33 Google Trending Breakout Blog Post Ideas – Updated on 2022-03-11

Find trends and resources for the highest search-volume keywords on Google in the last 24 hours below. This post was updated on 2022-03-11.

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Please note that everything on this page is automatically gathered and generated. Skim through blog post ideas until you find something you’re interested in writing about. Take the hard work out of finding and researching popular blog post ideas.

Post Idea #1: Enterprise software

Related Articles – Summarized

What Is Enterprise Software?

Enterprise software is a type of program that is used by businesses that are defined as enterprises.

Some of these different software solutions may be aimed toward individuals or smaller organizations, which means that their scope and functionality is likely different from that of enterprise software vendors.

Enterprise solution software vendors typically try to emphasize features such as support for multiple locations, different currencies and regulatory standards from various countries.

Because the needs of individuals and small companies vary from those of enterprises, the breadth and type of features included in enterprise solution software differ from those offered for smaller organizations.

One of the most prominent benefits of implementing an enterprise software solution is an increase in productivity.

CRM software is an especially beneficial solution for boosting retention and finding new leads, but other programs such as ERP software may contain some of this functionality as well.

If you have enough capital to invest in a new system and can justify the implementation of the program, then enterprise solutions software is a great investment to make.

Enterprise Software

Enterprise software, also known as enterprise application software, is computer software used to satisfy the needs of an organization rather than individual users.

Enterprise software is an integral part of a information system; a collection of such software is called an enterprise system.

Services provided by enterprise software are typically business-oriented tools, such as online shopping, and online payment processing, interactive product catalogue, automated billing systems, security, Business Process Management, enterprise content management, IT Service Management, customer relationship management, enterprise resource planning, business intelligence, project management, collaboration, human resource management, manufacturing, occupational health and safety, enterprise application integration, and enterprise forms automation.

As enterprises have similar departments and systems in common, enterprise software is often available as a suite of customizable programs.

Enterprise software typically has interfaces to other enterprise software and is centrally managed.

Enterprise systems are large-scale enterprise software packages that support business processes, information flows, reporting, and data analytics in complex organizations.

While ES are generally packaged enterprise application software systems they can also be bespoke, custom developed systems created to support a specific organization’s needs.

What Is Enterprise Software?

What is enterprise software and why is it so important? Put simply, this is the software that enables your core business functions, encompassing a range of user roles.

As its name implies, enterprise software is any kind of software used by a company that’s far-reaching enough to be called an enterprise.

There are a few different types of enterprise software on the market that are each designed to handle different aspects of your business.

Accounting software manages your financial functions, while customer relationship management software organizes your account data.

If you’re looking for enterprise software solutions, you’ll quickly find that the options run the gamut.

While many enterprise systems serve as standalone software solutions, ERP fully integrates all these functions, which connects disparate workflows and optimizes operations.

Enterprise asset management software helps you keep track of all the physical assets that your company owns.

The 19 Best Applications & Tools For 2022

We will start by clearing the enterprise software definition, explain what kind of benefits a business can obtain by utilizing ES and what are the best enterprise software companies that offer solutions crucial to compete in our cutthroat environment.

To easily automate numerous processes, tasks, and add value into your business operations, we will take a detailed look at the best enterprise tools for 2022, where we will discuss different areas and provide an example tool of each.

An overview of the 19 best enterprise applications on the market -.

Since we answered the key question of what is enterprise software and discussed benefits that these applications possess, we will now take a detailed look into our enterprise software list comprised of the most popular solutions on the market.

Whether there is project alignment needed, agile management in focus, or simply better collaboration, there are some enterprise software applications examples that provide numerous project management features crucial to deliver the best possible results.

Integration with other tools such as Slack, Zendesk, Mailchimp, Hubspot and more than 50 other tools enables enterprises to bring various data in one, central hub.

Subscribers can utilize virtual hardware configuration, operating system and apps such as CRM. We have explained the enterprise software definition, showed the benefits that this kind of software can bring to your organization, and provided a comprehensive list of enterprise tools that will help your company in connecting teams across your business.

Enterprise Software: A Definition With Concrete Examples

Then we’ll explain how enterprise software differs from other types of software.

We’ll talk about some of the main examples of enterprise software and wrap up with some advice on how to get the most out of it.

Enterprise software, also known as enterprise application software, is computer software used to satisfy the needs of an organization rather than individual users.

What can we learn from the definition above? Well, since enterprises are typically big organizations, enterprise software must be “Big software” by definition.

We’ll now briefly cover some of the most common examples of enterprise software.

Nowadays, enterprise customers expect their software to be as good as consumer software.

A decisive step toward improving your enterprise software process is achieving value stream management, i.e., getting complete visibility of your software delivery process.

6 Top Enterprise Software That Are Indispensable

It’s vital to choose the enterprise software solution that suits your business: this way, you’ll increase the visibility of your workflow, improve your bottom line, and optimize productivity.

Most of these solutions are known as business enterprise software.

Enterprise software companies provide products or services designed for organizations rather than individual consumers.

Some vendors specialize in enterprise software development and design for companies in various sizes.

Enterprise SaaS and enterprise software are slightly different, with the first being rented and hosted in the cloud.

Here are some enterprise software examples: Top 6 types of enterprise software solutions 1.

ERP ensures different enterprise software tools are running in sync, including CRM or project management applications.

7 Types Of Enterprise Software To Make Your Business More Efficient

Here’s our top 7 list of enterprise software that can make your business life so much easier.

Enterprise software systems are typically equipped with several layers of security.

As your business grows and its processes become more complex, it gets much harder to coordinate various systems used by different branches and manufacturing units.

ERP system is the heart and brain of a modern enterprise.

The system can be integrated with other enterprise software solutions including CRM, Business Intelligence, supply chain management, financial information, point of sale data, and so on.

The system parses more than 300 radio broadcast logs a day to track the frequency and timing of ads.

Together, complete a list of features you need from the enterprise system.

Post Idea #2: World economy

Related Articles – Summarized

World Economy

The world economy or the global economy is the economy of all humans of the world, referring to the global economic system which includes all economic activities which are conducted both within and between nations, including production, consumption, economic management, work in general, exchange of financial values and trade of goods and services.

It is common to limit questions of the world economy exclusively to human economic activity and the world economy is typically judged in monetary terms, even in cases in which there is no efficient market to help valuate certain goods or services, or in cases in which a lack of independent research, genuine data or government cooperation makes establishing figures difficult.

As of 2021, the following 17 countries or collectives have reached an economy of at least US$2 trillion by GDP in nominal or PPP terms: Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Russia, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.

The GWP is the combined gross national income of all the countries in the world.

A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or more economically developed country, is a sovereign state that has a developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

The GDP of the developing countries is expected to rise from 4.3% in 2017 to 4.6% in 2018 due to political stability in those countries and advancement in technology…Least developed countries.

The least developed countries is a list of developing countries that, according to the United Nations, exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world.

Countries By GDP: The Top 25 Economies In The World

The United States’ economy is the largest in the world as measured by nominal GDP. The biggest contributor to that GDP is the economy’s service sector, which includes finance, real estate, insurance, professional and business services, and healthcare.

China has the world’s second largest nominal GDP in current dollars and the largest in terms of PPP. With annual growth that consistently outpaces that of the United States, China may be on track to become the largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in the years to come.

Fourth among world economies is Germany, with a 2020 GDP of $3.85 trillion.

Brazil is the 12th largest economy in the world and the largest in South America, with a 2020 GDP of $1.44 trillion.

Spain had a GDP of $1.28 trillion in 2020, making it the 14th largest economy in the world by GDP. Spain’s economy suffered severely during the Great Recession, with unemployment soaring above 25% and a rising national debt despite attempts at fiscal austerity.

The Alpine nation of Switzerland had a GDP of $752.25 billion in 2020, making it the 18th largest economy in the world.

Belgium’s 2020 GDP was $521.86 billion, making it the 23rd largest world economy.

The World Economic Forum

A weekly update of what’s on the Global Agenda.

Explore the forces driving change across more than 250 topics, curated by global experts, and identify the most relevant publications, videos, data, and much more.

Explore Strategic IntelligenceUPLINK.UpLink is the open innovation platform of the World Economic Forum, seeking to identify and scale the most promising solutions for global pressing issues.

5 Charts Show The Stages Of Global Economic Recovery Since Covid Hit

Oil prices plunged, travel came to a halt and unemployment rates spiked when the coronavirus hit in early 2020.

Two years after the WHO declared Covid a pandemic, CNBC looks at how oil demand, air travel capacity, unemployment rates, interest rates and government debt have changed since Covid emerged.

Two years after the WHO declared Covid a pandemic, here are five charts that show much – or how little – the world has recovered.

Oil prices have been on a wild ride since early 2020 in reaction to both demand and supply factors.

The travel industry was hit particularly hard by the pandemic since many countries closed their borders and encouraged residents to stay home as much as possible.

Still, interest rates are far below what they were before the pandemic hit.

Governments spent more to protect the economy from the effects of the pandemic and its economic impact.

The Geopolitics Of Fossil Fuels And Renewables Reshape The World

With 84% of our energy still coming from oil, coal and gas, much of the transition to renewable energy sources lies ahead. Just because a different future will arrive, it doesn’t meant that the present will simply cede the stage.

Renewables do not change the centrality of energy to geopolitics.

Nor, given that the energy transition will be a long one, will it quickly end the geopolitics of fossil fuels.

For nearly 200 years, fossil-fuel energy has been central to geopolitics.

The 1998-2005 coalition government in Berlin moved to renewable energy and began to phase out nuclear power, deepening German dependency on Russian gas.

There is a discernible fear in Washington DC that an age of green energy will be the age of China.

Quite simply, there is no way that governments – or the scholars who seek to advise them – can be serious about the energy transition without having a realistic strategy for the problems that history tells us will arise as the geopolitics of old and new energy sources and technologies combine.

Why Do Oil Prices Matter To The Global Economy?

As the global economy is a complex system, higher oil prices may have less effect on the global economy than traditional economic theory would suggest.

While there are many reasons to believe that higher oil prices are a factor in a weakening economy, the fact is that oil prices have a much larger impact on the global economy than many economists think.

The first reason why oil prices matter to the global economy is that it stimulates the global economy.

As a result, an increase in oil prices may be a positive factor for oil exporting nations while a decrease in oil prices could hurt their oil-importing counterparts.

Oil is the main energy source for the global economy and it accounts for 3% of the global economy.

In addition to the oil price, the economic activity in the non-OECD region also affects oil prices.

Rising oil prices can shift the supply curve for goods and services that are based on the availability of oil.

What Does World Economy Mean?

The world economy, or global economy, generally refers to the economy, which is based on economies of all of the world’s countries, national economies.

Also global economy can be seen as the economy of global society and national economies – as economies of local societies, making the global one.

Beyond the minimum standard of concerning value in production, use, and exchange on the planet Earth, definitions, representations, models, and valuations of the world economy vary widely.

The numerical value of world economy in Chaldean Numerology is: 9.Pythagorean Numerology.

The numerical value of world economy in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9.Examples of world economy in a Sentence.

Why did Facebook, why did Google… put in their money in Jio at a time when the world economy is in a mess, the Indian economy is in recession, why would they do it ? Obviously because there is more than an economic angle, it’s also I believe, indirectly… a political insurance of sorts.

Though America is carrying the world economy at the moment, that is simply not sustainable.

Post Idea #3: International Monetary Fund

Related Articles – Summarized

International Monetary Fund

The IMF is mandated to oversee the international monetary and financial system and monitor the economic and financial policies of its member countries.

In 1995 the International Monetary Fund began to work on data dissemination standards with the view of guiding IMF member countries to disseminate their economic and financial data to the public.

At the end of March 2014, the IMF secured an $18 billion bailout fund for the provisional government of Ukraine in the aftermath of the Revolution of Dignity.

One day earlier on 11 March, the UK called to pledge £150 million to the IMF catastrophe relief fund.

International politics play an important role in IMF decision making.

The IMF is only one of many international organisations, and it is a generalist institution that deals only with macroeconomic issues; its core areas of concern in developing countries are very narrow.

The United States has historically been openly opposed to losing what Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew described in 2015 as its “Leadership role” at the IMF, and the United States’ “Ability to shape international norms and practices”.

International Monetary Fund Definition

The International Monetary Fund is an international organization that promotes global economic growth and financial stability, encourages international trade, and reduces poverty.

SDRS are an international type of monetary reserve currency created by the IMF as a supplement to the existing money reserves of member countries.

The International Monetary Fund is based in Washington, D.C. The organization is currently composed of 189 member countries, each of which has representation on the IMF’s executive board in proportion to its financial importance.

The IMF’s website describes its mission as “To foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.”.

History of the IMF The IMF was originally created in 1945 as part of the Bretton Woods Agreement, which attempted to encourage international financial cooperation by introducing a system of convertible currencies at fixed exchange rates.

The IMF also acted as a gatekeeper: Countries were not eligible for membership in the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development-a World Bank forerunner that the Bretton Woods agreement created in order to fund the reconstruction of Europe after World War II-unless they were members of the IMF..

Surveillance The IMF collects massive amounts of data on national economies, international trade, and the global economy in aggregate.

International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund is an institution of the United Nations that sets standards for the global economy with the aim of strengthening its member countries economically.

The ratio of board members from each member country depends on the country’s economic muscle, with the economic giants getting the highest representation.

Any country can apply to join the International Monetary Fund and be accepted by the majority of existing countries.

Apart from getting funds from the International Monetary Fund, member countries also have access to the economic records of all member countries.

The leadership of the International Monetary Fund comprises the Managing Director, Board of Governors, the Executive Board, and the Ministerial Committees.

The Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank hold an annual meeting during the IMF-World Bank Spring and Annual Meetings.

The Managing Director leads the International Monetary Fund and is also the head of staff and Chairman of the Executive Board.

What Is The International Monetary Fund?

A balance of payment problem is when a country does not have enough money to pay for all its international bills and debts.

The IMF’s main function is to lend money to countries in financial trouble, particularly those that have a balance of payment problem.

In return for the loans, the borrowing country has to implement a set of policies and economic reforms which are supposed to make their countries run more efficiently.

Throughout the 1980s, the IMF implemented structural adjustment programs throughout many countries in Latin America and Africa.

To get loans, countries have to commit to deregulating their markets, privatising public assets, reducing the size of government, cutting social spending, and getting rid of any barriers that prevent trade or capital from flowing into and out of the country.

Critics of structural adjustment argue that these policies have actually done the opposite of what they claimed to do: they have decreased growth, increased poverty and mainly served the interests of international creditors and businesses.

Despite the criticisms of structural adjustment⁸, the IMF continues to enforce the same set of policies in return for bailing out countries that are facing economic crisis.

The International Monetary Fund Scam

The International Monetary Fund Scam is all over Facebook! We have received many calls from consumers who were approached by their “Facebook friends” with the news that they had been approved for a $50,000 “Grant” from the International Monetary Fund.

Your friend writes a message like “How are you doing?” When you respond “Fine, how are you?” the friend says “I’m doing good and just waiting for my money.” You ask what money and your friend says “I’m getting this IMF grant! Didn’t you hear about it?” Your friend gives you the link, you apply and you get back a certificate that reads: “This is to certify that have been awarded the sum of $50,000 USD and has been cleared of due process and other related issues.” You are then contacted by an “Executive” with the IMF who explains that, to get your grant, you must pay the “Transportation fee” of $600 or whatever.

The scam is surprisingly effective for three reasons.

First, it comes over Facebook from one of your friends! Young people are immediately trusting of messages networked from friends.

The scammers, of course, just hijack the address books of consumers on Facebook and use this to send out messages and cheat others.

We urge consumers to be alert the next time a “Friend” sends them a strange message.

Call your friend and ask if they really sent you the message.

Definition, History, Purpose, & Facts

International Monetary Fund, United Nations specialized agency, founded at the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944 to secure international monetary cooperation, to stabilize currency exchange rates, and to expand international liquidity.

These events kindled a desire to create a new international monetary system that would stabilize currency exchange rates without backing currencies entirely with gold; to reduce the frequency and severity of balance-of-payments deficits; and to eliminate destructive mercantilist trade policies, such as competitive devaluations and foreign exchange restrictions-all while substantially preserving each country’s ability to pursue independent economic policies.

Countries with temporary, moderate balance-of-payments deficits were expected to finance their deficits by borrowing foreign currencies from the IMF rather than by imposing exchange controls, devaluations, or deflationary economic policies that could spread their economic problems to other countries.

Quotas are reviewed every five years and are based on each country’s wealth and economic performance-the richer the country, the larger its quota.

Operation Since its creation, the IMF’s principal activities have included stabilizing currency exchange rates, financing the short-term balance-of-payments deficits of member countries, and providing advice and technical assistance to borrowing countries.

Since then each member has been permitted to choose the method it uses to determine its exchange rate: a free float, in which the exchange rate for a country’s currency is determined by the supply and demand of that currency on the international currency markets; a managed float, in which a country’s monetary officials will occasionally intervene in international currency markets to buy or sell its currency to influence short-term exchange rates; a pegged exchange arrangement, in which a country’s monetary officials pledge to tie their currency’s exchange rate to another currency or group of currencies; or a fixed exchange arrangement, in which a country’s currency exchange rate is tied to another currency and is unchanging.

After losing its authority to regulate currency exchange rates, the IMF shifted its focus to loaning money to developing countries.

Post Idea #4: WSP Global

Related Articles – Summarized

WSP Global

WSP Global Inc. is a Canadian company with American and British roots, providing management and consultancy services to the built and natural environment.

After the purchase of New York-headquartered professional services firm Parsons Brinckerhoff in October 2014, WSP Global effectively became one of the largest professional services firms in the world, with approximately 47,000 employees in 500 offices serving in 40 countries.

The company reorganised its corporate structure on 1 January 2014, to create a parent company named WSP Global Inc. and adopted the common brand of WSP. [edit].

On 31 October 2014, WSP Global announced that it had completed the purchase of New York-headquartered professional services firm Parsons Brinckerhoff from Balfour Beatty for USD$1.

In early 2015, WSP Global announced the engineering consultancy firm’s plans to expand to 45,000 employees by 2020.

In February 2020, WSP announced the acquisition of US-based environmental consulting firm LT Environmental which strengthened the firm’s expertise in the Environmental sector.

On December 3, 2020, WSP announced the acquisition of Canadian based geotechnical consulting firm Golder for $1.14 billion, which will further strengthen WSP’s expertise in the Earth Sciences and Environmental Sector.

WSP Global Stock Forecast, Price & News

WSP Global Inc. operates as a professional services consulting firm in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Europe, the Middle East, India, Africa, Australia, Asia, New Zealand, and internationally.

It also provides engineering and consultancy services, such as decarbonisation strategies, SMART building design, structural and mechanical, electrical, and plumbing engineering services.

Further, it provides long-term operational management support services comprising first feasibility studies; advisory services, which comprise technical, financial, and environmental issues, as well as engineering design and energy simulations.

The company plans, designs, and supports the development of pipelines and gas networks; and offers services to maintain the integrity of critical assets, and obtain permits and consent for clients in the mining, and oil and gas industries.

The company offers strategic advisory services comprising planning and advisory, management, and technology and sustainability services.

The company was formerly known as GENIVAR Inc. and changed its name to WSP Global Inc. in January 2014.

WSP Global Inc. was founded in 1885 and is headquartered in Montreal, Canada.


Alors que nous entamons un nouveau cycle stratégique, notre raison d’être est claire : nous existons pour préparer nos villes et notre environnement pour l’avenir.

Notre vision long terme est ambitieuse et audacieuse, l’image de notre compagnie.

Et nous disposons désormais d’un plan d’action triennal qui jettera les bases de notre succès.

Notre plan d’action stratégique mondial 2022-2024 est disponible dès maintenant: www.

Post Idea #5: Gummy candy

Related Articles – Summarized

5 Best Gummy Candies

Gummy candies are arguably one of the most satisfying types of candy ever invented.

You can find gummy candies in the shape of anything you desire, from cubes to flowers.

Coating: The coating on gummy candies is for more than decoration.

You can find gummy candies that are vitamin enriched or even caffeinated.

Although the traditional way to enjoy gummy candy is straight out of the bag, there are other ways to enjoy these candies.

