cardiac and Vascular Company segment offers services and treatments including cardiac and vascular surgery and interventional therapies performed inside blood vessels.

The General Hospital Company segment provides infusion and closed anticancer drug infusion systems, measuring devices system with communication functions, diabetes management, adhesion barrier, and peritoneal dialysis.

The Blood Management Company segment offers a combination of apheresis collections, manual and automated whole blood processing, and pathogen reduction.

The company was founded by Shibasaburo Kitasato on September 17, 1921 and is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.


The company’s first product was “Jintan Taionkei”, the first Japanese-made thermometer available for sale, and it has since expanded into a medical devices manufacturer, producing medical disposables, cardiovascular systems and diabetes care products.

The company later expanded its product range to include coronary stents and catheters, and acquired, among others, the cardiovascular specialty companies Vascutek and Microvention in 2002 and 2006 respectively.

Terumo Penpol, the company’s subsidiary in Trivandrum, India is the largest manufacturer of blood bags in India and supplies it to over 82 countries.

In July 1999 Terumo acquired the cardiovascular division of 3M Company, and established Terumo Cardiovascular Systems Corp. in the USA. In 2001 the company made two more acquisitions: it acquired the home oxygen division of Sumitomo Bakelite Co., Ltd., and establish Terumo Medical Care K.K., and Ikiken Co., Ltd. of Japan.

In 2002 the company enters into the vascular prostheses business by acquiring UK-based Vascutek Ltd. Four years later, in 2006 the company ventured into a new field by buying American company MicroVention Inc. The tissue heart valve division of Kohler Chemine GmbH was acquired in March 2007 and expanded Terumo’s operations related to vascular prostheses.

A year later the Japanese company Clinical Supply Co., Ltd. became a Terumo subsidiary and enhanced Terumo’s interventional systems business in the field of radiotherapy.

In March 2011, the company bought U.S. medical device company CaridianBCT for around $2.6 billion.

Post Idea #7: Conveyor system

Related Articles – Summarized

Conveyor Systems & Equipment

Conveyors and larger conveyor systems provide increased throughput, more efficient product handling, and maximum support for operational processes.

Modular and tailored to your business needs, conveyors can be leveraged to create efficiencies throughout your distribution center or production facility.

From transportation to sortation, palletizing to loading and unloading, conveyor system technologies replace manual picking and transport processes creating a more consistent, ergonomic and organized operation.

Integrated with warehouse execution software, you have complete system visibility with real-time data reporting on product flow and operational throughput.

Bastian Solutions experts have access to a variety of automated conveyor system technologies and design tools to help identify the best solution to support your throughput goals and help you exceed your customers’ expectations.

What Is A Conveyor System? Definition, Types, Design, And Uses

A conveyor system may use a belt, wheels, rollers, or a chain to transport objects.

The most common conveyor system designs use a rotor to power the drive pulley and belt.

You can probably imagine a large warehouse filled with conveyors using belts and rollers to move boxes and other heavy equipment, but this is just one of several types of conveyor systems.

Instead of having a pulley system that pulls items along, the chain conveyor uses a towing system that pulls the steps in an upward or downward motion.

Selecting the right conveyor system can be challenging for warehouse managers and other stakeholders due to the several conveyor types and hundreds of possible configurations to choose from.

Essentially, a conveyor system is used to move items between functional areas of a distribution facility.

A large plastic chain conveyor is best used for transferring plastic-footed pallets, while a chain-driven roller conveyor is best suited for wooden pallets.

Types, Applications And Considerations

Roller conveyors are used primarily in material handling applications such as on loading docks, for baggage handling, or on assembly lines among many others.

Powered roller conveyors are used primarily in material handling applications that require the powered conveyance of the product.

The use of slats in heavy duty use cases prolongs the service life of the conveyor over other conveyor types that employ belts, which would wear out quicker under the exposure to heavy loads.

Ball transfer conveyors are used in material handling applications such as assembly lines and packaging lines, among others.

Bucket conveyors are used in applications such as parts, bulk material, or food processing and handling.

Pneumatic/vacuum conveyors are used primarily in materials handling applications such as dust collection, paper handling, ticket delivery, etc.

Types of screw conveyors include bottom conveyors and centerless screw conveyors.

Conveyor Systems & Equipment

Dematic offers a complete range of conveyor systems and equipment to take items up, down, through, across, and around a facility.

Dematic Conveyor systems manage pallets, trolleys, cartons, parcels, totes, trays, bins, and a host of other package types and materials.

Ideal for manufacturing or distribution operations, these rugged systems are easy to maintain and provide long-term performance at peak capacity.

Our modular platform simplifies global operations, making growth simple when it’s time to expand.

Conveyor System: What Is It? How Does It Work? Types Of

A conveyor system is a method for moving packages, products, supplies, parts, and equipment for production, shipping, or relocation.

Conveying system manufacturers examine the available space to determine system design.

Though automated systems are most common, how the system is used will determine whether it is motorized or manual.

Conveyor systems work as an integral part of a larger process.

The function of a packaging conveyor system is to move products from completion and assembly for shipment.

Though it may seem that a conveying system is one machine, in actuality, it is a system of several interacting pieces that are dependent on each other to function properly.

The system should have a warning light with sound that activates when the system is turned on.

Russell Conveyor & Equipment

Russell Conveyor & Equipment offers a full range of conveyor systems and material handling technologies.

We specialize in the design, manufacture, and assembly of conveyors for a variety of industries.

We work closely with our customers during the design and implementation phase to ensure the system will provide the desired results.

Industrial Conveyor Systems Manufacturer

Titan conveyors are engineered specifically for your needs, without compromise.

Titan breaks the paradigm associated with custom conveyor manufacturers, conveyors made to order, and conveyors loaded with special features and options.

Expand your thinking outside “The catalog.” At Titan, custom conveyors means more than giving you the length and width you need; it means we offer an endless number of designs with an endless number of available features and options.

We’ve simply made it our business to be the best conveyor system manufacturer there is.

“Titan Hinged Steel Belt Scrap Conveyors are available in 2-1/2″ pitch, 4″ pitch, and 6” pitch, covering the range of applications from machining chips to massive stamping operations.

Titan offers a full range of Rubber, Plastic, Slat, Wire Mesh, Chain Belt and Roller Conveyors for unit handling and bulk handling in both dry and wet environments.

Our complete line of Powered Roller Conveyor has been growing with the explosion in factory automation.

Post Idea #8: Kingspan Group

Related Articles – Summarized

Kingspan Global Corporate Website

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Kingspan Group

Kingspan Group plc is a building materials company based in Ireland trading in over 70 countries with 159 factories employing over 15,000 people.

In 2020, Kingspan Group achieved its fourth appearance on CDP’s prestigious ‘A-list’ for climate change.

