21 Google Trending Breakout Blog Post Ideas – Updated on 2022-04-06

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Post Idea #1: Vladimir Lisin

Related Articles – Summarized

Vladimir Lisin

Vladimir Sergeyevich Lisin is a Russian billionaire businessman.

Vladimir Lisin got his first job in 1975 working as a mechanic in a Soviet coalmine, and after studying at the Siberian Metallurgic Institute got a job working as a welder foreman at Tulachermet Metals Works.

His former boss was named the Minister for Russian Metallurgy, and Lisin became the sole owner of Novolipetsk Steel in 2000.

Lisin sits on the board of directors of the Novolipetskii Metallurgical Combine, one of largest steel companies in Russia, in 1998 and still holds that position.

In 2013, Lisin was appointed as a member of the ISSF Executive Committee.

In November 2018, Lisin was elected president of the International Shooting Sport Federation, and succeeded Olegario Vázquez Raña, who has served as president since 1980.

According to Bloomberg L.P., Lisin bought the 17th-century Aberuchill Castle and its surrounding estate in Perthshire, Scotland in 2005.

Russian Magnate Says Charging Roubles For Exports Would Backfire

Chairman of the Board of Directors of NLMK company Vladimir Lisin attends a session during the Week of Russian Business, organized by the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, in Moscow, Russia February 9, 2018.

Register now for FREE unlimited access to Reuters.comApril 5 – Steel baron Vladimir Lisin, listed by Forbes magazine as Russia’s third richest man, told Kommersant newspaper on Tuesday that Moscow’s plans to charge roubles for its exports would undermine country’s position on global markets.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has ordered that natural gas, exported mostly to Europe, be paid for in roubles instead of foreign currency following sweeping Western sanctions over Ukraine.

Including the speaker of the lower house of parliament Vyacheslav Volodin, suggested Russia should sell oil, grain, metals, fertiliser, coal and timber for roubles on global markets where it is profitable.

“For decades we’ve been fighting for export markets… We’ve been developing relations with thousands of clients in 70 countries. It’s hard to imagine what would convince our buyers to switch to settlements in roubles and incur currency risks,” Lisin told the newspaper.

“Logistics problems have already complicated delivery of goods. Switching to payments in roubles will just throw us out of international markets.”

Register now for FREE unlimited access to Reuters.com.

Russia’S Rouble Demands Slammed By Steel Baron Vladimir Lisin

Russia’s plans to demand roubles for exports will undermine the country’s position on global markets, warned steel baron and Russia’s third richest man Vladimir Lisin.

Speaking to Kommersant newspaper, he argued the latest moves contradicted long-established economic policy in Russia – which normally involved “Fighting for export markets.”

Lisin is the chairman and majority shareholder of Novolipetsk, one of the four largest steel companies in Russia, with an estimated net worth of $26.6bn. Last month he told employees at NLMK that lives lost in Ukraine were a tragedy that was hard to justify, and called for a peaceful diplomatic resolution to the conflict.

The steel baron’s criticisms follow Russian President Vladimir Putin signing into law requirements for overseas parties to buy natural gas in roubles instead of foreign countries.

The decree authorises state-controlled Gazprombank to open foreign currency and rouble accounts for gas purchases.

European buyers can still buy gas in foreign currencies, but will have to authorise Gazprombank to make the conversion into roubles.

EU leaders have rejected the measure – presenting a united front to the demands for rouble payments, which Germany said amounted to “Blackmail”.

Lisin Told Not Welcome At ESC In Norway Because He Is Russian, Claims President

Biz for as little as £10.For nearly 15 years now, insidethegames.

Biz has been at the forefront of reporting fearlessly on what happens in the Olympic Movement.

As the first website not to be placed behind a paywall, we have made news about the International Olympic Committee, the Olympic and Paralympic Games, the Commonwealth Games and other major events more accessible than ever to everybody.

Biz maintained its high standard of reporting on all the news from around the globe on a daily basis.

We were the first publication in the world to signal the threat that the Olympic Movement faced from the coronavirus and have provided unparalleled coverage of the pandemic since.

Biz, making us by far the biggest source of independent news on what is happening in world sport.

We have the Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games in Beijing, where we are sending a team of four reporters, the Commonwealth Games in Birmingham, the Summer World University and Asian Games in China, the World Games in Alabama and multiple World Championships.

Vladimir Lisin

Vladimir Sergeyevich Lisin is a Russian billionaire and founder of the world’s largest private equity firm, VTB Capital Group.

After the fall of communism, companies were turned into joint-stock companies owned by workers.

While many workers sold their shares off, Vladimir joined Trans World Group, a British based investment firm, where Mikhail and Lev Cherney were charged with Russian steel investments.

Vladimir Lisin acquired more of the company from billionaire George Soros and others.

Lisin controls oil and gas giant Rosneft, Russia’s largest oil company.

In 2020 after an unprecedented fuel leak at one of the company’s subsidiary plants near Norilsk President Vladimir Putin declared a state of emergency.

Half of Vladimir Lisin’s net assets are invested in transport companies via the Universal Cargo Logistics Company.

Richest Russian

Vladimir Lisin made his fortune by joining the Trans World Group, which invested aggressively in the Russian steel industry after the fall of communism.

Since 1993, Lisin has served on the boards of multi-billion dollar steel companies, including Novolipetsk Steel, MMK, Sayansk and Novokuznetsk Aluminum Plants.

TWG bought up steel companies worth 40% of the total Russian market.

TWG felt market pressures from Oleg Deripaska and Roman Abramovich’s Russian Aluminum, government pressures and an internal rift that brought the company to split.

Vladimir Lisin acquired more of the company from billionaire George Soros and others.

About half of Vladimir Lisin’s net worth is invested in transportation companies under Universal Cargo Logistics Company.

Vladimir Lisin serves as the Vice President of the Russian Olympic Committee and is the part of the Executive Committee of the International Shooting Sport Federation.

VLADIMIR LISIN Net Worth $26 Billion House Yacht Private Jet

Vladimir Lisin is chairman and the majority shareholder of Novolipetsk.

He is vice president of the Russian Olympic Committee.

He is also President of the Russian Steel Association.

Finally became chairman and one of the richest Russians.

Novolipetsk is the 4th largest steel company in Russia.

In 2019 NLMK realized more than US$ 12 billion in sales.

Lisin owns 84% of NLMK through his holding company Fletcher Group Holdings.

Post Idea #2: Novolipetsk Steel

Related Articles – Summarized

Novolipetsk Steel

Novolipetsk Steel, or NLMK, is one of the four largest steel companies in Russia.

NLMK’s share of domestic crude steel production is about 21%. It primarily produces flat steel products, semi-finished steel products and electrical steels.

In 1931, Novolipetsk Iron and Steel began construction of a plant on the site of the iron ore mine.

Less than half of NLMK’s output of steel is sold in Russia.

Currently Novolipetsk Steel located in Lipetsk is one of the world’s most profitable steel companies per tonne of production and by far the most profitable steel-making company in Russia, with an EBITDA margin of $2,28 bln.

DanSteel A/S, Danish steel rolling company, acquired in 2006.

VIZ-Stal, the second-largest Russian electrical steel producer, acquired in 2006.

Novolipetsk Steel is engaged in the production and sales of flat and long steel products.

Its products include slabs and transformer steel, pre-painted, galvanized and electrical steel.

The company operates through the following business segments: Russian flat products, Foreign rolled products, Russian long products, Mining and Investments.

Russian flat products segment sales coke and steel products: pig iron, steel slabs, hot rolled steel, cold rolled steel, galvanized cold rolled sheet and cold rolled sheet with polymeric.

The Foreign Rolled Products segment is involved in the production and sales of steel products in Europe and the U.S. The Russian Long Products segment operates through a number of steel-production facilities combined in a single production system beginning from iron scrap collection and recycling to steel-making, production of long products, reinforcing rebar, and metal ware.

The Mining segment is engaged in the mining, processing and sales of iron ore, fluxing limestone and metallurgical dolomite, which supplies raw materials to the steel segment and third parties.

Novolipetsk Steel was founded on November 7, 1934 and is headquartered in Moscow, Russia.

Global Energy Monitor

NLMK’s share of domestic crude steel production is about 21%. It primarily produces flat steel products, semi-finished steel products and electrical steels.

In 1931, Novolipetsk Iron and Steel began construction of a plant on the site of the iron ore mine.

Less than half of NLMK’s output of steel is sold in Russia.

Currently Novolipetsk Steel located in Lipetsk is one of the world’s most profitable steel companies per tonne of production and by far the most profitable steel-making company in Russia, with an EBITDA margin of $2,28 bln.

On December 15, 2005, the company listed 42 million of its Global Depositary Shares on the London Stock Exchange.

In June 2006 NLMK altered its dividend policy and increased its target payout ratio from 15% to 20% of its net income under US GAAP. The company pursues the goal of bringing its total dividends over a five-year period to 30%. NLMK’s global M&A activity has been focused on assets which the company could effectively leverage for processing its low-cost slabs into high-value-added products in its key export markets.

