24 Google Trending Breakout Blog Post Ideas – Updated on 2022-03-13

Find trends and resources for the highest search-volume keywords on Google in the last 24 hours below. This post was updated on 2022-03-13.

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Please note that everything on this page is automatically gathered and generated. Skim through blog post ideas until you find something you’re interested in writing about. Take the hard work out of finding and researching popular blog post ideas.

Post Idea #1: Antimalarial medication

Related Articles – Summarized

Antimalarial Medications

The obvious exception is in waiting for confirmation to treat suspected malaria if the patient shows signs of severe malaria, and clinical suspicion for malaria is high.

This activity reviews the indications, contraindications, adverse events, and other key elements of antimalarial therapy in the clinical setting related to the essential points needed by members of an interprofessional team managing the care of patients with a malarial infection require treatment.

The clinical status of a patient can fall into two main categories: uncomplicated malaria or severe malaria.

IV quinidine should continue until the parasite density is less than 1% and the patient can tolerate oral medications.

Its use requires caution in patients with a previous history of GI disorders, conduction abnormalities, or patients taking QT-prolonging drugs.

Primaquine is contraindicated in pregnancy and breastfeeding and in patients with severe G6PD deficiency and acutely ill patients with a tendency to develop granulocytopenia.

Nurses and pharmacists should assist the team in educating the patient and family regarding the safe use of these medications.

Antimalarials: Drug Class, Uses, Side Effects, Drug Names

Antimalarial drugs work by killing the parasite present in the affected red blood cells.

There are several antimalarial drugs that differ in their structure with each working uniquely to kill the parasite.

Atovaquone: Inhibits the electron transport chain at cytochrome bc1 complex and collapses parasite mitochondrial membrane in Plasmodium.

Primaquine: Disrupts Plasmodium mitochondria, leading to the death of the parasite.

Pyrimethamine: Folic acid antagonist, selectively inhibiting plasmodial form of dihydrofolate reductase enzyme and reducing the production of folic acid required for nucleic acid synthesis in the parasite.

Quinidine: Builds up in the food vacuole of the parasite and forms a complex with heme and starves the Plasmodium to death.

The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects.

Antimalarial Medications

Antimalarial medications are amongst the most commonly used oral medications for rheumatologic skin diseases.

It is the most readily available and frequently prescribed antimalarial in the US. Antimalarial medications are extremely safe and do not overtly suppress the immune system.

It is important to note that there is a delayed response with antimalarial medications.

The antimalarial medications typically are very well tolerated, and serious side effects are extremely rare.

Patients who are pregnant or are considering having a child, should talk to their doctor before taking these medications.

Although there are few drug interactions with hydroxychloroquine, to be safe, patients should notify their physicians about all of the medications they are taking, including over-the-counter drugs and natural remedies.

The antimalarial medications do not work well in patients who smoke for uncertain reasons.

Antimalarial Medication

Incidence and distribution of the disease is expected to remain high, globally, for many years to come; moreover, known antimalarial drugs have repeatedly been observed to elicit resistance in the malaria parasite-including for combination therapies featuring artemisinin, a drug of last resort, where resistance has now been observed in Southeast Asia.

Specifically, antimalarial drugs may be used to treat malaria in three categories of individuals, those with suspected or confirmed infection, those visiting a malaria-endemic regions who have no immunity, to prevent infection via malaria prophylaxis, and or in broader groups of individuals, in routine but intermittent preventative treatment in regions where malaria is endemic via intermittent preventive therapy.

Probably one of the more prevalent antimalarial drugs prescribed, due to its relative effectiveness and cheapness, doxycycline is a tetracycline compound derived from oxytetracycline.

Anti-malarial drug resistance has been defined as: “The ability of a parasite to survive and/or multiply despite the administration and absorption of a drug given in doses equal to or higher than those usually recommended but within tolerance of the subject. The drug in question must gain access to the parasite or the infected red blood cell for the duration of the time necessary for its normal action.” Resistance to antimalarial drugs is common.

Drug resistance may lead to treatment failure, but treatment failure is not necessarily caused by drug resistance despite assisting with its development.

The resistance to anti-malarials may be increased by a process found in some species of Plasmodium, where a degree of phenotypic plasticity was exhibited, allowing the rapid development of resistance to a new drug, even if the drug has not been previously experienced.

Drugs with shorter half-life’s require more frequent administration to maintain the correct plasma concentrations, therefore potentially presenting more problems if levels of adherence and compliance are unreliable, but longer-lasting drugs can increase the development of resistance due to prolonged periods of low drug concentration.

Treating Lupus With Anti-Malarial Drugs

These medications may also prevent lupus from spreading to certain organs, such as the kidney and central nervous system and may help to reduce flares by as much as 50%. Plaquenil and other anti-malarials are the key to controlling lupus long term, and some lupus patients may be on Plaquenil for the rest of their lives.

Anti-malarials are particularly useful in treating discoid lupus, subacute cutaneous lupus, and mouth sores associated with lupus; they are also effective in treating rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren’s syndrome.

Three anti-malarial drugs are prescribed for lupus symptoms.

Can anti-malarial drugs be taken with other lupus medications?

Yes, anti-malarials can be taken with other lupus medications, including corticosteroids, immunosuppressives, cytotoxic drugs, and NSAIDs.

Anti-malarial drugs may be given in combination with prednisone to reduce the amount of steroid needed to control lupus symptoms and thus to alleviate some of the side effects of the steroid.

No fetal abnormalities are known to have occurred from taking hydroxychloroquine, and physicians at several major universities have used anti-malarial drugs for years to treat pregnant women with lupus without negative side effects on the fetus.

Malaria Medications: Common Malaria Pills Used To Treat And Prevent Plasmodium Infection

Malaria pills aren’t 100% effective in preventing the disease.

Some malaria pills require that you start taking the drug 3 weeks before you depart.

You can still get malaria even if you’ve taken the pills.

Your doctor will try to decide what type of malaria infection you have in order to figure out which drug you should take.

Whether you took medicine to prevent malaria and, if so, what kind.

Many of the medicines used to treat malaria are the same ones listed above for preventing it.

You shouldn’t take the same medicine to treat malaria that you took when you were trying to prevent it.

Post Idea #2: Constellium

Related Articles – Summarized

Constellium SE operates as a holding company with interest in the design and manufacture of a range of specialty rolled, and extruded aluminum products, serving primarily the aerospace, packaging and automotive end-markets.

The Packaging & Automotive Rolled Products segment includes the production of rolled aluminum products.

Includes the production of rolled and extruded aluminum products for the aerospace market, as well as rolled products for transport and industry end-uses.

The Automotive Structures & Industry segment includes crash-management systems, body structures and side impact beams in Germany, North America and China.

The company was founded on May 14, 2010 and is headquartered in Paris, France.

Accurate margin assessment highly correlates with deal success-and underperformance.

Through the double-barreled approach of commercial due diligence and operational due diligence, private equity firms can improve their assessment of full potential.


Constellium SE is a global manufacturer of aluminium rolled products, extruded products and structural parts based on a large variety of advanced alloys.

Constellium primarily serves the aerospace, automotive and packaging sectors.

During the last 50 years, C-TEC has added more than 600 patent families and trademarks, including breakthrough innovations in aluminium alloy for aerospace, automotive, and packaging, including, high performance aluminium-lithium alloy for air-and spacecraft, high-strength aluminium alloys for structural components in the automotive industry, aluminium solutions for aerosols that can lighten products by 30 percent and high-tech aluminium profiles for hybrid motors.

In 2016, the partnership between Constellium and Brunel was extended with the opening of the Constellium University Technology Center, a research center for the design, development and prototyping of aluminium alloys and automotive structural components.

In 2016, Constellium opened an additional research hub dedicated to lightweight automotive aluminium in Plymouth, Michigan.

Constellium participates in numerous associations and initiatives aimed at improving sustainability in the aluminium industry.

The company is also a founding member of the Aluminium Stewardship Initiative, a global, multi-stakeholder, non-profit organization for the aluminium industry.

Constellium Careers And Employment

Do people feel they are achieving most of their goals at work?

Saw/Crane Operator in Ravenswood, WV.on February 26, 2022.I have worked for Constellium in the production dept.

Nothing ever works correctly because maintenance only puts a bandaid on instead of fixing the problem.

Several people work 14-30 days straight on 12 hour shifts.

Questions and answersPeople have asked 38 questions about working at Constellium.

Explore work from home during COVID-19, remote work support and work-life balance.

Explore leadership during COVID-19, working conditions and WFH support.

Constellium Stock Forecast, Price & News

Constellium SE operates as a holding company with interest in the design and manufacture of a range of specialty rolled, and extruded aluminum products, serving primarily the aerospace, packaging and automotive end-markets.

The Packaging & Automotive Rolled Products segment includes the production of rolled aluminum products.

The Aerospace & Transportation segment includes the production of rolled and extruded aluminum products for the aerospace market, as well as rolled products for transport and industry end-uses.

The Automotive Structures & Industry segment includes crash-management systems, body structures and side impact beams in Germany, North America and China.

The company was founded on May 14, 2010 and is headquartered in Paris, France.

Constellium Shares Up 11.7%

Constellium SE shot up 11.7% during mid-day trading on Wednesday.

43,101 shares were traded during trading, a decline of 94% from the average session volume of 770,029 shares.

Constellium last issued its earnings results on Tuesday, February 22nd. The industrial products company reported $0.05 earnings per share for the quarter, missing the Zacks’ consensus estimate of $0.15 by.

BlackRock Inc. now owns 11,354,523 shares of the industrial products company’s stock worth $203,358,000 after buying an additional 238,294 shares during the last quarter.

Janus Henderson Group PLC now owns 10,096,972 shares of the industrial products company’s stock worth $189,621,000 after buying an additional 546,542 shares during the last quarter.

FMR LLC now owns 4,166,800 shares of the industrial products company’s stock worth $33,251,000 after buying an additional 829,800 shares during the last quarter.

Goldman Sachs Group Inc. now owns 3,145,431 shares of the industrial products company’s stock worth $59,072,000 after buying an additional 1,136,238 shares during the last quarter.

Constellium Q4 Earnings Miss Estimates

Constellium came out with quarterly earnings of $0.06 per share, missing the Zacks Consensus Estimate of $0.19 per share.

This quarterly report represents an earnings surprise of -68.42%. A quarter ago, it was expected that this aluminum company would post earnings of $0.27 per share when it actually produced earnings of $0.77, delivering a surprise of 185.19%. Over the last four quarters, the company has surpassed consensus EPS estimates three times.

The sustainability of the stock’s immediate price movement based on the recently-released numbers and future earnings expectations will mostly depend on management’s commentary on the earnings call.

Not only does this include current consensus earnings expectations for the coming quarter(s), but also how these expectations have changed lately.

Empirical research shows a strong correlation between near-term stock movements and trends in earnings estimate revisions.

Investors can track such revisions by themselves or rely on a tried-and-tested rating tool like the Zacks Rank, which has an impressive track record of harnessing the power of earnings estimate revisions.

While the magnitude and direction of estimate revisions could change following the company’s just-released earnings report, the current status translates into a Zacks Rank #4 for the stock.

Post Idea #3: Hindalco Industries

Related Articles – Summarized

Why Hindalco Share Price Is Falling By 0.79% Today? Hindalco Share Price Analysis

What’s Hindalco share price today and what are Hindalco share returns ?.

Hindalco share price was Rs 589.10 as on 11 Mar, 2022, 03:59 PM IST. Hindalco share price was down by 0.79% based on previous share price of Rs. 588.05.

In last 1 Month, Hindalco share price moved up by 8.55%. 2.

In last 52 weeks Hindalco share had a high price of Rs 623.00 and low price of Rs 305.40.

Price to Book ratio of Hindalco is 2.01.Hindalco Industries Ltd. share price moved down by -0.79.% from its previous close of Rs 593.80.

Hindalco Industries Ltd. stock last traded price is 589.10.Hindalco Industries Ltd. share price moved down by -0.80.% from its previous close of Rs 593.75.

Hindalco Industries Ltd. stock last traded price is 589.00.Share PriceValueToday/Current/Last589.

Hindalco Industries Limited

Hindalco Industries Limited is the metals flagship company of Aditya Birla Group.

It is the world’s largest aluminium rolling company and is also a leading producer of copper.

Along with its global subsidiary Novelis Inc., Hindalco has a presence in 12 countries.

The company operates across the value chain – from bauxite mining to alumina refining, aluminium smelting, rolling and extrusions.

It services key industry sectors such as building & construction, automotives, packaging, electrical, consumer durables, refractories, and ceramics.

Hindalco has a well-rounded approach to sustainability – encompassing a variety of areas like sustainable mining practices, energy conservation, recycling, environment-friendly disposal of industrial wastes, safety practices, socio-economic development of the communities around the plant and empowerment of employees.