Kingspan Group also launched its 10-year ‘Planet Passionate’ sustainability programme in 2019, consisting of twelve targets focused on the four key areas of; Energy, Carbon, Circularity and Water.

On 1 December 2021, the Mercedes F1 team signed a sponsorship deal with the Kingspan Group.

In November 2020, the official inquiry into the 2017 Grenfell Tower fire heard evidence from Kingspan ex-technical director Ivor Meredith that Kingspan insulation product Kooltherm K15 was used in the flammable cladding system mounted on to Grenfell Tower, despite Kingspan knowing that the product did not meet the required fire standard.

Near the end of November 2020, it emerged that Kingspan executives had sold at least £6.5M of shares in the company shortly before Kingspan’s inquiry hearings were due to start.

On 8 December 2020, the inquiry saw evidence that in November 2016, Kingspan technical staff had acknowledged internally that Kingspan was selling its Kooltherm K15 foam insulation product as less flammable than it really was.

Kingspan Group Buys Ondura For EUR550 Mln- Deal Digest

ACQUIRER: Kingspan Group PLC, a London-listed, Ireland-based building and insulation-materials company.

SELLER: French private equity firm Naxicap Capital Partners, and others.

Post Idea #9: Payment card

Related Articles – Summarized

Payment Cards

Our customers get access to deep discounts and a full range of hotel booking options, including online, mobile app, email, and phone.

They manage expenses with enhanced controls, including customized network access, booking controls, and reporting and tax management services.

The Payment Card

You may continue to keep and use your Payment Card after your relationship with your employer has ended.

Once you activate your card, your employer will load your payroll funds to your card account instead of issuing you a check.

You can use your Payment Card at ATMs with the VISA logo.

Yes, you can pay the difference between the purchase price and the remaining value of the Payment Card if the merchant will allow this type of transaction.

No. You can use your card anywhere and sign the receipt just like a Visa credit card transaction.

The card terminal in the pay at the pump stations automatically checks with the Bank to see if your Payment Card has enough money left to pay for an average purchase of gas which varies among merchants.

If your Payment Card does not have enough money to pay for an average amount, your attempt to pay at the pump will be declined.

Curve combines multiple debit and credit cards into one through a simple app.

We don’t just consolidate your cards, we connect them.

Yes, this is on top of the rewards you already receive on other cards – Curve adds extra cashback.

Go Back in Time®Curve lets you move past payments in between cards.

Paid with the wrong card? Use Go Back in Time® to make things right.

You can add all of your Mastercard®, Visa®, and Discover® cards to Curve so you can pay contactlessly and be on your way.

Join waitlist Forget foreignexchange feesCurve has zero foreign exchange fees-which means so does any card you add.

Romanian Hacker Extradited To Texas On Charge Of Stealing Credit Card Numbers

Mar. 6-A foreign hacker will face a jury in Texas after he was extradited March 3 from Bucharest, Romania, after he sold millions of credit card numbers he got using malware, according to the U.S. Department of Justice.

The extradition was done under a bilateral extradition treaty between the U.S. and Romania.

The Justice Department accuses Becheru of using malware that stole credit card numbers from point-of-sale devices with servers located in the U.S. At one point, he had information for more than 240,000 credit cards “Belonging to victims located in the Northern District of Texas and elsewhere.”

“Malware is an increasingly insidious threat to U.S. companies and consumers. With just a few keystrokes, sophisticated hackers can compromise millions of accounts,” U.S. Attorney Chad Meacham said in the news release.

The investigation into the stolen credit card numbers, conducted by the FBI, Secret Service, Romanian National Police and Romanian Ministry of Justice’s Directorate for Investigation of Infractions of Organized Crime and Terrorism, found that Becheru used aliases online to sell the credit card numbers.

Becheru made his first appearance before U.S. Magistrate Judge Rebecca Rutherford on March 4.

If convicted, Becheru faces up to five years in a U.S. federal prison.

Best Credit Cards For Students With No Credit – Forbes Advisor

Credit Score ranges are based on FICO® credit scoring.

Discover will automatically match all the cash back you’ve earned at the end of your first year! So you could turn $50 cash back into $100. Or turn $100 into $200. There’s no minimum spending or maximum rewards.

25,000 bonus points if you make at least $1,000 in purchases in the first 90 days of your account opening – which can be redeemed for a $250 statement credit toward travel purchases.

N/A. $200 cash rewards bonus after making at least $1,000 in purchases in the first 90 days of your account opening.

50 bonus after first purchase made within the first 3 months from account opening.

200 cash rewards bonus after making at least $1,000 in purchases in the first 90 days of your account opening.

Receive one year of Amazon Prime Student on Deserve after spending $500 in the first three billing cycles with your EDU card.

Can Your First Credit Card Be A Travel Card?

The bad news is that a travel credit card might not be a smart move if you’ve never had a credit card before.

Here’s why your first credit card will likely not be a travel credit card.

Just because you don’t have a credit history doesn’t mean you can’t get a credit card or start collecting points and miles for travel.

You’ll need to make sure you pay your credit card bill on time, every time, and know what categories you spend the most on to be able to pick the best travel credit card for yourself down the road. We’ve compiled a list of the best credit cards for college students and for people with no credit.

No matter what type of credit card you get, you should pay off your credit card bills every month to avoid high interest rates.

It’s unlikely you’ll get approved for a travel credit card if you have never had a credit card before since most require users to have good to excellent credit.

Your first credit card will show you the world of spending and earning possibilities, but you’ll need to learn more about yourself – and your spending habits – before you jump into a long-term relationship with a travel credit card.

Credit Card Resource Center

Using an updated version will help protect your accounts and provide a better experience.

Chase’s website and/or mobile terms, privacy and security policies don’t apply to the site or app you’re about to visit.

Please review its terms, privacy and security policies to see how they apply to you.

Chase isn’t responsible for any products, services or content at this third-party site or app, except for products and services that explicitly carry the Chase name.

Post Idea #10: Gamma knife

Related Articles – Summarized


Fraction: Part of the total radiation dose, delivered at a daily treatment.

Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy: Intensity modulated radiation therapy of cancer, where instead of being treated with a single, large, uniform beam, the patient is treated with many very small beams; each of which can have a different intensity.

Linear accelerator: Equipment for generating and directing ionizing radiation for treatment of cancer.

Radiation therapy: Fractionated ionizing radiation treatment of cancer.

Radiosurgery: Non-invasive surgery in which a high, single dose of precise ionizing radiation replaces surgical instruments.

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy: Is a technique that enables a beam to precisely target a tumor in the body and minimizes radiation to normal surrounding tissue.

Stereotactic Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy of cancer, where high precision and accuracy is achieved by delivering the radiation based on an external fixed-coordinate system.

Conditions & Treatments

UCSF, which launched its Gamma Knife Radiosurgery Program in 1991, was the first medical center in Northern California to use a Leksell Gamma Knife to treat brain disorders.