DanSteel A/S, Danish steel rolling company, acquired in 2006.

Post Idea #3: Paperboard

Related Articles – Summarized

WestRock Paperboard Products & Packaging Solutions

PAPERBOARD CALCULATOR. We have a broad range of products, so we’ve provided search filters that allow you to find the products that are the best match to your unique specifications.

We have a broad range of paperboard products, so we’ve provided search filters that allow you to find the products that are the best match to your unique specifications.

4 Types Of Paperboard > Paperboard Packaging Council

A premium grade, brilliant white SBS has a clay-coated surface for high-quality printing and a top ply of bleached virgin hardwood fibers for smoothness.

Because it is a solid white sheet, SBS is the preferred choice for food packaging and many high-end retail products.

Whereas SBS is white throughout, CUK is made from unbleached virgin kraft fiber, which imparts a natural brown color.

The long, large pine fibers impart excellent strength and tear resistance qualities to the finished sheet.

This paperboard grade is made of recycled fibers-those recovered from paper manufacturing and converting facilities as well as post-consumer sources.

Manufactured from recycled newsprint and old corrugated, this thick paperboard grade is often used as the “Body stock” for rigid or setup boxes.

These four grades represent only a small portion of the options available to today’s paperboard packaging manufacturer, and we encourage you to explore further.


While there is no rigid differentiation between paper and paperboard, paperboard is generally thicker than paper and has certain superior attributes such as foldability and rigidity.

According to ISO standards, paperboard is a paper with a grammage above 250 g/m2, but there are exceptions.

Mixed waste paper is not usually deinked for paperboard manufacture and hence the pulp may contain traces of inks, adhesives, and other residues which together give it a grey colour.

Additional components could be OBA. The DIN Standard 19303 “Paperboard – Terms and grades” defines different grades of paperboard based on the surface treatment, the main furnish and the colour or bulk.

The paperboard sector is mainly looked at in conjunction with the paper industry.

The Paper & Paperboard market size had a value of US$630.

According to ProCarton, the consumption of paper and paperboard seem to correlate with economic trends.

Packaging, Bristol Paper, Poster Board

With versatile design flexibility and numerous printing benefits, our paperboard products provide consistently high performance for applications that include commercial printing and publishing, custom packaging and point-of-purchase displays.

Our paperboard category includes five product types: packaging paper, folder paper, poster board, Bristol paper and pulpboard.

Our diversified range of wrapping products is primarily used for folding boxes and wrapping applications.

Our poster board is made of a variety of thicknesses and colors to display the right information under multiple applications.

Also referred to as Bristol board or super-white paper, this product is an uncoated, machine-finished paperboard that is used for printing documents, brochures, promotional materials and envelopes.

Two and three-ply Bristol papers are the most popular thicknesses, while one-ply Bristol offers the benefits of translucency.

Unlike illustration board, which has only a front working surface, Bristol board can provide front and back working surfaces.

Spartan Paperboard Company

Spartan Paperboard Company specializes in the sales and converting of custom made chipboard pads, dividers, slip-sheets and clay coated paperboards.

As a direct manufacturer of custom paperboard products and chipboard pads in Kalamazoo, Michigan, our in-house sheeting and guillotine trimming gives us the flexibility to directly convert our extensive warehouse of custom paperboard products with quick turnarounds, competitive pricing, and exceptional customer service throughout the USA, Canada, and Mexico.

Post Idea #4: Nippon Paper Industries

Related Articles – Summarized

Nippon Paper Group, Inc. is a Japan-based holding company mainly engaged in the paper manufacturing business.

The Paper and Pulp segment manufactures and sells foreign paper, paperboards and paper pulp, as well as paper for household and special uses.

The Paper-related segment offers processed paper products, such as paper containers and adhesive-related products, in addition to cardboards, chemical products and others.

Engineering-related segment is engaged in the purchase and sale of wooden materials, the purchase, manufacture and sale of construction materials, as well as the civil engineering-related business.

The Others segment is involved in the distribution business, the manufacture and sale of soft drinks and the leisure business.

Nippon Paper Industries

Nippon Paper Industries Co., Ltd. is a Japanese paper manufacturing company.

The company’s stock is listed on the Tokyo and Nagoya Stock Exchange and on the Osaka Securities Exchange.

The stock is also constituent of the Nikkei 225 stock index.

As of April 2013 the company has 33 subsidiaries and 11 associate companies.

2001 – Nippon Unipac Holding is formed by the merger of Nippon Paper Industries Co., Ltd. and Daishowa Paper Manufacturing Co., Ltd. 2003 – Both companies’ paperboard divisions are merged to form Nippon Daishowa Paperboard.

2016 – Nippon Paper has agreed to buy the world’s third largest liquids packaging board business from U.S. timber company Weyerhaeuser.

Elopak And Nippon Paper Agree Oceania License

Nippon Paper, the largest liquid packaging producer in Japan, is exploring the potential of packaging based on wood, a renewable resource, and offering a variety of proposals.

Nippon Paper group is also one of the leading packaging companies in Oceania through its subsidiary business, Opal.

Elopak, a global supplier of carton packaging and filling equipment, offers sustainable packaging solutions to provide alternatives to plastic bottles.

The licensing agreement aligns with Elopak’s ambitions to pursue new business opportunities in existing and new markets across both fresh and aseptic markets; and driving plastic to carton conversion.

In March 2016, they signed a product licensing agreement allowing Nippon Paper to manufacture and sell certain Pure-Pak cartons in Japan.

When Elopak listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange in June 2021, Nippon Paper entered into a cornerstone agreement to acquire shares equivalent to 5% of the share capital.

The new license agreement will leverage the technological capabilities and innovation of both companies to pursue new business opportunities in the Oceania region, particularly in Australia and New Zealand where population growth and domestic demand are rising.

Elopak, Nippon Paper Industries Sign Oceania Licence

Carton packaging firm Elopak has announced the signing of a partnership with Nippon Paper Industries, which will see Elopak’s Pure-Pak cartons go on sale in the Oceania market.

Nippon Paper will produce and sell Elopak’s Pure-Pak packaging as pat of the agreement.

The latest agreement follows on from a number of existing partnerships between the two firms – in March 2016 the two businesses signed a product licensing agreement that enabled Nippon Paper to manufacture and sell certain Pure-Pak cartons in Japan.

Later, when Elopak listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange in June 2021, Nippon Paper entered into a cornerstone agreement to acquire shares equivalent to 5.0% of the share capital.

In January of this year, both Elopak and Nippon Paper signed a memorandum of understanding to strengthen partnership and advance collaborative efforts in the area of liquid paper packaging.

The new license agreement will ‘leverage the technological capabilities and innovation of both companies’ to pursue new business opportunities in the Oceania region, Elopak said in a statement.

“We are delighted to be announcing this latest collaboration with Nippon Paper, which is an important step in driving forward our growth strategy as a company,” said Elopak CEO Thomas Körmendi.


Nippon Paper Industries Co. , Ltd. engages in the manufacture and sale of paper products.

Its operations are carried out through the following segments: Paper and Pulp, Paper-related, Wood Products and Construction Related, and Others.

The Paper and Pulp segment handles the production and sale of printing paper, paperboard, household paper, pulp, and papermaking materials.

The Paper-related segment provides processed paper, chemical products, and functional materials.

The Wood Products and Construction Related segment offers lumber, construction materials, and civil engineering services.

The Others segment includes beverages, logistics, and leisure businesses.

Moody’s Daily Credit Risk Score is a 1-10 score of a company’s credit risk, based on an analysis of the firm’s balance sheet and inputs from the stock market.

Post Idea #5: Content discovery platform

Related Articles – Summarized

What Is A Content Discovery Platform?

Content discovery platforms, sometimes known as content aggregators or user-generated content platforms, are being widely used by B2C marketers to improve their content marketing strategy.

Earned content User-generated content or consumer-generated content as some call it, describes content that has been created by consumers – regular people posting things to social media, review platforms and sometimes, directly uploading content to a brand website.

Why brands use consumer-generated content The ability to find and leverage the ‘social proof’ represented by consumer-generated content is key to understanding the potency of the content created by regular people.

What is a content discovery platform? A content discovery platform is a software-as-a-service tool that’s used by marketers, brand managers, social media managers or other stakeholders to aggregate relevant consumer-generated or earned content from third-party social media networks such as Instagram, Twitter and YouTube.

The goal of using a content platform like this is usually to automate and streamline the content discovery process, ultimately saving your company both time and money at the same time driving online engagement using authentic pieces of consumer content.

For a complete consumer-generated content strategy, the content discovery platform you choose should enable discovery, curation, content-licensing as well as content distribution to relevant marketing channels – websites, digital screens, emails, paid advertising etc.

Conclusion Consumer content is undeniably powerful, and using a content discovery platform is a great way to leverage this content.