Hindalco Industries

Hindalco Industries Limited an Indian aluminium and copper manufacturing company, is a subsidiary of the Aditya Birla Group.

Hindalco is one of the world’s largest aluminium rolling companies and one of the biggest producers of primary aluminium in Asia.

In 1989 the company was restructured and renamed Hindalco.

This plant supplies power to Hirakud smelter of Hindalco Industries.

This plant supplies power to Utkal Refinery of Hindalco Industries.

This plant supplies power to Aditya smelter of Hindalco Industries.

Mahan Hindalco Industries Ltd. a 900 MW captive power plant and alumina smelter located in Bargawa 20 km from Singrauli.

HINDALCO Stock Price Prediction, Long-Term & Short-Term Share Revenue Prognosis With Smart Technical Analysis

Recommendations: Buy or sell Hindalco Industries stock? Mumbai Stock Market & Finance report, prediction for the future: You’ll find the Hindalco Industries share forecasts, stock quote and buy / sell signals below.

According to present data Hindalco Industries’s HINDALCO shares and potentially its market environment have been in a bullish cycle in the last 12 months.

Currently there seems to be a trend where stocks in the Basic Materials sector(s) have been popular in this period.

Our Ai stock analyst implies that there will be a positive trend in the future and the HINDALCO shares might be good for investing for making money.

If you are good with personal finance and are looking to invest, you will find the Hindalco Industries on NSE stock exchange.

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Question Box: How will Hindalco Industries Limited stock price increase? Will HINDALCO price go up? Will Hindalco Industries Limited stock price fall? Will HINDALCO price drop? Will HINDALCO stock price rise? Is Hindalco Industries Limited price going up? Is Hindalco Industries Limited a profitable investment? Is HINDALCO stock price going to drop? When will HINDALCO price fall? When will HINDALCO stock price go down? When will Hindalco Industries Limited price drop?

Post Idea #4: Hydro Extruded Solutions

Related Articles – Summarized


Skip to content Q4 and full year 2021: Record results.

Strong markets and internal improvements driving financial performance.

Hydro announces intention to deliver its first commercial volumes of near-zero carbon aluminum in 2022.

Hydro Extruded Solutions

Hydro Extruded Solutions is a manufacturer of extruded aluminium profiles.

According to Bloomberg, Sapa “Falsified thousands of certifications for aluminum parts over 19 years for hundreds of customers, including NASA.” In Extruded Solutions, Hydro has the largest global aluminium extrusion-based solutions operation in the world, counting 100 production sites in more than 40 countries, and has 22,400 employees.

In October 2012, Orkla and the Norwegian company Norsk Hydro announced that they had agreed to combine the aluminium extrusion businesses of Sapa and Hydro into a new 50/50 joint venture, which would keep the Sapa name.

Hydro ASA acquired Sapa in October 2017, when Sapa was renamed Hydro Extruded Solutions and organized as a new business area.

In 2019 a NASA investigation of two Taurus rocket launch failures, which resulted in the loss of 700 million dollars worth of payload, determined that the root cause was the use of defective parts manufactured and fraudulently certified by Sapa Profiles, Inc. Internally, Hydro Extruded Solutions has four business units.

In total, Hydro Extruded Solutions operates some 100 production sites in more than 40 countries.

In 2017, more than half of the aluminium used in Hydro Extruded Solutions’ production stemmed from internal scrap recycling and billets of remelted aluminium provided by external suppliers, according to Sapa’s.

Post Idea #5: Progressive cavity pump

Related Articles – Summarized

Progressive Cavity Pumps

Progressive cavity pumps are an excellent choice when looking for a positive displacement pump.

PC pumps consist of a single helical metal rotor rotating within a double helical elastomer-lined stator, which forms progressive chambers/cavities from the suction end to discharge end moving the liquid.

The liquid acts as the lubricant between the pumping elements and should not be ran dry.

The progressive cavity pump was designed to move almost any kind of fluid with no separation disturbance at a uniform discharge flow.

PC pumps are one of the easiest to work on as the main elements are very accessible and require few tools to disassemble and reassemble on-site.

Continental Pump offers many models of Progressive Cavity pumps.

We offer drop in replacements pumps and parts to popular Progressive Cavity brands.

Progressing Cavity Pumps

Withstands temperatures up to 660 degF [350 degC] for thermal applications.

Survives in corrosive, abrasive, and aromatic conditions.

Handles oil from 6 to 49 API, low to high viscosities, and high sand cuts.

Simplify production for wells characterized by highly viscous fluid and high sand cut with progressing cavity pumps.

These positive displacement pumps are engineered to deliver variable rates and constant head capable of handling various types of applications with superior sand-lifting capability.

They have lower operating and capital costs, partly due to their simple design and installation and lower power consumption compared with other artificial lift methods-making them the cost-effective and efficient artificial lift solution.

Advanced PCPs are available fully automated to monitor torque, measure flow rates, and adjust pump speed so you get the most from your well every time.

Progressive Cavity Pumps Manufacturer In USA

Progressive Cavity Pumps Manufacturer in USA – MXQ. -> MXQ Progressive Cavity Pumps MXQ progressive cavity pumps are self-priming, positive displacement pumps, which are used for pumping a wide range of liquids including highly viscous, aggressive fluids with entrapped air, or neutral fluids, or fluids with fiber and solid content.

Bornemann® Equivalent Pumps: 100% Bornemann equivalent progressive cavity pumps.

Netzsch® Equivalent Pumps: Netzsch® inspired progressive cavity pumps that are provided with various options like cardan joints, pin and bush joints, high pressure, high flow, and close-coupled models.

Moyno® Equivalent Pumps: Moyno® equivalent progressive cavity pumps are designed for various industrial applications.

The progressive cavity pumps are also referred to as eccentric screw pumps, cavity pumps or single screw pumps.

The standard geometry is suited for highly viscous and thick material MXQ progressive cavity pumps have elongated geometry with a large surface contact between the stator and the rotor.

All MXQ progressive cavity pumps are designed to have low rubbing velocities, which has improved their life by 40% than standard pumps available in the market.

Progressive Cavity Pump Manufacturers And Suppliers In China

Mingjie Pump is a professional large-flow, high pressure, high viscosity and accurately measured progressive cavity pump manufacturer and supplier.

What is a. Progressive cavity pump is a type of positive displacement pump, which is a rotary positive displacement pump;.

It was invented by the French engineer MoiNeau, and first produced by the French PCM Pump Company, so it is also called Mono pump, PC pump or PCM pump;.

It has been officially named as single screw pump or eccentric screw pump in China;.

It is mainly composed of a single-head spiral rotor and a double-head inner spiral stator.

Due to the irregular shape of the stator and the rotor, they mesh with each other to form a number of different sealed cavities, which separate the suction cavity and the discharge cavity, resulting in volume changes to achieve the purpose of liquid delivery; The stator and the rotor are interference fit, should not be run dry.

The progressive cavity pump is a kind of internal meshing closed rotor positive displacement pump.

Guide To Progressive Cavity Pump

The progressive cavity pump is a versatile pump that is used across different industries.

Other terms for progressive cavity pumps are – cavity pumps, progg cavity pumps, and PC pumps.

In a progressive cavity pump, the fluid flows through the pump parallel to the internal surfaces.

Why choose a Progressive Cavity Pump instead of a Centrifugal Pump? A progressive cavity pump is a type of positive displacement pump.

Here are some scenarios where the progressive cavity pump is a better choice than centrifugal pumps: A progressive cavity pump is ideal for liquids with higher viscosity.

The progressive cavity pump is suitable for applications where the suction conditions are not ideal.

If you need a progressive cavity pump for your application, let the experts at Sintech help you find the best pump for your needs.

Progressing Cavity Pumps

Sulzer offers a range of progressing cavity pumps for demanding positive displacement process applications.

Our pumps provide a near constant flow rate and suction lift capability for handling wastewater sludge, slurries, viscous and shear thinning non-Newtonian fluids.

NEMO® Progressing Cavity Pumps

NEMO® Progressing Cavity Pumps – NETZSCH Pumps & Systems NEMO® Progressing Cavity Pumps have an extensive industrial application range for the continuous, pressure-stable, gentle and low-pulsation conveyance of almost any substance.

Our valveless positive-displacement pump design can even transport stringy material.

The technology of the progressing cavity pump Progressing cavity pumps belong to the group of positive displacement pumps.

If the flow rate or pressure of already installed NEMO® progressing cavity pumps is subsequently changed, they can be adapted to the new operating conditions by simply replacing the rotor and stator.

Since the shape of the cavities is always constant, the pumped product is not compressed.

Another advantage of the valveless progressing cavity pump type is that they convey continuously and with low pulsation.

Product range of the NEMO® progressing cavity pumps We value your privacy.

Post Idea #6: Digital signature

Related Articles – Summarized

Digital Signatures And Certificates

A digital signature is an electronic, encrypted, stamp of authentication on digital information such as email messages, macros, or electronic documents.

Signing certificate To create a digital signature, you need a signing certificate, which proves identity.

Certificates are issued by a certification authority, and like a driver’s license, can be revoked.

A certificate is usually valid for a year, after which, the signer must renew, or get a new, signing certificate to establish identity.

Certificate authority A certificate authority is an entity similar to a notary public.

It issues digital certificates, signs certificates to verify their validity and tracks which certificates have been revoked or have expired.

The following terms and definitions show what assurances are provided by digital signatures.

Digital Signature

A digital signature is an authentication mechanism that enables the creator of the message to attach a code that acts as a signature.

One digital signature scheme is based on RSA. To create signature keys, generate an RSA key pair containing a modulus, N, that is the product of two random secret distinct large primes, along with integers, e and d, such that e d 1.

One of the main differences between a digital signature and a written signature is that the user does not “See” what they sign.

An ink signature could be replicated from one document to another by copying the image manually or digitally, but to have credible signature copies that can resist some scrutiny is a significant manual or technical skill, and to produce ink signature copies that resist professional scrutiny is very difficult.

Digital signatures cryptographically bind an electronic identity to an electronic document and the digital signature cannot be copied to another document.

Digital signatures can be applied to an entire document, such that the digital signature on the last page will indicate tampering if any data on any of the pages have been altered, but this can also be achieved by signing with ink and numbering all pages of the contract.

In several countries, a digital signature has a status somewhat like that of a traditional pen and paper signature, as in the 1999 EU digital signature directive and 2014 EU follow-on legislation.

What Is A Digital Signature?

A digital signature is a mathematical technique used to validate the authenticity and integrity of a message, software or digital document.

A digital signature is intended to solve the problem of tampering and impersonation in digital communications.

Digital signature technology requires all parties trust that the individual creating the signature has kept the private key secret.

A TSP is a person or legal entity that performs validation of a digital signature on a company’s behalf and offers signature validation reports.

Digital signatures make it difficult for the signer to deny having signed something as the digital signature is unique to both the document and the signer and it binds them together.

A digital certificate is an electronic document that contains the digital signature of the issuing CA. It binds together a public key with an identity and can be used to verify that a public key belongs to a particular person or entity.

The digital signature will only authenticate if the signed data, i.e., document or representation of a document, is unchanged – if a document is altered after being signed, the digital signature will fail to authenticate.

Digital Signature Online Free

Sign document online Click on the document to display a signature dialog, select a signature type, create your digital signature and add it to the document.

Sign and fill documents online With our free digital signature online service you can not only sign documents online; you can also fill out your documents by adding text, selecting checkboxes, inserting dates and adding initials.

In addition to signing PDF and Word with our digital signature online service, you can also add e-signatures in your Excel files, scanned documents in PNG and JPEG format, and also TXT and RTF files.

Sign online the way you like With our free document signer you can sign documents online the way you like.

Our free digital signature online service allows you to sign documents directly in the browser.

Create digital signature Hover the mouse over the areas where you want to add your signature and click on the document.

Our digital signature online service will create a PDF file that can be downloaded completely for free without any registration! Simply click DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT and save the file on your computer.

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Document Signing Made EasySmallpdf is the best free application for creating electronic signatures.

Create a new electronic signature to place on your document.

Post Idea #7: Caterpillar Inc.

Related Articles – Summarized

Caterpillar Inc. Weighted SWOT Matrix

The central purpose of SWOT matrix is to identify the strategies that a company can utilize to exploit external opportunities, counter threats, and build on & protect Caterpillar Inc. strengths, and eradicate its weaknesses.

Rising pay level especially movements such as $15 an hour and increasing prices in the China can lead to serious pressure on profitability of Caterpillar Inc. Liability laws in different countries are different and Caterpillar Inc. may be exposed to various liability claims given change in policies in those markets.

Limitations of SWOT Analysis for Caterpillar Inc. Although the SWOT analysis is widely used as a strategic planning tool, the analysis does have its share of limitations.

Weighted SWOT Analysis of Caterpillar Inc. In light of the above mentioned limitations of the SWOT analysis / matrix, corporate managers decided to provide weightage to each internal strength and weakness of the firm.