In 2007, UCSF acquired the Perfexion Leksell Gamma Knife, which offers the most precise treatment with improved patient comfort.

In 2011, UCSF acquired an Extend Frame for the Gamma Knife that enables multi-session treatments, called fractionated treatments, for larger lesions or those in more sensitive locations.

Factors considered in evaluating a patient for Gamma Knife treatment include a patient’s age and general medical condition, location and size of the brain abnormality and previous treatments.

If it is decided that Gamma Knife is not the best treatment option, other treatments will be discussed.

Patients who are candidates for Gamma Knife are reviewed at our weekly Gamma Knife conference.

The process of Gamma Knife treatment for children is similar to the process for adults, but special care is provided for pediatric patients including imaging studies before treatment, anesthesia tailored for children, recovery and subsequent treatment, if required.

Gamma Knife Surgery: What It Treats, How Performed, Risks & Benefits

Your head frame or frameless mask is secured to the framework of the Gamma Knife table you lie on so your head doesn’t move during treatment.

The Gamma Knife table slowly moves into the Gamma Knife machine that delivers the radiation.

Risks / Benefits What are the risks and/or side effects of Gamma Knife surgery?

There are many benefits of Gamma Knife surgery over traditional surgery.

Depending on your condition, you may or may not need additional Gamma Knife treatment or traditional now-more-manageable surgery.

Gamma knife is a highly effective treatment with minimal or no associated adverse effects.

Because of its ability to stabilize or reduce the size of a tumor or lesion, often only one treatment is required; however, occasionally gamma knife can be repeated safely and successfully.

Gamma Knife Radiosurgery > Fact Sheets > Yale Medicine

Gamma Knife radiosurgery is a noninvasive treatment for brain tumors that allows physicians to preserve most of the patient’s healthy brain tissue.

“When we first started doing radiosurgery more than a decade ago, patients with metastatic brain tumors were only living six to eight months, on average,” says Veronica Chiang, MD, director of Central Nervous System Radiotherapy and the Gamma Knife Center at Yale Medicine.

Compared with large field radiation, you will not lose all your hair or experience the loss of cognitive functions that can accompany radiation to the entire head. Gamma Knife treatment is also more efficient than other radiosurgery treatments.

Gamma Knife radiosurgery includes both imaging and treatment on the same day, so the treatment plan is up-to-date and also minimizes any delay to the treatment of the body.

In patients taking oral medicines for treatment, only one or two days of treatment, at most, need to be skipped for Gamma Knife treatment.

While many conditions only have a single target, the Gamma Knife machine used at Yale Medicine was designed specifically to treat multiple lesions.

What makes Yale Medicine’s approach to Gamma Knife radiosurgery unique?

Gamma Knife

Gamma Knife® is a radiation therapy that uses computerized treatment planning software to help physicians locate and irradiate small targets within the head and brain with very high precision.

If you’re scheduled for radiation therapy using Gamma Knife®, a treatment team consisting of a radiation oncologist, a medical physicist and a neurosurgeon will work together to provide your treatment.

The Gamma Knife® and its associated computerized treatment planning software enable physicians to locate and irradiate relatively small targets in the head with extremely high precision.

Single-session Gamma Knife® treatment is usually unsuitable for targets larger than three or four centimeters in size.

Targets often are best treated during the treatment session with combinations of several successive highly focused treatments, commonly known as “Shots.” The physicians and physicists routinely consider numerous fine-tuning adjustments of treatment parameters until an optimal plan and dose are determined.

Using the three-dimensional coordinates determined in the planning process, the frame is then precisely attached to the Gamma Knife® unit to guarantee that when the unit is activated, the target is placed exactly in the center of approximately 200 precision-aimed, converging beams of gamma radiation.

Patients do not feel the radiation treatment as it is delivered, although they may experience seeing flashes of light while the treatment is being delivered.

Brain Stereotactic Radiosurgery

Gamma Knife radiosurgery is a type of radiation therapy used to treat tumors, vascular malformations and other abnormalities in the brain.

The precision of brain stereotactic radiosurgery results in minimal radiation delivery to healthy tissues surrounding the target.

Gamma Knife radiosurgery is often a safer alternative to standard brain surgery, which requires incisions in the scalp, an opening in the skull and membranes surrounding the brain, and dissection into brain tissue.

Radiosurgery is useful in the management of small noncancerous and cancerous brain tumors.

Swelling in the brain at or near the treatment site can cause a variety of symptoms depending on what areas of the brain are involved.

Rarely, people may experience late side effects, such as other brain or neurological problems, months after Gamma Knife radiosurgery.

The results of the brain scans are fed into a computerized planning system that allows the radiosurgery team to determine the appropriate areas to treat, doses of radiation and how to focus the radiation beams to treat the areas.

Brain Tumor Radiosurgery

Gamma Knife® treatment is a form of stereotactic radiosurgery.

Mercy Health utilizes the Leksell Gamma Knife® Icon™ system to perform stereotactic radiosurgery.

The Gamma Knife® isn’t actually a knife.

Instead, the “Knife” refers to 192 individual beams of gamma rays converging into one focal point and precisely targeting the area of the brain that needs to be treated, minimizing damage to healthy tissue.

More than 30 years of clinical studies documented in more than 2,900 published medical papers demonstrate the effectiveness of Gamma Knife® radiosurgery.

After more than 1 million surgeries, the Gamma Knife® has shown to provide an extremely good tumor control rate, few side effects and the ability to treat multiple targets effectively.

If you’re diagnosed with a brain tumor, such as a meningioma, pituitary adenoma or acoustic neuroma, Gamma Knife radiosurgery is the gold standard of treatment.

Post Idea #11: Brain–computer interface

Related Articles – Summarized

Brain-Computer Interface

Continual improvements of this BCI, as well as similar visual BCIs in development, hold great promise that BCIs will soon provide patients with successful options for eradicating blindness.

Different techniques are used to measure brain activity for BCIs.

Studies with DOC patients will then demonstrate whether BCI can be purposefully utilized to investigate cognitive processing, to improve diagnosis, or even for social interaction in patients with DOC. It is unknown how much structural and functional integrity and connectivity of the brain is necessary to use a BCI for at least minimal communication.

One view is that electrodes on top of the brain are safer and easier to place, and that they can capture enough signal for effective BCI control.

The pace of knowledge, progress, and technology innovation seems to promise continuing and steady progress to create better BCIs, but the pace can be substantially accelerated when the field integrates a clear definition of goals, regulatory and clinical demands, commercialization potential, and health care system impact, as well as the ELSI of brain interface technology.

Further miniaturization of BCI and neuroprosthetic devices will also increase the adoption of these technologies and facilitate the development of fully implantable BCI systems.