Content Discovery Platform ⇒ Content Marketing Glossary

A content discovery platform is best described as a “Recommendation engine”.

The biggest content discovery platforms are Outbrain.com and Taboola.com and they use a series of algorithms to select the links to show to the reader.

The main benefit for the publisher of a website or blog is that they receive a share of the money that the advertiser pays the content discovery platform to post its links on their sites.

The links are designed to look like “Native” content – it looks like a link that is a natural part of the page promoting related content that is discovered by the reader.

The content discovery platforms do not allow an advertiser to link to a page full of adverts or a direct response landing page.

There has been significant growth in advertiser’s use of Content Discovery platforms in the last few years which reflects changes in the way people are using the web.

The links provided by Content Discovery platforms are useful to them when they are looking for something else to read or watch.

What Are Content Discovery Platforms?

Another interesting way that some content websites boost their revenue with advertisements is through natively placed content that clicks through to other websites.

Known as content discovery platforms, they are an innovative way to draw attention while also funding your site with paid advertisements.

Content discovery platforms are an excellent solution for content creators who want more exposure and website owners that want to add another revenue stream.

Content discovery platforms are recommendation widgets that you see at the bottom of publisher and media websites.

If you are looking for a way to get more views on a particular article or drive more conversions, then content discovery platforms such as Outbrain and Taboola are worth looking at.

As content marketing becomes a more popular way to earn more trust and interest from your customers, content discovery platforms provide a perfect solution to conventional ads.

Content discovery platforms give marketers control over their messaging, presentation, and delivery of the content.

10 Best Content Discovery Platforms Of 2021

With Native advertising being the ever-growing area of digital marketing, Content discovery platforms are in demand for fresh, relevant web content every day in order to successfully manage Social media campaigns.

Content discovery tools act as a bridge between your social following and the content.

Real-Time content discovery tools are capable to identify upward trending content aligned with topics relevant to you.

The powerful Social media search engine delivers the best and fresh content which are easily and readily shared in platforms.

Research Content – BuzzSumo Research Content helps you to create popular content.

Promoting your valuable content across the web through these content discovery platforms can get your brand some great exposure on top publishers’ sites at a much cheaper rate.

The above content discovery platform examples are for a better ad experience of users, driving more traffic and giving marketers more control over the monitoring, presentation and delivery of the content.

Content Discovery Platform

A content discovery platform is an implemented software recommendation platform which uses recommender system tools.

A content discovery platform delivers personalized content to websites, mobile devices and set-top boxes.

A large range of content discovery platforms currently exist for various forms of content ranging from news articles and academic journal articles to television.

Academic content discovery has recently become another area of interest, with several companies being established to help academic researchers keep up to date with relevant academic content and serendipitously discover new content.

In order to provide and recommend content, a search algorithm is used within a content discovery platform to provide keyword related search results.

An emerging market for content discovery platforms is academic content Approximately 6000 academic journal articles are published daily, making it increasingly difficult for researchers to balance time management with staying up to date with relevant research.

As the connected television landscape continues to evolve, search and recommendation are seen as having even more pivotal role in the discovery of content.

7 Best Content Discovery Platforms In 2021

It’s why even the best content providers – whether media distributors, news publications, technology providers, or customer-facing companies – are under pressure to increase the level of content stickiness.

With the emergence of new technologies like AI, metadata, and machine learning, traditional content discovery approaches can’t cut the mustard anymore for content publishers.

You will need the latest content discovery tools if you want to post valuable information that customers are dying to read. With the content discovery tools, you lay the foundation of managing the way you engage with people along their purchasing journeys or brand awareness campaigns.

Why access to content discovery is as important as content curation Share information to show your audience that your brand is motivated beyond the number of sales.

Great content discovery tools can help publishers post the right content.

To make your search for the best a lot easier, we have created a list of the most useful content discovery platforms that have been widely used.

Content Marketing Institute’s newsletter is a wonderful source for content marketing news whereas Import AI, written by Jack Clark, Strategy and Communications Director at OpenAI, is an industry-leading AI-focused newsletter.

Post Idea #6: Stanley Black & Decker

Related Articles – Summarized

Stanley Black

His large concert orchestra also produced albums of symphonic suites of the works of Irving Berlin, Richard Rogers and Cole Porter.

On leaving school he worked as a pianist arranger with various dance bands and light orchestras and by the time he was 18 he was working with American jazz musicians such as Benny Carter and Coleman Hawkins.

One of his albums “Mazel Tov! – Jewish Wedding Favorites” credits Stanley Black and His Orchestra on one side and Sol Schwartz and His Orchestra on the other.

Stanley Black is remembered for writing numerous scores for radio, television and cinema, including the theme-tune for The Goon Show.

During his life, he conducted many of Britain’s major orchestras, and until the 1990s he was still directing regular broadcast sessions at the BBC studios, despite the onset of deafness in later life.

In the 1960s and 70s, Stanley returned to his classical roots, issuing albums of works by Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Wagner, Khachaturian and Dvorak, recorded by such orchestras as the London Philharmonic, the Royal Philharmonic and the London Symphony.

From 1944 to 1952, Stanley was conductor of the BBC Dance Orchestra, during which time he made more than 4,000 broadcasts.

The Real Deal Los Angeles

Stanley Black says longtime partner bilked him out of millions.

December 25, 2019 12:00PM. Prominent real estate investor Stanley Black is suing his business partner of 34 years, Robert Barth, claiming Barth defrauded…. Stanley Black says longtime partner bilked him out of millions Stanley Black says longtime partner bilked him out of millions.

November 27, 2019 08:53AM. Prominent real estate investor Stanley Black is suing his business partner of 34 years, Robert Barth, claiming Barth defrauded…. Stanley Black says longtime partner bilked him out of millions.

Stanley Black & Decker In The U.S.

Our operating model centers around the intersection of people and technology, recognizing that success in modern manufacturing brought about by the 4th Industrial Revolution will require new skills, including digital skills, that make U.S. manufacturing and operations more competitive.

It is designed to more rapidly test and deploy technologies at our many manufacturing facilities and deeply engage with a wide range of public and private partners.

The Manufactory is also an innovation hub for the local region, helping our manufacturing community, including suppliers and customers, evolve into advanced manufacturing and to re-develop Connecticut as a leading market for advanced manufacturing in the United States.

Human Centric Upskilling and Reskilling: Many advanced manufacturing jobs, which will be increasingly dependent on technological skills, will require skilling and upskilling of roles to fulfill.

Stanley Black & Decker is leading this skilling and upskilling through organizing the ecosystem of stakeholders – companies, academia, technical schools, non-profits, governments, community organizations, and civil society – to develop programs and solutions that are accessible across all parts of society, including minority and underserved populations.

Due to the displacement of many jobs and workers from the COVID-19 crisis, these programs must be accessible to the broad swath of new entrants into manufacturing who can continue to help accommodate the growth of manufacturing in the U.S.Ecosystem Approach: Stanley Black & Decker is committed to doing our part to lead this ecosystem of stakeholders in the communities where we operate.

In October 2020, for example, we worked with our non-profit partner, the Business Higher Education Forum, to secure a grant in Connecticut that supports the development of a digital skills credentialing program to develop new pathways to digital careers, including for individuals unemployed due to COVID-19.

Stanley Black & Decker Price Target & Analyst Ratings

MarketBeat calculates consensus analyst ratings for stocks using the most recent rating from each Wall Street analyst that has rated a stock within the last twelve months.

Each analyst’s rating is normalized to a standardized rating score of 1, 2, 3 or 4.

Analyst consensus ratings scores are calculated using the mean average of the number of normalized sell, hold, buy and strong buy ratings from Wall Street analysts.

Each stock’s consensus analyst rating is derived from its calculated consensus ratings score.

MarketBeat’s consensus price targets are a mean average of the most recent available price targets set by each analyst that has set a price target for the stock in the last twelve months.

MarketBeat’s consensus ratings and consensus price targets may differ from those calculated by other firms due to differences in methodology and available data.

Post Idea #7: Perception

Related Articles – Summarized

Perception Definition & Meaning

3.a. : awareness of the elements of environment through physical sensation color perception.

Examples of perception in a Sentence It is ironic that the impact of smoking on nonsmokers, rather than on smokers themselves, is what finally transformed the regulation and cultural perception.

Some drugs cause blurred vision and changes in color perception.

No one is taught to value himself for nice perception.

A writer of considerable perception, she remembers how it feels to be confused and insecure a growing perception of the enormity of the problem See More.

There is a huge release of tension, a deep settling inside, and a quite new quality of perception and connection, to themselves and to the world around.

Will Coldwell, Wired, 29 Dec. 2021 Those new protocols appeared to boost public perception and business for the industry.

What Is Perception? – General Psychology

Learning Objectives Discuss the roles attention, motivation, and sensory adaptation play in perception.

One way to think of this concept is that sensation is a physical process, whereas perception is psychological.

Although our perceptions are built from sensations, not all sensations result in perception.