A. Although the ingredients and the ratios used vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, the main ingredients used to make gummy candies are gelatin, sugar, and corn syrup.

A. Again, the flavor of gummy candies vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.

Gummy Candy

Gummies, gummi candies, gummy candies, or jelly sweets are a broad category of gelatin-based chewable sweets.

In the 1920s, Hans Riegel of Germany started his own candy company and eventually popularized the fruit flavored gummy candy with gelatin as the main ingredient.

A commonly known producer of gummy rings is Trolli, for which the gummy rings are an important asset.

There are many types of gummy worms, and Trolli produces glow worm gummies, with glowing color and sour sugar.

Storage of gummy candies in conditions of high humidity will result in the moisture migration of water molecules from the surrounding environment into the candy.

If gummy candies are exposed to an environment that is high in moisture content, it is likely that moisture will permeate the candy and increase its relative moisture content.

Moisture migration of gummy candies can be prevented by storing candies in conditions where the surrounding environment is equal to their own moisture content.

Post Idea #6: Capital market

Related Articles – Summarized

Capital Markets Definition

Capital markets are where savings and investments are channeled between suppliers-people or institutions with capital to lend or invest-and those in need.

Capital markets are composed of primary and secondary markets.

The most common capital markets are the stock market and the bond market.

These markets bring suppliers together with those seeking capital and provide a place where they can exchange securities.

Capital markets are used primarily to sell financial products such as equities and debt securities.

Financial markets encompass the broad range of venues where people and organizations exchange assets, securities, and contracts with one another, and are often secondary markets.

New capital is raised via stocks and bonds that are issued and sold to investors in the primary capital market, while traders and investors subsequently buy and sell those securities among one another on the secondary capital market but where no new capital is received by the firm.

Live Market News, Stock Prices, Portfolio Tracker

Capitaline database provides fundamental and market data on more than 35,000 Indian listed and unlisted companies, classified under more than 300 industries, along with powerful analytic tools.

Extensive data and analysis on every company profile, directors, more than 10-year financials, quarterly results, ownership pattern, finished products, raw materials, share price data, directors’ report, management discussion, notes to account, business news, corporate events, etc.

Capitaline database is a sister product of Capital Market, India’s foremost investment fortnightly.

The specialized expertise in data collection, standardization and presentation built up since 1985 has earned Capitaline database the highest level of respect and confidence in the financial information Industry.

Meaning, Instruments How It Works?

A capital market is a place that allows the trading of funding instruments such as shares, debentures, debt instruments, bonds, ETFs, etc.

The market comprises suppliers and buyers of finance, along with trading instruments and mechanisms.

Elements of a Capital Market Individual investors, commercial bank, financial institutions, insurance companies, business corporations, and retirement funds are some significant suppliers of funds in the market.

The capital market and money market are not the same.

The capital market is no exception, but to some extent, the prices of securities reflect that they have incorporated the current information in the market.

What is a capital market, and examples? A capital market is where individuals and firms borrow funds using shares, bonds, debentures and debt instruments, etc.

What are the types of capital markets? They are of two types – Primary market – deals with fresh stocks.

Overview, Trading Systems, How They Work

Capital markets primarily feature two types of securities – equity securities and debt securities.

Comprehensive Trading & Investing eBook From capital markets to trading and technical analysis strategies, CFI’s 115-page Trading & Investing eBook covers all the major topics a world-class analyst needs to know!

Alternative Investment MarketThe Alternative Investment Market was launched on 19 June 1995 as a sub-exchange market of the London Stock Exchange.

OTC trading is done in over-the-counter markets, through dealer networks.

Markets include brokers, dealers, and exchange markets.

Each market operates under different trading mechanisms, which affect liquidity and control.

The different types of markets allow for different trading characteristics, outlined in this guide.

Importance, Features And Structure For UPSC Economics

Primary Markets: The primary market is the part of the capital market that deals with the issuance and sale of securities to investors directly by the issuer.

Secondary Markets: The secondary market, also called the aftermarket and follow on public offering is the financial market in which previously issued financial instruments such as stock and bonds are bought and sold.

Stock Market: A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers of stocks, which represent ownership claims on businesses.

Bond Market: The bond market is a financial market where participants can issue new debt, known as the primary market, or buy and sell debt securities.

Capital market is a cog in the wheel of the modern economy since capital markets move money from the entities that have money to the entities that require money for productive use.

Capital markets structure is made of primary and secondary markets.

Capital Markets – Functions Capital markets bring together those requiring capital and those having excess capital.

What Is Capital Market? Definition Of Capital Market, Capital Market Meaning

Definition: Capital market is a market where buyers and sellers engage in trade of financial securities like bonds, stocks, etc.

Description: Capital markets help channelise surplus funds from savers to institutions which then invest them into productive use.

Capital market consists of primary markets and secondary markets.

Primary markets deal with trade of new issues of stocks and other securities, whereas secondary market deals with the exchange of existing or previously-issued securities.

Another important division in the capital market is made on the basis of the nature of security traded, i.e. stock market and bond market.

Income tax, corporation tax, property tax, inheritance tax and gift tax are examples of direct tax.

Capital market is a market where buyers and sellers engage in trade of financial securities like bonds, stocks, etc.

Capitol Market

Come see why Charleston’s year-round Capitol Market is a vibrant part of West Virginia’s capital city.

Tucked in a turn-of-the-century train station, the indoor-outdoor market offers an exciting mix of farm goodness and specialty shops.

Pick up seasonal goods to enjoy now and WV-made gifts to take home.

Enjoy seafood, sushi or just-carved meat from the butcher.

They’ll remind you of a great day spent at the market!

As a non-profit, our mission to support small businesses, lift up local farmers, and create a community space for all, can be seen in action every day at Capitol Market.

Keep up with it all, like our programs, pop-ups, fundraisers, and happenings with our Capitol Market businesses and farmers, by following us on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter!

Post Idea #7: Speciality chemicals

Related Articles – Summarized

Specialty Chemicals

Our speciality chemicals services help you to understand your products’ technical and performance attributes and meet regulatory compliance.

Specialty chemicals, also known as performance chemicals, are used as ingredients in finished products and to improve manufacturing processes.

Specialty chemical innovation depends on uniting technical and performance attributes; therefore understanding the chemical composition and properties and how they add value to their proposed application are important.

Serving a diverse range of sectors from speciality polymer and nanomaterials to food additives, flavours and fragrances, our scientists are able to test the chemical composition or physical properties of your specialty chemicals, evaluating how they meet and exceed quality, safety, sustainability and performance standards, as part of our Total Quality Assurance expertise.

Through our network of analytical laboratories we can support your research or manufacturing with quality control testing, trace analysis, contamination and formulation analysis, helping your specialty chemicals to reach optimal performance characteristics, enabling you to power ahead with pace and precision.

With chemical control legislation coming into effect every year, our regulatory consultants can help to ensure your business successfully complies with national and international regulatory requirements, while our toxicological risk assessment will help determine whether or not your product poses a potential risk.

Our cargo inspectors provide global inspection services covering quantity, sampling and quality testing for valuable speciality chemicals cargos.

ChemDesign Products, Inc.

Specialty chemicals are intermediate chemical products focused on specific performance, function, or outcome.

The specialty chemical market includes chemical intermediates used in over 28 industries.

ChemDesign offers tolling services for manufacturers in need of specialty chemicals and intermediates.

ChemDesign works with your specialty chemical manufacturing company to provide quality, in spec, specialty chemicals.

Independence: We are a trustworthy specialty chemical toll manufacturing partner.

It is important to find a chemical tolling company with the technical capabilities to manufacture your products.

Our chemists’ technical expertise in specialty chemical synthesis and scale-up processing will take your project from trial to shipment.

Specialty Chemicals Industry Overview

Regional status and outlook for specialty chemicals 53.

Printed circuit board chemicals and semiconductor packaging materials 143.

Petroleum refining and chemical process catalysts 191.

Speciality Chemicals Magazine

Aceto has consolidated and integrated its six manufacturing-related acquisitions of recent years to achieve what it called “a hybrid manufacturing/distribution model providing key benefits to its customers in high-growth end markets”.

A&C, a global GMP manufacturer of speciality excipients, buffers, process solutions and raw materials for biopharmaceuticals.

Specialty Chemicals Market Size, Share

Commercialization and industrialization of the specialty chemicals market.

Impact of key regulation on the global specialty chemicals market.

Impact of CORONA outbreak on the global specialty chemicals market.

Market size and forecast, by type.4.8.3.

Market size and forecast, by type.4.15.3.

Market size and forecast, by type.4.17.3.

Market size and forecast, by type.5.4.3.

Manufacturers, Importers, Suppliers

Speciality Chemicals Manufacturers in IndiaOver the past few years, the specialty chemicals industry has grown rapidly.

Life Chem Pharma is proud to be one of India’s top Speciality Chemicals Manufacturers and supplies to many industries.

Life Chem Pharma Speciality Chemicals Manufacturers India has a wealth of experience and is able to satisfy our clients with excellence.

Speciality Chemicals Importers in IndiaIndia’s Speciality Chemicals Importers continue to grow despite the fact that our chemicals industry is making great progress in the production of high-quality industrial products.

There are some items that Indian chemical importers can only get from the outside.

Speciality Chemicals Suppliers in IndiaIt is almost a requirement that performance chemicals are environment-friendly.

We are one of the few suppliers of Fine Chemical speciality chemicals in India.

Specialty Chemicals Market Size & Share Report, 2021-2028

The global specialty chemicals market size was valued at USD 586.5 billion in 2020 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 4.3% from 2020 to 2028.

Specialty chemicals are also referred to as performance chemicals or effect chemicals.

Manufacturer’s focus towards providing innovative and custom-made product offerings for target applications and to cater to the demand of specific customers have driven research and development investment and thus, driven the development of innovative specialty chemicals and expanded the market product portfolio.

Concerns regarding the harmful effects of conventional chemicals on the environment and humans have prompted the demand for user-friendly and environment-friendly specialty chemicals.

Numerous technological advancements and product innovations have led to the performance enhancement of such products and have boosted the growth of the specialty chemicals market in the past years.

Asia Pacific accounted for a revenue share of 46.8% in 2020 in the market for specialty chemicals.

Rapid growth in the construction activities of GCC, Oman, Qatar, and UAE is going to benefit the market for specialty construction chemicals.

Post Idea #8: Hydraulic motor

Related Articles – Summarized

ScienceDirect Topics

Pressurized fluid from the hydraulic pump turns the motor output shaft by pushing on the gears, pistons, or vanes of the hydraulic motor.

There are several variations of the gear motor, including the gerotor, differential gear motor, and roller-gerotor.

The high starting torque efficiency of vane-type motors makes them adaptable to hoist winch drives allowing the motor to start under high load. Vane motors provide good operating efficiencies, but not as high as those of piston motors.

Kq = valve flow gain; Kc = valve flow-pressure coefficient; Vt = total motor volume; βe = effective bulk modulus; Ctm = total leakage coefficient; PL = motor load pressure; Dm = motor displacement; T = motor torque generated; J = motor inertia; θ, .

There is a subsequent first-order lag between the net motor torque, including external loads, and the motor velocity.

Load sensingSensors can be used to detect if a motor is operating under ‘no-load’ conditions and to switch off the motor after a set period of no-load operation.

Potential savings vary with the level of motor loading but can be marginal for part loads greater than 50% of the motor rating.

Geroler, Gerotor, Gear, Piston, Vane Motors

Eaton’s full line of hydraulic motors is backed by decades of proven reliability and performance under the toughest conditions and in the harshest environments.

Get total confidence with the efficiency, durability, safety and speed of affordably priced Eaton Gerotor/Geroler®, gear, piston and vane motors to fit a wide variety of applications ranging from Low-Speed, High-Torque to high-speed, high-power requirements.

Hydraulic Motor

A hydraulic motor is a mechanical actuator that converts hydraulic pressure and flow into torque and angular displacement.

The hydraulic motor is the rotary counterpart of the hydraulic cylinder as a linear actuator.

Most broadly, the category of devices called hydraulic motors has sometimes included those that run on hydropower but in today’s terminology the name usually refers more specifically to motors that use hydraulic fluid as part of closed hydraulic circuits in modern hydraulic machinery.

Conceptually, a hydraulic motor should be interchangeable with a hydraulic pump because it performs the opposite function – similar to the way a DC electric motor is theoretically interchangeable with a DC electrical generator.

A hydraulic motor is usually designed for working pressure at both sides of the motor, whereas most hydraulic pumps rely on low pressure provided from the reservoir at the input side and would leak fluid when abused as a motor.

For lubrication, the gear motor uses a small amount of oil from the pressurized side of the gears, bleeds this through the hydrodynamic bearings, and vents the same oil either to the low pressure side of the gears, or through a dedicated drain port on the motor housing, which is usually connected to a line that vents the motor’s case pressure to the system’s reservoir.

Hydraulic motors usually have a drain connection for the internal leakage, which means that when the power unit is turned off the hydraulic motor in the drive system will move slowly if an external load is acting on it.

Post Idea #9: Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories

Related Articles – Summarized

Multinational Pharmaceutical Company

Latest updates Stay up-to-date on all the developments to help patients.

Our employees are our family We are committed to helping our employees around the world stay healthy and happy.

We accelerate access to affordable and innovative medicines to help patients lead healthier lives.

Utilizing our strengths in product development, our global quality standards and a robust supply chain, we are able to offer a portfolio of products and services which include generic medicines, active pharmaceutical ingredients, custom pharmaceutical services, biosimilars, and differentiated formulations.

“It gives me immense satisfaction to contribute a little to help people who want to come up in life. And trust me, every small act helps. No matter what the circumstances are, helping the young and the poor will make the future healthy, bright and successful.”

Dr. Reddy’s has given me an opportunity to assume new roles despite lacking prior experience.

So far I have worked for all geographies, handling complex projects involving multiple stakeholders across geographies and resolving issues.

Dr. Reddy’S Laboratories, Inc. Company Information

Drug class: statins 220 reviews 4.4 / 10 Augmentin Generic name: amoxicillin/clavulanateDrug class: beta-lactamase inhibitors 384 reviews 5.4 / 10 Augmentin XR Generic name: amoxicillin/clavulanateDrug class: beta-lactamase inhibitors 4 reviews 7.8 / 10 azacitidine Generic.

Drug class: serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors 2066 reviews 6.1 / 10 Elyxyb Generic name: celecoxibDrug class: cox-2 inhibitors enalapril/hydrochlorothiazide Generic.

Drug class: BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors 37 reviews 8.8 / 10 Impoyz Generic name: clobetasolDrug class: topical steroids lamotrigine Generic.

Drug class: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs 591 reviews 6.9 / 10 nateglinide Generic.

Drug class: mTOR inhibitors, selective immunosuppressants SSD Generic name: silver sulfadiazineDrug class: topical antibiotics 1 review 10 / 10 sumatriptan Generic.

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs 1 review 9.0 / 10 Xeglyze Generic name: abametapirDrug class: topical anti-infectives zafirlukast Generic.

Drug class: leukotriene modifiers 3 reviews 10 / 10 Zenatane Generic name: isotretinoinDrug class: miscellaneous uncategorized agents 10 reviews 7.7 / 10 ziprasidone Generic.

Dr. Reddy’S Laboratories

Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories is an Indian multinational pharmaceutical company located in Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

In 2014, Dr. Reddy Laboratories was listed among 1200 of India’s most trusted brands according to the Brand Trust Report 2014, a study conducted by Trust Research Advisory, a brand analytics company.

By 2007, Dr. Reddy’s had seven FDA plants producing active pharmaceutical ingredients in India and seven FDA-inspected and ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certified plants making patient-ready medications – five of them in India and two in the UK. In 2010, the family-controlled Dr Reddy’s denied that it was in talks to sell its generics business in India to US pharmaceutical giant Pfizer, which had been suing the company for alleged patent infringement after Dr Reddy’s announced that it intended to produce a generic version of atorvastatin, marketed by Pfizer as Lipitor, an anti-cholesterol medication.

The laboratory is called Reddy US Therapeutics Inc and its main aim is the discovery of next-generation drugs using genomics and proteomics.

Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories also signed a licensing pact with XenoPort for their experimental treatment to treat plaque psoriasis.

As of 2006, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories exceeded US$500 million in revenues, flowing from their APIs, branded formulations and generics segments; the former two segments account for almost 75% of revenues.

In 2020 Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd recalled all unexpired stock of a specific batch of Nitrofurantoin 50mg Tablets from pharmacies and wholesalers due to dissolution during routine stability testing and a specific batch of Aripiprazole due to the potential for small particles of Aripiprazole active material to be present which may affect the efficacy of the product.

Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd. engages in the manufacture and market of pharmaceutical products.

It operates through the following segments: Pharmaceutical Services and Active Ingredient; Global Generics; and Proprietary Products.

The Pharmaceutical Services and Active Ingredients segments includes active pharmaceutical ingredients and intermediaries also known as active pharmaceutical products or bulk drug; it also provides research services.

The Global Generics segment consists of finished pharmaceutical products ready.

The Proprietary Products segment involves the discovery of new chemical entities for subsequent commercialization and out-licensing.

The company was founded by Kallam Anji Reddy on February 24, 1984 and is headquartered in Hyderabad, India.

Zacks Investment Research Upgrades Dr. Reddy’S Laboratories To “Buy”

Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories was upgraded by Zacks Investment Research from a “Strong sell” rating to a “Buy” rating in a note issued to investors on Tuesday, Zacks.com reports.

JustInvest LLC grew its holdings in shares of Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories by 4.2% during the 3rd quarter.

Allianz Asset Management GmbH grew its holdings in shares of Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories by 2.7% during the 3rd quarter.

Lindbrook Capital LLC grew its holdings in shares of Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories by 13.2% during the 4th quarter.

PNC Financial Services Group Inc. grew its holdings in shares of Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories by 6.0% during the 3rd quarter.

Finally, US Bancorp DE grew its holdings in shares of Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories by 2.6% during the 3rd quarter.

Get a free copy of the Zacks research report on Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories.

Dr. Reddy’S Confirms Its Voluntary Nationwide Recall Of All Ranitidine Products In The U.S. Market

Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd. confirms it had intiatiated a voluntary nationwide recall on October 1, 2019, of all of its ranitidine medications sold in US due to confirmed contamination with N-Nitrosodimethylamine above levels established by the FDA. This recall follows the USFDA’s caution note alerting patients and health care professionals that NDMA was found in certain samples of ranitidine.

To date, Dr. Reddy’s has not received any reports of adverse events related to the recall of Dr. Reddy’s Ranitidine products.

Ranitidine is available as an over-the-counter and prescription drug.

Over-the-counter ranitidine tablets are used to relieve heartburn associated with acid indigestion and sour stomach.

OTC Ranitidine Tablets are also used to prevent heartburn associated with acid indigestion and sour stomach brought on by eating or drinking certain foods and beverages.

Prescription ranitidine capsules are prescribed for the short-term treatment of active duodenal ulcer; maintenance therapy for duodenal ulcer patients at reduced dosage after healing of acute ulcers; treatment of pathological hypersecretory conditions; short-term treatment of active, benign gastric ulcer; maintenance therapy for gastric ulcer patients at reduced dosage after healing of acute ulcers; treatment of GERD; treatment of endoscopically diagnosed erosive esophagitis; and for maintenance of healing of erosive esophagitis.

Dr. Reddy’s Ranitidine products can be identified by NDC numbers on the product label.

Post Idea #10: Albemarle Corporation

Related Articles – Summarized

Albemarle Corp. Stock Quote

It operates through the following segments: Lithium, Bromine, Catalysts, and All Other.

The Lithium segment develops and manufactures basic lithium compounds, including lithium carbonate, lithium hydroxide, lithium chloride, and value-added lithium specialties and reagents.

The Bromine segment consists of bromine and bromine-based businesses including products used in fire safety solutions and other specialty chemicals applications.

The Catalysts segment contains two product lines: clean fuel technologies, which are primarily composed of hydro processing catalysts, and heavy oil upgrading that is composed of fluidized catalytic cracking catalysts and additives.

The company was founded in 1993 and is headquartered in Charlotte, NC..