It is better than doing simplistic SWOT analysis because with Weighted SWOT Analysis Caterpillar Inc. managers can focus on the most critical factors and discount the non-important one.

Limitation of Weighted SWOT analysis of Caterpillar Inc. This approach also suffers from one major drawback – it focus on individual importance of factor rather than how they are collectively important and impact the business holistically.

If you like to do your own SWOT analysis or want to make your own Weighted SWOT SWOT matrix then feel free to download Fern Fort University SWOT Analysis Template.

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Once a functional mine, Mongolia’s largest man-made lake was created using a Cat D8R dozer.

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Learn more and find out what makes the Cat Card a great option.

Post Idea #8: Kaiser Aluminum

Related Articles – Summarized

Kaiser Aluminum

It is a spinoff from Kaiser Aluminum and Chemicals Corporation, which came to be when common stock was offered in Permanente Metals Corporation and Permanente Metals Corporation’s name was changed to Kaiser Aluminum and Chemicals Corporation.

Founded in 1946, Henry J. Kaiser’s corporation entered the aluminum business by leasing, then purchasing three government-owned aluminum facilities in Washington state.

The steel workers union was suspicious of Hurwitz on the collapse of the Kaiser Aluminum Corporation and closely watched his 1995 FDIC lawsuit because Hurwitz has a history of loss-plagued businesses.

In April 2021, Kaiser Aluminum completed acquisition of Alcoa Warrick, LLC, renaming it Kaiser Warrick, LLC. Kaiser entered into a long term ground lease with Alcoa; Alcoa retains its on site four unit coal fired generating station, smelting assets, and land assets with the remainder of the facility to be operated by Kaiser.

Presently, Kaiser Aluminum Warrick operates a cast house, hot mill, cold mills, finishing mills/coating lines, and slitter lines, producing flat rolled aluminum sheet for the food and beverage container market.

In July 2021, Kaiser Aluminum announced plans to construct an additional roll coating line at Kaiser Aluminum Warrick, at a cost of approximately $150 Million dollars.

With the acquisition of the former Alcoa Warrick, LLC, Kaiser Aluminum now employs approximately 3,700 persons.

Kaiser Aluminum Corporation Completes The Purchase Of Alcoa

FOOTHILL RANCH, Calif., April 01, 2021 – Kaiser Aluminum Corporation, today announced that it has completed its acquisition of Alcoa Warrick LLC, containing all the assets of the Warrick Rolling Mill, from Alcoa Corporation for a purchase price of $670 million.

In conjunction with the acquisition, Kaiser Aluminum has entered into a long-term ground lease that includes provisions for utility services, and other agreements that include a transition services agreement and a market based molten aluminum supply agreement.

“Today we begin a new chapter in our history as we welcome 1,200 Warrick employees to the Kaiser Aluminum family,” said Keith A. Harvey, President and Chief Executive Officer.

Kaiser Aluminum Corporation, headquartered in Foothill Ranch, Calif., is a leading producer of semi-fabricated specialty aluminum products, serving customers worldwide with highly-engineered solutions for aerospace and high-strength, packaging, custom automotive, general engineering, and other industrial applications.

Gov, which includes: Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and Proxy Statements for the Company’s annual stockholders’ meetings, and other information statements as filed with the SEC. In addition, the Company provides a webcast of its quarterly earnings calls and certain events in which management participates or hosts with members of the investment community.

Kaiser Aluminum cautions that any forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve significant risks and uncertainties, and that actual results may vary materially from those in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors.

The Company undertakes no duty to update any forward-looking statement to conform the statement to actual results or changes in the Company’s expectations.

Post Idea #9: Aluminium alloy

Related Articles – Summarized

Their alloy identification system employs different nomenclatures for wrought and cast alloys, but divides alloys into families for simplification.

3xxx: Alloys in which manganese is the principal alloying element, used as general-purpose alloys for architectural applications and various products 4xxx: Alloys in which silicon is the principal alloying element, used in welding rods and brazing sheet 5xxx: Alloys in which magnesium is the principal alloying element, used in boat hulls, gangplanks, and other products exposed to marine environments 6xxx: Alloys in which magnesium and silicon are the principal alloying elements, commonly used for architectural extrusions and automotive components 7xxx: Alloys in which zinc is the principal alloying element, used in aircraft structural components and other high-strength applications.

9xxx: Reserved for future use Wrought alloys that constitute heat-treatable aluminum alloys include the 2xxx, 6xxx, 7xxx, and some of the 8xxx alloys.

Alloy families for casting compositions include the following: 354 / Light Metals and Alloys 1xx.x: Controlled unalloyed compositions, especially for rotor manufacture 2xx.x: Alloys in which copper is the principal alloying element.

These alloys in the form of sheet usually are clad with a high-purity aluminum, a magnesium-silicon alloy of the 6xxx series, or an alloy containing 1% Zn. The coating, usually from 212 to 5% of the total thickness on each side, provides galvanic protection of the core material and thus greatly increases resistance to corrosion.

The principal alloys that are strengthened by alloying elements in solid solution are those in the aluminummagnesium series, ranging form 0.5 to 6 wt% Mg. These alloys often contain small additions of transition elements, such as chromium or manganese, and less frequently zirconium, to control the grain or subgrain structure, and iron and silicon impurities that usually are present in the form of intermetallic particles.

2xxx wrought alloys and 2xx.x casting alloys, in which copper is the major alloying element, are less resistant to corrosion than alloys of other series, which contain much lower amounts of copper.

ScienceDirect Topics

Of course, airframe design and applications for aluminum alloys took off soon after the historic flight by Wright brothers in 1903.Although precipitation hardenable aluminum alloys were rapidly being developed and used, the basic alloy systems, Al-Cu-Mg and Al-Zn-Mg-Cu and the narrow choice of compositions on which they are based have remained the same to date.

At present, the commonly used aluminum alloys for SPF are mainly aluminum lithium alloy, 7475 aluminum alloy, 2024 aluminum alloy and 5083 aluminum alloy.

The aluminum alloys that are used for these applications are the 5000-series alloys, such as AA 5754 and AA 5182, and the 6000-series alloys, such as AA 6111, AA 6061, and AA 6022.

A comparison of the formability diagram of AA 6111-T4 aluminum alloy with that of DQ steel shows that the formability envelope of the aluminum alloy is lower than that of the DQ steel.

Rope hemming, which is recommended for aluminum alloys, requires a greater thickness allowance in the hemmed area.5.Cost: the material cost of aluminum alloys per unit weight is three to four times higher than that of steels.

The range of laser surface processes applied to light alloys includes simple remelting of the alloy surface; remelting with the addition of alloying elements or ceramic particles; cladding with a layer of material having different properties; and shock processing to create residual stresses in the surface.

For some aluminum alloys, the activation energy remains similar whereas for others, such as SAP, a sintered alloy powder with fine Al2O3 precipitates, the higher activation energy is much higher.

Aluminium Alloy

An Aluminium alloy is an alloy in which aluminium is the predominant metal.

Aluminium alloy surfaces will develop a white, protective layer of aluminium oxide if left unprotected by anodizing and/or correct painting procedures.

Each alloy is given a four-digit number, where the first digit indicates the major alloying elements, the second – if different from 0 – indicates a variation of the alloy, and the third and fourth digits identify the specific alloy in the series.

In alloy 3105, the number 3 indicates the alloy is in the manganese series, 1 indicates the first modification of alloy 3005, and finally 05 identifies it in the 3000 series.

Alclad aluminium sheet formed from high-purity aluminium surface layers bonded to high strength aluminium alloy core material.

Such crossover aluminium alloys can be hardened via precipitation of a chemical complex phase known as T-phase in which the radiation resistance has been proved to be superior than other hardening phases of conventional aluminium alloys alloys.

4047 aluminium is a unique alloy used in both the aerospace and automotive applications as a cladding alloy or filler material.

Understanding The Alloys Of Aluminum

The Aluminum Alloy Temper and Designation System – In North America, The Aluminum Association Inc. is responsible for the allocation and registration of aluminum alloys.

Currently there are over 400 wrought aluminum and wrought aluminum alloys and over 200 aluminum alloys in the form of castings and ingots registered with the Aluminum Association.

2xxx Series Alloys – these are aluminum / copper alloys, and are high strength, high performance alloys that are often used for aerospace and aircraft applications.

4xxx Series Alloys – These are the aluminum / silicon alloys and are the only series that contain both heat treatable and non-heat treatable alloys.

5xxx Series Alloys – These are the aluminum / magnesium alloys and have the highest strength of the non-heat treatable alloys.

6XXX Series Alloys – These are the aluminum / magnesium – silicon alloys and are found widely throughout the welding fabrication industry, used predominantly in the form of extrusions, and incorporated in many structural components.

7XXX Series Alloys – These are the aluminum / zinc alloys and comprise some of the highest strength aluminum alloys.

Aluminum Alloys

These properties allow Aluminum and its alloys to find applications across a broad spectrum of uses.

Aluminum alloys are very versatile, since stiffness, strength, corrosion resistance, machinability, and other properties can be tailored by alloy selection and heat treatments.

The construction industry often uses aluminum alloys as beams, metal sheathing, and as scaffolding.

Magnesium is one of many chemical elements that becomes added to other alloys such as copper and aluminum to.

Aluminum master alloys help metallurgists fine-tune alloys to create materials that are stronger, lighter, and more easily processed Aluminum is the most abundant metallic element in the Earth’s crust-it’s even more common than Iron.

From everyday uses to extreme applications, Aluminum alloys get the job done Many people think of Aluminum in terms of crushable cans and foil in addition to being lightweight, Aluminum’s strength and toughness is valuable when manufacturing cars, trucks and military vehicles.

Aluminum alloys are essential to a wide variety of applications From planes to trains, cans and cars-when engineers are looking for a way to reduce weight but retain strength, they often turn to lightweight, durable Aluminum.

Alloy Chemistry And Mechanical Data

HEAT TREATMENT TEMPERS. Alloys in the 2xxx, 6xxx and 7xxx groups can be strengthened by a heat treatment process.

The aluminum is heat treated by carrying out a solution treatment process, in which the metal is heated to an elevated temperature followed by rapid cooling, then a precipitation hardening process.

The tempers are designated by -T followed by a digit.

T3 Solution heat-treated, cold worked, and naturally aged: Applies to products that are cold-worked to improve strength after solution heat-treatment, or which the effect of flattening or straightening is recognized in mechanical property limits.

T4 Solution heat-treated and naturally aged: Applies to product that are allowed to age harden at room temperature following a solution treatment.

T6 Solution heat-treated and artificially aged: Applies to products that are reheated to a low temperature following a solution treatment.

This allows the metal to achieve its highest heat-treated strength level.

Mechanical Properties

Cast alloys are poured molten into sand or high-strength steel molds where they solidifies to produce the desired shape.

H – refers to non heat treatable alloys that are “Cold worked” or “Strain hardened”.

T1 – Cooled from elevated temperature shaping – naturally aged.

T2 – Cooled from elevated temperature shaping – cold worked and naturally aged.

T3 – Solution heat-treated – cold worked and naturally aged to stable condition.

T4 – Solution heat-treated – naturally aged to stable condition.

T5 – Cooled from elevated temperature shaping – artificially aged.

Post Idea #10: Electrical network

Related Articles – Summarized

ScienceDirect Topics

Is an area of electrical engineering in which one attempts to find the network from given specifications.

7.1.3 Simulations using SPICEWe prepare an electrical network.

From the above definitions it follows that the analogy between the electrical and reaction networks is rather exhaustive, the main difference being that the resistance is not a constant.

The idea of the-reliable approach is adapted from electrical network.

16.5 ConclusionsIn order to effectively design the active filters used to eliminate the negative effects of harmonics in electrical networks.

12.3.1 Memory module architectureLittle attention has been paid to the manner in which the photonic access network interfaces with the on-chip electrical network.

Consider a connected electrical network N. We assume that N consists of only resistances, capacitances, inductances including mutual inductances, and independent voltage and current sources.

Electrical Network

An electrical network is an interconnection of electrical components or a model of such an interconnection, consisting of electrical elements.

An electrical circuit is a network consisting of a closed loop, giving a return path for the current.

A resistive circuit is a circuit containing only resistors and ideal current and voltage sources.

Active elements can inject power to the circuit, provide power gain, and control the current flow within the circuit.

To design any electrical circuit, either analog or digital, electrical engineers need to be able to predict the voltages and currents at all places within the circuit.

Circuit simulation software, such as HSPICE, and languages such as VHDL-AMS and verilog-AMS allow engineers to design circuits without the time, cost and risk of error involved in building circuit prototypes.

The circuit is treated as a completely linear network of ideal diodes.

What Is Electrical Network

Network is the most used word in an electric or electronic circuit while solving a circuit problem or creating a balanced circuit.

A network does not require to have a closed path, the open circuit also can be called as a network.