One of the most interesting demonstrations of how important attention is in determining our perception of the environment occurred in a famous study conducted by Daniel Simons and Christopher Chabris.

The shared experiences of people within a given cultural context can have pronounced effects on perception.

Children described as thrill seekers are more likely to show taste preferences for intense sour flavors, which suggests that basic aspects of personality might affect perception.

You can view the transcript for “Sensation and Perception: Crash Course Psychology #5” here.

What Is Perception?

The perceptual process is a sequence of steps that begins with the environment and leads to our perception of a stimulus and action in response to the stimulus.

Recognition: Perception doesn’t just involve becoming consciously aware of the stimuli.

Action: The action phase of perception involves some type of motor activity that occurs in response to the perceived and recognized stimulus.

The perceptual process does not always go smoothly and there are a number of things that may interfere with perception.

As psychology emerged as a science separate from philosophy, researchers became interested in understanding how different aspects of perception worked, particularly the perception of color.

Cognitive psychologists have also worked to understand how motivations and expectations can play a role in the process of perception.

Today, researchers also work to investigate perception on the neural level and look at how injury, conditions, and substances might affect perception.


An ambiguous stimulus may sometimes be transduced into one or more percepts, experienced randomly, one at a time, in a process termed multistable perception.

Social perception is the part of perception that allows people to understand the individuals and groups of their social world.

Multi-modal perception refers to concurrent stimulation in more than one sensory modality and the effect such has on the perception of events and objects in the world.

Research attention is currently focused not only on external perception processes, but also to “Interoception”, considered as the process of receiving, accessing and appraising internal bodily signals.

From Gibson’s early work derived an ecological understanding of perception known as perception-in-action, which argues that perception is a requisite property of animate action.

Animate actions require both perception and motion, which can be described as “Two sides of the same coin, the coin is action.” Gibson works from the assumption that singular entities, which he calls invariants, already exist in the real world and that all that the perception process does is home in upon them.

Evolutionary psychologists claim that perception demonstrates the principle of modularity, with specialized mechanisms handling particular perception tasks.

Introduction To Psychology

Learning Objectives Discuss the roles attention, motivation, and sensory adaptation play in perception.

Perception refers to the way sensory information is organized, interpreted, and consciously experienced.

Bottom-up processing refers to the fact that perceptions are built from sensory input.

Although our perceptions are built from sensations, not all sensations result in perception.

There is another factor that affects sensation and perception: attention.

Review the differences between sensation and perception in this CrashCourse Psychology video.

Bottom-up processing: system in which perceptions are built from sensory input.

What Is Perception? Meaning, Definition, Nature, Factors Influence, Importance

Perception is defined as the process by which an individual selects, organizes and interprets stimuli into a meaningful and coherent picture of the world.

The word Perception comes from the Latin words, “Percipio” meaning “Receiving, collecting, action of taking possession, apprehension with the mind or senses”.

One work situation that highlights the importance of perception is the selection interview.

Perception is the process by which an individual gives meaning to the environment.

Perception is an almost automatic process and works in the same way within each individual, yet it typically yields different perceptions.

Several characteristics of the perceiver can affect perception.

The attitude and aptitude of employees influence perception formation.

Post Idea #8: Horseradish peroxidase

Related Articles – Summarized

Horseradish Peroxidase: A Modern View Of A Classic Enzyme

Horseradish peroxidase is an important heme-containing enzyme that has been studied for more than a century.

In recent years new information has become available on the three-dimensional structure of the enzyme and its catalytic intermediates, mechanisms of catalysis and the function of specific amino acid residues.

Site-directed mutagenesis and directed evolution techniques are now used routinely to investigate the structure and function of horseradish peroxidase and offer the opportunity to develop engineered enzymes for practical applications in natural product and fine chemicals synthesis, medical diagnostics and bioremediation.

A combination of horseradish peroxidase and indole-3-acetic acid or its derivatives is currently being evaluated as an agent for use in targeted cancer therapies.

Physiological roles traditionally associated with the enzyme that include indole-3-acetic acid metabolism, cross-linking of biological polymers and lignification are becoming better understood at the molecular level, but the involvement of specific horseradish peroxidase isoenzymes in these processes is not yet clearly defined.

Progress in this area should result from the identification of the entire peroxidase gene family of Arabidopsis thaliana, which has now been completed.

Horseradish Peroxidase

1 Horseradish peroxidase along with other heme peroxidases are brightly colored especially under the near-ultraviolet light.

The heme group that is in horseradish peroxidase is simpler than those in mammalians and therefore makes it an excellent starting point in the in-depth study of heme peroxidases and their functions.

Horseradish peroxidase C has two metal centers, one of iron heme group and two calcium atoms.

Figure 2 shows the three-dimensional structure of horseradish peroxidase.

According to the RCSB Protein Data Bank, x-ray diffraction shows that horseradish peroxidase has an orthorhombic structure.

Resonance Raman techniques are difficult to use with horseradish peroxidase due to the reactivity and photolability of the enzyme.

There are three different intermediate horseradish peroxidase compounds that form during the reaction.

Horseradish Peroxidase

In most cases, direct electrochemistry was proven in the presence of H2O2 or other peroxides by amperometry, and attributed to electrochemical reduction of Compound I or Compound II. Only a few examples of independent quasi-reversible CVs of HRP were reported in the absence of peroxides, probably because of the large molecular mass and extended structure of HRP, and the inaccessibility of its redox centers [127-130.]. Ferri [127.-128.] reported a pair of quasi-reversible CV peaks for HRP Fe(III)/Fe(II) redox couple by entrapping HRP in the film of tributylmethyl phosphonium chloride polymer bound to an anionic exchange resin at PG electrodes.

These films provided a suitable microenvironment for HRP, which greatly facilitated the electron exchange between HRP and electrodes.

Liu immobilized HRP on edge-plane PG electrodes modified by agarose hydrogel and obtained the direct electrochemistry of HRP. The protein entrapped in the agarose film underwent fast direct electron transfer reactions, corresponding to.

Titania sol-gel matrix films were used to immobilize HRP, and with the aid of mediators, HRP-TiO2 film electrodes were used to detect H2O2 by amperometry [66., 145.]. Hu’s group also incorporated HRP in TiO2 nanoparticle films modified on electrodes to achieve the direct electron transfer of HRP. HRP-TiO2 film electrodes were fabricated by casting the mixture of HRP solution and aqueous titania nanoparticle dispersion onto PG electrodes and letting the solvent evaporate.

The UV-Vis spectroscopy showed that the position and shape of the Soret absorption band of HRP in TiO2 films kept nearly unchanged and were different from those of hemin or hemin-TiO2 films, suggesting that HRP retains its native-like tertiary structure in TiO2 films.

4.1.5 Horseradish peroxidaseHRP was introduced for electron microscopy-based structural analysis because it is possible to make the reaction product an electron dense material, thus allowing for microscopic examination of the BBB structure as the HRP antibody will bind to the walls of the endothelial cells and tight junctions.

HRP activation of the native enzyme should result in the modification of a maximum of about two amine groups on the protein, because HRP only contains two lysines.

Horseradish Peroxidase

Numerous substrates for horseradish peroxidase have been described and commercialized to exploit the desirable features of HRP. These substrates fall into several distinct categories.

HRP catalyzes the conversion of chromogenic substrates into colored products, and produces light when acting on chemiluminescent substrates.

Horseradish peroxidase is also commonly used in techniques such as ELISA and Immunohistochemistry due to its monomeric nature and the ease with which it produces coloured products.

In addition to biomedical applications, horseradish peroxidase is one of the enzymes with important environmental applications.

“In recent years the technique of marking neurons with the enzyme horseradish peroxidase has become a major tool. In its brief history, this method has probably been used by more neurobiologists than have used the Golgi stain since its discovery in 1870.”.

Horseradish peroxidase catalyses the oxidation of luminol to 3-aminophthalate via several intermediates.

There are several substrates on the market that use other enhancers which result in luminescence signals up to 13 times greater than phenol-enhanced substrates.

Horseradish Peroxidase

Thermo Scientific Pierce Horseradish Peroxidase is purified horseradish peroxidase enzyme for use in activity assays and conjugation to antibodies for ELISA, Western blot and immunohistochemistry applications.

Purified form-lyophilized salt-free powder; ready to dissolve and use.

High specific activity-typically greater than 300 units/mg.

Compared to AP-HRP is smaller than alkaline phosphatase and has higher specific enzyme activity than both AP and beta-galactosidase.

Many options-numerous substrate solutions and assay techniques are available for HRP. This purified horseradish peroxidase is supplied lyophilized as a salt-free powder for reconstitution and use in protein research methods.

The main application for HRP in molecular biology and protein research is as a reporter system for immunoassays and other probe-based assay techniques such as ELISA, Western blotting, EMSA and Southern blotting.

The enzyme is usually conjugated to specific secondary antibodies or streptavidin, and its activity is detected with a color-forming substrate.