Albemarle Corporation

Albemarle Corporation is a specialty chemicals manufacturing company based in Charlotte, North Carolina.

Albemarle is a large developer of flame retardant chemicals technologies, with production plants in the United States, China, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, France, Austria, and the United Kingdom.

In February 1994, Ethyl Corporation completed the corporate spin-off of its chemical businesses to form Albemarle Corporation.

In July 2004, Albemarle acquired the refinery catalysts platform from AkzoNobel, with sites and/or joint ventures in the Netherlands, Houston, France, Brazil, Japan and Singapore, for €615.7 million.

In 2008, Albemarle and Sinobrom, a marketer of bromine derivatives in China, formed Sinobrom Albemarle Bromine Chemicals Company Ltd., a bromine-related joint venture.

Albemarle then announced it would realign its global business units: Chemetall Surface Treatment, Refining Solutions and Performance Chemicals.

In October 2015, Albemarle announced the separation of the bromine and lithium businesses, previously together under Performance Chemicals.

Why Albemarle Corporation Shares Are Falling

Albemarle Corporation ALB shares are trading lower after the company reported worse-than-expected fourth-quarter sales results.

Albemarle reported quarterly earnings of $1.01 per share which beat the analyst consensus estimate of $0.99 by 2%. The company reported quarterly sales of $894.20 million which missed the analyst consensus estimate of $894.47 million.

“Our team delivered a strong year that exceeded expectations by executing our strategy and effectively responding to a number of challenges in 2021. We increased our net sales and adjusted EBITDA by 11% and 13%, respectively, excluding FCS,” said Albemarle CEO Kent Masters.

Albemarle has a 52-week high of $291.48 and a 52-week low of $133.82.

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Albemarle Corporation

Albemarle Corporation, headquartered in Charlotte, NC, is a global specialty chemicals company with leading positions in lithium, bromine.

Albemarle Corporation, headquartered in Charlotte, NC, is a global specialty chemicals company with leading positions in lithium, bromine,.

Albemarle lives by its values and always puts people and their safety first.

This remains our top priority as we witness the crisis in Ukraine.

Post Idea #11: The Maritimes

Related Articles – Summarized

The Maritimes

The pre-history of the Canadian Maritimes begins after the northerly retreat of glaciers at the end of the Wisconsin glaciation over 10,000 years ago; human settlement by First Nations began in the Maritimes with Paleo-Indians during the Early Period, ending around 6,000 years ago.

The question of why the Maritimes fell from being a centre of Canadian manufacturing to being an economic hinterland is thus a central one to the study of the region’s pecuniary difficulties.

Historian Kris Inwood places the date very early, at least in Nova Scotia, finding clear signs that the Maritimes “Golden Age” of the mid-19th century was over by 1870, before Confederation or the National Policy could have had any significant impact.

David Alexander argues that any earlier declines were simply part of the global Long Depression, and that the Maritimes first fell behind the rest of Canada when the great boom period of the early 20th century had little effect on the region.

Capitalists from Central Canada purchased the factories and industries of the Maritimes from their bankrupt local owners and proceeded to close down many of them, consolidating the industry in Central Canada.

Despite the region’s absence of economic growth on the same scale as other parts of the nation, the Maritimes has changed markedly throughout the 20th century, partly as a result of global and national economic trends, and partly as a result of government intervention.

The traditional staples thesis, advocated by scholars such as S.A. Saunders, looks at the resource endowments of the Maritimes and argues that it was the decline of the traditional industries of shipbuilding and fishing that led to Maritime poverty, since these processes were rooted in geography, and thus all but inevitable.

The Maritimes: What To Do And See │ CAA-Quebec Travel

COVID-19: Government guidelines and advisories on activities and travel in Quebec, Canada, or elsewhere take precedence at all times over our online content.

CAA-Quebec has put together key travel information for you.

Quote of the expert “In a few words, for me the Maritimes mean travelling simply, enjoying the warm welcome of the locals and of course, exploring!” Good to know.

You can eat fresh lobster all year long in New Brunswick, thanks to the different fishing zones.

It took only four years to build the Confederation Bridge between Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick.

Spanning 12.9 km, it is the longest bridge in the world crossing ice-covered water.

The world’s longest covered bridge is in Hartland, New Brunswick, and has been declared a National Historic Site of Canada.

10 Best Canadian Maritimes Provinces Tours & Vacation Packages 2022/2023

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Canadian Maritimes holiday packagesSummer: Learn how to catch lobster and enjoy a beer in Alexander Keith’s brewhouse.

Quebec City: Immerse yourself in the culture of Quebec and explore the cobblestone streets of this beautiful city.

Halifax: Go whale watching and see the stunning views of a beautiful rocky coastline… Canadian Maritimes Provinces Holiday and Vacation Packages Reviews “I thought the tour was very good, although a lot of coach driving around the Charlottetown…”Wonders of the Maritimes & Scenic Cape Breton.

Maps:Maritimes:Acadian & French Canadian Ancestral Home

The Maritimes are a region of Canada on the Atlantic coast, consisting of the three provinces New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.

The Maritimes are located northeast of New England, southeast of Quebec’s Gasp peninsula, and southwest of Newfoundland.

Newfoundland and Labrador is sometimes mistakenly included in the Maritimes, however it can only be called part of Atlantic Canada.

Although it is located on the Atlantic coast, the Gulf of Saint Lawrence physically separates it from the Maritimes.

It also has a uniquely different history, as it only joined Canada one century after the three Maritime provinces.

CultureThe Maritimes are home to a French-speaking minority, the Acadians.

The Canadian Encyclopedia

The word “Maritimes” is a regional designation for the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

Until the American Revolution shattered the Anglo-American empire, the Maritime region was “New England’s outpost,” and even today economic, cultural, religious and social ties between the regions are surprisingly strong.

Many Maritimers believed that their region had unlimited economic potential and that theirs was the most sophisticated and best-administered of all the British colonies possessing responsible government.

Most Maritimers blamed the federal government, based on the following observations: before Confederation there was widespread prosperity and the region shared a feeling of optimism and pride.

The anti-Confederation feeling, especially strong in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, provided the emotional substance to much of Maritime regional protest, particularly from 1867-1930.

The Maritime Rights Movement of the 1920s was the last significant manifestation of regional protest and anti-Confederation feeling, and by the end of the decade, the mood in the region had obviously changed.

No longer were Maritimers the most vociferous critics of Confederation and Canada; they had become, in an ironic twist of historical development, ardently Canadian.

Post Idea #12: Central heating

Related Articles – Summarized

Central Heating Systems: What Kinds Are There Available?

Your central heating system plays an important role in your home – keeping you supplied with the heat and hot water that make life so much more comfortable.

What types of central heating systems are available?

Central heating is a way of providing warmth in your home from, as the name suggests, one central source.

Electric central heating boilers are also available.

Electric central heating vs. gas central heating.

The main benefit of installing electric central heating is that it is available to homes not on the gas grid.

Electric night storage heaters are easier to install than gas central heating apparatus, as far as central heating installation goes, mainly because they require fewer parts.

How A Central Heating System Works

Simply put, a central gas heating system creates a cycle of increasing the temperature of cooler air.

2.The heat produced passes through a heat exchanger, making it hot.

Of course, the central heating system components must work together to keep you comfortable.

The temperature control, which is regulated by the furnace control board, turns on the ignition switch and starts the heating process when the thermostat or control system calls for heat.

When the thermostat or control system calls for heat, the gas burners valves are open to deliver gas and burn fuel.

The gas combusts inside the heat exchanger, creating heat that is used to heat the passing air.

Condensing furnaces – uses a second heat exchanger to heat the air from condensed exhaust gases to reach higher efficiencies.

How Does Central Heating & Cooling Work?

How does central cooling work? Air conditioners function by taking heat and humidity from your home and releasing it outside, to ultimately drop the temperature in your home.

How does central heating work? Central heating systems can work in the same general way as central cooling systems by moving air around to change the temperature in your home.

Central heating system options There are two main options for central heating systems: heat pumps and furnaces.

We mentioned heat pumps earlier in the central cooling section because they can switch between heating and cooling functions depending on the temperature.

The central heating processes All central heating processes start the same way central cooling processes do: a thermostat registers the temperature and kicks off the HVAC system.

Controlling your central heating and cooling systems As we’ve already mentioned, thermostats are essential components of central heating and cooling systems.

Heating and cooling installation: What to expect Understanding heating and cooling product installation is important before you buy an HVAC system.

Air Conditioning Repair Contractors

Central Heating and Air Conditioning has been educating technicians and Servicing home systems since 1947.

Our technicians in turn provide each client with the utmost in heating and air conditioning design, installation and maintenance.

Heating and Air Conditioning Repair Atlanta, GA. Your comfort is our goal, no matter what the weather.

Our 24-7 emergency service assures that your family will stay warm with guaranteed winter heating repair, and cool with air conditioning repair during the hottest Atlanta summer days.

Heating, Air Conditioning and Furnace and AC Repair Atlanta GA. In addition to new heating and air conditioning system installation and furnace and AC repair, we can help improve the air quality of your home.

Duct system analysis and cleanings, air filters and air sterilization can go a long way to reducing sickness and allergies, while also improving the efficiency of your HVAC system.

Central Heating and Air Conditioning has spent the better part of a century heating and cooling Atlanta, and we look forward to being your family’s trusted provider of furnace and air conditioner repair! We are conveniently located near I-285 and I-85 Central service vans have quick access to serve you in all of north Atlanta.

Central Heating, Cooling, Plumbing, And Electrical

Our Central team answers your calls 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

HVAC, Plumbing and Electrical Technicians: Wear shoe covers, use work mats and thoroughly clean their work area.

Provide up front pricing – you’ll know the price before any work begins.

All of our heating and cooling technicians, plumbers and electricians are licensed, professionals and trained to the highest quality standards.

You will receive a reply back within 1 hour during regular business hours.

New Castle, Pennsylvania AC Repair, HVAC Service

When your furnace is causing trouble, give Central Heating & Plumbing’s HVAC pros a dial for furnace service in New Castle.

Our furnace repair technicians are well-known for quality HVAC service completed correctly the first time.

When it includes service calls for HVAC systems, we can handle it all.

When you need the best furnace repair in New Castle, turn to Central Heating & Plumbing.

Did you know a lot of furnace repair calls can be prevented with yearly furnace tune-ups? While we’re at your residence, we can discuss our maintenance plans.

If you’ve decided you should to buy a new equipment, we also offer professional furnace installation in New Castle, PA. It’s not any trouble if you haven’t started examining replacement products yet.

When you are looking for quality furnace service, reach us at 724-401-1843 or contact us online.

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Post Idea #13: Mobile payment

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What Are Mobile Payments? And How To Use Them

Mobile payments are an increasingly popular way to accept in-person payments because they’re secure, fast, and convenient.

This guide walks you through everything you need to know about mobile payments-from mobile money transfers to how to accept NFC mobile payments at your business.

Five Frequently Asked Questions About Mobile Payments What are mobile payments? What is a mobile wallet? What are NFC mobile payments? How do mobile payments work? How can I accept mobile payments at my store? What is a mobile money transfer? Why use mobile payments? Future of mobile payments.

On the merchant side of the equation, Square offers a payments processor and system that can accept mobile payments.

NFC, or “Contactless,” payments are payments that occur in person between a mobile device and an equipped payments processor.

Since there’s no physical contact between your device and the payments reader, mobile wallet payments are often referred to as contactless payments.

Tokenization is part of why mobile payments are so secure, as the technology safeguards your bank details in mobile payments apps.

Mobile Payment Definition

A mobile payment is a money payment made for a product or service through a portable electronic device such as a tablet or cell phone.

Mobile payment technology can also be used to send money to friends or family members, such as with the applications PayPal and Venmo.

Mobile payments are also made on site at stores by scanning a barcode on an app on your phone, accepting payments from convenience stores to large, multi-national retailers.

Payment information is encrypted during transmission, so it is thought of as being a safer payment method than paying with a debit or credit card.

Soon to develop applications were competitors to Apple, companies like Google and Samsung, who released their respective mobile payment apps in the wake of Apple pay’s success.

Since individual security codes are generated by the mobile service for each transaction, this method of payment is significantly safer than using a physical card.

Users with low credit scores and credit cards with low limits and high APRs might not want, say, an interviewer or date to know these things, and mobile payments offer an additional level of personal privacy.

What Is Mobile Payment?

Mobile payment is cashless payment, usually via mobile devices like smartphones or tablets, but also on fitness trackers, smartwatches or smart rings.

There are two options for mobile payment: If someone uses their smartphone to make an online purchase, they use what’s referred to as remote online payment.

Mobile payment systems at a glance Mobile payment systems at a glance.

Open payment systems allow mobile payment in any store with appropriate payment terminals.

Experts are certain that mobile payment will be the dominant payment method of the future, as more and more solutions with various models are becoming established worldwide.

Advantages and disadvantages of mobile payment Advantages and disadvantages of mobile payment Advantages No change needed anymore for parking tickets or other small amounts.

With open payment services, users no longer need to remember the PINs for a host of different payment service providers… Disadvantages Users generate transaction data that has to be protected.

The Best Mobile Payment Services Of 2022

Businesses wanting to accept mobile payments need a mobile card reader and/or the appropriate mobile app.

NFC mobile payments are contactless payments made between mobile wallets saved on smartphones and NFC-enabled card readers that communicate payment instructions wirelessly when the devices come within two inches of each other.

Magnetic secure transmission payments are also contactless and work like NFC except they use a magnetic signal between a credit card and a card reader or POS.QR payments involve QR codes, which either belong to the consumer and are scanned by the retailer or vice versa to confirm and authorize a mobile payment.

When comparing mobile payment services, look carefully at payment limitations.

To cater to as many customers as possible, choose mobile payment processors that support many different types of payment options and devices.

Choose mobile payment services with reward and loyalty programs that provide incentive to consumers to make mobile payments at your business.

There are all sorts of costs involved in mobile payment services, especially for all-inclusive services that operate as both your merchant account and your payment processor.

What Is Mobile Payment? Definition, Types & 3 Best Apps

Mobile payment is a transfer made using a smartphone or tablet.

Accepting mobile payments is a way to receive money in real-time.

The customer will also feel more at ease as they’ll get an instant notification and receipt once the payment is processed.

Mobile payments are simply more accessible to all potential customers.

The vibrant interface and speed make it a game-changer payment app.

Whereas Android, iOS and browser users can make mobile payments through Google Pay.

If you want to be paid faster than ever before, you might consider mobile payments! Secure, fast and dependable, mobile payment applications could be a great accessible addition to the way you take payment.

The Best Mobile Payment Apps

You can also use many of the apps included here to pay on web stores and within some apps.

Apple Pay Cash, Circle Pay, Facebook Payments, Google Pay, PayPal, Square Cash, and Zelle all let you settle up with other people.

The services vary in how much they let you pay, but they generally increase your maximum allowed payment with increased usage.

A few of the apps included here let you pay stores as well as your friends.

The PayPal app also can be used to pay in a selection of stores, though it doesn’t support the direct NFC wireless payments that Apple Pay and Google Pay do.

For in-store payments, Samsung Pay works in 17 countries beyond the US, and Google Pay works in the UK as well as in the US. Apple Pay works in stores in 26 countries, but person-to-person payments only work with U.S. accounts.

How do you all pay your fair share? Many payment apps and services let you split a payment-simply enter the full amount and all the contacts that need to chip in.

10 Mobile Payments Technologies The four major credit card brands offer contactless payment technology at the POS, and at least six major merchants accept contactless payments in their stores.

Although the emerging technologies identified in Table 1 can facilitate mobile payments, established retail payments channels, credit/debit networks, electronic funds transfers, and intra-account transfers) remain the principal ways mobile payments accounts are funded and transactions settled.

To the extent a mobile payment uses an existing payment method, such as ACH or EFT, the laws and regulations that apply to that method also apply to the mobile payment.

Mobile payments technologies that do not use the existing payments infrastructure would not be subject to laws and regulations that currently cover such payments.

Banks issue payment cards for customers, process payments for merchants, manage credit/settlement risk for pending transactions, and provide a key link to the payments networks.

Non-bank mobile payments providers are devising ways to streamline the current payments system and reduce transaction costs by limiting the role banks play in mobile payments or eliminating them from segments of the payments process altogether.

21 In the U.S. marketplace, there are at least five distinct roles served by banks involved in processing a single credit/debit card transaction: an issuing bank that holds the customer relationship and authorizes payment; an acquiring bank responsible for providing access to the payment networks; a merchant business bank that holds the funds collected on payments; a settlement bank that moves money among the issuing/acquiring banks; and in some cases a payment card sponsoring bank used to manage bank payment card programs.

Post Idea #14: Exterior Door

Related Articles – Summarized

Exterior Doors

Our exterior doors come in your choice of the three most popular materials: wood, steel, and fiberglass.

Steel doors are well insulated and an excellent choice when security is a priority.

Fiberglass is more versatile – our fiberglass outside doors come prefinished or ready to paint.

Pre-hung exterior doors are an excellent option for do-it-yourself renovators.

We also offer storm doors for additional insulation and protection of your exterior doors from the elements.

Whether you’re going for a formal elegance with mahogany wood, iron grills, and insulated glass, or you prefer a pop of bright color painted on a fiberglass door, you can highlight your personal style with our exterior doors.

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Post Idea #15: Ocado Group

Related Articles – Summarized

Technology & Automation Of Online Grocery

For each warehouse we construct in the physical world, we create a virtual model or ‘digital twin’ – a replica of the warehouse, which lives in the digital sphere.

In this Tech Show and Tell video, Simulation Team Project Manager Anna talks about her recent experience of working on a project to best design our bots using simulations.

Tech blog: How we predict and improve wireless communications in our automated warehouses.

Using simulations and real-world data taken from our bots helps us.

Our mission is to transform online grocery through cutting-edge technology and automation.

Our unique retail experience and pioneering Ocado Smart Platform enable some of the world’s most forward-thinking grocery retailers to be the leaders in their markets.

Ocado Group

Ocado Group is a business which licenses grocery technology.

In August 2017, Ocado launched an app for Amazon’s Alexa voice assistant, that will allow users to add products to an existing Ocado order or basket via voice command.

In 2015 Ocado launched the Ocado Smart Platform, its proprietary end-to-end solution for operating retail businesses online.

In November 2017, Ocado’s shares rose by 20% following the fulfillment of an Ocado Smart Platform deal with the French Casino Group.

In January 2018, Ocado completed negotiations for an Ocado Smart Platform deal with Canada’s second largest supermarket chain Sobeys, owned by Empire Company.

In May 2018 Ocado signed an Ocado Smart Platform deal with Kroger, the US retail company, to build up to 20 Customer Fulfillment Centres using Ocado’s automated technologies.

Ocado Technology, a division of Ocado Group, designs most of Ocado’s technology in-house, including but not limited to: website and apps; automated warehouses and robots; Machine Learning-based fraud detection and customer service systems; forecasting and routing systems.

ITC Rejects Infringement Claims Against Ocado For Second Time

Ocado, which has been locked in a series of legal battles with the Norwegian robot maker for a number of years, said all of the claims had now been rejected for a second time or abandoned by AutoStore, while AutoStore’s key cavity bot patents, the UK versions of which were the only patents being asserted against Ocado in a High Court case starting next week, were all found to be invalid.

The London-listed group stated it would continue to actively pursue its claims against AutoStore for infringement of its own IP rights in both the United States and Europe, including its antitrust “Walker Process” claim against AutoStore in East Virginia and its infringement of five Ocado patents in New Hampshire.

Ocado anticipates court determinations injuncting AutoStore and awarding it with damages for the company’s infringement of its patents.

The group added that it now expects “Further vindication” in London’s High Court in the weeks ahead, where AutoStore has already abandoned half of the patents in the case.

“AJ Bell’s Russ Mould said:”Fighting over patent infringement has been a major distraction for Ocado and may have acted as a deterrent for new customers signing up to its logistics platform.

“Autostore said it intends to appeal the decision in a US federal court but stated it would discontinue its appeal in the European Patent Office in Germany given the patent was”no longer relevant” to its UK infringement case.

As of 0830 GMT, Ocado shares were up 4.48% at 1,235.50p..

Ocado Group PLC Stock Quote

Ocado Group Plc engages in the operation of online grocery supermarket.