In such a way all the networks are not a circuit and all the circuit can be called as network.

An electrical network can be identified by four circuit names such as Node, Branch, Loop and Mesh.

A junction point of two or more active components or passive components connection is called Node or in a network is an equipotential part at which two or more circuit’s element are joined.

Loop is nothing but A closed path of an electric circuit where one or more than two meshes can be followed i.e. there may be many meshes in a loop.

To be a complete circuit, the circuit must have at least one loop.

Electric Circuit Or Electrical Networks: What Are They?

Electrical sources for delivering electricity to the circuit and are mainly electric generators and batteries.

Conducting path to carry electric current from one point to other in the circuit and these are mainly wires or conductors.

Various techniques by which voltage and current across any element in any electric circuit are determined is called electric circuit analysis.

If due to disconnection of any part of an electric circuit if there is no flow of current through the circuit, is said to be an open circuited.

If there is no discontinuity in the circuit and current can flow from one part to another part of the circuit, the circuit is said to be closed circuit.

When all elements of a circuit are connected one after another in tail to head fashion and due to which there will be only one path of flowing current then the circuit is called series circuit.

An electrical circuit in which some of the elements are connected in series and some of the elements are connected in parallel is called a series-parallel circuit.

Electrical Products, Service And Advice

Electrical products, service and advice that protect and enhance your reputation.

Design support – providing tailored solutions for all projects.

Characteristics Of Network And Electric Circuit

An electric network possesses the following characteristics .

Examples of electric network are Resistive network, inductive network, capacitive network, diode network, etc.

Active Network An active network contains one or more sources of energy, they can supply energy to the network indefinitely.

An active network is also termed as electric circuit.

Linear Network A network is said to be linear, if it consists of the circuit elements that obeys the principle of homogeneity and superposition.

An electric circuit is, an electric network that contains a closed path for the flow of electric current.

Electric circuit is also an interconnection of electrical components, i.e. a circuit is also an electric network.

Post Idea #11: Compressed natural gas

Related Articles – Summarized

Compressed Natural Gas

CNG locomotives are usually diesel-electric locomotives that have been converted to use compressed natural gas generators instead of diesel generators to generate the electricity that drives the traction motors.

The ability of CNG to reduce greenhouse gas emissions over the entire fuel lifecycle will depend on the source of the natural gas and the fuel it is replacing…. Compressed natural gas vehicles require a greater amount of space for fuel storage than conventional petrol-powered vehicles.

According to studies by the Environmental Defense Fund and its partners, “Assuming EPA’s estimates for leak rates, compressed natural gas-fueled vehicles are not a viable mitigation strategy for climate change because of methane leakage from natural gas production, delivery infrastructure and from the vehicles themselves. For light-duty CNG cars to become a viable short-term climate strategy, methane leakage would need to be kept below 1.6% of total natural gas produced.”

As a consequence of this, LNG is often used for transporting natural gas over large distances, in ships, trains or pipelines, where the gas is converted into CNG before distribution to the end user.

Compressed natural gas is sometimes mixed with hydrogen, which increases the H/C ratio of the fuel and gives it a flame speed up to eight times higher than CNG. The lack of harmonized codes and standards across international jurisdictions is an additional barrier to NGV market penetration.

As of April 2020, the western state of Gujarat in India had 636 compressed natural gas stations, thereby having the highest number of CNG stations by state.

Per Commissioner Porter in June 2015: “Natural gas vehicles are becoming mainstream faster than expected. These collections are nearly double the amount collected last year at this time. At 15 cents per gallon equivalent, $3,033,600 of motor fuel tax equates to the sale of 20,224,000 gallon equivalents of natural gas.” The $3 million in Texas natural gas tax receipts is for both CNG and LNG for FY2015 through the May 2015.

Compressed Natural Gas

Compressed natural gas or CNG is simply natural gas mainly comprised of methane that is stored under high pressures, mainly as a means to transport it, or as storage for later use as vehicle fuel.

Although it’s still in its gaseous form, compressed natural gas is under more pressure and thus takes up a smaller volume than ordinary natural gas.

Vehicles of any size from sedans to heavy-duty transit vehicles like buses and street sweepers can be fueled by CNG. Currently, natural gas powers more than 12 million vehicles on the road with about 250,000 of these located in the United States.

There are several benefits to using natural gas as an alternative fuel for transportation.

Current estimates say that compressed natural gas costs about 40% less than gasoline.

Natural gas is flammable, however a leak is not always extraordinarily dangerous.

Because natural gas is lighter than air, it quickly dissipates when it leaks out of a tank and it is only flammable when the air/natural gas mixture is 5-15% natural gas.

Compressed Natural Gas

All fires require an initial input of heat for the fuel to reach a temperature before the fire can be self-sustaining.

Diffusion is a fairly slow process and a fire can be stifled by piling up planks over the fire, thus reducing the diffusion of air into the fire.

Throwing sand on a burning wood fire does three things: it separates the oxidant from the fuel and the fire is extinguished, it reduces the temperature of the hot burning wood by absorbing some of the heat, and thirdly, it acts as a barrier in reducing the diffusion of air to the fire.

Class A fires can be extinguished using water, foam, dry powder; B fires require dry powder, foam, CO2, or Halon; C and E require dry powder, CO2, or Halon; and D requires special dry powders or sand.

WaterThe purpose of adding water to a fire is to reduce the fire temperature to below the ignition point.

Water cannot be used in organic chemical fires, such as gasoline fires, because of the difference in densities between water and gasoline.

A foam is made by first compressing a mass of water containing a surfactant with nitrogen, and when required for fire extinguishing, the pressure is released and the foam which forms can then be sprayed onto the flames of a class A or B fire.

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas Fueling Stations

Unlike gasoline or diesel stations, compressed natural gas stations are not “One size fits all.” Building a CNG station for a retail application or a fleet requires calculating the right combination of pressure and storage needed for the types of vehicles being fueled.

Most CNG stations include one of these two system types, but “Combination fill” stations include both types.

Fast-fill: Generally, fast-fill stations are best suited for retail situations where vehicles arrive randomly and need to fill up quickly.

Fast-fill stations receive fuel from a local utility line at a low pressure and then use a compressor on site to compress the gas to a high pressure.

CNG at fast-fill stations is often stored in the vessels at a high service pressure so the dispenser can deliver it to a vehicle quickly.

Unlike fast-fill stations, vehicles at time-fill stations are generally filled directly from the compressor, not from fuel stored in high pressure vessels.

Combination-fill stations typically cost more to build than the previous two station types.

Seven Teams Formed To Probe Murder Of Three Employees Of CNG Station

Seven teams formed to probe murder of three employees of CNG station – Hindustan Times.

Gurugram: A day after three employees of a compressed natural gas station on a service lane off National Highway 48 in Sector 31 were stabbed to death, police formed seven teams to identity the suspects who switched off the CCTV cameras before entering the premises.

Preet Pal Sangwan, assistant commissioner of police, said that police were scanning footage from over 100 CCTV cameras on the expressway, residential areas and establishments on the NH-48 but were yet to find a clue.

“We have also compiled data of former employees of the gas station as well as a group of men who had assaulted one of the victims after a scuffle broke out between them in 2020. We are hopeful of getting a lead soon,” he said.

“We are also going through the call detail records of all three victims to check for any personal or professional enmity. The intention was to kill all three of them- the suspects were armed with sharp-edged weapons, and did not take much time to attack and flee. They were sure the victims will not survive,” he said.

According to the police, the incident took place around 2.45am when the three employees were sleeping in the manager’s room.

Police said they questioned more than 20 people on Tuesday and are yet to question all former employees of the gas station, who have been called to join the investigation.

Compressed Natural Gas

The Alternative Fuels Safety department of the Railroad Commission of Texas is charged with adopting and enforcing regulations for the safe storage, transportation and use of Compressed Natural Gas in the State of Texas.

The internet links listed below are helpful in obtaining CNG information and documents required to do business with the Commission.

How To Compress Natural Gas At Home

Gases will compress more easily that solids or liquids because there is so much space between the gas molecules.

If you keep the pressure constant, reducing the temperature also causes the gas to compress.

In which of the following case the gas is difficult to compress?

Compressed air is 8-times more expensive than electricity: It takes a large amount of energy to compress air and most of that energy disperses as heat.

Compressed Natural Gas is sold in GGEs or gasoline gallon equivalents.

The District’s CNG rates are set on a monthly basis and are posted under Compressed Natural Gas.

Local company develops a CNG home filling station Compressing Biogas into BBQ bottle.

Post Idea #12: Digital polymerase chain reaction

Related Articles – Summarized

Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction

Digital polymerase chain reaction is a biotechnological refinement of conventional polymerase chain reaction methods that can be used to directly quantify and clonally amplify nucleic acids strands including DNA, cDNA, or RNA. The key difference between dPCR and traditional PCR lies in the method of measuring nucleic acids amounts, with the former being a more precise method than PCR, though also more prone to error in the hands of inexperienced users.

dPCR also carries out a single reaction within a sample, however the sample is separated into a large number of partitions and the reaction is carried out in each partition individually.

Instead of performing one reaction per well, dPCR involves partitioning the PCR solution into tens of thousands of nano-liter sized droplets, where a separate PCR reaction takes place in each one.

Different from many peoples’s belief that dPCR provides absolute quantification, digital PCR uses statistical power to provide relative quantification.

Droplet Digital PCR is a method of dPCR in which a 20 microliter sample reaction including assay primers and either Taqman probes or an intercalating dye, is divided into ~20,000 nanoliter-sized oil droplets through a water-oil emulsion technique, thermocycled to endpoint in a 96-well PCR plate, and fluorescence amplitude read for all droplets in each sample well in a droplet flow cytometer.

dPCR rose out of an approach first published in 1988 by Cetus Corporation when researchers showed that a single copy of the β-globin gene could be detected and amplified by PCR. This was achieved by diluting DNA samples from a normal human cell line with DNA from a mutant line having a homozygous deletion of the β-globin gene, until it was no longer present in the reaction.

Companies developing commercial dPCR systems have integrated technologies like automated partitioning of samples, digital counting of nucleic acid targets, and increasing droplet count that can help the process be more efficient.

Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction

Digital polymerase chain reaction is a biotechnology refinement of conventional PCR methods that can be used to directly quantify and clonally amplify nucleic acids, including DNA, cDNA, or RNA. From: Principles of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics, 2020.

10.3.6 Digital polymerase chain reactionDigital PCR is not a new technique-the term was coined in 199950-but had in fact been used over the preceding decade.

51 The main difference between conventional or qPCR and digital PCR is that in digital PCR the reaction is divided into thousands or millions of reactions such that each reaction contains a single molecule of interest or not as the case might be, and a digital signal is obtained.

The limit of detection in digital PCR is defined by the number of wells that can be analyzed, which can affect the sensitivity of digital PCR. Digital PCR relies on well-based dilution of DNA templates, and its sensitivity increases as the number of well increases.

It uses a limiting dilution analysis together with Poisson distribution analysis to allow the absolute quantification of the number of copies of target DNA. Digital PCR uses an amplification reaction system similar to a system of standard dPCR. A droplet generator is used to separate each dPCR reaction mixture into 20,000 nL drops with each drop containing zero and one or more copies of the target DNA. After a conventional PCR procedure, the total number of individual positive or negative droplets is counted and recorded by a drop reader.

In contrast to RT-PCR where amplification is executed in one single reaction volume, the reaction mix is apportioned into thousands of tiny reaction cavities for individual PCR runs.

Problem 9.24 As a control experiment for a digital PCR run on an array having 3072 reaction through-holes, you want to populate the array with a quantitated human DNA sample such that half of the through-holes will NOT carry the target gene being amplified and they will be negative for amplification? The human DNA control sample has a concentration of 1.2 103 μg/mL.Solution 9.24.In Problem 9.22., we determined that it takes a volume of 0.1014 mL to fill 3072 through-holes of an array in which each through-hole can hold 33 nL. We want half of the 3072 through-holes to give a negative reaction.

Polymerase Chain Reaction Fact Sheet

To amplify a segment of DNA using PCR, the sample is first heated so the DNA denatures, or separates into two pieces of single-stranded DNA. Next, an enzyme called “Taq polymerase” synthesizes – builds – two new strands of DNA, using the original strands as templates.

This process results in the duplication of the original DNA, with each of the new molecules containing one old and one new strand of DNA. Then each of these strands can be used to create two new copies, and so on, and so on.

The cycle of denaturing and synthesizing new DNA is repeated as many as 30 or 40 times, leading to more than one billion exact copies of the original DNA segment.

The entire cycling process of PCR is automated and can be completed in just a few hours.

It is directed by a machine called a thermocycler, which is programmed to alter the temperature of the reaction every few minutes to allow DNA denaturing and synthesis.

Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction In An Array Of Femtoliter Polydimethylsiloxane Microreactors

We developed a simple, compact microfluidic device to perform high dynamic-range digital polymerase chain reaction in an array of isolated 36-femtoliter microreactors.

The density of the microreactors exceeded 20000/mm(2).

This device, made from polydimethylsiloxane, allows the samples to be loaded into all microreactors simultaneously.

The microreactors are completely sealed through the deformation of a PDMS membrane.

The small volume of the microreactors ensures a compact device with high reaction efficiency and low reagent and sample consumption.

Future potential applications of this platform include multicolor dPCR and massively parallel dPCR for next generation sequencing library preparation.

Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction

Digital polymerase chain reaction is a biotechnological refinement of conventional polymerase chain reaction methods that can be used to directly quantify and clonally amplify nucleic acids strands including DNA, cDNA, or RNA. The key difference between dPCR and traditional PCR lies in the method of measuring nucleic acids amounts, with the former being a more precise method than PCR, though also more prone to error in the hands of inexperienced users.

dPCR also carries out a single reaction within a sample, however the sample is separated into a large number of partitions and the reaction is carried out in each partition individually.

Instead of performing one reaction per well, dPCR involves partitioning the PCR solution into tens of thousands of nano-liter sized droplets, where a separate PCR reaction takes place in each one.

Different from many peoples’s belief that dPCR provides absolute quantification, digital PCR uses statistical power to provide relative quantification.

Digital PCR has been shown to be capable of detecting mutant DNA in the presence of a 200,000-fold excess of wild type background, which is 2,000 times more sensitive than achievable with conventional qPCR. Digital PCR can detect rare sequences such as HIV DNA in patients with HIV, and DNA from fecal bacteria in ocean and other water samples for assessing water quality.

Droplet Digital PCR is a method of dPCR in which a 20 microliter sample reaction including assay primers and either Taqman probes or an intercalating dye, is divided into ~20,000 nanoliter-sized oil droplets through a water-oil emulsion technique, thermocycled to endpoint in a 96-well PCR plate, and fluorescence amplitude read for all droplets in each sample well in a droplet flow cytometer.

dPCR rose out of an approach first published in 1988 by Cetus Corporation when researchers showed that a single copy of the β-globin gene could be detected and amplified by PCR. This was achieved by diluting DNA samples from a normal human cell line with DNA from a mutant line having a homozygous deletion of the β-globin gene, until it was no longer present in the reaction.

Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction Market Worldwide Industry Share, Size, Gross Margin, Trend, Future Demand And Forecast Till 2025

The latest report on the Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction market is a comprehensive assessment of this business space and is inclusive of key parameters of the industry such as the recent market trends, market share, present revenue, periodic deliverables, and profits estimations over the analysis period.

This study elucidates how the Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction market will perform over the forecast timeline.

The Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction market report briefs the growth opportunities alongside the constraints of this industry vertical.

Market forecasts of key regions are detailed in the report.

Consumption market share solely based on the regional contribution.

Market share estimates that each application segment may register over the predicted timeframe.

Consumption market share gained by all the application types.

Post Idea #13: Insulin (medication)

Related Articles – Summarized

Insulin, Medicines, & Other Diabetes Treatments

Taking insulin or other diabetes medicines is often part of treating diabetes.

These medicines may include diabetes pills or medicines you inject under your skin, such as insulin.

If you can’t reach your blood glucose target, your health care team will talk with you about diabetes medicines, such as insulin or the diabetes pill metformin, that may be safe for you to take during pregnancy.

Types of Insulin and How They Work Insulin type How fast it starts to work When it peaks How long it lasts Rapid-acting About 15 minutes after injection 1 hour 2 to 4 hours Short-acting, also called regular Within 30 minutes after injection 2 to 3 hours 3 to 6 hours Intermediate-acting 2 to 4 hours after injection 4 to 12 hours 12 to 18 hours Long-acting Several hours after injection Does not peak 24 hours; some last longer.

An insulin pump is a small machine that gives you small, steady doses of insulin throughout the day.

Another way to take insulin is by breathing powdered insulin from an inhaler device into your mouth.

A single system monitors blood glucose levels around the clock and provides insulin or a combination of insulin and a second hormone, glucagon, automatically.

Insulin: Uses, Types, List Of Medications & More…

Insulin is used in the treatment of people with type 1 diabetes who produce little or no insulin.

Insulin is available as synthetic human insulin and insulin analogues.

Insulin analogues are better than standard human insulin at mimicking natural insulin release.

Common Insulins available in the U.S. Rapid-acting insulin Short-acting insulin Intermediate-acting insulin Long-acting insulin Ultra long-acting insulin How is insulin administered?

Insulin Pens: these hold a replaceable cartridge of insulin and use a replaceable needle to puncture the skin and deliver the insulin subcutaneously.

Insulin pumps: these are small computerized devices that deliver a continuous supply of insulin under the skin.

Nobody has successfully made an oral insulin tablet that delivers an effective dose of insulin.

Insulin Basics

All insulin available in the United States is manufactured in a laboratory, but animal insulin can still be imported for personal use.

In the beta cells, insulin is created first as a big molecule called “Proinsulin.” Proinsulin is broken into two pieces: insulin and C-peptide.

Types: insulin aspart Insulin glulisine, and insulin lispro.

Premixed insulin can be helpful for people who have trouble drawing up insulin out of two bottles and reading the correct directions and dosages.

In 2015 an inhaled insulin product, Afrezza, became available in the U.S. Afrezza is a rapid-acting inhaled insulin that is administered at the beginning of each meal and can be used by adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Afrezza must be used in combination with injectable long-acting insulin in patients with type 1 diabetes and in type 2 patients who use long-acting insulin.

The standard and most commonly used strength in the United States today is U-100, which means it has 100 units of insulin per milliliter of fluid, though U-500 insulin is available for patients who are extremely insulin resistant.


Humalog Pen.Humalog Kwikpen insulin lispro Rapid-Acting Novolog insulin aspart Rapid-Acting Humulin RHumulin R Pen regular human insulin Short-Acting Novolin R regular human insulin Short-Acting Humulin N NPH human insulin.

Human insulin isophane suspension) Intermediate-Acting Basaglar KwikPen insulin glargine Long-Acting Lantus.

Lantus Solostar insulin glargine Long-Acting Levemir insulin detemir Long-Acting Toujeo.

25% insulin lispro injection Intermediate- and Rapid-Acting Humalog 70/30 70% human insulin isophane suspension.

Insulin Tip: Do not store your insulin in a place that is very hot or very cold.

Learn how to report an Adverse Event or serious problem to FDA. Insulin Tip: Talk to your doctor before you change or stop taking your insulin.

Insulin Tip: There are tools called injection aids that can make it easier for you to inject your insulin.

Injectable Insulin

Table lists injectable insulin medications, including information on their onset, peak and duration.

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.

We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.

Types Of Insulin :: Diabetes Education Online

Human Insulin and Insulin Analogs are available for insulin replacement therapy.

The rapid acting insulin analogs work more quickly, and the long acting insulin analogs last longer and have a more even, “Peakless” effect.

Synthetic human insulin has replaced beef and pork insulin in the US. And now, insulin analogs are replacing human insulin.

NPH Human Insulin which has an onset of insulin effect of 1 to 2 hours, a peak effect of 4 to 6 hours, and duration of action of more than 12 hours.

Pre-Mixed Insulin which is NPH pre-mixed with either regular human insulin or a rapid- acting insulin analog.

Long acting insulin analogs which have an onset of insulin effect in 1 1/2-2 hours.

The insulin effect plateaus over the next few hours and is followed by a relatively flat duration of action that lasts 12-24 hours for insulin detemir and 24 hours for insulin glargine.

Diabetes Treatment: Using Insulin To Manage Blood Sugar

Diabetes treatment: Using insulin to manage blood sugar.

Understanding how insulin affects your blood sugar can help you better manage your condition.

Understand the key role insulin plays in managing your blood sugar and preventing diabetes complications.

People with type 2 diabetes don’t use insulin efficiently and don’t produce enough insulin.

People with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes need insulin therapy if other treatments haven’t been able to keep blood glucose levels within the desired range.

Insulin therapy helps prevent diabetes complications by keeping your blood sugar within your target range.

To determine which types of insulin you need and how much you need, your doctor will consider factors such as the type of diabetes you have, your glucose levels, how much your blood sugar fluctuates throughout the day and your lifestyle.

Post Idea #14: Dispersant

Related Articles – Summarized

ScienceDirect Topics

Dispersants are generally divided into two categories: inorganic dispersants and organic dispersants.

16,43 Common dispersants include sulfonated naphthalene formaldehyde condensate, sulfonated melamine formaldehyde condensate, lignosulfonates, sodium chloride, polyacrylamides and organic acids such as citric acid, which is a good saltwater dispersant.

4,4(a) Common dispersants include sulfonated naphthalene formaldehyde condensate, sulfonated melamine formaldehyde condensate, lignosulfonates, sodium chloride, polyacryamides and organic acids such as citric acid, which is a good saltwater dispersant.

Weak adsorption energy between dispersant and abrasive surface causes desorption of the dispersant during a particle collision, resulting in bridging flocculation.

At a high concentration of dispersants, free dispersants can promote flocculation of the stable slurry through a depletion mechanism [1.,2]. When two particle surfaces approach each other at a distance less than the effective diameter of unabsorbed dispersants, the dispersants are excluded from the interparticle gap, resulting in an osmotic pressure.

Qe is the adsorbed amount of dispersant per surface area of particle at equilibrium, Ce is the concentration of dispersant in the bulk solution, Qm is the maximum adsorbed amount of dispersant on particle surface and KL is related to the affinity of adsorption.

Identified through UV-visible spectroscopy that several additives can interact with Ce3+ on ceria surface [13.,14]. These additives can block the Ce3+ on abrasive surface through forming the Ce-O-Si bondings during SiO2 polishing, leading to a significant decrease of MRR. Thus, dispersants should be chosen considering their chemical interaction with abrasives.


A dispersant or a dispersing agent is a substance, typically a surfactant, that is added to a suspension of solid or liquid particles in a liquid to improve the separation of the particles and to prevent their settling or clumping.

Dispersants are used to prevent formation of biofouling or biofilms in industrial processes.

Dispersants are used as plasticizers or superplasticizers in concrete formulations to lower the use of water while retaining the needed slump property.

Dispersants are used as plasticizers in the gypsum slurry during wallboard manufacture, to reduce the amount of water used.

Dispersant was used in an attempt to clean up the Exxon Valdez oil spill though its use was discontinued as there was not enough wave action to mix the dispersant with the oil in the water.

Dispersant Corexit 9500 was used on the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Dispersant Corexit 9527 was used to disperse an oil slick in the Gulf of Mexico in 1979, used over one thousand square miles of sea.


Dispersants can be found everywhere pigment is found, meaning they’re in a tremendous range of products.

Dispersants are highly specialized additives needed to wet, disperse and stabilize dry pigment powders in a variety of liquid formulations.

Discover the science behind dispersants in our interactive eBook.

Pigment dispersants are two-component structures, with the anchoring group providing strong adsorption onto the pigment surface.

These systems include aqueous dispersants, non-aqueous dispersants, 100% dispersants, plastic and composite dispersants, and dispersant synergists.

We continue to collaborate with customers to enhance existing dispersant technologies and develop new technologies, whether in water-based dispersants, 100% dispersants for UV technology, low VOC technologies and more to meet regulatory requirements and sustainability goals.

Get help with product recommendations, formulation questions, application issues, and more from a Lubrizol expert on our Dispersants technologies.

Dispersants – Nucera Solutions

PETROLITE D-1038 dispersant offers some unique features that provide multiple benefits when used in water-based coatings and inks.

BenefitsLower dispersant requirements for a range of pigments.

Efficient pigment dispersing leads to low processing viscosity.

Enhanced dispersion stability at a wide temperature range.

Carbon black dispersant: PETROLITE D-1038 dispersant offers superior color development and end gloss when used in water based formulations with a variety of carbon blacks.

For best results, a pigment mill base utilizing the dispersant and carbon black should be prepared prior to blending into the final formulation.

Post Idea #15: Formulation

Related Articles – Summarized

Encyclopedia Article By TheFreeDictionary

Formulation is a term used in various senses in various applications, both the material and the abstract or formal.

Disciplines in which one might use the word formulation in the abstract sense include logic, mathematics, linguistics, legal theory, and computer science.

In more material senses the concept of formulation appears in the physical sciences, such as physics, chemistry, and biology.

Competently designed formulations for particular applications are safer, more effective, and more economical than any of their components used singly.

Some components impart specific properties to the formulation when it is put into use.

Certain components are used in paint formulations to achieve deforming or levelling properties.

Some components of a formulation may only be active in particular applications.

Definition In The Cambridge English Dictionary

Even without unitarity and locality, the amplituhedron formulation of quantum field theory does not yet incorporate gravity.

Once they are encouraged to take risks they can experiment with the enemy formulation that information operations shape kinetic operations, not the opposite.