Horseradish Peroxidase

Gel Electrophoresis If the cell lysate is not already in electrophoresis sample buffer, add an equal volume of 2X sample buffer to all samples and boil for 3-5 minutes.

For transfer of proteins smaller than 120 kDa, transfer proteins from gel to PVDF membrane at 1 Amp constant current for 1 hour or equivalent in transfer buffer.

For proteins larger than 120 kDa, transfer to PVDF membrane at 1 Amp constant current for 90 minutes or equivalent in transfer buffer + SDS. For Proteins larger than 250 kDa, transfer to PVDF membrane at 1 Amp constant current for 1 hour and 45 minutes or equivalent in transfer buffer + SDS. * To ensure complete transfer of large molecular weight proteins, 0.05% SDS can be added to the transfer buffer.

Transfer proteins to PVDF membrane at 1.2 mAmp/cm 2 for 1 hour and 45 minutes in transfer buffer.

If blots are not to be used for colorimetric detection, visualize the transferred proteins by staining the membrane for 15 minutes with India ink diluted 1:1000 in wash buffer.

Incubate the blot for 30 minutes at 37°C, 1 hour at room temperature, or overnight at 4°C. FOR PHOSPHOTYROSINE ANTIBODIES. Remove the blot from the transfer apparatus or staining tray and immediately place into blocking buffer.

Decant blocking buffer from the blot, add the diluted antibody solution and incubate with agitation for 30 minutes at 37°C, one hour at room temperature or overnight at 4°C. SUBSTRATE INCUBATION Decant the horseradish conjugated antibody solution, add wash buffer, and wash for 30 minutes with agitation, changing the wash buffer every 3-5 minutes.

Post Idea #9: Arup Group

Related Articles – Summarized

The Arup Group: Integrating Nature And Sustainable Architecture For Cities Of The Future

Sustainable architecture is at the heart of ensuring our buildings last into the coming decades of climate crisis.

The Arup Group, headquartered in Britain, provides engineering, planning, architecture and development services to a number of multinational clients.

One of the group’s central focuses is sustainable building design, integrating each structure into the surrounding natural world.

Sustainable architecture is also at the heart of Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities.

Ultimately, the Living Wall is a perfect example of how sustainable architecture merges the protection of nature with the irreversible tide of urbanization.

Above all, the practice of sustainable architecture speaks to the UN’s Goal 13: Climate Action.

In order to combat the damage we have done to our environment, Arup and other sustainable design firms have shown the importance of creating climate-friendly buildings.

Arup Announces New Leadership As Firm Broadens Reach And Sharpens Focus On Sustainable Outcomes Across The Americas

Guided by Arup’s mission to shape a more sustainable world through high quality work and innovative solutions, the firm also announced a new regional leadership, organized to deliver exceptional service to clients and communities.

Further, in order to drive focus and influence in our key markets, Arup named eight new leaders for our priority businesses and services: Bill Scrantom.

Having joined Arup in 1985, Fiona most recently led the climate services and sustainability teams for Arup in the Americas, along with serving as a key leader in building engineering and digital strategies for the firm.

“At Arup, we’re always looking to expand our capabilities and pursue mission-driven, positive work within the AEC industry. As markets change, we will continue to push for more sustainable outcomes on all our work by incorporating and relying on digital solutions. We will also take an intentional approach to our clients’ objectives to drive the firm’s growth,” said Cousins.

“I am excited by Arup’s commitment to raising the profile of our local leadership and generating new opportunities for sustainable growth. Especially following our recent commitment to achieve net zero emissions across the firm’s entire operations by 2030, we intend to approach all projects through a sustainable design lens and continue working on positive-impact projects with our clients,” said Nicholls.

Brings a renewed focus to client care, community service, and member development to his work, drawing on his previous experiences as Arup’s Los Angeles Group Leader, the Director of Marketing and Communications for the Americas Region, and an urban planner.

About ArupDedicated to sustainable development, Arup is a built environment consulting firm of 16,000 designers, advisors and experts working across 140 countries.

Arup Group

In 1970, Arup stepped down from actively leading the company, setting out the principles which have continued to guide Arup’s activities since in his ‘Key Speech’.

Arup himself worked on multiple projects during the firm’s early years, including the Sydney Opera House, where he was lead engineer, and which author Peter Jones credited with launching Arup into the premier league of engineering consultancies.

The BBC Television and RIBA documentary The Brits who Built the Modern World highlighted Arup’s collaboration with architects and described Arup as “The engineering firm which Lord Norman Foster and his peers Lord Richard Rogers, Sir Nicholas Grimshaw, Sir Michael Hopkins and Sir Terry Farrell most frequently relied upon.”

Arup was awarded the 2010 Live Design Excellence Award for Theatre Design for the integrated theatre and acoustic team’s design for the new Jerome Robbins Theatre, created for Mikhail Baryshnikov and The Wooster Group.

Peter Dunican, structural engineer, first chairman of Ove Arup Partnership, and President of the Institution of Structural Engineers in 1977 and 1978.

Povl Ahm, structural engineer, principal engineer for Coventry Cathedral, and chairman of Ove Arup & Partners 1984-1992.

Sir Philip Dilley, civil engineer, Arup Group chairman 2009-2014, chairman of London First, chairman of the Infrastructure and Urban Development Community at the World Economic Forum.

Post Idea #10: Housing Development Finance Corporation

Related Articles – Summarized

Housing Finance Company In India

As regards deposit taking activity of HDFC Ltd., the viewers may refer to the advertisement in the newspaper/information furnished in the application form for soliciting public deposits.

The company is having a valid Certificate of Registration dated 31-07-2001 issued under Section 29A of the National Housing Bank Act, 1987.

The Reserve Bank of India or the National Housing Bank does not accept any responsibility or guarantee about the present position as to the financial soundness of the company or for the correctness of any of the statements or representations made or opinions expressed by the company and for repayment of deposits/discharge of the liabilities by the company.

LIVE News Updates: 1 CRPF Jawan Injured In Terrorist Attack At Lal Chowk, Srinagar, Succumbs To Injuries

One CRPF jawan injured in the terrorist attack at Maisuma in Lal Chowk, Srinagar, succumbs to his injuries in the hospital.

1 CRPF jawan injured in terrorist attack at Lal Chowk, Srinagar, succumbs to injuries.

SC agrees to hear plea challenging Jharkhand HC order granting bail to Lalu Prasad Yadav.

Supreme Court agrees to hear plea challenging Jharkhand High Court order granting bail to Rashtriya Janata Dal leader Lalu Prasad Yadav in connection with fodder scam; asks Lalu to file a reply.

Rajya Sabha adjourned till 2 pm amid Opposition ruckus over price hike of fuel, essential commodities.

Rajya Sabha proceedings adjourned till 12 noon amid opposition protest on price rise issue.

Embattled Sri Lanka president asks opposition to join unity govt.

HDFC Bank, Housing Development Finance Corp. Announce Merger

By Kosaku Narioka HDFC Bank Ltd. and Housing Development Finance Corp. announced a merger Monday that they said will enable seamless delivery of home loans and improve the pace of credit growth in the economy.

“This transaction helps in realizing the potential of what HDFC’s housing finance business can achieve by leveraging the distribution and customer base of HDFC Bank,” Keki M. Mistry, chief executive of Housing Development Finance Corp., said in a joint statement.

Shareholders of Housing Development Finance Corp. are expected to receive 42 shares of HDFC Bank for every 25 shares of Housing Development Finance Corp. they hold.

The merger plan is subject to approvals from India’s central bank and other regulators, respective shareholders and creditors, the companies said.

Housing Development Finance Corp. shares were recently 13% higher and HDFC Bank shares were 9.5% higher.

Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd Soars 7.21%

Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd is quoting at Rs 2629, up 7.21% on the day as on 12:49 IST on the NSE. The stock is up 7.49% in last one year as compared to a 22.39% spurt in NIFTY and a 17.32% spurt in the Nifty Financial Services.

Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd gained for a fifth straight session today.

The stock is quoting at Rs 2629, up 7.21% on the day as on 12:49 IST on the NSE. The benchmark NIFTY is up around 1.39% on the day, quoting at 17915.

17, up 1.38%. Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd has risen around 23.9% in last one month.

Nifty Financial Services index of which Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd is a constituent, has risen around 17.33% in last one month and is currently quoting at 17467.

Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd is up 7.49% in last one year as compared to a 22.39% spurt in NIFTY and a 17.32% spurt in the Nifty Financial Services index.

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Housing Development Finance Corporation

Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited is an Indian financial services company based in Mumbai.

The company provides housing finance to individuals and corporates for purchase/construction of residential houses.

From the year 2000,the company started offering housing loans on the Internet becoming first company to do so.

Launched in 2010, HDFC has 100% shares for HDFC RED, a real estate online listings platform operating under HDFC Developers Ltd. The company focuses on real estate, avoiding resale and rental services.

HDFC Credila is a non-banking finance company and was the first Indian lender to exclusively focus on education loans.