A detailed analysis of the cyber-vulnerabilities of BCIs suggested that security breaches could occur at various phases of the BCI cycle including signal acquisition, feature extraction and decoding.

Brain-Computer Interface: Advancement And Challenges

Bousseta R., El Ouakouak I., Gharbi M., Regragui F. EEG based brain computer interface for controlling a robot arm movement through thought.

Djamal E.C., Abdullah M.Y., Renaldi F. Brain computer interface game controlling using fast fourier transform and learning vector quantization.

Fatourechi M., Bashashati A., Ward R.K., Birch G.E. EMG and EOG artifacts in brain computer interface systems: A survey.

Rezaei S., Tavakolian K., Nasrabadi A.M., Setarehdan S.K. Different classification techniques considering brain computer interface applications.

Chaudhary P., Agrawal R. A comparative study of linear and non-linear classifiers in sensory motor imagery based brain computer interface.

Mohamed E.A., Yusoff M.Z.B., Selman N.K., Malik A.S. Enhancing EEG signals in brain computer interface using wavelet transform.

Mudgal S.K., Sharma S.K., Chaturvedi J., Sharma A. Brain computer interface advancement in neurosciences: Applications and issues.

Brain-Computer Interfaces

BCI is direct communication pathway between an enhanced or wired brain and an external device.

The Brain-Computer Interfaces project in Microsoft Research aims to enable BCI for the general population.

We go towards interactive BCI, which means response times within seconds and using EEG signals.

Haptic: steady-state somatosensory evoked potential.

BCI as type of HMI. BCI can be treated as another input modality of the human-machine interface.

We target general population in interactive BCI scenarios.

The most promising applications include augmenting the UI of AR/VR glasses with BCI components.

Brain-Computer Interface

Implementations of BCIs range from non-invasive and partially invasive to invasive, based on how close electrodes get to brain tissue.

This 1988 report written by Stevo Bozinovski, Mihail Sestakov, and Liljana Bozinovska was the first one about a robot control using EEG. In 1990, a report was given on a closed loop, bidirectional adaptive BCI controlling computer buzzer by an anticipatory brain potential, the Contingent Negative Variation potential.

The CNV brain potential was part of the BCI challenge presented by Vidal in his 1973 paper.

Miguel Nicolelis, a professor at Duke University, in Durham, North Carolina, has been a prominent proponent of using multiple electrodes spread over a greater area of the brain to obtain neuronal signals to drive a BCI. After conducting initial studies in rats during the 1990s, Nicolelis and his colleagues developed BCIs that decoded brain activity in owl monkeys and used the devices to reproduce monkey movements in robotic arms.

Partially invasive BCI devices are implanted inside the skull but rest outside the brain rather than within the grey matter.

After the BCI challenge was stated by Vidal in 1973, the initial reports on non-invasive approach included control of a cursor in 2D using VEP, control of a buzzer using CNV, control of a physical object, a robot, using a brain rhythm, control of a text written on a screen using P300. In the early days of BCI research, another substantial barrier to using Electroencephalography as a brain-computer interface was the extensive training required before users can work the technology.

While the cellular based BCI technology was developed to initiate a phone call from SSVEPs, the researchers said that it can be translated for other applications, such as picking up sensorimotor mu/beta rhythms to function as a motor-imagery based BCI. In 2013, comparative tests were performed on android cell phone, tablet, and computer based BCIs, analyzing the power spectrum density of resultant EEG SSVEPs.

The Introductory Guide To BCI

One study tested a BCI system on its ability to detect and classify brain activity with its paired mental actions.

BCI researchers have also used humanoid robots controlled by BCI devices to manipulate a remote environment.

BCI is being used to study how specific tissue systems respond to electrical stimulation and what that could mean at the cognitive level.

In the future, we may see BCI medical products used in surgery or other medical operations.

BCI enables subjects with motor disabilities to use their brain activity to control objects in their environment and communicate.

BCI software can “Translate” mental commands from EEG data into commands in a video game.

In BCI gaming, instead of using a traditional game controller, the subject uses mental commands to enable movement-based actions in the game – such as “Push,” “Pull” or “Jump.” The BCI processes mental commands from the EEG and triggers the corresponding action in the VR game.

How Does Brain-Computer Interface Work

In invasive BCI, electrodes are applied on the scalp of the human, i.e., EEG-based BCI. While in invasive BCI, the electrodes are directly attached to the brain carrying out surgeries.

BCI can be adaptive, assistive, and rehabilitative technology that reads or interprets older adults’ brain activity and transforms into signals that can be used to operate the devices.

In the last two decades, multiple BCI approaches have been developed based upon slow waves, EPs, SSEPs, and MI paradigms to help escalate the medical field through BCI. The first BCI application was used to move prosthetics, spell, and move the computer cursor.

The role of BCI is widespread in medicine, and it is used in automated wheelchair control through the BCI approach; another exclusive clinical application of BCI is the facilitation of motor function after spinal cord surgery or stroke.

BCIs can be helpful in the diagnosis of certain brain disorders.

Artistic BCI refers to the integration of arts into BCI. David Rosen boom was the first to try different experiments to link brain functions with the musical production, perception of proprioception, and musical forms.

There are some social and ethical concerns regarding the application of BCI. Many factors like user safety, privacy protection, ethics, community acceptance, data confidentiality, and socioeconomic aspects related to BCI ensure user satisfaction.

Brain-Computer Interfaces Are Coming. Will We Be Ready?

The fleet of mind-controlled drones is just one real-life example of BCI explored in an initial assessment of BCI by RAND Corporation researchers.

BCI technology allows a human brain and an external device to talk to one another-to exchange signals.

A senior research engineer at RAND and coauthor of the report, says that it makes sense to start by studying an emerging technology like BCI through a military lens.

Most BCI technologies are still in the early stages of development and are actively being researched and funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Army Research Lab, the Air Force Research Laboratory, and other organizations.

Based on their analysis of current BCI development and the types of tasks that future tactical military units might face, the RAND team created a toolbox that catalogs how BCI might be useful in the coming years.

RAND researchers developed a path for determining where BCI technology stands now and where it could potentially go.

As with any emerging technology, BCI carries many risks and unknowns.

Post Idea #12: Noise, vibration, and harshness

Related Articles – Summarized

Noise Vibration And Harshness

1.5 Vehicle noise and vibration term definitionsNoise, vibration and harshness, also known as noise and vibration, abbreviated to NVH and N&V respectively, is the name given to the field of measuring and modifying the noise and vibration characteristics of vehicles, particularly cars and trucks.

Interior NVH is the noise and vibration experienced by the occupants of the vehicle cabin, while exterior NVH is largely concerned with the noise radiated by the vehicle, and includes drive-by noise.

The truck pass-by noise and the stationary noise are measured, and the vehicle interior noise is evaluated.