First, new facts, and second, a lot of reflection on old formulations and on the new facts.

This formulation is fully accepted as one of the equivalent formulations of quantum mechanics.

The formulation exists as a liquid at low temperatures, meaning that it can be easily administered as a nasal spray.

The researchers compared the performance of their optimization formulation with their previous optimization techniques.

Add formulation to one of your lists below, or create a new one.


Formulation is a term used in various senses in various applications, both the material and the abstract or formal.

Disciplines in which one might use the word formulation in the abstract sense include logic, mathematics, linguistics, legal theory, and computer science.

In more material senses the concept of formulation appears in the physical sciences, such as physics, chemistry, and biology.

In pharmacy, a formulation is a mixture or a structure such as a capsule, tablet, or an emulsion, prepared according to a specific procedure.

When mixed according to a formula, create a formulation.

Some components impart specific properties to the formulation when it is put into use.

Some components of a formulation may only be active in particular applications.

START THE QUIZ. How to use formulation in a sentence.

We’ve continued to innovate on this since launch, releasing a brand-new midsole foam formulation.

That has even higher rebound while maintaining the same durability for a shoe health care workers will wear more than any other in their life.

THIS NEW SNEAKER BRAND IS MEANT FOR HEALTH CARE WORKERS RACHEL KINGDECEMBER 6, 2020FORTUNE. As a first step, Aaronson, a computer scientist, came up with an alternate formulation.

Of the Collatz conjecture, called a rewriting system, that was more natural for computers to work with.

Of what he had vaguely felt in an uncomfortable way ever since the previous evening.

THE FOURTH ESTATE, VOL.1ARMANDO PALACIO VALDS. Matt smiled with satisfaction in what he felt to be his very successful formulation.

COSMETICS FORMULATING COSMETICS FORMULATING COSMETICS FORMULATING. states banned the use of microplastics in cosmetic formulations and most cosmetic companies are voluntarily phasing out their use.

Email: Durol Cosmetics Lab With our expertise in Cosmetic Science and Technology, we at Antrim Cosmetic Solutions develop cosmetic products as per your requirements for your brand.

Apply to Scientist, R&D Engineer, Research Scientist and more! October 8, 2021 December 17, 2018 contractlab1 cosmetics, cosmetics formulation testing, formulation, product development, product formulation Contract Laboratory receives many requests from manufacturers of cosmetics, hair care, skincare, nail care and other personal care products for Mark Chandler is President of ACT Solutions Corp, a formulation design consultancy founded in 2012, serving the cosmetic and topical pharmaceutical industries, focusing on Adaptive Aesthetic Design™, Advanced Emulsion Solutions™, and Formulating for Efficacy™, with formulation laboratories in Delaware and Ohio.

All Natural Cosmetic LabPrivate Label Manufacturing, Bulk Testing, and More We Offer All Natural Cosmetic Lab ServicesAre you looking for a industry proven, environmentally friendly, Paraben and Sulphate Free line of professional products for your salon or spa? Our professional formulations meet strict performance quality and are third party certified safe for the environment and [] Also See: List of Brand Name Cosmetic Manufacturers List of Private Label Manufacturers List of Cosmetic Ingredient Suppliers – Preferred Vendors Perry Romanowski – Industry Voice, Market Blogger Perry has been a formulator and a cosmetic chemist in the personal care and cosmetic industry for 20 years researching and developing consumer products.

Cosmetics Laboratory Testing Submit Test Request Need cosmetics laboratories to conduct perform testing, research, studies, experimentation or analysis on cosmetics, fragrances, toiletries, personal care, dental care, skin care, hair care, baby care, or beauty care products? 97 Cosmetic Formulation Laboratory ,000 jobs available on Indeed.

We share our know-how and our technical competence as well as collaborate closely with our customers in developing Volume 3,Cosmetic Formulation of Skin Care Products,Analysis of Cosmetic Products,Green Up Your Beauty,Natural Cosmetics and Personal Hygiene Good for You and the Planet,Formulating Natural Cosmetics,The Beauty Brand Handbook,Your Personal Guide to 174 Private Label Manufacturers and Formulators,Handbook of Dermatology,A Practical Manual Feb 19, 2022 ** Qualifications of the Cosmetic Color Formulation Laboratory Manager includes:**+ Minimum of BS degree in Chemistry or related discipline+ +7 years of industry experience in a cosmetic color formulation lab.

The Virtual Formulation Labs will feature the latest product knowledge, transferable techniques and practical demonstrations, as well as the opportunity for you The Formulators LAB. Cosmetic Formulators has been in the cosmetic contract manufacturing industry long enough to understand your unique product needs, The different cosmetic product forms; A review of the testing you have to run on cosmetics you sell; How to set up a cosmetic lab * Presentation: There will be a LIVE 30 – 40 min presentation covering all aspects of cosmetic formulating including lab setup, raw materials, making prototypes and more.

Post Idea #16: Mammography

Related Articles – Summarized

Mayo Clinic

During a mammogram, your breasts are compressed between two firm surfaces to spread out the breast tissue.

A newer type of mammogram called a 3D mammogram creates three-dimensional images of the breast.

Many medical facilities offer the 3D mammogram in addition to the traditional 2D mammogram for breast cancer screening.

Schedule a screening mammogram appointment at Mayo Clinic.

Mammograms are X-ray images of your breasts designed to detect cancers and other changes in breast tissue.

A diagnostic mammogram is used to investigate suspicious breast changes, such as a new breast lump, breast pain, an unusual skin appearance, nipple thickening or nipple discharge.

Your breast must be compressed to even out its thickness and permit the X-rays to penetrate the breast tissue.

Breast Cancer

Health care providers use mammograms to look for early signs of breast cancer.

A screening mammogram is a mammogram usually done for women who have no signs or symptoms of breast cancer.

Regular screening mammograms can help reduce the number of deaths from breast cancer among women ages 40 to 74.

This is because they can find breast cancer early and treatment can start earlier, maybe before it has spread. But screening mammograms can also have risks.

A diagnostic mammogram is done for people who have a lump or other signs or symptoms of breast cancer.

The signs can include breast pain, thickening of the skin of the breast, nipple discharge, or a change in breast size or shape.

A mammogram, along with other tests, can help your provider figure out whether you have cancer.

What Is A Mammogram?

Doctors use a mammogram to look for early signs of breast cancer.

Keep in mind that the technologist cannot tell you the results of your mammogram.

Each woman’s mammogram may look a little different because all breasts are a little different.

A doctor with special training, called a radiologist, will read the mammogram.

If you are due for a mammogram and have been recently vaccinated for COVID-19, ask your doctor how long you should wait after vaccination to get your mammogram.

Try not to have your mammogram the week before you get your period or during your period.

A radiologist reads your mammogram and then reports the results to you and your doctor.


For the average woman, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends mammography every two years between the ages of 50 and 74, concluding that “The benefit of screening mammography outweighs the harms by at least a moderate amount from age 50 to 74 years and is greatest for women in their 60s”. The American College of Radiology and American Cancer Society recommend yearly screening mammography starting at age 40.

The authors of this Cochrane review write: “If we assume that screening reduces breast cancer mortality by 15% and that overdiagnosis and over-treatment is at 30%, it means that for every 2,000 women invited for screening throughout 10 years, one will avoid dying of breast cancer and 10 healthy women, who would not have been diagnosed if there had not been screening, will be treated unnecessarily. Furthermore, more than 200 women will experience important psychological distress including anxiety and uncertainty for years because of false positive findings.” The authors conclude that the time has come to re-assess whether universal mammography screening should be recommended for any age group.

Today, mammography is undergoing transition to digital detectors, known as digital mammography or Full Field Digital Mammography.

Concern by the FDA that digital mammography equipment demonstrate that it is at least as good as screen-film mammography at detecting breast cancers without increasing dose or the number of women recalled for further evaluation.

Digital mammography is a specialized form of mammography that uses digital receptors and computers instead of X-ray film to help examine breast tissue for breast cancer.

Mammography facilities in the United States and its territories are subject to the Mammography Quality Standards Act.

At this time, MQSA applies only to traditional mammography and not to related scans, such as breast ultrasound, stereotactic breast biopsy, or breast MRI. Many states in the US require a notification to be given to women with dense breasts to inform them that mammography is less accurate if breast tissue density is high.

National Cancer Institute

Screening mammograms can also find microcalcifications that sometimes indicate the presence of breast cancer.

Signs of breast cancer can include breast pain, thickening of the skin of the breast, nipple discharge, or a change in breast size or shape; however, these signs may also be signs of benign conditions.

Early detection of breast cancer with screening mammography means that treatment can be started earlier in the course of the disease, possibly before it has spread. Randomized clinical trials and other studies show that screening mammography can help reduce deaths from breast cancer among women ages 40 to 74 years at average risk of breast cancer, with the evidence of benefit being strongest for women ages 50 to 69 years.

Regular high-quality screening mammograms and clinical breast exams are the most sensitive ways to screen for breast cancer.

Regular breast self-exam, or BSE-that is, checking one’s own breasts for lumps or other unusual changes-is not specifically recommended for breast cancer screening.

Breast Imaging Reporting and Database System Category Assessment Follow-up 0 Need additional imaging evaluation Additional imaging needed before a category can be assigned 1 Negative Continue regular screening mammograms 2 Benign finding Continue regular screening mammograms 3 Probably benign Receive a 6-month follow-up mammogram 4 Suspicious abnormality May require biopsy 5 Highly suggestive of malignancy Requires biopsy 6 Known biopsy-proven malignancy Biopsy confirms presence of cancer before treatment begins.

In addition to making mammograms harder to read, dense breasts are a risk factor for breast cancer.


Screening mammography is a specific type of breast imaging that uses low-dose x-rays to detect cancer early – before women experience symptoms – when it is most treatable.

Mammography is specialized medical imaging that uses a low-dose x-ray system to see inside the breasts.

Breast tomosynthesis, also called three-dimensional mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis, is an advanced form of breast imaging where multiple images of the breast from different angles are captured and reconstructed into a three-dimensional image set.

Breast tomosynthesis is performed using digital mammography units, but not all digital mammography machines are equipped to perform tomosynthesis imaging.

What are the benefits vs. risks? Benefits Screening mammography reduces the risk of death due to breast cancer.

While mammography is the best screening tool for breast cancer available today, mammograms do not detect all breast cancers.

Increased breast density makes it difficult to see a cancer on mammography.

Johns Hopkins Medicine

The development of digital mammography technology allows for improved breast imaging, in particular, for women less than 50 years of age, women with dense breast tissue, and women who are premenopausal or perimenopausal.

A screening mammogram is an X-ray of the breast used to detect breast changes in women who have no signs or symptoms of breast cancer.

A diagnostic mammogram is an X-ray of the breast used to diagnose unusual breast changes, such as a lump, pain, nipple thickening or discharge, or a change in breast size or shape.

Breast imaging experts explain breast imaging and the difference between screening and diagnostic mammograms.

Women older than 30 years should undergo diagnostic mammography if they have symptoms, such as a palpable lump, breast skin thickening or indentation, nipple discharge or retraction, erosive sore of the nipple, or breast pain.

Women who are at high risk for breast cancer or with a history of breast cancer may be routinely screened with mammography.

The Johns Hopkins Radiology and Radiological Science breast imaging section supports the ACR and SBI recommendation and encourage women to discuss their individual screening options with their doctor.

Post Idea #17: Toyo Seikan

Related Articles – Summarized

Toyo Seikan Group Holdings, Ltd.

Our packaging business manufactures and sells packaging containers that are essential for our daily life, including metal cans, plastic containers, caps, paper containers, and glass bottles.

This segment includes manufacturing and sales of can and can end making machinery and beverage filling equipment, contract filling and sales of beverages, aerosol products and general liquid-filled products, and trucking and warehousing services.

This segment mainly manufactures and sells steel plate materials used for metal cans and other products, including materials for electrical and electronic components, automotive and industrial machinery parts, construction materials and consumer electronics.

This segment manufactures and sells various functional materials, including aluminum substrates for magnetic disks, optical functional films, pigments, glaze, gel coats and micro-element fertilizers.

Toyo Seikan

CHALLENGES. Toyo Seikan Thailand is an affiliated company of Toyo Seikan Group Holdings, Ltd. of Japan, manufacturing packaging in metal, plastic, glass, and paper.

TST chose the Nutanix cloud platform with hyperconverged infrastructure to begin the transformation to replace its legacy infrastructure and deliver smart manufacturing initiatives.

TST implemented Nutanix Files for integrated scale-out storage and Nutanix Flow to protect individual applications through software-defined networking.

Says Mr Rujiroje, “Backups used to be a huge challenge, but with Nutanix, mission critical backups between our two sites are done efficiently, no matter how large they are.”