It operates through the following segments: Retail, UK Solutions & Logistics, and International Solutions.

The Retail segment provides online grocery and general merchandise offerings to customers within the UK. The UK Solutions & Logistics segment reflects contracts with the Ocado Retail joint venture and Morrisons, inclusive of both solutions contracts and service agreements with Ocado Logistics for the provision of third party logistics and other services.

The International Solutions segment deals with international partners for the provision of Ocado Smart Platform.

The company was founded by Jonathan Faiman, Jason Gissing, and Timothy Steiner in April 2000 and is headquartered in Hatfield, the United Kingdom.

Paul.Our Customer Care team are signing off for the night but we’ll be back from 7am in the morning.

Paul.Twitter, we’re signing off for the evening but back at 7am tomorrow.

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Paul.Goodnight Twitter, we’re logging off now but we’ll be back at 7am.

Paul.Twitter, we’re signing off now, but we’ll be back to answer your questions at 7am tomorrow.

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Jack.We’re back online Twitter and we’re ready to help with your queries and support you with your weekly shop.

Post Idea #16: Cairn Oil & Gas vertical of Vedanta Limited

Related Articles – Summarized

Indian Billionaire Bets $4 Billion On Oil Hunt Amid Price Surge

Home / Industry / Energy / Indian billionaire bets $4 billion on oil hunt amid price surge.

India’s Cairn Oil & Gas, a unit of Vedanta Ltd., will spend as much as $4 billion over the next three years to more than triple its production, as high prices make investments attractive.

India’s biggest non-state producer, controlled by billionaire Anil Agarwal, plans to drill more wells to explore new oil and gas reserves across its 51 blocks in the country, Prachur Sah, deputy chief executive officer of Cairn, said in an interview to Bloomberg TV Friday.

That’s impacting import-dependent nations such as India, which meets 85% of its oil needs through overseas purchases, and prompting the government to push explorers to expand their oil hunt.

“We are working with the government to see how policies can be made conducive in oil and gas, and get the production increased to where it can be sustainable to manage the domestic requirements,” Sah said.

The company has invested about $2.5 billion in the past three years when big producers around the world withheld spendings after oil prices fell.

“We remain confident that while we increase oil and gas production, it can be done in a sustainable way,” Sah said.

Cairn pitched in its COVID-19 relief efforts with the Barmer district hospital aiding with 1,100 PPE kits, 1,300 N95 masks, 4,000 hand gloves, 1,400 VTM kits, 16 BIPAP ventilators during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

The CSR team also engaged SHGs in Barmer with over 50 female members to produce protective face masks.

A total of 57,500 face masks, 28,000 bottles of hand sanitizers and 4,850 soaps across Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh.

Relief material kits have been provided to 190 labourers and 40 Manganiyar (local folk artists) who are residing around our RGT terminal, these kits shall last a month.

A fully equipped ambulance has been provided to Barmer district administration have transported more than 150 COVID 19 suspects and was flagged off by DC Barmer Mr. Vishram Meena.

An RO chilling unit was inaugurated at the District Hospital, Barmer by Dr. B L Mansuriya, Principal Medical Officer along with other senior officials from hospital and representatives from Bharat Vikas Parishad Barmer.

The plant is set to achieve sustainability through water sale at the hospital premises and is being taken care of by the Health Department.

Cairn Energy Price Target Lowered To GBX 215 At Berenberg Bank

Cairn Energy had its price target reduced by Berenberg Bank from GBX 220 to GBX 215 in a research report report published on Wednesday morning, MarketBeat reports.

Reduced their price target on Cairn Energy from GBX 245 to GBX 220 and set a speculative buy rating for the company in a report on Friday, November 12th. Peel Hunt lowered Cairn Energy to a hold rating and reduced their price objective for the stock from GBX 225 to GBX 180 in a research note on Thursday, November 11th. Barclays reaffirmed an overweight rating and set a GBX 245 price target on shares of Cairn Energy in a research note on Tuesday.

Canaccord Genuity Group cut their target price on Cairn Energy from GBX 250 to GBX 235 and set a speculative buy rating on the stock in a research note on Friday, January 28th. Finally, Peel Hunt lowered Cairn Energy to a hold rating and cut their target price for the company from GBX 225 to GBX 180 in a research note on Thursday, November 11th. Three analysts have rated the stock with a hold rating and four have issued a buy rating to the stock.

Based on data from MarketBeat.com, Cairn Energy presently has a consensus rating of Buy and a consensus target price of GBX 214.57.

LON:CNE opened at GBX 195.20 on Wednesday.

Cairn Energy has a fifty-two week low of GBX 122 and a fifty-two week high of GBX 223.60.

The stock’s 50-day moving average is GBX 202.44 and its two-hundred day moving average is GBX 192.30.


The project aims to improve the overall community access and strengthen the utilization of various Government schemes applicable across Gujarat, through setting up of 6 Community Helpdesk Centres around the Cairn operational areas.

Project highlights To increase the income of farming community in Barmer district in Rajasthan through productivity enhancement of agriculture Natural Resource Management and livestock project ‘Barmer Unnati’ was initiated in 2014 by Cairn Oil & Gas to benefit 12,000 farmers through various interventions like horticulture demonstrations, construction & renovation of traditional water harvesting structures like Khadin, etc.

Project Highlights A total of 629 students have been enrolled & trained in Cairn vocational training institute located at Barmer.

Cairn Oil & Gas, Vedanta Ltd. has undertaken these infrastructure development projects to bring Barmer from the state of backwardness to mainstream in tandem with the green & smart city initiative.

To address the issue of electricity in rural schools, Cairn initiated a solar electrification project in 100 Adarsh schools.

In order to address the shortage of safe drinking water, Cairn has launched this project where focus providing doorstep access to safe drinking water.

Orientation of District and Block ASRLMS Officials on Cairn Vedanta CSR project and tripartite agreement signed for social project implementation.

Brent Crude: Cairn Oil & Gas Makes Discovery In Rajasthan Block, Auto News, ET Auto

…. Vedanta group firm Cairn Oil & Gas on Monday announced an oil discovery in a Barmer district block of Rajasthan, not very far away from its prolific oilfield in the same desert.

In a stock exchange filing, the firm said it has notified the government and the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons of the discovery in exploratory well WM-Basal DD Fan-1 drilled in OALP Block RJ-ONHP-2017/1.

The firm said the approval of the block oversight panel, called the Management Committee, has also been sought.

The block is one of the 41 areas that the company had won in the first round of the open acreage licensing policy bid round in October 2018.

Cairn Oil & Gas, a unit of Mumbai-listed Vedanta Ltd, holds 100 per cent participating interest in the block.

“Durga-1 is the second well drilled in the Block RJ-ONHP-2017/1 to a depth of 2615 meters,” the firm said.

This is the third hydrocarbon discovery notified by the company under the OALP portfolio.

Post Idea #17: Anil Agarwal

Related Articles – Summarized

Vedanta Boss Anil Agarwal’S ‘Bombay’ Story: ‘Used To Work In Tiny Office, Share Telephone’

Twitter users appeared to love Anil Agarwal’s story telling with many urging the Vedanta chairman to pen his autobiography.

March 07, 2022 / 09:02 PM IST. Billionaire Anil Agarwal recollected a time when he would share a telephone in his office in Mumbai.

Anil Agarwal on Monday gave his Twitter followers a glimpse into his life from the time – when he had just moved to Mumbai from Bihar and started dealing in metal scraps – with a throwback photo and a few anecdotes.

The founder and chairman of Vedanta Resources Limited tweeted: “I rented an 8ft by 9ft office in Bhoiwada in Kalvadevi where I would work day-in, day-out.” Agarwal added that he would then share a telephone at work.

After making connections in Mumbai, I rented an 8ft by 9ft office in Bhoiwada in Kalvadevi where I would work day-in, day-out.

Elaborating on his business when he had started out at 19, Anil Agarwal said, “I would sell and buy metal scrap collected from cable companies, and Bihar, my hometown.”

Twitter users appeared to love Agarwal’s story telling with many urging the businessman to pen his autobiography.

Vedanta Share Price: Vedanta Looking At How To Leverage Situation Arising From Geopolitical Crisis: Anil Agarwal

“We have been very disciplined on capital allocation. India is a developing country. It is not America. We enjoy looking at disruptive ideas whereby we do not put in capital but develop a model with a lot of hard work and what opportunity we can look at. But at this point of time, we have never ever acquired anything which was not under our capital allocation,” says Anil Agarwal, Executive Chairman, Vedanta.

I look at the advantages and how we can leverage our situation in India because of our geopolitical situation.

He has been talking about how the government has no business to be in business.

The state government holds so much and the central government holds so much.

We can create three time better synergy in this company but Vedanta will not be financing BPCL. ET Now: In the last three years there has been a lot of back and forth in terms of your capital allocation.

We enjoy looking at disruptive ideas whereby we do not put in capital but develop a model with a lot of hard work and what opportunity we can look at.

Would Vedanta be extending business lines to acquire other commodity assets or would you be extending your reach in logistics and cash flow which is boom time in the commodity to create a more formidable business empire?We have decided to invest $20 billion for capital allocation and we are working with the government.

Indian Can Reduce Dependence On Importing Crude Oil And Metals By Executing A Two-Year Plan To Go Forward: Anil Agarwal, Chairman, Vedanta

“This is an alarming situation for us as we are going on with the imports. There are no other options available for us,” Agarwal pointed out.

Agarwal pointed out, “In India, we make less than one million barrels. We can make the cheapest oil in the world and can produce three million barrels in two years as our aluminium production can also increase.”

“We can produce the cheapest aluminum and gold in the world. We have such an immense reserve of copper yet we import copper. We can go forward to accomplish all these by initiating a two-year target,” Agarwal said.

Crude oil prices jumped again on Wednesday in the midst of Russia-Ukraine conflict, as per a Reuters report.

There has also been a new U.S ban on Russian oil.

“The oil shock by nature is an accruing one, not a one-off, and the potential for the market to hit $150 before returning to $100 is easier for investors to digest,” said Stephen Innes, managing partner at SPI Asset Management, as per a Reuters report.

The global benchmark Brent was last trading at $131.39 per barrel, up 2.66 per cent on the day but still off a peak of $139.13 touched on Monday.

Anil Agarwal Biography- About Family, Children, Education, Wife, Age, And More

About Anil Agarwal Anil Agarwal ethnically a marwari is the founder and executive chairman of Vedanta Resources.

Personal Background of Anil Agarwal Anil Agarwal was born on 24th January 1954 in Patna, Bihar to a lower middle class family whose financial condition was not that strong.

Anil Agarwal enjoys cycling, which has been one of the major activities in his childhood too.

Anil Agarwal is married to his family friend and fellow cyclist, Kiran Gupta.

Anil Agarwal’s Career Much before the Vedanta Group was found; Anil served as the Chief Operating officer of Orient Ceramics & Industries Ltd and gained an experience of over 31 years as an Industrialist.

Not only has he been the Non Executive Chairman of Sterlite Technologies Limited since October, 2006 but he also serves as the Chairman of the Board of Bharat Aluminium Company Ltd. and Sterlite Gold Ltd. Anil is also the Director of Copper Mines Of Tasmania Pty Ltd. He also served as a Director of Hindustan Zinc Ltd from April, 2002 to March 2009.

Anil faced a lot of criticism from activists who opposed Vedanta’s plan to extract bauxite from what tribal people say is a sacred mountain in India’s impoverished but mineral-rich state of Orissa.

Anil Agarwal

Anil Agarwal is an investor for the Global Opportunity team.

Anil joined the Global Opportunity team in 2020 as an investor.

Anil oversaw coverage of banks in Asia Pacific ex Japan.

Anil holds the Chartered Financial Analyst designation.

Invests in high quality established and emerging companies located in Asia that the team believes are undervalued at the time of investment.

Alternative investments are speculative and involve a high degree of risk.

These investments are designed for investors who understand and are willing to accept these risks.

Who Is Anil Agarwal, Owner Of Vendata, Anil Agarwal Net Worth, Anil Agarwal News

Anil Agarwal is the chairman of Vedanta Resources Plc, a company he founded in 1976.

Agarwal controls Vedanta through Volcan Investments, a holding vehicle with a 100 per cent stake in the business.

Agarwal’s journey from a scrap dealer to a tycoon.

Born in 1954 in Patna, Agarwal rose from running a tiny scrap metal business four decades back to becoming one of the India’s wealthiest tycoons with a business empire spanning across mining and petroleum.

He ventured into mining a few years later and acquired 51 per cent stake in Bharat Aluminium Company and a majority share in state-run HZL. In 2003, Agarwal incorporated Vedanta Resources in London to access international capital.

Agarwal in 2012 indicated that he would in 3-4 years time step back from leadership and take a mentoring role as non-executive chairman.

In 1992, Agarwal created the Vedanta Foundation to carry out philanthropic programs and activities.

Anil Agarwal

Anil Agarwal is the founder and Chairman of Vedanta Resources Limited.

To access international capital markets, Anil Agarwal and his team incorporated Vedanta Resources Plc in 2003 in London.

At the time of its listing, Vedanta Resources Plc, was the first Indian firm to be listed on London Stock Exchange, on 10 December 2003, Vedanta Resources became the parent company of the group through a process of internal restructuring of group companies and their shareholding.

In 2007, Vedanta Resources acquired a controlling stake in Sesa Goa Limited, India’s largest producer-exporter of iron ore, and in 2010, the company acquired South African miner Anglo American’s portfolio of zinc assets in Namibia, Ireland and South Africa.

Vedanta’s actions in Odisha were rebuked by the British commerce agency, and the Church of England investment funds sold their shares in the company in protest.

In 1992, Anil Agarwal created the Vedanta Foundation as the vehicle through which the group companies would carry out their philanthropic programs and activities.

In the financial year 2013-14, the Vedanta group companies and the Vedanta foundation invested US$49.

Post Idea #18: Vedanta Resources

Related Articles – Summarized

Vedanta Resources

Vedanta Resources Limited is a global diversified mining company headquartered in London, England.

Vedanta limited is one of the many Indian subsidiaries of Vedanta resources and operates iron ore mines in Goa.

In 2006, Vedanta acquired Sterlite Gold, a gold mining business, and in 2007, Vedanta Resources bought a 51% stake in Sesa Goa, India’s largest producer-exporter of iron ore, and the company became listed on NYSE with a US$2 billion.

In September 2018, the company announced that Anil Agarwal would be taking Vedanta Resources private on 1 October 2018.

In the financial year 2013-14, the Vedanta group companies and the Vedanta foundation invested US$49.

This includes the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, the Marlborough Ethical Fund, Millfield House Foundation and PGGM. The Economic Times criticised the project in an editorial, stating that if the mine goes ahead it will “Impoverish a defenceless populace, perhaps to extinction.” In July 2010, the Chief Secretary of the Indian state of Orissa ordered a new investigation into the rights of the Dongria Kondh tribe affected by Vedanta Resources’ bauxite mine, in what Survival International characterised as the “…third major blow to Vedanta in a month”.

In 2019, the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom held that in the case of Lungowe v Vedanta Resources plc Vedanta Resources plc could be sued in England concerning business liability for human rights violations and environmental damage.

Vedanta Resources Share Price Passes Above Two Hundred Day Moving Average Of $832.56

Vedanta Resources plc’s stock price crossed above its two hundred day moving average during trading on Monday.

The stock has a two hundred day moving average of GBX 832.56 and traded as high as GBX 838.

Vedanta Resources shares last traded at GBX 832.60, with a volume of 162,101 shares changing hands.

The stock has a 50 day moving average of GBX 832.60 and a 200 day moving average of GBX 832.56.

Vedanta Resources plc operates as a diversified natural resources company in India, Zambia, South Africa, Namibia, the United Arab Emirates, Ireland, Australia, and Liberia.

The company also explores for, extracts, and processes minerals, as well as oil and gas.

Vedanta Zinc International – Vedanta Zinc International

BMM comprises two underground shafts – Deeps & Swartberg & a processing plant.

The world’s largest undeveloped zinc resource, our flagship project.

An integrated mine and refinery, producing Special High-Grade Zinc.View moreLisheen MineTipperary, Ireland.

Mr. Anil Agarwal was appointed to the Board in May 2003 and is the Executive Chairman of Vedanta Resources since March 2005.

Pieter joined VZI in August 2019 in his current role as SBU head of Gamsberg.

He carries experience at Anglo American and De Beers since 1990 prior to joining VZI. Sushil has been associated with the Vedanta Group since February 2006 starting his career at Hindustan Zinc Limited, India.

Hermien joined VZI in her current role as Head of Legal on the 8th of January 2019.


Vedanta Resources Limited is a globally diversified natural resources company.

We operate primarily in India and Southern Africa – in particular, South Africa, Namibia and Zambia.

MORE ABOUT VEDANTA $35bn contributed in taxes in the last seven years.

3.4m lives improved through community projects.

82% of high-volume lower effect waste recycled in sustainable applications.

1 Hindustan Zinc ranked top of mining industry by Dow Jones for environmental performance.

5 Hindustan Zinc ranked 5th overall in the mining sector by Dow Jones.

Post Idea #19: Fibre-reinforced plastic

Related Articles – Summarized

Fiber Reinforced Plastics

AbstractCarbon fiber reinforced plastic materials are the future lightweight materials, being well-received in all industries, including the automotive industry, better than other lightweight materials.

CFRP-based devices are expensive because of the raw material, carbon fiber.

KCTECH is a specialized research institute established for research and development in the Korean carbon industry, including: multitow spreading machine, hybrid braiding machine, manufacturing system of thermoplastic carbon prepreg with multifunction, automated fiber placement machine, carbon fiber preform manufacturing system, high-pressure resin transfer molding system, high precision compression molding press with high temperature, winding machine of carbon fiber, vacuum microwaves kiln for fast CFRP curing, 3D dynamic waterjet cutting system for CFRP, and machining center for high-strength composite parts reinforced carbon fiber.

Natural fiber reinforced plastic composite processingNFRP composites are materials with a high degree of biodegradability and recyclability.

Glass fiber-reinforced plastics are composite materials manufactured by laminating unsaturated polyester resin with glass fiber and filler.

Carbon fiber-reinforced plastics consist of carbon fiber and epoxy resin.

FRP can be better exploited when the adhesive introduces the load into the complete cross-section and/or penetrates the fiber layers.


FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC. Fiber-reinforced plastic is a composite material made of a polymer matrix reinforced with fibres.

The original plastic material without fibre reinforcement is known as the matrix or binding agent.

The matrix is a tough but relatively weak plastic that is reinforced by stronger stiffer reinforcing filaments or fibres.

When the raw material contains reinforcing fibres, a compression molded part qualifies as a fiber reinforced plastic.

More typically the plastic preform used in compression molding does not contain reinforcing fibres.

To be suitable as reinforcement material, fibre additives must increase the tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of the matrix and meet the following conditions; fibres must exceed critical fibre content; the strength and rigidity of fibres itself must exceed the strength and rigidity of the matrix alone; and there must be optimum bonding between fibres and matrix.

Glass fibre is by far the most popular means to reinforce plastic and thus enjoys a wealth of production processes, some of which are applicable to aramid and carbon fibres as well owing to their shared fibrous qualities.

Fibre-Reinforced Plastic

The matrix is a tough but relatively weak plastic that is reinforced by stronger stiffer reinforcing filaments or fibres.

The extent that strength and elasticity are enhanced in a fibre-reinforced plastic depends on the mechanical properties of both the fibre and matrix, their volume relative to one another, and the fibre length and orientation within the matrix.

Confusingly, many glass fibre composites continued to be called “Fibreglass” and the name was also used for the low-density glass wool product containing gas instead of plastic.

The fibre preform can be dry fibre, or fibre that already contains a measured amount of resin called “Prepreg”.

To be suitable as reinforcement material, fibre additives must increase the tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of the matrix and meet the following conditions; fibres must exceed critical fibre content; the strength and rigidity of fibres itself must exceed the strength and rigidity of the matrix alone; and there must be optimum bonding between fibres and matrix.

Glass fibre is by far the most popular means to reinforce plastic and thus enjoys a wealth of production processes, some of which are applicable to aramid and carbon fibres as well owing to their shared fibrous qualities.