In the future, noise-optimized vehicles can only be achieved by combining passive and active noise and vibration abatement strategies based on smart materials that allow a lightweight design and higher functionality with respect to noise and vibration control.

These psycho-acoustic aspects of NVH increasingly influence the design of the interior noise and vibration levels, the choices of materials and the noise and vibration abatement strategies.

In order to achieve an overall noise and vibration reduction for vehicles, all noise and vibration sources and their transfer paths to radiating components must be treated simultaneously and in a holistic approach.

This way, the rolling noise or in general noise and vibrations excited by the road-tire interaction and aerodynamically excited noise and vibration will become dominant with different frequency content and different transfer paths.

Noise, Vibration, And Harshness: What You Need To Know

The extraneous sound and vibration are more than just an annoyance for people who work around noisy machinery.

Installing the right kind of barrier material deflects sound waves, reducing their impact.

Specialized foams are often used to a.bsorb sound waves caused by vibrations.

The different sounds and their harshness all have a unique perception to the individual.

At lower speeds, powertrain noise is the most noticeable type of sound.

Vibration is caused by the sound waves generated by.

Certain materials actually amplify the frequency and harshness of sound waves.

Noise, Vibration, And Harshness

Noise, vibration, and harshness, also known as noise and vibration, is the study and modification of the noise and vibration characteristics of vehicles, particularly cars and trucks.

Our complete NVH testing and NVH analysis solutions are ideal for optimizing noise and vibration of the vehicles, such as reduction, design, and quality assurance of the interior and exterior noise.

Tools such as acoustic intensity mapping and combustion/mechanical noise separation can be used to identify the best method of noise reduction.

What is vibration? Vibration is an oscillation that causes noise and disturbance.

What is harshness? Harshness is generally used to describe the severity and discomfort associated with both vibration and noise.

NVH can be tonal such as engine noise, or broadband, such as road noise or wind noise.

Improving NVH can be achieved by reducing the source strength, by interrupting the noise or vibration path, or by absorption of the noise or vibration energy.

Noise Vibration And Harshness Introduction

Introduction to NVH: NVH stands for Noise vibration and harshness is the study and modification of the noise and vibration characteristics of vehicles, particularly cars and trucks.

Noise is unwanted sound; vibration is the oscillation that is typically felt rather than heard.

This involves integrating extensive modeling, simulation, evaluation, and optimization techniques into the design process to insure both noise and vibration comfort.

NVH Analysis: Some of the methods used to control noise, vibration, and harshness include the use of different carpeting treatments, the addition of rubber or asphalt material to car panels, gap sealant, and the injection of expandable foam into the body panels.

Expandable foam injected between panels, such as the dashboard and firewall, helps to add stiffness and vibration absorption.

All of these current methods are effective at reducing sound and vibration levels in a vehicle at higher frequencies.

Environmental noise measurements and noise field mapping.

Noise, Vibration And Harshness Reduction In Vehicles

It is becoming clear that there will be significant changes to the Noise, Vibration and Harshness considerations of future vehicles.

Noise emanates from vibration and is the general term for what you hear as a result of acoustic waves travelling through the air or other medium.

Combustion engine vehicles masked noise generated by electric motors but as we transition to hybrid and electric driven cars engineers will be required to spend more time on reducing electric motor NVH. Previous noise masked by the ICE may now become apparent, the prominence ratio or other psychoacoustic parameters need to be measured to understand the human perception of any tonal whine created by electric motors.

Rattle – Broadband noise due to shock impact when movement or vibration overcomes clearances in a joint.

OSQ – Operational sound quality is the human perception of noise from a human action in the vehicle such as door closure, window motor noise, switch clicking etc.

Aerodynamic Noise – This will again be more perceptible at higher speeds as other masking noise reduces.

The airborne noise transfer functions associated with tyre noise can be improved with sound pack treatment and vehicle sealing.

Automotive Noise, Vibration & Harshness

This certificate program provides fundamental principles of acoustics and vibration theories, with emphasis on the applications of these principles to practical vehicle NVH problems.

It covers basics of vehicle dynamics, free and forced vibration systems, acoustic wave propagations and transmission, acoustic interior trim and floor covering designs and analysis including Statistical Energy Analysis technology, plus sound quality issues and vehicle audio system designs.

The certificate can be completed entirely on campus, entirely online, or through a combination of on-campus and online courses.

NVH Or Noise Vibration Harshness

What is NVH? NVH, or noise vibration harshness, is also called just noise and vibration.

Interior NVH will deal with vibration and noise that are being experienced by the occupants of a cabin, and exterior NVH measures the noise which is being radiated by a vehicle, and this includes the testing of drive-by-noise.

The scope of using NVH starts from its benchmark while it targets settings, low noise powertrain, sound design, and driveline development with NVH engineering in the integration of the vehicle.

NVH is the term that is used for noise, vibration, and harshness.

The NVH test is used to search for the source of a vibration, shake or noise.

NVH is also called sound quality analysis, and it is meant to measure the exposure NVH level, NVH noise, sharpness, and loudness.

Because of too much noise coming from communication activities, transportation, and frenetic manufacturing, the NVH control and NVH reduction have become a concern of everyone involved.

Post Idea #13: Software Testing

Related Articles – Summarized

What Is Software Testing And How Does It Work?

Software testing arrived alongside the development of software, which had its beginnings just after the second world war.

By the 1980s, development teams looked beyond isolating and fixing software bugs to testing applications in real-world settings.

“In the 1990s, there was a transition from testing to a more comprehensive process called quality assurance, which covers the entire software development cycle and affects the processes of planning, design, creation and execution of test cases, support for existing test cases and test environments,” says Alexander Yaroshko in his post on the uTest developer site.

“Testing had reached a qualitatively new level, which led to the further development of methodologies, the emergence of powerful tools for managing the testing process and test automation tools.” 1.

Software testing has traditionally been separated from the rest of development.

Doing test activities earlier in the cycle helps keep the testing effort at the forefront rather than as an afterthought to development.

With this testing technique, teams don’t need to wait for the software to be built before testing starts.

There are different stages for manual testing such as unit testing, integration testing, system testing, and user acceptance testing.

Testers use test plans, test cases, or test scenarios to test software to ensure the completeness of testing.

Automation Testing: Automation testing, which is also known as Test Automation, is when the tester writes scripts and uses another software to test the product.

Black Box Testing: The technique of testing in which the tester doesn’t have access to the source code of the software and is conducted at the software interface without concern with the internal logical structure of the software is known as black-box testing.

White-Box Testing: The technique of testing in which the tester is aware of the internal workings of the product, has access to its source code, and is conducted by making sure that all internal operations are performed according to the specifications is known as white box testing.

System Testing: A level of the software testing process where a complete, integrated system/software is tested.

Acceptance Testing: A level of the software testing process where a system is tested for acceptability.