59% in GRUH, a housing finance company offering loans to individuals for purchase, construction and renovation of dwelling units.

On 17 October 2019, GRUH Finance was formally merged into Bandhan Bank, giving HDFC a 14.9% stake in Bandhan.

Post Idea #11: Accounts payable

Related Articles – Summarized

Accounts Payable Definition

To record accounts payable, the accountant credits accounts payable when the bill or invoice is received.

The company then pays the bill, and the accountant enters a $500 credit to the cash account and a debit for $500 to accounts payable.

If the business above also received an invoice for lawn care services in the amount of $50, the total of both entries in accounts payable would equal $550 prior to the company paying off those debts.

Both of these categories fall under the broader accounts payable category, and many companies combine both under the term accounts payable.

Accounts receivable and accounts payable are essentially opposites.

Accounts payable is the money a company owes its vendors, while accounts receivable is the money that is owed to the company, typically by customers.

When one company transacts with another on credit, one will record an entry to accounts payable on their books while the other records an entry to accounts receivable.

Accounts Payable: Definition And How It Works

In this article, we define accounts payable and discuss the accounts payable process.

What are accounts payable? Accounts payable is what a company owes to suppliers or vendors for received goods or services.

Steps in the accounts payable process Following a clear and consistent accounts payable process helps businesses pay legitimate bills accurately and on time.

Differences between accounts payable and accounts receivable Accounts payable is an account showing the amount a company owes third parties, while accounts receivable is an account showing the amount third parties owe the organization.

Why are accounts payable important? Accounts payable help businesses manage their cash flow and monitor their finances.

Using accounts payable and purchasing goods and services on credit rather than making upfront payments lets businesses enjoy new assets while keeping funds in their accounts longer to earn more interest.

Perform accounts payable tasks regularly: Picking a regular time to perform accounts payable tasks, such as daily after lunch or every Friday afternoon, helps keep your duties on track and reduces the risk of losing documents.

Accounts Payable: Definition And Journal Entry

Accounts payable refers to the vendor invoices against which you receive goods or services before payment is made against them.

Since you purchase goods on credit, the accounts payable is recorded as a current liability on your company’s balance sheet.

It is important to note that the accounts payable category represents the short-term obligations of your business.

Thus, the accounts payable account also includes the trades payable of your business.

If your business has only a few accounts payable, you may record them directly in your general ledger.

If you have a large number of accounts payable, you may first record the individual accounts payable in a sub-ledger.

A sub-ledger consists of details of all the individual transactions of a specific account like accounts payable, accounts receivable, or fixed assets.

What Is Accounts Payable? What Is The Process And What Is Included?

The accounts payable departments are responsible for more than just paying incoming bills and invoices.

Accounts Payable are usually their own department in larger companies but in smaller businesses accounts payable and receivable tasks are usually combined.

While the size of the business ultimately determines the role accounts payable plays, AP fulfills at least three basic functions in addition to paying bills.

Depending on the internal controls of a company, an AP department either handle pre-approved purchase orders or accounts payable verifies purchases after a purchase is made.

The accounts payable department also work to reduce costs by recognizing details and developing strategies to save a business money.

The accounts payable department will have a set of procedures to follow before making a vendor payment.

Accounts Payable is on a company’s balance sheet as a current liability and is a collection of short-term credits extended by vendors and creditors for good and services received by a business.

Only accrual basis accounting recognizes accounts payable.

You can find accounts payable under the ‘current liabilities’ section on your balance sheet or chart of accounts.

What’s the difference between accounts payable and accounts receivable?

Accounts payable are a liability account, representing money you owe your suppliers.

Accounts payable is a liability account, not an expense account.

Under accrual accounting, the expense associated with an account payable is recorded at the same time that the account payable is recorded.

According to Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, accounts payable are supposed to be current liabilities, i.e. liabilities that you plan to pay back within a year.

Explanation, Journal Entries, Examples

Accounts payable are usually divided into two categories – trade accounts payable and other accounts payable.

The transactions relating to accounts payable are repetitive in nature and many companies use a special journal known as purchases journal for recording these transactions.

If merchandise inventory is purchased on account, the accounts payable liability is recorded by making the following journal entry.

Purchases account [Dr.]Accounts payable [Cr.]. The above journal entry to record accounts payable liability is made under periodic inventory system.

Accounts payable [Dr.]Purchases returns and allowances [Cr.]. If the buyer maintains a purchases returns and allowances journal, the goods returned by him would be recorded in that special journal rather than in general journal or journal proper.

After making above journal entry in his books, the buyer informs the seller that his account has been debited by sending him a debit note.

Required: Prepare all necessary journal entries assuming the Chicago uses a periodic inventory system and gross method of accounting for purchases discounts.

How The Accounts Payable Process Works In 5 Steps

As a small business owner, you will need to pay attention to the accounts payable cycle and learn the accounts payable process flow.

When accounts payable items are paid, the accounts payable account is debited, with cash credited.

Both accounts payable and accounts receivable are vital parts of the accounting process.

Creating a chart of accounts that works with your business is one of the most important things you’ll need to do before you begin to process accounts payable.

Your chart of accounts is where all of your accounting transactions reside, and accounts payable is no exception.

While most accounting software applications include a default chart of accounts, be sure to add any additional accounts in order to track your accounts payable expenses properly.

How accounting software helps with the accounts payable process.

Post Idea #12: Sexually transmitted infection

Related Articles – Summarized

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

There are dozens of STDs. Some STDs, such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia, are spread mainly by sexual contact.

Other diseases, including Zika and Ebola, can be spread sexually but are more often spread through ways other than sex.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Some STIs can also be transmitted from mother-to-child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding.

In 2020, WHO estimated 374 million new infections with one of four STIs: chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis and trichomoniasis.

Accurate diagnostic tests for STIs are widely used in high-income countries.

The only inexpensive, rapid tests currently available for STIs are for syphilis, hepatitis B and HIV. The rapid syphilis test is already in use in some resource-limited settings.

Several rapid tests for other STIs are under development and have the potential to improve STI diagnosis and treatment, especially in resource-limited settings.

Effective treatment is currently available for several STIs.Three bacterial STIs and one parasitic STI are generally curable with existing single-dose regimens of antibiotics.

Leads the setting of the global research agenda on STIs, including the development of: affordable and easy to use diagnostic tests.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases – or sexually transmitted infections – are generally acquired by sexual contact.

Certain STIs – such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, HIV and syphilis – can be passed from mothers to their infants during pregnancy or delivery.

Because many people in the early stages of an STD or STI experience no symptoms, screening for STIs is important to prevent complications.

There are several ways to avoid or reduce your risk of STDs or STIs.

Another reliable way of avoiding STIs is to stay in a long-term relationship in which both people have sex only with each other and neither partner is infected.

Keep in mind that while latex condoms reduce your risk of exposure to most STIs, they provide less protection for STIs involving exposed genital sores, such as HPV or herpes.

Using additional prevention, such as condoms, can lower your risk even more and prevent other STIs.

Sexually Transmitted Infection

Sexually transmitted infections, also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases and the older term venereal disease, are infections that are spread by sexual activity, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex and oral sex.

The term sexually transmitted infection is generally preferred over sexually transmitted disease or venereal disease, as it includes those who do not have symptomatic disease.

A sexually transmitted infection present in a pregnant woman may be passed on to the infant before or after birth.

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.

The World Health Organization has recommended the more inclusive term sexually transmitted infection since 1999.

Public health officials originally introduced the term sexually transmitted infection, which clinicians are increasingly using alongside the term sexually transmitted disease in order to distinguish it from the former.

In 2010, 19 million new cases of sexually transmitted infections occurred in women in the United States.

NIH: National Institute Of Allergy And Infectious Diseases

STDs are an important global health priority because of their devastating impact on women and infants and their inter-relationships with HIV/AIDS. STDs and HIV are linked by biological interactions and because both infections occur in the same populations.

Infection with certain STDs can increase the risk of getting and transmitting HIV as well as alter the way the disease progresses.

Some of the health complications that arise from STDs include pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, tubal or ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer, and perinatal or congenital infections in infants born to infected mothers.

The ultimate objective of NIAID-supported research is to develop effective prevention and treatment approaches to control STDs. To develop these strategies, basic research is necessary toward understanding the structure, function, growth, pathogenesis, and evolution of STD bacterial, viral, parasitic, protozoan, and fungal agents.

Another important aspect of basic research is to examine the impact of STDs in various populations.

NIAID work in genomic sequencing further accelerates STD biological research and discovery.

NIAID has collected genomic data on STD pathogens and made it available to qualified researchers through public databases.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases, or sexually transmitted infections, are infections that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact.

What are the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases?

If you are sexually active, you should talk to your health care provider about your risk for STDs and whether you need to be tested.

Blood tests can diagnose other types of STDs. What are the treatments for sexually transmitted diseases?

Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not completely eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading STDs. The most reliable way to avoid infection is to not have anal, vaginal, or oral sex.

There are vaccines to prevent HPV and hepatitis B. Can sexually transmitted diseases be prevented?

Article: Novel Use of Video Logs to Deliver Educational Interventions to Black…. Article: “It was difficult to offer same day results”: evaluation of community-based…. Article: Identifying youth at high risk for sexually transmitted infections in community-based…. Sexually Transmitted Diseases – see more articles.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Types, Symptoms, Treatment

Often confused, sexually transmitted infections and sexually transmitted diseases aren’t actually the same thing.

Think of it this way: An STD will always start out as an STI. But not all STIs turn into STDs. Now you know the difference between the two, here’s the lowdown on the types of STDs that currently exist, how to treat them, and, most importantly, how to prevent them.

All STDs are caused by an STI. These infections are usually transmitted through sexual contact, including through bodily fluids or skin contact via vaginal, oral, and anal sex.

If the pathogens that caused the infection end up damaging cells in the body and disrupting its functions, an STI will progress to an STD. While the list of STIs is pretty lengthy, there are fewer STDs. They range from pelvic inflammatory disease, caused by STIs like chlamydia and gonorrhea, to some forms of cancer, caused by human papillomavirus.

No cure is available for AIDS. And due to the variety of diseases that can be contracted as a result of a severely weakened immune system, life expectancy without treatment is around 3 years.

Some STIs can be transmitted to a fetus during pregnancy or a newborn during childbirth.

If you test positive for any STI, seek treatment as soon as possible.

Post Idea #13: Polybutylene

Related Articles – Summarized

Polybutylene Plumbing

The piping systems were used for underground water mains and as interior water distribution piping.

Most probably, the piping was installed in about one in every four or five homes built during the years in which the pipe was manufactured.

It is wise to check at both ends of the pipe because we have found cases where copper pipe enters the home, and poly pipe is at the water meter.

Warning: In some regions of the country plumbers used copper “Stub outs” where the pipe exits a wall to feed a fixture, so seeing copper here does not mean that you do not have poly.

See the photos below of polybutylene pipes and fittings.

Will the Pipes Fail? While scientific evidence is scarce, it is believed that oxidants in the public water supplies, such as chlorine, react with the polybutylene piping and acetal fittings causing them to scale and flake and become brittle.

Call Plumbing Express today for information and a first hand look at what happens to the inside of poly pipes and fittings.


The main use of PB-1 is in flexible pressure piping systems for hot and cold drinking water distribution, pre-insulated district heating networks and surface heating and cooling systems.

ISO 15876 defines the performance requirements of PB-1 piping systems.

PB-1 piping systems are no longer being sold in North America.

The overall market share in Europe and Asia is rather small but PB-1 piping systems have shown a steady growth in recent years.

In certain domestic markets, e.g. Kuwait, the United Kingdom, Korea and Spain, PB-1 piping systems have a strong position.

International standards set minimum performance requirements for pipes made from PB-1 used in hot water applications.

Polybutylene water pipes are no longer accepted by the United States building codes and have been the subject of class action lawsuits in both Canada and the U.S. The National Plumbing Code of Canada 1995 listed polybutylene piping as acceptable for use with the exception of recirculation plumbing.

Polybutylene For Inspectors

Polybutylene was a plastic manufactured between 1978 and mid-1995 for use as piping in home plumbing systems.

Pipes made from polybutylene were installed in up to 10 million homes in the Unites States during that period.

Despite its strengths, production was ceased in mid-1996 after scores of allegations surfaced claiming that polybutylene pipes were rupturing and causing property damage.

Two studies in particular in papers published by the University of Illinois at Chicago have shown that certain disinfectants can react with the polybutylene and cause it to flake apart at any location within the PB piping system.

Although no regulations require the replacement of polybutylene piping with other material, many plumbers recommend doing this, at a cost several thousand dollars.

InterNACHI believes it is far cheaper to replace polybutylene pipes before they fail and release their contents onto floors, appliances and furniture.

Inspectors should be aware that black or white pipes might not be polybutylene.

ASHI Certified Home Inspector-Valley Home Inspection

The polybutylene pipes can look just fine on the outside one day and the next day either the pipe, the fitting, or the crimp ring can fail and flood the home.

All of the piping above has lettering on the outside that identifies what type of pipe it is.

The newer pipe typically had either a fine red or blue stripe running the length of the pipe.

If you are buying a home with polybutylene, you should call your prospective home insurer and see if they have any prohibitions against insuring homes with this type of piping in use.

The truth about polybutylene is that it degrades quicker than the rest of the pipes on the approved piping list.

Pipe must be kept at least 6 inches from hot water tank or furnace flue pipes.

Polybutylene piping is not suitable for swimming pool piping systems, or where more than 2ppm of chlorine will be routinely encountered.

Tips For Repairing Polybutylene Plumbing Pipe

If your home still has polybutylene plumbing pipe, it is very likely to eventually fail.

Polybutylene pipe is a gray plastic tubing that was commonly used as a water-supply plumbing pipe between 1978 and 1995, at which time it was discontinued due to reports of pipes rupturing.

In new construction, it was replaced by copper or more dependable forms of plastic pipe, such as CPVC and PEX. Repairs to PB piping is very difficult since neither PB plumbing pipe nor the Quest fittings used to connect it are commonly made or sold anymore.

Connect to the PB pipe with a push-on coupling and run the new pipe from that point.

For inaccessible repairs, the best option is to use a transition coupling designed specifically to transition from polybutylene to PEX pipe.

The PB-to-PEX transition coupling is made of brass, and it compensates for the difference in inside diameter of PB pipe and PEX. This transition coupling also has two different crimp rings, one that is specifically meant to be used to secure the transition fitting to the PB pipe and one to secure the transition to PEX. Leaks Inside Walls A PB pipe or PB joint that is leaking inside a wall should be repaired by replacing the bad section with a non-PB pipe.

The best solution is to use a transition coupling to convert that section to PEX. You can transition close to the leak, but if possible, follow the length of pipe and replace as much of the pipe as you can reach.

How To Identify Polybutylene Pipes, Lawsuits, & Replacement

Polybutylene pipes are flexible and able to maneuver in and around new build construction, so they were easy to integrate for plumbers.

When polybutylene pipes were first being installed, they were done with a crimping tool to secure pipes and fittings.

A few years later, copper fittings were being used to attach polybutylene pipes in the plumbing system.

Even if the home was not built during these years, there is still a chance that it contains polybutylene pipes.

As stated above, polybutylene pipes are flexible, plastic resin pipes that could have been used on the interior or exterior of the home.

Polybutylene pipes were used extensively in new home construction during the 1970s until the 1990s.

Municipal water treatment was found to be the number one cause of polybutylene pipe failure, and homeowners involved in one of two class-action lawsuits were awarded money to replace their plumbing for free.

Dangers Of Polybutylene Pipe

This pipe is Polybutylene piping, often referred to as “POLY” pipe.

Throughout the United States, polybutylene pipe was installed and manufactured in plumbing systems from the late 1970′s till the mid-1990′s stockpiles of polybutylene pipe at plumbing supply firms, were still known to be available up to 1999.

Polybutylene pipe tends to wear away from contact with oxidants discovered in public water materials.

A major plumbing problem with poly pipe is the pipe wears away from the within because the oxidants are held in the water, and the water is constantly running through the inside of the pipe.

When a pipe leaks with polybutylene pipe start to happen, it is usually extremely serious due to the fact that the deterioration of the pipe takes place from within.

Damages from polybutylene pipe leaks can be very expensive.

If you think you have polybutylene pipe or are about to invest in a home or property that has polybutylene pipe, call on the plumbing professionals at Best Plumbers®.

Post Idea #14: LyondellBasell

Related Articles – Summarized


LyondellBasell Industries N.V. is a multinational chemical company incorporated in the Netherlands with U.S. operations headquartered in Houston, Texas, and offices in London, UK. The company is the largest licensor of polyethylene and polypropylene technologies.

Chemical maker Basell Polyolefins purchased Lyondell in December 2007, creating the new company LyondellBasell Industries AF S.C.A., one of the largest chemical companies in the world at that time.

Its former parent company, LyondellBasell Industries AF S.C.A. was replaced by LyondellBasell Industries N.V. It was listed on the New York Stock Exchange on October 14, 2010.

In 2012, 1 Houston Center, the building housing LyondellBasell’s Houston headquarters since 1986, was renamed LyondellBasell Tower.

In 2014, LyondellBasell announced that it was installing two large cracking furnaces at its Channelview plant, and the following year the company announced it would double production capacity at the Bayport Underwood plant.

In December 2017, LyondellBasell partnered with Suez, a French water and waste management company, in the first joint venture between a major plastics and chemicals company and a resource management company.

LyondellBasell and Odebrecht entered into exclusive talks for LyondellBasell to acquire control of Braskem in June 2018.

LyondellBasell Industries Shares Purchased By SPC Financial Inc.