“Nutanix Xi Frame was up and running within an hour. Our executives were very pleased with its capabilities that allowed them to remotely work with convenience. It lets them work from anywhere, anytime, on any device with secure and complete access to their work desktop, files, and network,” commends Mr Rujiroje.

To fully enhance application-centric security and data protection, TST “Decided to use Nutanix’s Flow together with Frame to protect our systems, data and applications from cyber threats. Flow allows us to monitor traffic for remote access sessions in real time. We are confident that our employees can now safely work from anywhere anytime. Furthermore, Flow identifies and quarantines abnormalities, sends alerts to us and points out where they occur. This enables us to solve problems more quickly and accurately. In the past, it was impossible for us to do this.”, said Mr. Rujiroje.

With Nutanix, the company will avoid the costs of additional servers to support any IoT development, simply adding storage disks for the generated data.

Toyo Seikan

Toyo Seikan Group Holdings, Ltd. is a Japan-based packaging container manufacturing company.

It became a holding company in 2013, taking the name Toyo Seikan Group Holdings Ltd. As of March 2013, the company has 78 subsidiary and nine affiliate companies.

It is listed on the first section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange and the Osaka Securities Exchange and was a constituent of the Nikkei 225 stock index.

Packaging business Metal, plastic, glass and paper containers.

Steel-plate related business Steel plates and related steel-plate-processed products.

Machinery and equipment business Container manufacturing equipment and filling & seaming equipment.

The Group also engages in the manufacturing and sales of hard alloys, raw material products for agriculture, sales of petroleum products, non-life insurance agency business and real estate management.


Toyo Seikan Kaisha is the largest container company in Japan and occupies a dominant position in the market.

During the 1950’s Toyo Seikan became associated with a number of other smaller packaging companies, and formed the core of an informal business organization which became known as the Toyo Seikan Group.

The Toyo Seikan Group established strong relationships with other food research institutes, including the Toyo Food Research Institute and the Composite Research and Development Center.

An increasing number of packaging companies became associated with the Toyo Seikan Group during the 1960’s and 1970’s.

Toyo Seikan currently licenses several of its packaging methods to 25 companies in 13 foreign countries.

The Toyo Seikan Group consists of 25 subsidiaries and affiliated companies, including the Toyo Kohan Company, Toyo Glass, and Tokan Kogyo.

The current president of Toyo Seikan Kaisha is Yoshiro Takasaki, son of the founder.

TOKYO PACK 2021 |Toyo Seikan Group

Since its founding in 1917, the Toyo Seikan Group has provided solutions to social issues.

The can making machine automated the process that had been performed by hand, making food available to more people.

We were the first to produce icecream paper cups in Japan, bringing many people irresistible taste.

TULC, Japan’s first can to reduce environmental impact.

TULC, the most lightweight can in the industry, is produced using a dry forming process without water consumption, significantly reducing environmental impact.

Strap Band Cap, Japan’s first tethered beverage closure.

The PET bottle cap does not fall off the bottle neck, making one hand free while drinking.

Post Idea #18: Songhees First Nation

Related Articles – Summarized


Their government is the Songhees First Nation, a member of the Te’mexw Treaty Association and the Naut’sa Mawt Tribal Council.

At the time of the establishment of Fort Victoria by the British in 1843, a Songhees village was situated adjacent to the fort.

During the 1862 Pacific Northwest smallpox epidemic, which killed about two-thirds of all native people in British Columbia, the Songhees were largely spared due to smallpox vaccines given by Hudson’s Bay Company physician Dr. John Helmcken, as well as Songhees self-quarantining themselves on Discovery Island.

Sir James Douglas, governor of Vancouver Island negotiated a treaty with the Songhees in 1850.

Much of the traditional territory of the Songhees now forms the core of the urbanized area of Victoria and surrounding municipalities.

The development of British Columbia’s capital city caused considerable disruption to the Songhees’ traditional economy and livelihood.

Recently the Songhees considered that the government of British Columbia had failed to honour the 1850 treaty and commenced a legal action against the province and the government of Canada for redress.

Victoria Shows Unprecedented Support Of Songhees Nation’S Ongoing Land Claim Negotiations

For more than 150 years the Songhees First Nation has lived on the fringe of Victoria, pushed off their unceded, ancestral land by colonial settlers.

“Songhees Nation lives on 67 acres of land out in Esquimalt. We have a couple of islands off Oak Bay, but I’m standing in our territory,” said Songhees Nation Chief Ron Sam, speaking from Centennial Square.

For the first time in its history, the City of Victoria is publicly backing the Nation’s ongoing land claim negotiations with the province.

The Songhees Nation has been locked in negotiations with the province, feds, and a myriad of municipalities in the Greater Victoria area for 25 years, over land claims.

If the properties are acquired through the treaty process, city zoning, bylaws, and property taxes wouldn’t apply, but the specific services agreements with Victoria are still to be worked out, as is the treaty itself.

The Songhees Nation hopes to have the entire process wrapped in three years.

“It’s possible to stand with nations and support them in the treaty process,” said Mayor Helps.

First Nations To Develop Industrial Site In Victoria

B.C. Hydro is poised to sell 4.5 acres on Rock Bay in Victoria to the Songhees and Esquimalt First Nations later this year for redevelopment.

It’s now set to become an economic generator for the Songhees and Esquimalt First Nations.

Key to the future of these lands is the adjacent three acres the First Nations acquired in 2016 from Transport Canada, Armstrong said in a statement on March 7.

The property being acquired from B.C. Hydro could be split into lots for more than one ­tenant, said Ross Marshall, senior vice-president with commercial real estate firm CBRE Ltd. in Victoria.

The property is being offered at a time when demand for industrial land in Victoria is “Exceptionally high,” he said.

In May 2019, B.C. Hydro and the First Nations announced they had agreed on conditional terms to buy the 4.5 acres, in the traditional territory of the ­Lekwungen people.

In 2015, murals painted by First Nations youth and based on designs by Butch Dick and ­Darlene Gait were unveiled around the property.

Songhees Development Corporation

The Purpose of the Songhees Development Corporation is to operate profitable business ventures, generate surplus income and create a supportive environment for entrepreneurs.

Using best practices for business governance, Songhees Development Corporation seeks alignment with Songhees Nation.

A majority independent board of directors with skills and expertise to lead Economic Development for Songhees Nation ensures appropriate distance between business and Nation governance.

He served on the Songhees Nation Finance and Audit Committee and his former employer Ralmax, is a partner with Songhees and Esquimalt in Salish Sea Industrial Services ltd.

Rob Dick is a Songhees Member who currently works for Telus as Sales Manager, New Development.

While working closely with the Songhees Development Corporation, the Advisory Committee advises Songhees Chief and Council who set the economic goals and priorities for the Nation.

Christina Clarke was asked to lead Songhees Nation economic development as CEO of the Songhees Development Corporation after 25 years serving the Nation, including six years as Executive Director.

Post Idea #19: Lisa Helps

Related Articles – Summarized

Lisa Helps

Lisa Helps is a Canadian politician, the current mayor of Victoria, British Columbia, with her inauguration taking place on December 4, 2014.

Helps was first elected to Victoria City Council as a city councillor in the 2011 municipal election.

Her mayoral campaign revolved heavily around a proposal to launch a more ambitious plan to deal with the issues of homelessness and affordable housing in the city and was also boosted by voter frustration over delays in the Johnson Street Bridge construction project and a controversial sewage treatment plan that has been a dominant issue in the city’s municipal politics for several years.

In June 2017, the city of Victoria created the Witness Reconciliation Program and the City Family.

The latter is a group composed of Mayor Helps, several Victoria city council members, and people appointed by the Esquimalt and Songhees Nations’ Councils.

The City Family’s objectives are to guide Victoria on how the city can respond to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s five calls to action intended for municipalities, and also to realize the TRC’s awareness mandate on a local scale and to promote reconciliation in general.

Helps oversaw the removal of the city’s statue of John A. Macdonald from the front of Victoria City Hall, which took place three days after the city council voted for it on August 8, 2018.

Mayor Lisa Helps

Lisa Helps became the 52nd Mayor of Victoria when she was elected on November 15, 2014, and was sworn into office for her second term on November 1, 2018.

Prior to being elected as Mayor, she served as a Victoria City Councillor for one term, from 2011 to 2014.

Mayor Helps works hard at City Hall and in the community to ensure that the city is prosperous, affordable, sustainable, and ready for the future.

Taking a long-term, big-picture perspective, she looks both around the city and around the world for innovative solutions to the pressing challenges facing us including climate change, lack of affordable housing, and growing social isolation and loneliness, especially among youth and seniors.

Mayor Helps believes that the best way to address complex challenges is to bring people from a diversity of backgrounds, perspectives and experiences together and to truly listen to each other.

She’s honoured to have been elected as Mayor of Victoria and to serve her community in this capacity.

What’s Up At Council? is our bi-weekly video series hosted by Mayor Lisa Helps that gives you a glance at what’s coming up for discussion and decision making at Council.


In spite of her increasing unpopularity with city residents due to her involvement in numerous scandals, Helps won a second term as mayor of Victoria on October 20, 2018.

From the fall of 2015 through the summer of 2016, a “Tent city” populated by drug addicts and transients, primarily from outside of Victoria, developed on the grounds of the city’s downtown courthouse and quickly deteriorated into an unsanitary slum under Helps’ watch, with some of its occupants causing problems in the area by committing crimes, intimidating residents and negatively affecting businesses.

Helps paid lip service to the press and the public regarding the tent city, claiming that she had met with city and provincial officials to “Find a solution”, but Helps did very little to contribute toward a solution herself, forcing the British Columbia Liberal government and the provincial Supreme Court to take action to dismantle the tent city and move its occupants into affordable housing and shelters.

In June 2017, Helps proposed that Victoria’s residents “Take in” the city’s homeless population into their homes to “Solve” the homeless problem in the city.

The announcement drew immediate and heavy criticism against Helps, with those opposed correctly pointing out issues with drugs and/or mental illness experienced by the majority of homeless and transients, along with the inevitable probability of crimes being committed by any homeless accepting billeting from homeowners; Helps was also criticized for taking a “Do as I say, not as I do” attitude by refusing to take any homeless into her home herself, claiming that she had “Confidential documents” in her home as her excuse while ignoring homeowners’ realistic concerns.

On May 16, 2018, Helps and fellow left-wing members of Victoria’s city council told city residents that they should take part in a fast on May 25 to mark the start of the Islamic month of Ramadan – while Helps, in her comments, ignored what Islam really is.

In June 2021, Helps drew criticism when she announced the cancellation of Canada Day celebrations in Victoria in response to the discovery of the buried remains of what were alleged to be 215 children near the site of the former Kamloops Indian Residential School in Kamloops, British Columbia, as well as for hypocritically giving herself and her city council the day off with pay despite cancelling Canada Day celebrations for the public.

Lisa Helps Biography, Age, Height, Husband, Net Worth, Family

At 45 years old, Lisa Helps height not available right now.

How much is Lisa Helps worth at the age of 45 years old? Lisa Helps’s income source is mostly from being a successful.

Helps oversaw the removal of the city’s statue of John A. Macdonald from the front of Victoria City Hall, which took place three days after the city council voted for it on august 8, 2018.

In June 2017, the city of Victoria created the Witness Reconciliation Program and the City Family.

The City Family’s objectives are to guide Victoria on how the city can response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s five calls to action intended for municipalities, and also to realize the TRC’s awareness mandate on a local scale and to promote reconciliation in general.

Helps was first elected to Victoria City Council as a city councillor in the 2011 municipal election.

Her mayoral campaign revolved heavily around a proposal to launch a more ambitious plan to deal with the issues of homelessness and affordable housing in the city and was also boosted by voter frustration over delays in the Johnson Street Bridge construction project and a controversial sewage treatment plan that has been a dominant issue in the city’s municipal politics for several years.

Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation

She was the co-president the Alumni Network Executive Committee.

She served on the Board of Directors from March 2020 to November 2021.

Not satisfied with the disjuncture between the so-called ivory tower and the rest of the world, Lisa Helps spends much of her time as a community activist committed to place-based solutions to global and national challenges, and increasing citizen engagement.

She was Councilor for the City of Victoria and Executive Director of the Community Micro Lending Society in Victoria, British Columbia, and was elected Mayor of the city of Victoria on 15 November 2014.

She also sits on the Program Committee of Leadership Victoria, a local organization that runs a multi-sector community leadership program.

She was Chair of the Board of Directors of Fernwood NRG, a neighbourhood organization, when the Society purchased and restored a run down building in the heart of the neighbourhood, built affordable housing units, and opened the Cornerstone Café as an enterprising non-profit venture.

She has also served as chair of the Bread and Roses Collective, which produces the monthly Victoria Street Newz.

University Of Victoria

She ran successfully for Victoria City Council where she was a councillor for three years.

In 2014, deciding that she could do more as mayor than councillor to help Victoria unleash its potential, she successfully ran for mayor.