Fibres can be oriented to reinforce against specific stresses, increasing the durability and safety…. Aluminium windows, doors and façades are thermally insulated by using thermal insulation plastics made of glass fibre reinforced polyamide.

Panolam Surface Systems

Our Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic is a strong composite material that repels dirt and stains making it an ideal surface for high-use commercial settings and service areas that depend on sanitary conditions.

Comprised of an impact-resistant material commonly used in the aerospace, automotive, marine, and construction industries, our FRP surfaces protect against rot, stain, mold and mildew, and will not dent or splinter even under the most strenuous conditions.

If you need a wall or ceiling panel that is easy to clean and can withstand heavy use, this is the panel system for you.

Fibre Reinforced Plastic Systems

LIFECYCLE. COST ECONOMICS. FRP has a proven longer service life than stainless steel and other high nickel alloys, with FRP case studies dating back to 1979 and with most of the subject cases still in service today.

FRP made from epoxy vinyl ester resin has a good or better chemical resistance than Alloy-C276 and is superior to 2205 stainless steel.

TANKS AND VESSELS.Fibreglass reinforced plastic tanks and vessels, including the auxiliary components, can be fabricated in virtually any shape or configuration, demonstrating the flexibility inherent with FRP composites.

FRP duct systems have a long history in industries such as Power, FGD, Metals and Mining, Pulp & Paper, Chemical Processing, and Odour Control.

SCRUBBERS.Industrial scrubbers/absorbers, shells, and vessel internals have been manufactured using FRP for many years due to the corrosion resistance and dependability of Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic.

With the proper material selection, FRP can provide long-term corrosion resistance and low maintenance costs in applications where carbon steel, stainless steel, duplex stainless steel, coatings, linings are simply not a long-term solution.

STACKS AND CHIMNEY LINERS.Industries such as Pulp & Paper, Metals & Mining, Chemical Processing, and Power & FGD successfully utilize FRP Stacks in process systems in which FRP has superior corrosion resistance.

What Is A Fiber-Reinforced Plastic?

Fiber-reinforced plastic is a composite material made up of polymer that is supported with fibers for added strength.

It is commonly used in industries such as aerospace, construction and marine to build structures that require added resistance to force in order to prevent deformation.

Fiber-reinforced plastic is useful in terms of corrosion protection because it helps in preventing corrosion due to force application and deformation such as stress corrosion cracking.

Fiber-reinforced plastic may also be known as fiber-reinforced polymer.

Fiber-reinforced plastic is produced using a wide range of fibers depending on the final usage requirements.

Fibers can be sourced from glass, carbon, aramid and other sources.

It is vital to ensure that the fiber source of fiber-reinforced plastic suits the application that it is to be used in.

Post Idea #20: Ridesharing company

Related Articles – Summarized

List Of Ridesharing Companies

In this article, you’ll discover a list of ridesharing companies that provide popular alternatives to Uber and Lyft.

Some people accuse companies such as Uber of price gouging, surge pricing, and inadequate job protections for drivers.

A company is an intermediary that connects customers with drivers in the ridesharing industry.

Advantages A ride with Juno offered a cheaper ride than with Uber or Lyft.The app treated drivers better than some other ridesharing companies.

Drivers get paid more than they would with other ridesharing companies such as Uber or Lyft.Each driver receives 100% of ride earnings.

We’ve covered a lot of ground by giving you information about the above list of ridesharing companies.

Wrapping Up. Did you learn about a new rideshare app on this list of ridesharing companies?

Uber Careers

Ridesharing is the original Uber product that continues to move millions of people around the world every day.

Uber is on a journey of becoming a zero-emissions mobility platform.

Business DevelopmentThe business development team strengthens Uber through thoughtful, creative, and impactful partnerships that unlock outsized value today, and for many years to come.

Community OperationsCommunity Operations is the organization within Uber that is responsible for building our Customer Support Network.

We strive towards developing world-class support teams that scale effective, are reliable and consistent, and provide a customer-obsessed support experience to our Uber Community.

We work across the company to create the campaigns that define the Uber brand and drive the business forward.

Public PolicyWe engage policy makers and stakeholders around the globe to advocate for the future of mobility, and demonstrate how Uber benefits the cities in which we operate.

10 Ridesharing Companies That Can Make Your Work Trip More Efficient

Peer-to-peer car services such as ridesharing, carpooling, and car sharing have become simple, efficient first steps to take toward a sharing economy and ultimately, more trusting communities.

After getting the car you’re sharing, you just start the app and it begins logging your journey.

Ridejoy is a marketplace for car sharing with friendly people.

You share the ride expenses with whoever is in the car.

Getaround is one of the more popular peer-to-peer car sharing and rental services.

It’s social car sharing, but with hourly and daily rental rates.

It’s an hourly rental service for cars, trucks, vans, and RVs. You just need a license and credit card to reserve a car through the app or website.

6 Top Ridesharing Companies You Should Know

Uber has crossed the 10 billion mark in rides ordered, all from about 75 million riders globally!

Lyft Shared is a service that allows you to share your ride with other Lyft riders.

From the portal, you can manage rides and manage your team’s access to ride programs.

Lyft riders are encouraged to have fun on their rides and engage with their drivers.

Apart from its shared ride, the platform also offers private rides.

The good news is that riders joining Juno can now get 30% off their rides for a period of two weeks.

You pay only the estimated price of your ride after the ride has ended.

The 4 Best Ridesharing Companies In 2020

In this connected world, the internet has brought us something else – ridesharing.

Ridesharing is a service that arranges one-time shared rides on very short notice, usually arranged through a mobile app.

The two dominant players in the ridesharing game are Uber and Lyft, considered to be the best ridesharing companies in the transportation industry.

These companies have established a foothold on the market, and have shaken the conventional cab industry upside down.

The ridesharing industry has come under heavy fire recently, proving to be fairly controversial due to its lack of regulation and questionable insurance “Gray areas.” Regardless of the scrutiny, the services continue to operate around the globe.

You should take time to determine which company provides unrivaled ridesharing services.

Remember that the best ridesharing company can give you the safest and most convenient ride at the most reasonable rates.

About The Rideshare Company

The Rideshare Company is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization created to make it easier for people to get to and from work, while saving them money and reducing some of the hassles of carpooling.

At the same time, we strive to enhance the quality of our environment by measurably reducing both road congestion and energy consumption.

Those goals led to the development of a variety of ridesharing services and programs for corporations, government agencies, and individuals – and they continue to provide momentum for our innovations today.

Our mission is to support and promote all forms of ridesharing, serve as environmental stewards and lessen the burdens of government.

From our volunteer Board of Directors to our highly experienced management, sales and service teams, everyone shares the same passion – to encourage and provide transportation services that enable a higher quality of life, reduce traffic congestion and encourage business growth and development.

Ridesharing Company

A ridesharing company is a company that, via websites and mobile apps, matches passengers with drivers of vehicles for hire that, unlike taxicabs, cannot legally be hailed from the street.

Groups representing drivers, including Rideshare Drivers United and The Rideshare Guy, also use the term “Rideshare”, since “Hailing” rideshare cars from the street is illegal.

Unless otherwise required by law, ridesharing companies have classified drivers as independent contractors and not employees under employment law, arguing that they receive certain flexibilities not generally received by employees.

California Assembly Bill 5 was passed to force drivers to be classified as employees in California, although ridesharing companies received an exemption by 2020 California Proposition 22, a ballot initiative.

Crimes have been committed by rideshare drivers as well as by individuals posing as rideshare drivers who lure unsuspecting passengers to their vehicles by placing an emblem on their car or by claiming to be a passenger’s expected driver.

Taxi companies have sued ridesharing companies for various reasons, including allegedly operating illegal taxicab operations; however, they rarely, if ever, been successful.

While ridesharing companies require drivers to transport service animals, drivers have been criticized for refusal to transport service animals, which, in the United States, is in violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Post Idea #21: Villeroy & Boch

Related Articles – Summarized

Villeroy & Boch

We have been fascinated by tiles since 1852, when Eugen von Boch restored an ancient Roman floor mosaic.

That very same year, the company began producing the tasteful “Mettlach tiles” that have gone on to become a global success.

Even today, our products epitomise perfection down to the very last detail.

Thanks to our innovative manufacturing processes, Villeroy & Boch wall and floor tiles are not only extraordinarily attractive and practical, but are also produced in accordance with strict environmental criteria.

Whether it be bathroom tiles, kitchen tiles or elegant variants for the living room, you are sure to find inspiration in the world of Villeroy & Boch ceramics with our high-quality floor and wall coverings.

Visit a specialist dealer near you and introduce these stylish and harmonious designs to your home.

Villeroy & Boch Gallo Perpignan Type II Dinner Plate

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Founded in Germany in 1748, Villeroy & Boch brings three centuries of craftsmanship and tradition to ceramic tableware, glassware, crystal, bone china and fine porcelain; the company manufactures the papal crockery for use at official occasions at the Vatican and works with internationally re-owned designers to create one of a kind tableware collections.

Today the lifestyle brand specializes in casual and fine dining tableware, serveware, flatware and barware such as crystal ice buckets, scotch and whiskey tumblers, scotch decanters, whiskey carafes, Canadian whiskey tumblers, Highlands whiskey tumblers, specialty whiskey carafes, crystal stemware, champagne flutes and wine glasses.

The premium bone porcelain china dinnerware offerings include place settings, platters, gravy boats, soup bowls, pasta and salad sets, serving sets, appetizer sets, condiment serving sets, mugs and more.

Villeroy & Boch GlassesWhether you’re shopping for wine glasses, champagne flutes or long beer glasses, Villeroy & Boch has got you covered.

For your next wine tasting party, consider the red Boston colored Wine goblet.

Made from high quality faceted crystal glass, this goblet will add an extra sparkle to your evening.

Villeroy & Boch CutleryFancy a stylish stainless steel fish fork from the New Wave collection to complement your new Villeroy & Boch Dinnerware? Maybe thrown in the Piemont 17cm Butter Spreader to raise the stakes.

Or, instead of buying individual units, get the classy and timeless 68-piece Arthur Brushed Cutlery Set.

Made from brushed stainless steel, this elegant set features 13 different types of cutlery that is fit for kings.

Aside from the above, there are many other exceptional quality products to choose from, such as mugs, plates, pots and pans and even candleholders! So pencil a date on your calendar to browse through Villeroy and Boch’s collection of wares.

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DGAP-News: Villeroy & Boch AG: Statement On The War In Ukraine

Villeroy & Boch is deeply upset by the war in Ukraine and condemns the bellicose actions of the Russian government.

Our concern and solidarity are with our employees, business partners and all people in Ukraine.

There is currently an order freeze for Russia, Belarus and Ukraine.

Villeroy & Boch is suspending business here until further notice and will reassess the situation as soon as the situation permits.

Villeroy & Boch does not operate any production facilities in Ukraine or Russia.

We do not currently see any supply bottlenecks for raw materials that are explicitly attributable to the war in Ukraine.

We obtain our gas supply from our national suppliers and network operators, not directly from Russia.

Dinnerware, Glassware, Flatware & Home Decor

In 1836, the two families of Villeroy and Boch signed a contract to jointly produce precious porcelain.

The signatures on this contract symbolize the most important milestone in Villeroy & Boch history: two competing companies became one.

The Signature collections combine everything that makes Villeroy & Boch so highly acclaimed all over the world.

Beginning with the careful selection of raw materials, together with long-lasting experience, precise craftsmanship and cutting-edge technology as well as rigorous quality checks.

Villeroy & Boch can ensure its distinct high quality and offers one of the finest porcelain: Premium Bone Porcelain.

The passion for perfection goes even further – the Brand refines its Premium Bone Porcelain products with platinum and gold to create true style statements.

Its handmade glasses and fine cutlery are also treated to excellence portraying exquisite attention to detail.

Post Idea #22: Meissen porcelain

Related Articles – Summarized

Meissen Porcelain

Meissen porcelain or Meissen china was the first European hard-paste porcelain.

The production of porcelain in the royal factory at Meissen, near Dresden, started in 1710 and attracted artists and artisans to establish, arguably, the most famous porcelain manufacturer known throughout the world.

Dresden porcelain was once the usual term for these wares, until the Oberlandesgericht decided in favour of the Saxon Porcelain Manufactory Dresden, which alone was then allowed to use the name Dresden Porcelain.

In 1720 Johann Gregor Herold became the director and in 1723 introduced brilliant overglaze colours that made Meissen porcelain famous, with an increasingly broad palette of colors that marked the beginning of the classic phase of Meissen porcelain.

The Kakiemon floral decoration of vases and tea wares in Japanese export porcelain were combined with Chinese famille verte to create a style known as Indianische Blume; Augustus had large collections of both Chinese and Japanese porcelain.

The Meissen repertoire had a huge influence on other European porcelain factories, and the porcelain figure is a defining object for the Rococo.

A Meissen porcelain chocolate pot, cover, and stand, dated c.1780, were amongst the wedding gifts of Queen Elizabeth II. Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, inventor of Meissen porcelain.

Meissen Porcelain is one of the preeminent porcelain factories in Europe and was the first to produce true porcelain outside of Asia.

These, along with examples of early Meissen, comprise the Porzellansammlung, or porcelain collection, of the Zwinger Palace, in Dresden.

In 1709, the pair succeeded in doing just that, employing kaolin, or “China clay.” A year later, the Meissen factory was born.

In its first decades, Meissen mostly looked to Asian models, producing wares based on Japanese Kakiemon ceramics and pieces with Chinese-inflected decorations, called chinoiseries.

The rise of Neoclassicism in the latter half of the 18th century forced Meissen to change artistic direction and begin producing monumental vases, clocks, chandeliers and candelabra.

In the 20th century, Meissen added to its 18th-century repertoire decidedly modern designs, including ones in the Art Nouveau style.

Meissen became one of the few companies to prosper in East Germany.

Meissen Porcelain: A Guide To History, Patterns, And Prices

The excitement over that diminutive set – minus its teapot, no less – was owed to its rarity and maker: Meissen porcelain, the gold standard of porcelain producers that possesses a legacy stretching back hundreds of years.

The story of Meissen porcelain began in 1708, when Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus developed his own method for making hard-paste porcelain in his castle workshop in Meissen, Germany.

From the iconic Scwhanenservice designed for the company’s director in the late 1730s to the chocolate pot gifted to Queen Elizabeth II at the time of her wedding, Meissen porcelain has proven to be a perennial favorite.

Antique Meissen has grown exponentially in price in recent years, but collectors who have a keen eye for the beauty and craftsmanship of Meissen wares can still search out a relative bargain.

Considered one of the most spectacular porcelain dinner services ever created, the Meissen “Swan Service” was conjured by designer Johann Joachim Kändler for Count Heinrich von Brühl, who became the director of Meissen in 1739.

Meissen figurines were one of the earliest creations in the history of the Meissen brand.

Accordingly, prices for these rare and remarkable pieces are sure to keep climbing; however, investing in Meissen means becoming part of a decorative art history that extends from the tables of royalty to today’s hallowed museum halls.

Meissen Porcelain: Meissen Marks And The History Of Meissen –

A brief look at the origins of Meissen porcelain and the characters involved.

The Meissen Porcelain story began when Augustus II The Strong; Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, protected the goldsmith Johann Friedrich Bottger from the Prussians pursuing him.

The know how experience and passion for the white gold known as porcelain has defined the character of Meissens porcelain production over the past centuries and still does today.

In 1732around 92 people worked for Meissen porcelain , among them the famous modellers J.G. Kirchner and J.J. Kändler.

From 1756-1773 meissen porcelain was marked with the crossed swords with a dot in between the crosspieces and the period was known as the dot-period.

The Meissen factory is still operational today and is producing the worlds’ most expensive porcelain.

From the 1730s, exquisitely detailed harbour and military scenes were reproduced on a wide range of Meissen porcelain wares.


A range of fine antique Meissen porcelain, featuring German figures, groups, early Chinese Meissen, and more.

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Meissen Porcelain: Collecting Guide

European Ceramics specialist Dominic Simpson on the origins of the Meissen factory, from the man who claimed he could create gold to the monarch who commissioned a porcelain menagerie, plus advice on what to collect and how to spot a fake.

Porcelain was developed in China around 2,000 years ago, but the method for making it remained a mystery to Europeans until the early 18th century when Johann Friedrich Böttger discovered the magic formula, and in 1710 the Meissen factory was established.

The idea for making small figures in porcelain came from the sugar ornaments seen on fashionable dining tables all over Europe at the beginning of the 18th century.

The arrival of porcelain made these figures more permanent, and more valuable.

Many porcelain figures – from those in pastoral scenes to depictions of street traders – were in fact designed as table decorations, and not made to sit in cabinets as they do today.

One of the more common figures in Meissen porcelain was that of the Harlequin.

If the mass of products coming out of the Meissen factory in the early 18th century wasn’t enough, Augustus had the extraordinary idea of creating a menagerie of enormous porcelain animals – from exotic birds to elephants and rhinoceroses.

Dr. Lori Ph.D. Antiques Appraiser

Meissen porcelain is still made today as Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen GmbH. By 1720, the Meissen factory, based on Johann Friedrich Bottger’s method for producing hard paste porcelain, made some of the finest porcelain in the world.

There are many Meissen pieces that are of special interest to collectors and well document the diverse and interesting history of Meissen porcelain.

All Meissen pieces are of very high quality and are expensive to collect, but these particular pieces and dinnerware patterns have a special place in the history of Meissen ceramics.

Vase sets, figurine groups, and other assemblies of porcelain objects by Meissen should be kept together in order to command the best price when selling your antiques.

Many people ask me, should you restore your Meissen piece if it is broken? Meissen porcelain, unlike many other types of porcelains, is highly decorated and finely detailed so often times the delicate pieces break.

Collectors of Meissen porcelain include the elite classes of Russia, France, England, members of the American upper class such as the Vanderbilt, Astor, and Carnegie families, and HRH Queen Elizabeth II, who received pieces of Meissen as wedding, coronation, and birthday gifts.

Get an online appraisal of your Meissen porcelain piece from Dr. Lori.

Post Idea #23: Environment, health and safety

Related Articles – Summarized

Environmental Health And Safety Management System

2.A. INTRODUCTION. Many people are interested in an organization’s approach to laboratory environmental health and safety management including laboratory personnel; customers, clients, and students; suppliers; the community; shareholders; contractors; insurers; and regulatory agencies.

The OSHA Laboratory Standard defines a Chemical Hygiene Plan as “a written program developed and implemented by the employer which sets forth procedures, equipment, personal protective equipment and work practices that are capable of protecting employees from the health hazards presented by hazardous chemicals used in that particular workplace.” “Where hazardous chemicals as defined by this standard are used in the workplace, the employer shall develop and carry out the provisions of a written Chemical Hygiene Plan.” The CHP is the foundation of the laboratory safety program and should be reviewed and updated, as needed, on an annual basis to reflect changes in policies and personnel.

2.C. SAFETY RULES AND POLICIES. Safety rules and regulations are created to protect laboratory personnel from unsafe work practices and exposure to hazardous materials.

2.D. CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAM. One of the most important components of a laboratory safety program is chemical management.

Laboratory inspections are performed by EHS staff, the CHO, the safety director, laboratory staff, a safety committee, or an outside entity with the requisite qualifications and experience.

If the laboratory supervisor is not supportive and the necessary changes are not made, the inspectors and EHS and other appropriate individuals in the organization will have to decide whether the infractions are serious enough to put either the health or safety of laboratory personnel at risk or the institution at risk for violation of a regulation or code.

2.G. EMPLOYEE SAFETY TRAINING PROGRAM. Newly hired employees or students working in a laboratory should be required to attend basic safety training prior to their first day.

Second, The Department of EH&S will educate our working community and tomorrow’s leaders by supporting and partnering with them in local projects to ensure that safety and environmental requirements are integrated into their practices and research, as well as providing opportunities for students to complete their practicums in projects facilitated by our Department that will contribute to both their academic growth and the University EH&S compliance efforts.

The Department of EH&S is responsible for developing and maintaining EH&S compliance programs and trainings to protect students, faculty and staff, visitors and the University infrastructure.