What Is Software Testing? Definition, Basics, Types, Methods, Approaches

Let’s see the standard definition, testing types such as manual testing and automation testing, testing methods, testing approaches, and types of black-box testing.

There are three types of software testing approaches.

Black Box Testing is a software testing method in which testers evaluate the functionality of the software under test without looking at the internal code structure.

Feel free to check out our extensive list of Software Testing resources that will help you grow your Software Testing Career.

You can start your career in Software Testing by learning manual testing concepts first and then move on to automation testing.

The good news is that you can go through this FREE Software Testing Course to learn Software Testing easily.

If you are in the field of Software Testing with good experience in Manual Testing then you can easily shift to Automation Testing by learning any of the popular Automation Testing Tools like Selenium.

Software Testing Tutorial

Developers also conduct testing which is called Unit Testing.

Different companies have different designations for people who test the software on the basis of their experience and knowledge such as Software Tester, Software Quality Assurance Engineer, QA Analyst, etc.

Cost Effective Development – Early testing saves both time and cost in many aspects, however reducing the cost without testing may result in improper design of a software application rendering the product useless.

Test Automation – Test Automation reduces the testing time, but it is not possible to start test automation at any time during software development.

Quality Check – Software testing helps in determining following set of properties of any software such as.

This tutorial is designed for software testing professionals who would like to understand the Testing Framework in detail along with its types, methods, and levels.

This tutorial provides enough ingredients to start with the software testing process from where you can take yourself to higher levels of expertise.

Software Testing

Hetzel88] Although crucial to software quality and widely deployed by programmers and testers, software testing still remains an art, due to limited understanding of the principles of software.

Software testing can be costly, but not testing software is even more expensive, especially in places that human lives are at stake.

Classified by purpose, software testing can be divided into: correctness testing, performance testing, reliability testing and security testing.

Classified by life-cycle phase, software testing can be classified into the following categories: requirements phase testing, design phase testing, program phase testing, evaluating test results, installation phase testing, acceptance testing and maintenance testing.

Because only the functionality of the software module is of concern, black-box testing also mainly refers to functional testing – a testing method emphasized on executing the functions and examination of their input and output data.

White-box testing is also called glass-box testing, logic-driven testing [Myers79] or design-based testing [Hetzel88].

Related topics Software reliability Software testing is closely related to software reliability.

Learn Software Testing Tutorial

Software testing tutorial provides basic and advanced concepts of software testing.

Software testing is widely used technology because it is compulsory to test each and every software before deployment.

Our Software testing tutorial includes all topics of Software testing such as Methods such as Black Box Testing, White Box Testing, Visual Box Testing and Gray Box Testing.

Software testing is a process of identifying the correctness of software by considering its all attributes and evaluating the execution of software components to find the software bugs or errors or defects.

Software testing provides an independent view and objective of the software and gives surety of fitness of the software.

Testing is mandatory because it will be a dangerous situation if the software fails any of time due to lack of testing.

In the current scenario of software development, a testing team may be separate from the development team so that Information derived from testing can be used to correct the process of software development.

What Is Software Testing? Definition, Basics & Types In Software Engineering

Software Testing is a method to check whether the actual software product matches expected requirements and to ensure that software product is Defect free.

Some prefer saying Software testing definition as a White Box and Black Box Testing.

This Software Testing course introduces testing software to the audience and justifies the importance of software testing.

As per ANSI/IEEE 1059, Testing in Software Engineering is a process of evaluating a software product to find whether the current software product meets the required conditions or not.

Program Testing in software testing is a method of executing an actual software program with the aim of testing program behavior and finding errors.

Summary of Software Testing Basics: Define Software Testing: Software testing is defined as an activity to check whether the actual results match the expected results and to ensure that the software system is Defect free.

The important strategies in software engineering are: unit testing, integration testing, validation testing, and system testing.

Post Idea #14: Brüel & Kjær

Related Articles – Summarized

Sound And Vibration Measurement

Product finder APPLICATIONS The ways in which our products are used are constantly changing and expanding.

Applications CUSTOMER CASES Our customer cases contain a selection of case studies from our many areas of expertise.

Customer Cases FEATURED ARTICLE. Architectural Acoustics System The science and engineering of achieving a good sound in an architectural acoustics project is built on quality gear; Brüel & Kjær equip you for the task.

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Brüel & Kjær Sound & Vibration Measurement

Brüel & Kjær is a world-leading provider of noise and vibration test and measurement solutions.

Brüel & Kjær supply systems for noise signature management: acoustic ranging of submarines and surface ships; noise source investigation during design and build; and for acoustic trials and self noise monitoring during operations.

Brüel & Kjær also supply systems for underwater acoustics, shock testing, noise and vibration testing and structural dynamics testing.

The Brüel & Kjær acoustic noise ranging system is a complete measurement and analysis system for static and dynamic ranging of surface and underwater vessels.

Acoustic ranging systems determine the underwater acoustics of the vessel’s acoustic signature.

The application of source path contribution can help understanding of how much different inputs contribute to the underwater acoustic noise, and hence the acoustic signature of a vessel.

About Brüel & Kjær. Brüel & Kjær is a world leading provider of noise and vibration test and measurement solutions, boasting over 65 years in the sound and vibration business.

Brüel & Kjær Vibro

Condition Monitoring Solutions – Brüel & Kjær Vibro We support you in optimizing machine availability and efficiency.

Brüel & Kjær Vibro is the leading worldwide independent supplier of condition monitoring solutions for rotating machinery.

The comprehensive product range comprises vibration sensors, vibration monitors, handhelds and rack-based plant-wide integrated monitoring solutions.

These products plus a suite of comprehensive services fulfil the most demanding applications for safety, condition and performance monitoring of rotating machinery.

Watch our video to find out more about our vision on the future of Condition Monitoring Solutions and how Brüel & Kjær Vibro develops the innovation areas which are required for value creation and envisions the course of innovation progression.

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Jüdischer Friedhof Brüel In Brüel, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

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Product Data Power Amplifier – Type 2713 USES FEATURES: Driving Brüel&Kjær Hydrophones Types 8103, 8104 and 8105 as projectors 100 V, 1 A into capacitive load Driving electrostatic actuators at high voltage levels As general purpose power amplifier for capacitive piezoelectric transducers Frequency range 10 Hz to 200 kHz 0 to 60 dB voltage gain in six 10 dB ranges Switchable maximum output voltage limits Circuit protection against overload The Power Amplifier Type 2713 is designed specifically to drive highly capacitive transducers to high voltage levels, such as when the Brüel&Kjær Hydrophones Types 8103, 8104 or 8105 are employed as projectors in underwater calibration arrangements.

These special requirements place severe demands on the output section of the power amplifier because the voltage and current are out of phase with each other with capacitive loading, so that transistors will not be satisfactory, due to secondary break- Brüel & Kjær B K down limitations.