Council agendas are hundreds of pages a week; reading for my comprehensive exams prepared me for the heavy load. But more than this, I know the importance of research-driven policy making.

My research looked at housing, homelessness and the governance of poverty in San Francisco and Victoria between 1930 and 1970.

While reading through old Victoria newspapers, I came across a 1931 headline, “Citizens Relief Fund Surpasses $50,000.” I thought, “What was this citizens fund and who had $50,000 in the Depression?”.

While I was the Executive Director of Community Micro Lending I also ran successfully for Victoria City Council where I was a councilor for three years.

“Council agendas are hundreds of pages a week; reading for my comprehensive exams prepared me for the heavy load. But more than this, I know the importance of research-driven policy making. And I also know that things are often not what they seem on the surface – everything has a history! Critical thinking and the ability to ask probing questions continue to serve me well.”

Lisa Helps – Victoria Mayor – Latest Thoughts And Ideas From Mayor Lisa

There are rallying cries of support for Missing Middle Housing, some rallying cries against, and lots of people with really good questions, concerns and ideas.

According to a recent Housing Needs Assessment for the City of Victoria, “Renter households relying on a single income likely struggle to find affordable and suitable housing in Victoria. Renter households led by lone parents or households with at least one senior are the households most likely to be in Core Housing Need in the city.” Almost 30% of renters are in core housing need in Victoria.

Greater Victoria Housing Security and Rent Bank Program – Provides loans and grants to tenants at risk of homelessness.

Taxes collected from short-term rentals are directed to the Victoria Housing Reserve Fund.Residential Rental Tenure Zoning – New rental only zoning to protect existing rental housing from conversion to strata.

City Land for Affordable Housing – City has purchased land and used City-owned land for close to 600 units of affordable housing currently in development, to be operated by the Capital Regional Housing Corporation and Pacifica Housing, to be affordable in perpetuity.

Early in 2022, staff will be bringing a report to Council to recommend that we upzone the entire city to allow for affordable housing if the housing is owned and operated by a non-profit housing society or the Capital Regional Housing Corporation, and is affordable in perpetuity.

Removing the need for rezoning makes it more likely more money will flow into Victoria to provide more affordable housing which is much needed for families, seniors, low-wage workers and people currently experiencing homelessness.

Post Idea #20: EasyMile SAS

Related Articles – Summarized

Autonomous Vehicle Technology And Solutions

EasyMile’s award-winning technology is delivering the promise of autonomous vehicles around the world.

EasyMile’s driverless vehicle solutions come with end-to-end service.


EasyMile is a pioneer in autonomous vehicle technology and smart mobility solutions.

The fast-growing company develops software to automate transportation, revolutionizing passenger and goods transportation.

Clients include the world’s largest transport operators, city authorities, airports, corporations, business parks, and universities.

EZ10: autonomous and emission free shuttle, it provides first and last mile transportation on private sites or public roads.

It is the most deployed driverless shuttle in the world.

TractEasy: driverless tow tractor enabling indoor and outdoor ground transportation of goods on industrial sites, logistics centers and airports.

EZFleet: fleet management and supervision system for autonomous vehicles to enable Mobility-as-a-Service.

EasyMile EZ10

The EasyMile EZ10 is a battery-powered autonomous electric bus designed and marketed by EasyMile.

In July 2019, an EasyMile passenger in Utah required medical attention after falling from a seat due to a sudden stop, prompting the company to put up warning signs and reduce the vehicles’ maximum speed.

In February 2020, a Smart Columbus passenger fell from a seat when an EasyMile vehicle executed an emergency stop from 7 miles per hour.

The second incident prompted the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to suspend EasyMile passenger services nationwide while the incident was investigated.

In September 2016, a pilot consisting of a short public transport route served by two EZ10 vehicles started in the village of Appelscha.

In December 2016, the EZ10 began use in the first autonomous vehicle passenger shuttle route in North America, looping through Bishop Ranch Office Park in San Ramon, California, operated by First Transit.

The Paris transport authority, RATP Group, started testing EasyMile EZ10 shuttles on regular roads in January 2021, taking passengers to Bois de Vincennes on weekends.

Post Idea #21: Autoneum Holding AG

Related Articles – Summarized

Autoneum Holding AG, AUTN:SWX Summary

Autoneum Holding AG is a Switzerland-based company engaged in acoustic and heat management solutions for motor vehicles.

It provides solutions for noise reduction and heat management for light vehicle and heavy truck manufact.

The Company offers measurement systems for automotive acoustics.

It supplies solutions, systems and products for the entire vehicle: engine bay, passenger compartment, trunk, body-in-white and exterior of motor vehicles.

Its products include interior trims, interior floors, trunk flooring, spacers, under engine shields, heat shields, dampers and stiffeners, among others.

The Company is present in Europe and North America, South America and Asia, excluding Japan.

It operates through its own non-listed affiliated companies or represented by its joint ventures and licensees.

Post Idea #22: Evonik Industries

Related Articles – Summarized

Evonik Industries

Motivating and empowering people to give of their best – that is what True Leadership means to us.

Discover the wide range of career opportunities we offer at Evonik, a global leader in specialty chemicals.

MORE. 33,000 people, production plants in 27 countries, active in over 100 markets and operations world-wide, €458m invested in research annually, +25,000 patents… Learn more about the company and the people behind real-world solutions.

MORE. Evonik does a lot of work to make things better-but its encounters with people in everyday life often go unnoticed.

The website “Better with Evonik” explains in simple terms what it is that Evonik does.

MORE. The number of languages spoken by our team in South Africa.

You’ve got questions? We’ve got answers! In our FAQ page, you will find answers to the most frequently asked questions about the application process at Evonik.

Evonik Industries

Evonik Industries AG is a stock-listed German specialty chemicals company headquartered in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Evonik Industries employs about 37,000 people and carries out activities in more than 100 countries.

As the first step, RAG’s shareholders sold their shares to RAG foundation to split RAG. The Foundation was established on 10 July 2007, and Evonik Industries was created on 12 September 2007.

The original plan foresaw the IPO of Evonik Industries in the first half of 2008.

The former energy business portion of Evonik was operated through Evonik Steag GmbH, which is the fifth largest power company in Germany, based in Essen.

In December 2010 Evonik Industries signed an agreement to sell 51% of shares in its energy business to a consortium of municipal utilities in Germany’s Rhine-Ruhr region.

In 2013, Evonik sold the majority of its shares in Vivawest to the RAG Foundation, the Evonik pension fund, and the coal mining corporation RAG AG. Evonik now holds only 10.9%, and there are plans to sell this stake too.

Evonik Industries PT Set At €33.00 By Baader Bank

Evonik Industries received a €33.00 price objective from stock analysts at Baader Bank in a research note issued to investors on Wednesday, Borsen Zeitung reports.

Baader Bank’s target price indicates a potential upside of 36.93% from the stock’s current price.

Based on data from MarketBeat, Evonik Industries has an average rating of “Hold” and a consensus price target of €33.21.

The company has a 50 day simple moving average of €28.25 and a 200-day simple moving average of €28.00.

Evonik Industries has a 52-week low of €26.78 and a 52-week high of €32.97.

Evonik Industries AG engages in the specialty chemicals business.

The Specialty Additives segment provides polyurethane additives, organically modified silicones, isophorones, epoxy curing agents, oil additives, fumed silicas, matting agents, TAA and TAA derivatives, and acetylenic diol-based surfactants for consumer goods and specialized industrial applications.

Post Idea #23: Backhoe loader

Related Articles – Summarized

Backhoe Loaders

Dig Depth 10 ft 1 in3.08 m Gross Engine Power 49 hp36.3 kW 3CX COMPACT BACKHOE LOADER. The 3CX COMPACT backhoe loader is a versatile, maneuverable machine, suited to a wide range of applications within constrained work sites.

3CX BACKHOE LOADER. The 3CX backhoe loader is designed to deliver optimal return on investment across a wide range of applications.

Dig Depth 20 ft 1 in6.12 m Loader Bucket Breakout 13,603 lbf6,170 kgf Gross Engine Power 109 hp81 kW 4CX-15 SUPER BACKHOE LOADER. The 4CX-15 SUPER is the ultimate backhoe loader and the largest machine of its type on the market, to boost productivity to unparalleled levels.

Dig Depth 20 ft 1 in6.12 m Loader Bucket Breakout 13,728 lbf6,227 kgf Gross Engine Power 109 hp81 kW 3CX-14 BACKHOE LOADER. The 3CX-14 boasts powerful hydraulics, high-end features and improved comfort, for excellent performance and productivity.

Dig Depth 18 ft 6 in5.63 m Loader Bucket Breakout 13,603 lbf6,170 kgf Gross Engine Power 74 hp55 kW 3CX-14 SUPER BACKHOE LOADER. Productivity and performance are standard on the 3CX-14 SUPER, thanks to the award-winning JCB EcoMAX engine and state-of-the-art hydraulics.

Dig Depth 18 ft 6 in5.63 m Loader Bucket Breakout 13,603 lbf6,170 kgf Gross Engine Power 91/109 hp68/81 kW 4CX-14 SUPER BACKHOE LOADER. The 4CX-14 SUPER is the ultimate backhoe loader, packed with unique features to boost productivity to higher levels.

The JCB 5CX Wastemaster backhoe loader is designed specifically for the waste and recycling industry, to move containers, load skips, compact waste, clean up an…. Gross Engine Power 109 hp.

Backhoe Loaders

CASE N SERIES BACKHOE LOADERS. CASE backhoe loaders – extra power when you want it, precise control where you need it and a sophisticated-yet-simple machine that needs less from you to get more done, more quickly.

When your backhoe legacy dates back to the world’s first fully integrated production backhoe loader, you know they’re expected to do just about everything.

So you engineer them to be stronger and more responsive whether roading or loading or digging.

Backhoe Loader

A backhoe loader, also called a loader backhoe, loader excavator, digger in layman’s terms, or colloquially shortened to backhoe within the industry, is a heavy equipment vehicle that consists of a tractor-like unit fitted with a loader-style shovel/bucket on the front and a backhoe on the back.

The world’s first backhoe loader with factory warranty was introduced in the U.S. by J.I. Case in 1957.

Their Model 320 was the world’s first serial backhoe loader.

Although based on a tractor, a backhoe loader was and is almost never called a tractor when both the loader and the backhoe are permanently attached.

Because digging while on tires intrinsically causes the machine to rock, and the swinging weight of the backhoe could cause the vehicle to tip, most backhoe loaders use hydraulic outriggers or stabilizers at the rear when digging and lower the loader bucket for additional stability.

Subcompact tractors, the size between a compact tractor and lawn tractor, are also often sold in backhoe loader setup, sometimes with a belly-mounted mower also included.

Diggs from Construction Site is a blue Backhoe Loader.

Post Idea #24: Ube Industries

Related Articles – Summarized

Ube Industries, Ltd.

PRODUCTS The Ube Group operates in three main business segments-chemicals,construction materials and machinery.

Outside of Japan, the Group has an active presence in the global market with plants in Spain and Thailand that produce caprolactam, nylon resin, and fine chemicals.

Ube Industries

Ube Industries, Ltd. is a Japanese chemical company manufacturing chemicals, plastics, battery materials, pharmaceuticals, cement, construction materials, and machinery.

The company was founded in 1897 when Sukesaku Watanabe -an industrialist, a member of the House of Representatives of Japan and a deputy mayor of Ube- established Okinoyama Coal Mine, the predecessor of the present Ube industries.

Ube Industries is a member of the Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group keiretsu.

1914: Ube Shinkawa Iron Works is established as a silent partnership.

1942: Ube Industries, Ltd. is established through amalgamation of the four foregoing companies.

The presidents of the Ube Chamber of Commerce and Industry are elected from retired persons of The company.

UBE Chemicals(Asia) Public Company Ltd.(UCHA) is one of the cogent chemical companies in Thailand.

Contrasting Ube Industries And Its Peers

Ube Industries is one of 680 publicly-traded companies in the “Holding & other investment offices” industry, but how does it compare to its peers? We will compare Ube Industries to related companies based on the strength of its analyst recommendations, valuation, risk, profitability, dividends, institutional ownership and earnings.

This table compares Ube Industries and its peers revenue, earnings per share and valuation.

Ube Industries is trading at a higher price-to-earnings ratio than its peers, indicating that it is currently more expensive than other companies in its industry.

Ube Industries pays an annual dividend of $0.25 per share and has a dividend yield of 2.3%. Ube Industries pays out 16.7% of its earnings in the form of a dividend.

As a group, “Holding & other investment offices” companies have a potential upside of 72.30%. Given Ube Industries’ peers higher probable upside, analysts plainly believe Ube Industries has less favorable growth aspects than its peers.

Ube Industries’ peers have a beta of 0.12, suggesting that their average stock price is 88% less volatile than the S&P 500.

Ube Industries beats its peers on 7 of the 12 factors compared.

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