4 Beyond Possible EH&S| 2016-2021 Strategic Plan THE DEPARTMENT OF EH&S The FIU Department of EH&S provides support, direction and guidance to the University community across many different areas of EH&S compliance.

Our department is comprised of 13 full time professionals overseeing all aspects of laboratory safety, radiation/laser safety, nanotechnology, biological safety, industrial hygiene, fire prevention, event safety and general safety for all FIU main campuses and satellite locations across MiamiDade, Broward, Palm Beach and Monroe County.

EH&S Integration: Proactively integrating EH&S requirements as a foundation and a central tenet of any program desiring preeminent designation.

We will enhance the culture of safety through implementation of EH&S campaigns including National Safety Month and Fire Prevention Month activities with the support of the University Safety Committee and the Employee Safety Committee.

We will standardize EH&S practices, capitalize on already existing good practices, and continue to increase the number and quality of EH&S Assist® electronic laboratory and general industrial/life safety inspections.

General Safety Specifications A. Contractor Responsibility The Contractor and all members of Contractor Group are required to abide by all the safety requirements found in the Williams Integrated Management System or in future WIMS policies and procedures, and other documents, as discussed in work scope and safety meetings, applicable to Contractor’s operations, as well as all federal, state, and local regulations.

Contractor shall submit all documents and reports System Provider requires to assess Contractor’s, and each applicable Contractor Group member’s, record of safety compliance.

Contractor shall be fully responsible for all Work, actions, omissions and defaults of each member of Contractor Group as though they were the Work, actions, omissions or defaults of Contractor.

In all circumstances, Company shall have the right to veto any environmental contractor and disposal facility proposed to be used by Contractor, and to require Contractor to use an environmental contractor and/or disposal facility approved by Company acting in good faith.

In the event of any Release into the environment caused, in whole or in part, by any member of Contractor Group, Contractor shall immediately notify Company, and Contractor shall, unless otherwise instructed by Company, be responsible to the extent the Release is caused by a member of Contractor Group, for the Work and costs associated with: the cessation of the Release, its immediate clean-up, and disposal of all wastes resulting from or related to the Release; and reporting and obtaining any necessary approvals or permits from Governmental Authorities; provided that, Contractor shall not have any responsibility for pre-existing Hazardous Materials, except to the extent Contractor negligently exacerbates a release of pre-existing Hazardous Materials.

Designated Contractor Representative Signature Title Date 27 Delayed Testing Reason State reason why testing did not occur within two hours: Designated Contractor Representative Signature Title Date 28 Appendix 4: BACKGROUND CHECKS To the extent permitted by applicable law, Contractor agrees to conduct background checks on all potential Contractor employees, agents, and subcontractors who may perform Services.

Contractor agrees to conduct such background checks prior to Contractor assigning such potential Contractor employee, agent, or subcontractor to provide Services.

What Is Environmental Health And Safety?

Environmental health and safety is the department in a company or an organization tasked with ensuring that the work undertaken by the company does not cause undue environmental damage, put the workers’ health and safety at high risk, complies with applicable legislation, and follows best practices.

EHS aims to prevent and reduce accidents, emergencies, and health issues at work, along with any environmental damage that could result from work practices.

Environmental health and safety departments take a systematic and empirically informed approach to preventing accidents and injuries.

The protection of workers, their health, and the natural environment.

Compliance with legal requirements and regulatory standards.

The formation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in the 1970s initiated environmental management requirements.

The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 imposed additional regulatory requirements on employers.

Environment, Safety And Health

Our carbon emissions reduction goal for Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions exceeds the science-based target recommended by the Center for Sustainable Organizations to keep warming below 1.5° Celsius.

In order to continuously improve, we address Scope 3 emissions through information gathering, reporting, and educational engagements with our suppliers.

We deploy a dedicated team to identify energy efficiency projects across the corporation and we have a capital funding program dedicated to implementing financially sound projects.

In 2020, the Go Green team helped to facilitate 64 energy efficiency projects that combined avoid the amount of electricity needed to power ~7,000 homes for one year.

Clean energy accounts for 22% of our domestic electricity usage, which is a mix of onsite renewables, renewable energy certificates, and a power purchase agreement.

That data is used to prioritize and execute site water balances and associated water conservation activities.

We implement a comprehensive total waste reduction strategy that focuses on minimizing the amount of waste our facilities generate and ensure that the waste generated at our facilities is properly handled according to local, state and national regulations.

How To Become An Environmental Health And Safety Manager

Environmental Health and Safety Managers work to ensure that organizations comply with environmental health and safety requirements, no matter where they are located.

What Does an Environmental Health and Safety Manager Do? Environmental Health and Safety Managers work with and for organizations to promote good working practices for employees.

Learn to difference between an environmental health and safety trainer versus an environmental health and safety technician as well.

Hold a Bachelor’s degree in Environmental Health, Safety Engineering, or Occupational Health with at least 5 years related experience in environmental health and safety.

A senior level Environmental Health and Safety Manager oversees operations of various health and safety teams over a larger-scale business and may have a department to manage.

A Master’s degree in Environmental Health, Safety Engineering or Occupational Health with at least 5 years related work experience in environmental health and safety.

The following organizations are for professionals who work in health and safety and in environmental H&S:. BCSP: The Board of Certified Safety Professionals is the largest organization in the US for H&S professionals, not just for environmental safety.

Environment, Health And Safety

Environment, health and safety, EHS is an acronym for the set that studies and implements the practical aspects of protecting the environment and maintaining health and safety at occupation.

Successful HSE programs also include measures to address ergonomics, air quality, and other aspects of workplace safety that could affect the health and well-being of employees and the overall community.

Another researcher transformed it as SHE in 1996, while exploring the “Concept of ‘human quality’ in terms of living standards that must follow later than the health….[as per the] paradigm of SHEQ, ….raising up the importance of environment up to the ‘safety of people as a prime consideration'”.

Acronym Name Group OHS Occupational health and safety Occupational health and safety WHS Work health and safety Work health and safety HSE Health, safety and environment Health, safety and environment EHS Environment, health and safety SHE Safety, health and environment QHSE Quality, health, safety, and environment Quality, health, safety, and environment HSEQ Health, safety, environment and quality HSSE Health, safety, security and environment Health, safety, security and environment QHSSE Quality, health, safety, security, and environment Quality, health, safety, security, and environment HSSEQ Health, safety, security, environment, and quality [edit] [edit] Federal / international Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

Occupational health and safety 2.1 General facility design and operation.

Community health and safety 3.1 Water quality and availability.

Exchange of know-how regarding health, safety and environmental aspects of a material.

Post Idea #24: Managed file transfer

Related Articles – Summarized

What Is Managed File Transfer?

“Data exchange solutions will continue to be in demand because no business is an island and business networks continue to grow, requiring qualities of service that only purpose-built software can deliver,” says Stewart Bond, director of Data Integration and Integrity Software research at IDC.¹.

Companies rely on the exchange of electronic file data every day.

Without MFT software, unstructured data – everything from reports, contracts and project data, to customer and employee information – is open to manipulation and loss.

There are several factors pushing companies to move to MFT:. Data security: High-profile data breaches and failed transfers can drastically impact a company’s bottom line and reputation.

Data growth: Data is everywhere, and companies face larger and more varied files than in the past.

Regulatory compliance: Legislative and industry requirements, such as the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, Basel II, Sarbanes-Oxley Act and others, typically have stringent data security standards.

The growth of big data, cloud applications, artificial intelligence, data analytics and the Internet of Things place a premium on the speed and bulk of file transfers.

What Is MFT?: The Complete MFT Guide

MFT systems are playing an ever-larger role in organizations, replacing legacy file transfer systems and ad hoc tools with a unified, streamlined approach that eliminates waste and duplication.

You can use a unified MFT software solution to handle for several types of file transfers.

Modern MFT solutions are built to not only process file transfers, but also to enable efficient automation and scheduling of manual processes, reducing time waste.

MFT eliminates the need to use manual file transfer methods or hand-code scripts.

As we mentioned earlier, MFT significantly reduces the risks and dangerous vulnerabilities present in ad hoc file transfer band-aids.

MFT solutions deliver more reliability than ad hoc file transfer tools can provide, such as high availability for optimal uptime, which is often crucial when managing multiple data centers, depending on your business’ SLA requirements.

We’ve said MFT offers a streamlined experience when transferring data, eliminating worries when sending and receiving large files in the cloud and over private networks.

Managed File Transfer

Axway Managed File Transfer provides everything you need to innovate and scale your secure data transfer workflows.

Business users can easily create file transfer services, subscribe partners, and manage file transfers safely without requiring IT assistance, reducing bottlenecks, and increasing business agility.

You can deploy Axway Managed File Transfer anywhere as a subscription service on-premises, in a private cloud, public cloud, hybrid cloud, or in the Axway Managed Cloud.

Axway SecureTransport is the most scalable and resilient MFT product for data movements on the market, with fault-tolerance and high availability to meet the critical file transfer needs of your organization.

Transfer CFT. Axway Transfer CFT takes the complexity out of integrating applications across platforms, operating systems, and locations.

Build critical, high-volume, application-to-application data flows with a multi-platform, multi-site file transfer controller.

Leading brands are using Axway MFT. Learn how companies worldwide are transforming their file transfer for business growth.

Managed File Transfer

Managed file transfer refers to a technology that provides the secure transfer of data in an efficient and reliable manner.

According to Gartner Research, “Organizations of all sizes continue to invest in MFT platforms that enable secure and private transportation of files – across size and volume levels – internally and externally.” MFT has also found a foothold among file transfer protocols and solutions because of its focus on facilitating the “Transfer of large file sizes and volume.”

While Managed File Transfer always covers the same features-reporting, non-repudiation, audit trails, global visibility, automation of file transfer-related activities and processes, end-to-end security, and performance metrics/monitoring-the way it is used has a major impact on the nature of the appropriate solution.

Support multiple file transfer protocols including PeSIT, FTP/S, OFTP, SFTP, SCP, AS2 and HTTP/S. Securely transfer files over public and private networks using encrypted file transfer protocols.

Automate file transfer processes between trading partners and exchanges, including detection and handling of failed file transfers.

Generate detailed reports on user and file transfer activity.

One vendor in the description of their product identifies six issues with commercial use of FTP and even SFTP that Managed File Transfer seeks to address.

Managed File Transfer Software

MOVEit®Progress MOVEit is the leading secure Managed File Transfer software used by thousands of organizations around the world to provide complete visibility and control over file transfer activities.

MOVEit Cloud enables the consolidation of all file transfer activities to one system to ensure better management control over core business processes.

MOVEit Transfer provides the same award-winning capabilities of MOVEit Cloud in an on-premises solution.

Mobile Managed File TransferThe free MOVEit Mobile app puts secure and managed file transfer control at your fingertips via your iOS or Android device.

The MOVEit Mulesoft Connector supports the integration of managed file transfer capabilities with any application supported by Mulesoft’s iPaaS solution.

“It has given us a modern, secure, managed platform for file transfer and automation.”

API. The MOVEit API offers third-party programs access to a wide variety of MOVEit Cloud and MOVEit Transfer services and administrative capabilities.

Quick reference guide Managed File Transfer Managed File Transfer allows you to transmit files to and from Truist easily and securely.

Whether you use your Internet browser or Secure File Transfer Protocol client software package for your transmissions, you can send and receive files to or from Truist right from your company’s network or your hard drive.

To access the Managed File Transfer system, enter one of the following sets of URLs into your SFTP client software.

Ensure Truist has been provided with your User Identity Key and that you have rec eived confirmation from Truist that your key has been inserted into Managed File Transfer.

In order to use Managed File Transfer, Truist may require name and/or content changes to the format of your file.

Pretty Good Privacy encryption supported Microsoft Internet Explorer® 8.0 or higher Mozilla Firefox 3.5 and later Apple Safari® 3.2.x and later PGP encryption supported N/A Google Chrome Telecommunication Software None Client software that supports SFTP Confirmations Managed File Transfer features reporting options that can be used to view transfer status.

You must refer to the file confirmation feature described in your SFTP client software.

Post Idea #25: Heat transfer

Related Articles – Summarized

Heat Transfer

Thermodynamic and mechanical heat transfer is calculated with the heat transfer coefficient, the proportionality between the heat flux and the thermodynamic driving force for the flow of heat.

Convective heat transfer, or simply, convection, is the transfer of heat from one place to another by the movement of fluids, a process that is essentially the transfer of heat via mass transfer.

Although sometimes discussed as a third method of heat transfer, convection is usually used to describe the combined effects of heat conduction within the fluid and heat transference by bulk fluid flow streaming.

In the case of heat transfer in fluids, where transport by advection in a fluid is always also accompanied by transport via heat diffusion the process of heat convection is understood to refer to the sum of heat transport by advection and diffusion/conduction.

The Rayleigh number can be understood as the ratio between the rate of heat transfer by convection to the rate of heat transfer by conduction; or, equivalently, the ratio between the corresponding timescales, up to a numerical factor.

A heat exchanger is used for more efficient heat transfer or to dissipate heat.

The thermosphere cools to space primarily by infrared energy radiated by carbon dioxide at 15 μm and by nitric oxide at 5.3 μm. Convective transport of heat and evaporative transport of latent heat both remove heat from the surface and redistribute it in the atmosphere.

What Is Heat Transfer? Conduction, Convection, Radiation And FAQs

Talking about heat transfer, it is nothing but the process of transfer of heat from the high-temperature body to a low temperature one.

What is Heat Transfer? According to thermodynamic systems, heat transfer is defined as.

If the temperature difference exists between the two systems, heat will find a way to transfer from the higher to the lower system.

Conduction is also known as thermal conduction or heat conduction.

Radiation heat transfer is measured by the device known as thermocouple.

In this device sometimes, error takes place while measuring the temperature through radiation heat transfer.

Unit of Heat Transfer SI system Joule MKS system cal Rate of transfer of heat KW. To know more about heat transfer in detail, click on the video below.

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IV Oceanic Heat FlowWhen heat flow was first measured in the oceans in the early 1950s, expectations were that oceanic heat flow would be much lower than continental heat flow because thin, basaltic oceanic crust is much less rich in the heat-producing isotopes than thick, granitic continental crust.

Early data indicated that oceanic heat flow was approximately equal to continental heat flow and current data indicate that mean oceanic heat flow is approximately 70% higher than mean continental heat flow.

Measured heat flow is low because only the conductive component of the total heat loss is measured, and, by redistribution of heat flow, the convecting seawater results in large areas of recharge with low heat flow and very small areas of discharge with high heat flow.

Convection is transfer of heat because of the motion of atoms, molecules, or aggregates of molecules carrying heat from one place to another.

Understanding the fundamentals of heat flow and the basic features of heat transfer, such as the cooling rates of the weld metal, the distribution of heat between the weld metal and heat-affected zone provides insight into ways in which the welding process can be optimized.

Considering an energy balance on the basis of fuel heating value for a naturally aspirated compression ignition engine with an indicated efficiency of 45%, nearly 25% of the fuel energy is removed by cooling water, with about 2% due to friction, 8% heat loss due to combustion, 6% heat loss during expansion, and 9% heat loss during exhaust; values for spark-ignition engines are a larger fraction of the fuel heating value.

The main heat transfer modes of a heat exchanger are forced convection, due to movement of two fluids exchanging heat, and conduction, due to physical barriers that are used in the heat exchanger to separate the two fluids at different temperatures.

Introduction, Modes, Example And Equation

Examples of modes of heat transfer of those are given below.

Some modes of heat transfer examples are when frying vegetables in a pan, Heat transfer takes place from the flame to the pan and next to the vegetables.

H = Q /.here h is the heat transfer coefficient, Q is the heat input of the system or the heat that has been lost, A is the surface area where the heat is transferred, T is the temperature difference in between solid surface and the surrounding fluid area, and ∆t is the change in time which comprises the time period in which the heat transfer has occurred constantly.

Depending on the ways in which heat is transferred, the heat transfer coefficient is calculated in different ways possible.

One of the modes of heat transfer examples is Heating milk in a pan.

One of the modes of heat transfer examples is in an oven, the substances are heated directly without a heating medium.

ΔQΔt A(T1-T2)x.The resultant heat transfer equation will be, ΔQΔt = K A(T1-T2)x.where, K is the coefficient of heat transfer.

What Is Heat Transfer

Heat transfer is an engineering discipline that concerns the generation, use, conversion, and exchange of heat between physical systems.

Heat convection occurs when bulk flow of a fluid carries heat along with the flow of matter in the fluid.

Radiation is heat transfer by electromagnetic radiation, such as sunshine, with no need for matter to be present in the space between bodies.

Heat transfer is commonly encountered in engineering systems and other aspects of life, and one does not need to go very far to see some application areas of heat transfer.

Detailed knowledge of heat transfer mechanisms is also essential for reactor engineers as well as all other engineers.

The heat transfer must be equal to or greater than the heat generation rate or overheating and possible damage to the fuel may occur.

In reactor engineering, the thermal-hydraulics of nuclear reactors describe the effort involving the coupling of heat transfer and fluid dynamics to accomplish the desired heat removal rate from the core under both normal operation and accident conditions.

Introduction to Heat Transfer R. Shankar Subramanian Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Clarkson University Heat transfer is the study of the flow of heat.

Chemical reactors can generate heat if the reaction is exothermic, and this heat must be removed to avoid a runaway reaction; likewise, endothermic reactions need a supply of heat to maintain the reaction.

Uses the lower case symbol q for this heat flow rate; most others use capital Q for the heat flow rate, and lower case q to designate the heat flow rate per unit area, or heat flux.

We reach the conclusion that the heat flux q must remain constant, independent of x. If we wish to determine this heat flux from a knowledge of the temperatures of the two surfaces, we must have a model that relates the heat flux to temperatures.

The heat flux can be written as dT ∆T q = k −k = dx L and the steady heat flow rate through the slab, Q = qA , is obtained as Q = kA ∆T L This can be recast as = Q ∆T Driving Force = L / kA Resistance 4 Fourier’s Law Because there are no temperature variations in the y and z directions in the problem we just modeled, the components of the heat flux in those two directions are zero, but in general heat flux has a direction in space as well as a magnitude, so that it is a vector.

The ambient fluid is at temperature To , and heat transfer between the right surface of the slab and the ambient fluid is described by a heat transfer coefficient h. At steady state the same amount of heat Q must flow through the slab and out to the fluid.

11 Multiple Resistances in Series – The Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient U We can extend the idea developed above for one conduction resistance and one convective heat transfer resistance in series in a straightforward manner to multiple resistances within the slab and convective heat transfer resistances on both sides.

PART 3 INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING HEAT TRANSFER Introduction to Engineering Heat Transfer These notes provide an introduction to engineering heat transfer.

Thigh Tlow Heat “Flows” to right Solid Figure 1.1: Conduction heat transfer The second heat transfer process is convection, or heat transfer due to a flowing fluid.

In convection heat transfer, the heat is moved through bulk transfer of a non-uniform temperature fluid.

Muddy points How do we quantify the contribution of each mode of heat transfer in a given situation? 2.0 Conduction Heat Transfer We will start by examining conduction heat transfer.

From equation, the heat transfer rate in at the left is = −k⎛ A dT ⎞. Q dx x The heat transfer rate on the right is = Q + dQ dx + L. Q dx x Using the conditions on the overall heat flow and the expressions in and ⎛⎜Q + dQdx + L⎞⎟ = 0.

In the composite slab shown in Figure 2.5, the heat flux is constant with x. The resistances are in series and sum to R = R1 + R2. If TL is the temperature at the left, and TR is the temperature at the right, the heat transfer rate is given by T TR TL TR Q& = L =. R R1 + R2 x TL TR 1 2 Q& R1 R2 Figure 2.5: Heat transfer across a composite slab Another example is a wall with a dissimilar material such as a bolt in an insulating layer.

HT-11 k1 R1 model Q& k2 R2 k1 Figure 2.6: Heat transfer for a wall with dissimilar materials For this situation, the total heat flux Q& is made up of the heat flux in the two parallel paths: Q& = Q& + Q& with the total resistance given by: 1 2 1 1 1 = +. R R1 R2 More complex configurations can also be examined; for example, a brick wall with insulation on both sides.

Post Idea #26: Denso Auto Parts

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Post Idea #27: Biorefinery

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The Concept Of Biorefinery

A biorefinery is a facility that integrates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, and value-added chemicals from biomass.