Switchable voltage limits of 100 V, (141 V (peak for reactive loads, 75 V,. The maximum RMS current availa- ble can be found from the following relationship: 100 + W I = ———- ) 200 Where the output power depends upon the loading and the duty cycle of the amplifier.

In any case the maximum continuous output power available is 100 W. With the “Pure” capacitive loading obtained from the hydrophone, the output power will be 0 W, so the maximum continuous current = 0.5 A When the amplifier is operating with a gated signal, the maximum available RMS current limits the duty cycle to 50% when a current level of 1,41 A is required.

The output voltage can be monitored at the “Monitor” socket on the front panel which gives a calibrated level of 0.1V for each 1.0V at the “Output”.

The “Overload” lamp on the front panel lights, and the signal is prevented from reaching the output section if the output voltage exceeds the preset “Voltage Limit”, or if the output current exceeds the peak value of 1,41 A. The lamp also lights and the output is removed during the “Warm-up” period of the instrument.

Should the output section temperature rise above 120 °C, the “Overload” lamp will light and the output be inhibited.

Amt Sternberger Seenlandschaft

Liegt im Nordosten des Landkreises Ludwigslust-Parchim in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in der gleichnamigen Seenlandschaft.

Juli 2004 kamen die Stadt Brüel und die fünf Gemeinden Blankenberg, Kuhlen-Wendorf, Langen Jarchow, Weitendorf und Zahrensdorf des aufgelösten Amtes Brüel hinzu.

Das Amtsgebiet wird von der Warnow und der Mildenitz durchflossen.

Der Große Sternberger See und der Groß Labenzer See sind die größten der zahlreichen Seen im Amt.

Neben der Landwirtschaft spielt insbesondere der Tourismus an den verschiedenen Seen eine zunehmende Rolle.

Die im Bau befindliche A 14 streift das Amtsgebiet im Nordwesten, der einzig verbliebene Bahnhof in Blankenberg liegt an der Bahnlinie Schwerin-Rostock.

Im Jahr 2006 wurde der Naturpark Sternberger Seenland gegründet und inzwischen schon als Qualitäts-Naturpark ausgezeichnet.

Post Idea #15: Bruel & Kjaer

Related Articles – Summarized

Patrick Bruel

Patrick Maurice Benguigui, better known by his stage name Patrick Bruel, is a French singer-songwriter, actor and professional poker player.

In his youth, Bruel aspired to be a football player, but decided instead to pursue singing after seeing Michel Sardou in 1975.

As of 2004, Bruel has acted in more than forty television and film productions, and has made five studio albums and several live albums.

In 2002, Bruel released Entre Deux, a double CD of classic chanson that features duets with Charles Aznavour, Jean-Louis Aubert, Jean-Jacques Goldman, Alain Souchon and Renaud, among others.

It sold two million copies and made Bruel France’s best paid singer of the year.

At the beginning of 2005, in response to the South Asian tsunami of 26 December 2004, Bruel wrote the song “Et puis la terre” with Marie-Florence Gros, with whom he had begun a long-term collaboration in 1998, to benefit the Red Cross.

Bruel has been a member of the Les Enfoirés charity ensemble since 1993.

Patrick Bruel Height, Age, Net Worth, Affair, Career, And More

Here we will tell you the personal details of Patrick Bruel while providing background information like her age, nationality, zodiac sign, hometowns, Occupation, and more.

Do you know the name of Patrick Bruel Husband or boyfriend? If you are interested to know about her personal life, then we are here to help you out.

Patrick Bruel boyfriend/ husband name is UPDATE SOON. Marital Status.

Patrick Bruel started her career as Singer, Songwriter, Actor, Composer.

Do you wonder how much money Patrick Bruel has? This article will provide information on where Patrick Bruel is getting her money from and just how wealthy she is.

Patrick Bruel’s net worth, income source, and salary have been updated below.

Some FAQ of Patrick Bruel 1.What is the age of Patrick Bruel?

B & K S.R.O., Bratislava

Spoločnosť B & K s.r.o., Bratislava je dlhodobý a spoľahlivý partner pre priemysel, dopravu, vývoj, skúšobníctvo, vedu, výskum a verejné zdravotníctvo.

Ponúkame spoľahlivé riešenia aj v oblasti merania mechanických veličín, lisovacieho procesu, ako aj v oblasti termovíznej techniky.

Sound And Vibration Measurement

Product finder APPLICATIONS The ways in which our products are used are constantly changing and expanding.

Applications CUSTOMER CASES Our customer cases contain a selection of case studies from our many areas of expertise.

Customer Cases FEATURED ARTICLE. Architectural Acoustics System The science and engineering of achieving a good sound in an architectural acoustics project is built on quality gear; Brüel & Kjær equip you for the task.

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Bonjour, Vous êtes nombreux et c’est bien légitime nous interroger sur ces reports, totalement indépendants de notre volonté.

Quel immense plaisir de partager cette tournée avec vous depuis plusieurs semaines ! Votre accueil est complètement fou Nous allons continuer d’aller votre rencontre.

Quand le disco s’invite la fête Très heureux de partager avec vous cette nouvelle version d’ A la santé des gens que j’aime .

Hâte de vous retrouver sur les routes, pour cette tournée acoustique.

L’occasion de chanter ensemble quelques chansons que vous connaissez et aussi quelques titres plus rares que vous m’avez demandé.

Merci pour vos nombreuses photos et vidéos ! Vous êtes très nombreux célébrer les gens que vous aimez, travers l’opération que nous avons lancé il y a quelques semaines.

J’aimerais vous proposer de célébrer les gens que vous aimez ! Partagez une vidéo en l’honneur des personnes qui éclairent votre vie.

Innan Du Fortsätter Till YouTube

Google använder cookies och data för attleverera och underhålla våra tjänster – till exempel att spåra avbrott och skydda mot spam, bedrägerier och otillåten användning.

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Leverera annonser och mäta hur effektiva de är.visa anpassat innehåll utifrån dina inställningar.

Visa anpassade eller allmänna annonser på Google och på andra webbplatser utifrån dina inställningar.

Utan anpassning kan innehåll och annonser väljas ut utifrån sådant som vad du tittar på nu och var du befinner dig.

Med anpassning kan innehåll och annonser väljas ut utifrån ovanstående och dessutom utifrån din aktivitet, t.ex.

Vad du har sökt efter på Google och vilka videor på YouTube du har tittat på. Anpassning av innehåll och annonser ger till exempel mer relevanta resultat och rekommendationer, en anpassad startsida på YouTube och annonser som bygger på dina intressen.

Post Idea #16: Terumo Corporation

Related Articles – Summarized

Terumo Global Website

Terumo Group provides products and services in over 160 countries and regions.

Information about our products and services is available on regional and company-specific websites.