Biorefinery is analogous to today’s petroleum refinery, which produces multiple fuels and products from petroleum.

By producing several products, a biorefinery takes advantage of the various components in biomass and their intermediates, therefore maximizing the value derived from the biomass feedstock.

A biorefinery could, for example, produce one or several low-volume, but high-value, chemical products and a low-value, but high-volume liquid transportation fuel such as biodiesel or bioethanol.

There are several biorefinery platforms which can be employed in a biorefinery with the major ones being the sugar platform and the thermochemical platform.

Sugar platform biorefineries breaks down biomass into different types of component sugars for fermentation or other biological processing into various fuels and chemicals.

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory of USA is leading the front in biorefinery research with path-breaking discoveries and inventions.

ScienceDirect Topics

The basic processing for a unit of biomass, the processing steps and efficiencies for the three Biorefineries are depicted in Figure 10.1.a-c. The processing plan for Biorefinery A is based on the current state of technology available for biodiesel production from the existing literature and industrial processing [3,53,54].

For Biorefineries B and C, the processing and separation of recombinant proteins from culture water is considered a disruptive technology which requires development via novel strains of algae and innovative process engineering concepts.

In the last decade, there has been growing interest in the field of processing algal biomass in hydrothermal processing.

Hydrothermal processing is a clean technology that converts algal biomass into value-added chemicals and bioenergy.

The acquisition of seaweed biomass as raw materials used in a given process is referred to as sourcing.

Given the early-stage nature of seaweed offshore cultivation and biorefinery, it is sometimes inevitable to transfer knowledge and process data for other types of feedstocks to seaweed.

A seminal report titled “Top Value Added Chemicals from Biomass” by Werpy and Petersen in 2004 details the results of a screening process to determine the potential for producing building block chemicals from these sugars.

Biorefinery Definition & Meaning

A facility that processes biological material to produce fuel, electricity, and commercially useful chemicals Meanwhile DuPont, the chemical giant, is figuring out how to construct a biorefinery.

Fueled by corn stover-the stalk and leaves that are left in the field after farmers harvest their crop.

Integrated Biorefineries

Integrated biorefineries use novel technologies and diverse biomass feedstocks-requiring significant investments in research, development, and deployment to reduce costs, improve performance, and achieve competitiveness with fossil fuels.

Our partner biorefineries are demonstrating the technical and economic viability of integrating and scaling up a range of innovative technologies-fostering private investment in the growing U.S. bioeconomy.

A crucial step in developing the U.S. bioindustry is to establish first-of-a-kind integrated biorefineries that are capable of efficiently converting a broad range of biomass feedstocks into commercially viable biofuels, biopower, and other bioproducts.

Integrated biorefineries are similar to conventional refineries in that they produce a range of products to optimize both the use of feedstocks and production economics.

Integrated biorefineries employ various combinations of feedstock and conversion technologies to produce a variety of products, with the main focus on producing biofuels.

Federal support for first-of-a-kind integrated biorefineries can help validate costs and performance, thus reducing the technical and financial risks associated with deploying new technology for the U.S. bioeconomy.

Verifying these technologies at smaller, partially integrated scales is essential to reduce risk and technology uncertainty, and will enable applied R&D programs to reduce costs and improve performance in feedstock and conversion processes.

Governor Abbott Announces New $1.7 Billion USA BioEnergy Advanced Biorefinery In Bon Wier

Governor Greg Abbott today announced that USA BioEnergy, through its subsidiary Texas Renewable Funds, will build a new $1.7 billion advanced biorefinery in Bon Wier, Texas.

This new biorefinery will create 142 jobs in the Newton County community.

“We are excited that USA BioEnergy has chosen East Texas as the home for their new advanced biorefinery,” said Governor Abbott.

“This investment will further cement Texas as an innovative energy leader and will bring unprecedented economic opportunities to Bon Weir and Newton County. Thank you to USA BioEnergy for selecting Newton County for this incredible project and I appreciate the hard work of our local and state partners to secure this investment. I look forward to our continued work together as we create an even brighter future for the entire Lone Star State.”

“USA BioEnergy performed an extensive site search and analysis to identify the best location for our project,” said Nick Andrews, USA BioEnergy CEO. “State and local incentives then became the key component of our decision and we’re excited to select Bon Wier. We’ve had tremendous assistance from Economic Development in Newton County, including leadership from Judge Kenneth Weeks, Nancy Windham, President & CEO of Texas Forest Country Partnership, Don Iles with Sabine River Authority of Texas and Rob Hughes, Executive Director, Texas Forestry Association among many others.” “It is with great pleasure and enthusiasm that we welcome Texas Renewable Fuels to Newton County,” said Kenneth Weeks, Newton County Judge.

“I am very excited about Texas Renewable Fuels selecting a site in Newton County which will increase local prosperity in rural Deep East Texas. I support the creation of jobs and the diversification of our nation’s energy portfolio. Texas Renewable Fuels will create 142 jobs at completion and provide additional opportunities for Newton County by providing opportunity through cutting-edge science, new technology and a market for our wood fiber.” “Newton Independent School District is excited about the announcement by Texas Renewable Fuels, who will be locating an advanced biorefinery within the boundaries of Newton ISD,” said Michelle Barrow, Newton Independent School District Superintendent.

USA BioEnergy is a renewable fuels development group based in Scottsdale, Arizona, created to produce sustainable aviation fuel, renewable diesel, and renewable naphtha from readily available wood waste feedstock.

An Overview Of Biorefinery Derived Platform Chemicals From A Cellulose And Hemicellulose Biorefinery

This is exemplified by the industrial production of platform chemicals such as ethanol, lactic acid, succinic acid, levulinic acid, sorbitol, and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid from biomass.

The presence of hemicellulose and lignin hinders accessibility of the enzyme and/or acid in reaching the cellulose and thus limits the extent of the hydrolysis process.

First, C5 polysaccharides present in biomass hemicellulose are hydrolyzed by mineral acids to produce monosaccharides, primarily xylose, which is then converted into furfural by an acid catalyzed dehydration.

Levulinic acid derived diphenolic acid can serve as a substitute for bisphenol-A in food containers and consumer products.

3-Hydroxypropionic acid and 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde:3-HP and 3-HPA are important platform chemicals which can be converted to various higher value-added chemicals.

As a platform chemical 3-HP and 3-HPA can be converted to various value-added chemicals such as acrolein, acrylic acid, acrylic acid esters and amides, 1,3-propanediol, malonic acid and 3-hydroxypropionic esters.

The conversion of cellulose to sorbitol has also been reported using catalysts containing an acid or heteropolyacid with supported metal catalysts such as Pt, or Ru. Approximately, 15% of the sorbitol produced is utilized in the industrial conversion into ascorbic acid by fermentation.

Bio Refinery Solutions

In our scalable refinery facility, we can analyze the composition of your side streams and identify valuable components to recover.

We then proceed to production trials to optimize the process needed and partner with you to design the industrial process for your side streams.

Post Idea #28: Video on demand

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Video On Demand: 10 Best VOD Platforms For 2022

A video on demand platform is a way to stream and sell access to video content through subscriptions, rentals, or purchases.

OTT services like Netflix, Amazon Prime, and Hulu are prime examples of video on demand platforms at work.

Subscription video on demand: Subscribers pay a monthly fee to access your growing video content library.

Vimeo OTT. As a premium video on demand platform, Vimeo OTT has everything you need to launch, scale, and monetize your video content.

Video analytics: As a leader in the video on demand space, Vimeo OTT delivers comprehensive real-time video analytics.

Wowza is a comprehensive video streaming platform with two main video streaming products: the Wowza Streaming Cloud and the Wowza Streaming Engine.

VPlayed highlights: Video uploading/management: Upload an unlimited number of videos at a time and manage them all from VPlayed’s video CMS. Video encoding: Deliver high-quality videos in low-bandwidth conditions with targeted encoding and optimization based on each given video.

Where traditional broadcast channels and media outlets forced consumers to view content on their schedule, VOD streaming allows audiences to access videos at their leisure and from any compatible device.

For more statistics on on-demand video streaming, check out our dedicated streaming statistics post.

The main difference is that video on demand libraries consists of previously recorded audio and video content, whereas live content is streamed in real-time.

The beauty of this platform is that it includes a fully managed, end-to-end streaming solution that is controlled from a single streaming video CMS. No coding or IT support is required to stream with Muvi.

Starter pricing plan for $10 per month, which includes an HTML5 Video Player and video gallery, with 150 GB hosting bandwidth and 500 GB streaming per month billed annually.

Wowza’s live streaming platform is designed to help developers, event producers, and technical entrepreneurs deliver live and on-demand streaming content.

Basic: $99/month; includes 20 hours of live streaming and 1000 viewing hours based on video resolution of 720p. One Month Event: $149 one-time purchase; includes 20 hours of live streaming and 1000 viewing hours also at 720p. Plus: $499/month; includes 150 hours of live streaming and 7000 viewing hours based on video resolution of 720p. All of these Live Event plans include full brand control, multi-bitrate streaming, and HD and UHD streaming.

The Best Video On Demand Streaming Services In 2022

There are now more and more options to stream TV shows and movies online.

For those who don’t want to spend $100+ a month on cable, satellite, or live TV, there are great entertainment options with a subscription video streaming service.

With services like Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, and Hulu you can get access to thousands of hours of TV shows and movies for less than $15 a month.

Newer players like Apple TV+, Disney+, HBO Max, and Peacock have helped provide more choices than ever before.

To help you find the right subscription video service, we’ve put together a full overview of the different plans, features, content catalogs, and streaming quality of the different services.

Some services have more classic television shows like Friends, The Office, and Seinfeld, while services like HBO Max and Disney+ have more popular movies, and others have a deeper catalog of original shows like The Mandalorian, Stranger Things, The Handmaid’s Tale, and Star Trek: Discovery.

There are options from $5 to $15 a month, which means you might want to choose more than one service to create your own little streaming bundle of content for your entire family.

Video On Demand

Video on Demand lets faculty and staff upload, edit, manage, and host videos and other media.

It provides a hosted presence or embedded code for streaming videos to a website of your choice.

Faculty and staff can use Video on Demand to upload and publish a wide variety of digital video, audio, and image files that pertain to or support the mission of Cornell University, including content supporting the Cornell academic, research, and outreach missions or other official Cornell use or business.

Faculty should use: Canvas to host course videos and instructional media.

Academic Technologies Instructional Video services for help recording high quality course videos.

Departments with collections requiring customization or integration into business processes should contact the CIT A/V team to inquire about creating a dedicated instance in the Video Platform Service.

Users with extensive collections, such as several hundred videos or more, should consider the Video Platform Service.

Yale New Haven Health

After your visit has been scheduled, you will receive an email or mobile notification with further instructions to prepare you for your visit.

After receiving care from a clinician through OnDemand, your visit can be shared with your primary care provider, regardless of where you typically receive care.

Video visits are billed for the same amount as an in-person visit and many insurance companies are currently accepting those claims.

After a video visit will I have access to a summary of the visit?

Yes, when the clinician has completed their documentation for your visit, an After Visit Summary will be available for you after logging into the MyChart app by viewing your past visits under Appointment and Visits.

Yes, you can do so by logging into MyChart and access your Appointments and Visits under the Visit area to cancel or reschedule your appointment up to 30 minutes prior to your visit.

Please reach out to our OnDemand care team during business hours at 833-4TELEMED. For technical issues with a MyChart OnDemand visit call 475-246-8041.

Post Idea #29: Truven Health Analytics

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Truven Health Analytics

The 100 Top Hospitals award winners demonstrate top performance on both how patients are cared for through clinical measures and how the hospital performs as an efficient business.

From this list, selecting the Everest Award winners have achieved both the highest current performance and the fastest long-term improvement over five years.

Data Source Data represent the medical experience of insured employees and their dependents These are active employees, early retirees, COBRA continuees and Medicare-eligible retirees with employer-provided insurance Claims data are collected from approximately 100 different insurance companies, including Blue Cross Blue Shield plans, and third party administrators The MarketScan Databases are constructed from these privately insured paid medical and prescription drug claims.

Does use of enoxaparin prophylaxis in the hospital reduce risk of VTE after surgery? Not possible No inpatient drug data 28 Possible or Not Possible 2.

Does leukemia treatment before age 12 lead to premature coronary events? Not possible Highly unlikely that you will have someone insured for that many years in this data 29 Possible or Not Possible 3.

Do patients in HMO type insurance have fewer emergency room visits than patients with a fee-for-service type insurance? Sure – possible 30 Possible or Not Possible 4.

Do patients with laparoscopic hysterectomies have shorter lengths of stay than patients with open hysterectomies? Sure – possible 31 Possible or Not Possible 5.

Options You can be given access to the server where the data resides – preferred – Will do the short course to be allowed to access the server – There is a tiny fee for access Staff of Center for Drug Safety and Effectiveness can make an analytic data set -not preferred 34 Caveat This school-purchased MarketScan data cannot be used for student projects.

If a student would like to use MarketScan data, they allow use of the MarketScan dissertation-support data set, which is a special data set we provide to the student at no cost.

Legendary investor, Warren Buffett, can well afford to make gigantic blunders.

In his 2014 letter to shareholders, Buffett said that his biggest mistake was his 1967 decision to buy an insurance business through Berkshire Hathaway instead of his hedge fund.

Since the insurance business shared its earnings with public investors, Buffett figures he gave.

Truven Health Analytics

Truven Health Analytics is an IBM Watson Health Company that provides healthcare data and analytics services.

Truven is a portmanteau of the words “Trusted” and “Proven”.

On June 6, 2012, the sale was finalized and the new company, Truven Health Analytics, became an independent organization solely focused on healthcare.

IBM Corporation acquired Truven on February 18, 2016, and merged it with IBM’s Watson Health unit.

Truven Health Analytics

He previously served as CEO of Annapolis Junction, Maryland-based health information technology provider Livanta, a vice president at Truven Health Analytics and solutions leader at IBM.From 2011 to 2015, he worked held director roles at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.

The assets involved include Health Insights, MarketScan, Clinical Development, Social Program Management, Micromedex, and imaging software products.

These came from $4 billion worth of acquired companies Truven Health Analytics, Merge Healthcare, Phytel, and Explorys.

Segment AnalysisSoftware type, mode of deployment, application, and end-user has segmented the global healthcare quality management market.

St. Joseph is a member of Prime Healthcare Services, one the nation’s leading hospital systems.

It is recognized by Truven Health Analytics as one of the “15 Top Health Systems” in the nation.

We believe that continuous, quality of care and performance improvements are the foundation for preserving and enhancing healthcare delivery.

Introduction To Big Data In Colorectal Surgery: Truven Health Analytics MarketScan Databases For Clinical Research In Colon And Rectal Surgery

The MarketScan databases are a family of administrative claims databases that contain data on inpatient and outpatient claims, outpatient prescription claims, clinical utilization records, and healthcare expenditures.

Eleven supplemental databases are available, which are utilized to overcome the limited clinical data available in the core MarketScan databases.

The MarketScan databases, which are compiled and maintained by Truven Health Analytics, are a family of administrative claims-based databases that contain data on almost 230 million unique patients in the United States to date.

In this review, we will present the structure, strengths, and weaknesses of the MarketScan family of databases, followed by a brief review of studies that have used these databases to address research specific to the field of colon and rectal surgery.

Expands data available through MarketScan by patient-level linking to available clinical oncology data The three main databases that comprise MarketScan include data on patients utilizing one of the two largest sources of health insurance in the United States: commercial employer-based insurance and government-based insurance.

Obtaining Access to the MarketScan DatabasesCurrently, there are several ways in which researchers can access the MarketScan databases for clinical research projects.

Within the fields of colorectal surgery and gastroenterology, the MarketScan databases have been utilized to address a variety of epidemiologic and health services research questions.

Truven Health Analytics: Revolutionizing The Healthcare Sector With Big Data Analytics

With over three decades of experience, Truven Health Analytics is a leading analytics provider leveraging their extensive data assets to provide insights, improving the performance and productivity of healthcare institutions and payers.

Their products include, Micromedex-the comprehensive drug reference source; Advantage Suite-for analysis and management of covered populations from risk and care management perspectives; Consumer Advantage-for price transparency and other tools that assist consumers to make informed decisions; ActionOI-which extracts hospital data to create benchmarks and analyze performance; and Payment Integrity Enterprise which brings together claims, social, criminal, and other data resources with advanced data methodologies and predictive analytics to identify probable cases of fraud and abuse.

A newer offering, the Truven Health Unify population health solution, provides interoperability and focused analytics that bring data and decision resources to the patient bedside, consumer portal, and executive suite.

Truven Health Analytics’ institutional capability of managing healthcare data as it increases in volume and becomes more diversified, is certain to remain as a fundamental quality and a differentiator for the company.

Their extensive data warehousing capabilities and global healthcare perspective, in addition to their ability to understand and manage data in a secure manner are critical as Big Data gets deeper into the healthcare.

In an attempt to improve the wellbeing of its employees, MGM Resorts-the gaming and hospitality company-worked with Truven Health and their Advantage Suite to help MGM create a Direct Care Health Plan to manage and control the way healthcare is delivered to their insured population.

Moving forward, Truven Health Analytics is expanding the range, scope, and depth of their offerings, while delivering real-time predictive analytics solutions to their clients.

Post Idea #30: Agfa-Gevaert

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In addition to the Agfa Specialty Products activities, Agfa Materials supplies film and related products to Agfa Graphics and Agfa HealthCare.

1964 Merger of Agfa AG and Gevaert Photo-Producten N.V. with Bayer AG and Gevaert each holding a 50% interest in the new operating company.

Acquisition of Gandi Innovations, a producer of large-format inkjet systems… 2010 Agfa Graphics and Shenzhen Brothers create the Agfa Graphics Asia joint venture to reinforce their position in the Greater China and ASEAN region.

Agfa HealthCare groups all IT-related activities of the former Agfa HealthCare business group.

The newer Agfa includes the activities of the former Agfa Graphics and Agfa Specialty Products business groups, as well as the Imaging activities of the former Agfa HealthCare business group.

As of 2012, such products carry a small Agfa logo discreetly on their packaging, but are not sold as Agfa branded products.

While Agfa has retired from the photography branch, and the Agfaphoto brand was sold to a reseller named Lupus Imaging, the surviving Belgian industrial branch of Agfa continues to produce, among other things, B/W, colour negative and colour reversal materials for aerial photography.

Agfa-Gevaert 2021Results

The adjusted EBITDA margin evolved from 6.5% of revenue in 2020 to 5.8%. Adjusted EBIT reached 7.4 million Euro in 2021 versus 8.6 million Euro in 2020.

Adjusted EBIT amounted to minus 6.0 million Euro, compared to minus 21.9 million Euro in 2020.A further cost inflation impact is expected in the coming months, mitigated by pricing actions when the contractual situation allows for it.

R&D expenses amounted to 24 million Euro.Adjusted EBITDA decreased slightly from 28 million Euro in the fourth quarter of 2020 to 27 million Euro.

Adjusted EBIT amounted to 9.2 million Euro, versus 0.3 million Euro in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Adjusted EBITDA amounted to 17.6 million Euro, versus 19.2 million Euro in the fourth quarter of 2020.

The division’s adjusted EBITDA margin evolved from 9.4% of revenue in the fourth quarter of 2020 to 3.5%. Adjusted EBIT amounted to 0.3 million Euro, versus 5.0 million Euro.

Adjusted EBIT amounted to minus 4.5 million Euro, compared to minus 1.1 million Euro in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Agfa-Gevaert- Spire Healthcare, One Of The UK’S Largest

Spire Healthcare, a leading independent hospital group in the United Kingdom that delivered tailored, personalized care to almost 750,000 inpatients and day patients in 2020, has chosen to fit a significant number of its 40 hospitals across the UK with Agfa direct radiography systems and solutions.

“We have been using Agfa DR at two of our sites, and were very pleased with the results; they deliver the high image quality, low dose and intuitive workflow we need to provide outstanding personalized care to our patients. By choosing to install Agfa DR across a significant number of our hospitals over the next three years, we are confident that we are making the best decision to support our mission of delivering high standards of care, with integrity and compassion and from high-quality facilities,” comments Ben Foxley, Head of Procurement of Spire Healthcare.

“We are delighted that, based on their real-life experience with Agfa and our DR solutions, Spire Healthcare has chosen to put their trust in us, and to foster a closer and longer-term relationship between our two organizations” says Martin Tew, Sales Director UK & Eire for Agfa.

“Georges Espada, Global Head of Digital Radiography business at Agfa adds: ‘We are committed to putting smart solutions into the hands of radiology departments, and to providing them with concrete answers that meet their real needs. This agreement with Spire Healthcare shows that we are on the right path, delivering exceptional usability, high quality, low dose and more.”

The swift, motor-driven DR 100s delivers fast, high-quality DR imaging, quick image preview, excellent maneuverability and ease of use, for comfortable bedside imaging.

Lower dose, “First time right” imagingLike all of Agfa’s DR systems, the DR 600, DR 800 and DR 100s are powered by MUSICA. The MUSICA Imaging Workstation enhances workflow and productivity, with a single, intuitive interface for smooth, efficient DR imaging.

About AgfaAgfa develops, produces and distributes an extensive range of imaging systems and workflow solutions for the printing industry, the healthcare sector, as well as for specific hi-tech industries such as printed electronics & renewable energy solutions.

German-Belgian Corporation

Agfa-Gevaert NV, Belgian corporate group established in 1964 in the merger of Agfa AG of Leverkusen, West Germany, and Gevaert Photo-Producten NV of Mortsel, Belgium.

The merger established twin operating companies, one German and one Belgian.

Long known for its development and production of photographic film and photofinishing equipment, Agfa sold its consumer film and photofinishing business in 2004.

Agfa, an abbreviation for Aktiengesellschaft für Anilinfabrikation, was founded as a dye company in 1867 at Rummelsburger See near Berlin; it began producing photographic film in 1908.

The history of Gevaert began in 1890, when Lieven Gevaert started manufacturing photographic paper in Antwerp.

In 1920 the company he founded became Gevaert Photo-Producten NV.Two of the group’s principal factories-located in Leverkusen, Germany, and Mortsel, Belgium-produce photographic film and equipment, audiotape, and photocopying and duplicating systems.

Bayer AG held a controlling interest in the group from 1981 until 1999, when Agfa’s stock shares were publicly listed.

X-Ray Medical Imaging: Digital Radiology

Showcasing innovative digital imaging and advanced printing solutions, Agfa takes part in China International Import Expo for 3rd year in a row.

At ECR 2021, Agfa delivers on its promise and vision to transform digital radiography, with intelligent, meaningful answers to healthcare imaging needs.

Agfa celebrates 30 years of Imaging activity in China, and highlights innovative future of intelligent digital imaging.

Agfa US Corp. awarded a three year agreement with Premier for high-quality digital radiography and fluoroscopy imaging technology.

Florida Hospital selects Agfa DR 800 Multi-Purpose Digital Imaging System for three facilities to help improve delivery of Patient Care.Read the full article.

New MUSICA Workstation brings Intelligence to Agfa’s digital imaging solutions.

Agfa receives FDA 510(k) clearance for DR 800 multi-purpose digital imaging system.

Post Idea #31: Inertial navigation system

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Inertial Navigation System

An inertial navigation system is a navigation device that uses a computer, motion sensors and rotation sensors to continuously calculate by dead reckoning the position, the orientation, and the velocity of a moving object without the need for external references.

Other terms used to refer to inertial navigation systems or closely related devices include inertial guidance system, inertial instrument, inertial measurement unit and many other variations.

Performing integration on the inertial accelerations using the correct kinematic equations yields the inertial velocities of the system and integration again yields the inertial position.

Accordingly, inertial navigation is usually used to supplement other navigation systems, providing a higher degree of accuracy than is possible with the use of any single system.

The Atlas guidance system was to be a combination of an on-board autonomous system and a ground-based tracking and command system.

Inertial guidance systems are now usually combined with satellite navigation systems through a digital filtering system.

The inertial system provides short term data, while the satellite system corrects accumulated errors of the inertial system.

A Wide Range Of INS And INS/GNSS

SBG Systems offers a wide line of INS suitable whether your applications requirements are size or performance.

An Inertial Navigation System, also called INS, is a navigation device that provides roll, pitch, heading, position, and velocity.

The IMU measures Euler angles in 3 axis thanks to their rotation along with the IMU to obtain pitch, roll, and yaw.

Inertial Navigation Sensors can also integrate an internal or external GNSS receiver for Navigation data and velocity.

Put another way, at any point in space-time the equivalence principle guarantees the existence of a local inertial frame, and an accelerometer measures the acceleration relative to that frame.

A Gyroscope is a physical sensor that detects and measures the angular motion of an object relative to an inertial reference frame.

A magnetometer is a measuring sensor used to measure the strength or direction of magnetic fields in order to provide bearing.

Basic Principles of Inertial Navigation Seminar on inertial navigation systems Tampere University of Technology 1 The five basic forms of navigation Pilotage, which essentially relies on recognizing landmarks to know where you are.

Radio navigation, which relies on radio‐frequency sources with known locations Inertial navigation, which relies on knowing your initial position, velocity, and attitude and thereafter measuring your attitude rates and accelerations.

The subject of our seminar is the fifth form of navigation – inertial navigation.

3 Basic principle of inertial navigation Given the ability to measure the acceleration of vehicle it would be possible to calculate the change in velocity and position by performing successive mathematical integrations of the acceleration with respect to time.

4 What does an INS consist of? An inertial navigation uses gyroscopes and accelerometers to maintain an estimate of the position, velocity, and attitude rates of the vehicle in or on which the INS is carried, which could be a land vehicle, aircraft, spacecraft, missile, surface ship, or submarine.

Gimbaled INS example Strapdown INS Strapdown inertial navigation concept Accelerometers mounted directly to airframe and measure “Body” acceleration Horizontal/vertical accelerations computed analytically using direction cosine matrix relating body coordinated and local level navigation coordinates DCM computed using strapdown body mounted gyro outputs RLG instrument cluster Two‐dimensional navigation for stabilized platform 14 Two‐dimensional navigation for strapdown system 15 Strapdown inertial navigation unit block diagram Strapdown INS building blocks 17 Accuracy vs. price 18 Advantages of INS It is autonomous and does not rely on any external aids or visibility conditions.

20 Synergism with GPS GPS integration has not only made inertial navigation platform better, it made it cost less Sensor errors that were unacceptable for stand‐alone INS operation became acceptable for integrated operation Manufacturing and calibration costs for removing these errors could be eliminated New low‐cost MEMS sensor technologies could be applied INS also benefits GPS performance by carrying the navigation solution during loss of GPS signals and allowing rapid re‐aquisition 21 Relation to guidance and control Navigation is concerned with determining where you are relative to where you want to be.

What Is An Inertial Navigation System? · VectorNav

As we mentioned above an inertial navigation system uses an inertial measurement unit consisting of accelerometers, gyroscopes, and sometimes magnetometers.

VELOCITY AND POSITION. Unaided inertial navigation, also known as dead-reckoning, requires extremely accurate inertial sensors to provide suitably accurate position and velocity estimation for navigation purposes.

A variety of error sources within the inertial sensors measurements themselves lead to unbounded error growth in the INS navigation solution, such as bias, noise, scale factor errors, misalignments, temperature dependencies, and gyro g-sensitivity.

The performance of the gyro typically dominates the position errors when performing a pure integration of inertial sensors.

Finally, a solution for position error has been found that factors all significant sources of error found in inertial navigation.

WRAPPING UP. We have highlighted the contributions of the various significant error sources to estimating the position error growth for an unaided inertial navigation solution.

Using the data from the table above we can then estimate the position error grow, or drift, over time for the various grades of inertial sensors.

F- = a = S m 0 where ie is the rotation rate of the earth, R is a rotation matrix between different coordinate systems, P is the position and V is the velocity vector in the ECEF coordinate system as denoted by the superscript e. Also the attitude will be changed from euler’s roll, pitch, and yaw to quaternions.

If a drift is not properly accounted for, and the IMU thinks it is rotating, then the 4 Inertial Navigation FIGURE 4 Overview of the extended kalman filter’s integration with the INS. navigation equations will not properly account for gravity and the system will think it is moving due to a maximum acceleration of 9.8 m s 2 depending on how far the system has drifted.

To give an idea of the performance of a strap-down system, the following quote is taken from an article written by A. D. King, Chief Engineer of Navigation and Electro-optic Systems Division of Marconi Electronic Systems.

“Many of these instrument errors vary each time you switch the system on – INS have good days and bad days. To characterize the performance of an INS, you have to resort to statistics, and take the r.m.s. total error from an ensemble of many representative missions. A typical standard expected from a ‘good’ INS produces an error that increases with time, and reaches.6 miles after one hour.” Vibrations Vibration in a strap-down system can cause many problems with the INS. Generally great care must be taken to isolate the IMU from any resonance frequencies.

In high precision systems, various tests must be done to try to identify what these frequencies are then design elaborate mounts to hold the IMU. E. Extended Kalman Filter In addition to the prefiltering of the IMU data, an extended kalman filter was developed to estimate the biases and drifts of the system and then update the navigational solution.

These gyros are much less expensive to produce, but performed at least an order of magnitude worse than another low cost IMU system being developed by Dr. Crane here at U.F. That system uses an IMU developed from Honeywell which has ring laser gyros.

GPS INS km 4.89 5.16 miles 3.04 3.21 Car 3.1 The extended kalman filter attempts to estimate the biases and drifts present in the system to increase the accuracy of the system.

Uk/techreports/ ISSN 1476-2986 An introduction to inertial navigation Oliver J. Woodman Abstract Until recently the weight and size of inertial sensors has prohibited their use in domains such as human motion capture.

Recent improvements in the performance of small and lightweight micromachined electromechanical systems inertial sensors have made the application of inertial techniques to such problems possible.

For a simple inertial navigation system based on the Xsens Mtx inertial measurement unit, we show that the average error in position grows to over 150 m after 60 seconds of operation.

The reader should note that whilst this report aims to provide a broad introduction to the subject of inertial navigation, the latter chapters focus mainly on strapdown type inertial navigation systems using micro-machined electromechanical systems devices.

The report is structured as follows: Section 2 introduces the reader to inertial navigation, its uses, and the two main varieties of inertial navigation system.

3 Section 6 describes strapdown inertial navigation in more detail and explains how errors in individual gyroscopes and accelerometers propagate through the navigation system as a whole.

2 Inertial Navigation Inertial navigation is a self-contained navigation technique in which measurements provided by accelerometers and gyroscopes are used to track the position and orientation of an object relative to a known starting point, orientation and velocity.

Tutorial for Geodesi- og Hydrografidagene 2005, Hoenefoss, Norway Navigation Navigation: Estimate the position, orientation and velocity of a vehicle Inertial navigation: Inertial sensors are utilized for the navigation Inertial Sensors Based on inertial principles, acceleration and angular velocity are measured.

Always relative to inertial space Most common inertial sensors: – Accelerometers – Gyros Accelerometers By attaching a mass to a spring, measuring its deflection, we get a simple accelerometer.

Gyros Gyros measure angular velocity relative inertial space: B IB Measurement principles include: Spinning wheel Mechanical gyro Figure: Caplex Sagnac-effect Ring laser gyro Fiber optic gyro Figure: Bose Coriolis-effect MEMS “Tuning fork” “Wine glass” Figure: Titterton & Weston IMU Three gyros and three accelerometers are normally combined in an inertial measurement unit Example: Honeywell HG1700: 3 accelerometers, accuracy: 1 mg 3 ring laser gyros, accuracy: 1 deg/h Rate of all 6 measurements: 100 Hz Foto: FFI Inertial Navigation B B f An IMU is sufficient to navigate relative to inertial space, given initial values of velocity, position and attitude: – Integrating the sensed acceleration will give velocity.

In terrestrial navigation we compensate for gravitation, and rotation of the Earth Equations integrating the gyro and accelerometer measurements into velocity, position and orientation are called navigation equations Inertial Navigation System The combination of an IMU and a computer running navigation equations is called an Inertial Navigation System.

Gyros Accelerometers Angular velocity, Attitude, RLB or roll/pitch/yaw B IB Velocity, Specific force, IMU f IBB Navigation Navigation Equations Equations L vEB Horizontal E or longitude/ position, n latitude Depth, z INS Due to errors in the gyros and accelerometers, an INS will have unlimited drift in velocity, position and attitude.

Categorization: IMU technology and IMU performance Class Position performance Gyro technology Accelerometer technology “Military grade” 1 nmi / 24 h ESG, RLG, FOG Servo accelerometer < 0.005°/h < 30 µg Navigation grade 1 nmi / h RLG, FOG Servo accelerometer, Vibrating beam 0.01°/h 50 µg Tactical grade > 10 nmi / h RLG, FOG Servo accelerometer, Vibrating beam, MEMS 1°/h 1 mg AHRS NA MEMS, RLG, MEMS FOG, Coriolis 1 – 10°/h 1 mg Control system NA Coriolis 10 – 1000°/h 10 mg MEMS Gyro bias Acc bias Aided inertial navigation system Reset To limit the drift, an INS is usually aided by other sensors that provide direct measurements of for example position and velocity.

Navlab.net Conclusions An aided inertial navigation system gives: – optimal solution based on all available sensors – all the relevant data with high rate Compare this with dedicated gyrocompasses, motion sensors etc that typically gives sub-optimal solutions, often with a subset of data If real-time data not required, smoothing should always be used to get maximum accuracy, robustness and integrity ..

Post Idea #32: Keller Williams Realty

Related Articles – Summarized

Keller Williams Headquarters

We’re #1. Holding the top spot in agent count, units and sales volume, our sales force is one to be reckoned with.

Home to the Tech-Enabled Agent, our business model equips agents with a technological edge and the ability to offer customers whatever they wish.

Our team of training experts and award-winning coaching programs go unrivaled year after year, keeping our agents at the top of their game.

At Keller Williams, we’re focused on building technology that’s smart and human, empowering you to be more and earn more.

To build careers worth having, businesses worth owning, lives worth living, experiences worth giving, and legacies worth leaving.

To be the real estate company of choice for agents and their customers.

A technology company that provides the real estate platform that our agents’ buyers and sellers prefer.

Keller Williams Realty Fresno

Agent count, closed units, and closed sales vollume in the US. AWARDS & ACCOLADES. FORBES:America’s Best Employers by State 2019.

When you join Keller Williams, you join a winning team of real estate professionals who are leading the industry to greater heights.

Keller Williams Realty Sacramento Metro

Agent count, closed units, and closed sales vollume in the US. AWARDS & ACCOLADES. FORBES:America’s Best Employers by State 2019.

When you join Keller Williams, you join a winning team of real estate professionals who are leading the industry to greater heights.

We’re looking for passionate entrepreneurs who are ready to seize the opportunity of today’s market.

If you’re looking for a refreshing change, a growth-focused, innovation-driven atmosphere, and the opportunity to turn your career intentions into reality, Keller Williams is the place for you.

Keller Williams Maine

Locally owned and operated, and Headquartered in Portland, Maine since 2003, KW Maine led all Maine Real Estate agencies in both transaction count and volume sold again in 2020, making the Real Trends Top 500 list in 2020 and 2021, and the 2020 Swanepoel Mega 1000 list.

We are the #1 real estate company in the state of Maine, selling residential, commercial and luxury properties.

With branch offices in Kennebunk, Saco, Auburn, Brunswick, Bangor and Cornish, we have the right agent for you.

Keller Williams Realty

Keller Williams Realty is an American technology and international real estate franchise with headquarters in Austin, Texas.

Keller Williams topped Fast Company’s list of the World’s Most Innovative Companies in the real estate and urban development category for 2019.

Keller Williams was founded in 1983 by Gary Keller and Joe Williams.

Keller Williams continued expanding and in 2007, the company launched Luxury Homes by Keller Williams, a division within the company that brokers luxury only real estate.

Keller Williams went international in 2012, launching Keller Williams Worldwide as a subdivision to manage its international franchising.

Keller Williams Worldwide – Keller Williams Worldwide is responsible for the company’s global franchising and expansion.

Luxury Homes by Keller Williams – Luxury Homes by Keller Williams is the company’s luxury real estate arm.

Post Idea #33: Impairment

Related Articles – Summarized

Impairment Definition

In accounting, impairment is a permanent reduction in the value of a company asset.

Periodic Evaluation for Impairment An accountant tests assets for potential impairment periodically.

Unlike impairment of an asset, impaired capital can naturally reverse when the company’s total capital increases back above the par value of its capital stock.

Certain assets, such as intangible goodwill, must be tested for impairment on an annual basis in order to ensure that the value of assets is not inflated on the balance sheet.

As part of the same entry, a $50,000 credit is also made to the building’s asset account, to reduce the asset’s balance, or to another balance sheet account called the “Provision for Impairment Losses.”

Impairment involves an unexpected and drastic drop in the fair value of an asset.

An accountant will write off the difference between the fair value and the carrying value if impairment is present, and the value of the asset decreases on the company’s balance sheet.

Definition Of Impairment By Medical Dictionary

Any abnormality of, partial or complete loss of, or loss of the function of, a body part, organ, or system; this may be due directly or secondarily to pathology or injury and may be either temporary or permanent.

Examples include muscle weakness, incontinence, pain, and loss of joint motion.

Functional aerobic impairment a ratio comparing the duration of a test performed by the patient with the duration of the test that would be expected for a healthy individual of the same age, sex, and activity level, expressed as a percentage.

The official WHO definition is: any loss or abnormality of psychological, physiologic, or anatomic structure or function.

Impairment Medtalk An objective handicap, partial disability, loss of function, anatomic or functional defect, which may be temporary or permanent-persisting after appropriate therapy, without reasonable prospect of improvement, ranging from mild to severe, the latter of which precludes any form of gainful employment.

See Disability, Handicap, Hereditary hearing impairment, Nonsyndromic hereditary hearing impairment, Specific language impairment, Syndromic hearing impairment.

The official World Health Organization definition reads any loss of psychological, physiologic, or anatomic structure or function.

Definition, Indicators Of Impairment Test, Practical Example

The impairment of a fixed asset can be described as an abrupt decrease in Fair Value.

All assets, either tangible or intangible, are prone to impairment.

Companies must assess the external environment and look for the indicators below to decide when to impair assets.

IAS 36 applies to all assets except those for which other standards address impairment.

Managers who write off or write down assets because of impairment might not have made good investment decisions or lacked the vision before making that kind of investment.

Many business failures are heralded by a fall in the impairment value of assets.

The detailed guidance on treatment for impairing assets is not there, like when to recognize impairment, how to measure impairment, and how to disclose impairment.

What Is An Impairment?

The term impairment is associated with an asset currently having a market value that is less than the asset’s book value.

A test is done to determine whether the asset’s book value should be reduced to the current market value and to report the amount of the write-down as a loss on its income statement.

The company experienced a dramatic decline in the demand for its products and in the value of its plant and equipment.

If the required test of impairment indicates that a loss must be recorded on its plant and equipment, its book value must be reduced and the resulting loss reported on its income statement.

The amount paid for the company resulted in Corporation X reporting a large amount for the intangible asset goodwill.

Since the acquisition, the acquired company’s value has declined to only a small fraction of the amount currently reported as goodwill.

A test must be done and it may require a reduction in the reported amount of goodwill and a resulting impairment loss reported on the company’s income statement.

Definition, Explanation, Indicators, How To Test The Impairment, Examples, 6 Tips For Impairment Test

The impairment test is the testing procedure that is performed by the companies on the assets that they have to find out if the assets are impaired make the carrying value of assets in the reporting date less than the recoverable value of assets.

The company performs the impairment test on the computers that it has as of 31 December 2020 with the carrying value amounting to USD500,000 to see if there is any impairment on the computers.

The impairment test is done to find out if the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the recoverable value.

The following indicators show the impairment of assets: The carrying amount of an asset is more than the market capitalization.

As a rule, the company is required to test for impairment of assets every year.

Focus on market capitalization: Market capitalization below net asset value is an indicator of the impairment test.

Compare the assets being tested for impairment with the cash flows coming from that asset: It is to be ascertained that the cash flows being tested are consistent with the assets being tested.

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