The company’s first product was “Jintan Taionkei”, the first Japanese-made thermometer available for sale, and it has since expanded into a medical devices manufacturer, producing medical disposables, cardiovascular systems and diabetes care products.

The company later expanded its product range to include coronary stents and catheters, and acquired, among others, the cardiovascular specialty companies Vascutek and Microvention in 2002 and 2006 respectively.

Terumo Penpol, the company’s subsidiary in Trivandrum, India is the largest manufacturer of blood bags in India and supplies it to over 82 countries.

In July 1999 Terumo acquired the cardiovascular division of 3M Company, and established Terumo Cardiovascular Systems Corp. in the USA. In 2001 the company made two more acquisitions: it acquired the home oxygen division of Sumitomo Bakelite Co., Ltd., and establish Terumo Medical Care K.K., and Ikiken Co., Ltd. of Japan.

In 2002 the company enters into the vascular prostheses business by acquiring UK-based Vascutek Ltd. Four years later, in 2006 the company ventured into a new field by buying American company MicroVention Inc. The tissue heart valve division of Kohler Chemine GmbH was acquired in March 2007 and expanded Terumo’s operations related to vascular prostheses.

A year later the Japanese company Clinical Supply Co., Ltd. became a Terumo subsidiary and enhanced Terumo’s interventional systems business in the field of radiotherapy.

In March 2011, the company bought U.S. medical device company CaridianBCT for around $2.6 billion.

Post Idea #17: Asset management

Related Articles – Summarized

Overview, Importance And Benefits

Asset management refers to the process of developing, operating, maintaining, and selling Types of Assets.

The first is what role does the asset management process play? Second, how can a firm develop a good asset management plan?

Since assets are checked on a regular basis, the process of asset management ensures that the financial statements record them properly.

Asset management encompasses the identification and management of risks that arise from the utilization and ownership of certain assets.

With a strategic asset management plan, the firm’s owners will be aware of the assets that have been lost and will eliminate them in the books.

If a business owner wants his asset management plan to be precise, then he should calculate the entire life-cycle costs of each asset.

There are many benefits of adopting an asset management strategy, such as:.1.

Asset Management

Unlike active asset management, passive asset management is a lot less laborious.

Software asset management is one kind of infrastructure asset management.

The International Organization for Standardization published its management system standard for asset management in 2014.

Physical asset management is related to asset health management.

Enterprise asset management systems are asset information systems that support the management of an organization’s assets.

Asset managers need to make informed decisions in order to fulfill their organizational goals, this requires good asset information but also leadership, clarity of strategic priorities, competencies, inter-departmental collaboration and communications, workforce, and supply chain engagement, risk and change management systems, performance monitoring and continual improvement.

Public asset management expands the definition of enterprise asset management by incorporating the management of all things of value to a municipal jurisdiction and its citizens’ expectations.

A To Z Guide Of Asset Management [Wiki]

Asset management process also helps businesses derive more value from an asset and achieve business goals.

Physical asset management stands for the process of handling things like fixed asset management, inventory management, infrastructure, and public asset management.

Contractual compliance streamlines processes like IT asset management, digital asset management, contractual maintenance, and management of intangible assets.

Investing in asset management software allows businesses to automate tedious and time-consuming asset management activities offering administration team to focus more on value-added activities.

There’s no such thing as the perfect asset management software-so you need to pick the right asset management tool according to your unique needs.

Maximo is an end-to-end asset management solution with a detailed maintenance module as the main functionality with other complementary tools for procurement and inventory management.

By implementing an asset management tool businesses can manage assets and implement their asset management plans effortlessly.

Asset Management Overview

Asset Management is an advanced module for managing assets and maintenance jobs in Dynamics 365 Supply Chain Management.

Asset Management integrates seamlessly with several modules in Finance and Operations apps.

The image below is an illustration of the interfaces to other modules in Finance and Operations.

What Is Asset Management?

Asset management involves the balancing of costs, opportunities and risks against the desired performance of assets to achieve an organisation’s objectives.

Asset management also enables an organisation to examine the need for and performance of assets and asset systems at different levels.

It enables the application of analytical approaches towards managing an asset over the different stages of its life cycle.

Asset management is the art and science of making the right decisions and optimising the delivery of value.

International standards ISO 55000 provide a global consensus on asset management and what it can do to increase value generated by all organisations.

“An asset is an item, thing or entity that has potential or actual value to an organisation”.

The three international standards are important because they represent a global consensus on asset management and what it can do to increase value generated by all organisations.

What is the demand for my services by my stakeholders? What do regulators require? What is my actual performance? Which assets are critical to sustained performance? 4.

The ―Life Cycle‖ Principle-all assets pass through a discernable life cycle, the understanding of which enhances appropriate management.

The ―Failure‖ Principle-usage and the operating environment work to breakdown all assets; failure occurs when an asset can not do what is required by the user in its operating environment.

The ―Probability‖ Principle-not all assets of the same age fail at the same time.

The ―Total Cost of Ownership‖ Principle-there exists a minimum optimal investment over the life cycle of an asset that best balances performance and cost given a target level of service and a designated level of risk.

44 Realistic expectations for AM Takes several years of detailed, nitty-gritty work to fully deploy Requires eventual buyin commitment of the whole organization Needs upfront investment to get started, with hidden returns for initial years Fundamentals of Asset Management 45 AM is a business model What we do Why we do it How we do it Where we invest What our costs are What our return is Fundamentals of Asset Management 46 Tom’s bad day Fundamentals of Asset Management 47 Tom’s spreadsheet Fundamentals of Asset Management 48 Integration of 5 core questions with 10-step process 1.

What is my best long-term are critical funding strategy? CIP investment strategies? to sustained Decision making performance? Fundamentals of Asset Management 49 The Bear and the Butterfly Fundamentals of Asset Management 50 ..

Future Financial Wealth Managment LLC Invests $65,000 In Delta Air Lines, Inc.

Future Financial Wealth Managment LLC acquired a new position in Delta Air Lines, Inc. in the 4th quarter, HoldingsChannel reports.

BRITISH COLUMBIA INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT Corp increased its position in shares of Delta Air Lines by 12.9% during the second quarter.

UBS Asset Management Americas Inc. increased its position in Delta Air Lines by 1.6% in the second quarter.

AQR Capital Management LLC increased its position in Delta Air Lines by 92.7% in the second quarter.

Delta Air Lines last announced its quarterly earnings results on Wednesday, January 12th. The transportation company reported $0.22 earnings per share for the quarter, beating analysts’ consensus estimates of $0.15 by $0.07.

Delta Air Lines had a negative return on equity of 125.82% and a net margin of 0.93%. The company had revenue of $9.47 billion for the quarter, compared to the consensus estimate of $9.29 billion.

Delta Air Lines, Inc engages in the provision of scheduled air transportation for passengers and cargo.

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