SPC Financial Inc. increased its stake in shares of LyondellBasell Industries by 6.8% in the 4th quarter, according to its most recent 13F filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

SPC Financial Inc.’s holdings in LyondellBasell Industries were worth $433,000 at the end of the most recent quarter.

Newbridge Financial Services Group Inc. lifted its holdings in shares of LyondellBasell Industries by 418.5% in the 4th quarter.

Newbridge Financial Services Group Inc. now owns 337 shares of the specialty chemicals company’s stock valued at $31,000 after purchasing an additional 272 shares during the last quarter.

Benjamin Edwards Inc. purchased a new stake in shares of LyondellBasell Industries in the 3rd quarter valued at about $32,000.

Kozak & Associates Inc. purchased a new stake in shares of LyondellBasell Industries in the 3rd quarter valued at about $36,000.

Finally, Koshinski Asset Management Inc. purchased a new stake in shares of LyondellBasell Industries in the 3rd quarter valued at about $50,000.

LyondellBasell Announces Start Date For New CEO Peter Vanacker

Peter Vanacker, CEO of the Finnish oil and renewable energy company Neste, will soon begin his role as chief executive of the Dutch and Houston-based petrochemical giant LyondellBasell.

He starts May 23, LyondellBasell said in a statement.

The company announced it had selected Vanacker for the role in December, when Bob Patel retired from LyondellBasell to head Maryland chemical company W.R Grace.

“It is a real honor for me to join LyondellBasell at this very exciting time for our industry,” Vanacker said in a statement.

“LyondellBasell has a rich legacy as an innovation and technology leader and is recognized for its operational excellence and financial discipline.”

Peter Vanacker To Assume Role As LyondellBasell CEO

LyondellBasell announced Peter Vanacker will assume his role as the company’s chief executive officer on May 23, 2022.

The Company’s Board of Directors appointed Vanacker to the position in December 2021.

“It is a real honor for me to join LyondellBasell at this very exciting time for our industry. LyondellBasell has a rich legacy as an innovation and technology leader and is recognized for its operational excellence and financial discipline,” said Vanacker.

“I am very inspired to continue this successful journey with a talented and passionate team to deliver sustainable solutions for our customers and other stakeholders.”

“Peter’s proven leadership capabilities and strategic vision will position LyondellBasell well for the future, and I look forward to partnering with him to drive accretive growth for our company,” said Jacques Aigrain, Board Chair.

Vanacker brings more than 30 years of industry experience to his new role, including serving as President and CEO of Neste since 2018.

Update On LyondellBasell Deployment

August 3, 2021, Washington, D.C. The U.S. Chemical Safety Board investigation team is reporting the following information in connection with the LyondellBasell chemical release incident in La Porte, TX. On the evening of July 27, 2021, a release occurred in the acetyls unit at the LyondellBasell La Porte Complex.

Approximately 100,000 pounds of acetic acid was released during a maintenance event.

Two contract employees were fatally injured, and 30 other personnel were transported to medical facilities for evaluation and/or treatment.

The CSB, OSHA, and LyondellBasell have signed an Evidence and Site Control Agreement to preserve evidence.

The immediate area of the release is not accessible due the presence of hazardous materials released as result of the incident.

The CSB investigation team remains on site conducting witness interviews, documenting the incident scene, and obtaining records to assist in our investigation.

Gov or by phone at 202.446.8094.

LyondellBasell: What We Know About The Company, Its Presence In The Houston Area

HOUSTON – LyondellBasell – the company that owns the plant where two workers were killed and 30 others were injured after a chemical leak Tuesday night – is one of the largest plastics, chemicals and refining companies in the world and owns 18 locations in Texas, according to its website.

About the companyThe company dates itself back to 1953 with the advent of polyethylene and polypropylene.

LyondellBasell produces materials and products for food packaging, pipes, vehicles and electronics and appliances.

The company says it sells products in more than 100 countries and is the world’s largest producer of polypropylene compounds and the largest licensor of polyolefin technologies.

The company says on its website that its mission is three-fold: “Safely and reliably delivering high quality products to customers,” “Being the company of choice for employees and shareholders, and being a responsible, good neighbor in the communities where.”

About this incidentThe company said the primary substance that leaked at its facility in La Porte on Tuesday evening is acetic acid.

According to LyondellBasell, acetic acid is an important intermediate chemical used in the manufacturing of vinyl acetate monomer, purified terephthalic acid, acetic anhydride, monochloroacetic acid, and acetate esters.

2 Dead, 30 Hospitalized After ‘Mass Casualty’ Incident At LyondellBasell Chemical Plant Near La Porte – Houston Public Media

Two people are confirmed dead and 30 were hospitalized in what La Porte officials called a “Mass casualty” incident at a LyondellBasell chemical plant Tuesday night in unincorporated Harris County.

The La Porte Office of Emergency management confirmed LyondellBasell requested support around 7:30 p.m. Tuesday for an acetic acid leak at the company’s 1515 Miller Cut Off Road facility, near the city.

The company had previously reported four people transported for burn treatment in addition to the two dead. Christensen said that the cause of the incident – which she called a “Chemical type explosion” release inside the plant – is still under investigation.

Harris County Fire Marshal Laurie Christensen identified the chemicals as methyl iodide, hydrogen iodide, and methyl acetate – a chemical acid used in food-grade vinegar that can cause severe burn, and is harmful if swallowed, toxic if inhaled, and harmful to the skin, she said.

Heartbroken to hear of the two fatalities at the Lyondell Basell facility in La Porte.

The incident comes less than a week after a leak at the Dow Chemical Co. Bayshore plant in La Porte that lasted more than a day.

No one died during the Dow plant leak, but local officials evacuated a half-mile radius around the facility, fearing a possible explosion.

Post Idea #15: Polybutene

Related Articles – Summarized

Cosmetics Info

Polybutene may be used in pressure sensitive adhesives, in rubber articles intended for repeated use, and in paper and paperboard.

The safety of Polybutene has been assessed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel.

The CIR Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data and concluded that Polybutene was safe as presently used in cosmetics and personal care products.

In 2002, as part of the scheduled re-evaluation of ingredients, the CIR Expert Panel considered available new data on Polybutene and reaffirmed the above conclusion.

CIR Safety Review: Polybutene was not a dermal irritant or sensitizer.

The CIR Expert Panel concluded that the number and variety of toxicological studies conducted support the safe use of Polybutene in cosmetic and personal care products.

Polybutene may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the general provisions of the Cosmetics Regulation of the European Union.


Polybutene is an organic polymer made from a mixture of 1-butene, 2-butene, and isobutylene.

Ethylene steam cracker C4s are also used as supplemental feed for polybutene.

Industrial product applications include, sealants, adhesives, extenders for putties used for sealing roofs and windows, coatings, polymer modification, tackified polyethylene films, personal care, polybutene emulsions.

Hydrogenated polybutenes are used in a wide variety of cosmetic preparations, such as lipstick and lip gloss.

Polybutene finds a niche use in bird and squirrel repellents and is ubiquitous as the active agent in mouse and insect “Sticky traps.”

An important physical property is that higher molecular weight grades thermally degrade to lower-molecular weight polybutenes; those evaporate as well as degrade to butene monomers which can also evaporate.

For electrical lubricants and carriers which might be subject to overheating or fires, polybutene does not result in increased insulation or conductive carbon deposits.

Definition From Corrosionpedia

Although polybutene formulations may vary in the molecular weight of the polymers, polybutene refers to the relatively low molecular weight polymers that are liquids at room temperature and pressure.

Although industrial applications are found in boosting properties such as adhesion, anti-rust and water repellency in coatings, polybutene is also often used in cosmetics such as lipstick formulations.

Being the name for a family of related molecules, the exact physical properties of polybutene such as density, viscosity, average molecular weight and refractive index varies from each specific polybutene product.

Polybutene should not be used to refer to higher molecular weight relatives, such as polybutylene.

To clarify the distinction, polybutene products may have average molecular weights from the hundreds to thousands of grams per mol, but polybutylene type formulations may have average molecular weights in the hundred of thousands to even millions of grams per mol.

The lower molecular weight of polybutene is one reason why polybutenes are liquids.

Polybutene is prepared from a mixture of butene isomers, which share the same molecular formula but vary in the connectivity of the four carbon atoms and the location of a single carbon-carbon double bond.

EWG Skin Deep®

Appears as: chemical names: Butene, homopolymer;-but-2-ene – but-1-ene; -; but-1-ene; but-1-ene;-but-2-ene; Butene; Butene, homopolymer; Butene, homopolymer; Butene, homopolymer (; cas numbers: 9003-29-6 Concern Reference May cause skin irritation.

Appears as: chemical names: Butene, homopolymer;-but-2-ene – but-1-ene; -; but-1-ene; but-1-ene;-but-2-ene; Butene; Butene, homopolymer; Butene, homopolymer; Butene, homopolymer (; cas numbers: 9003-29-6 Concern Reference May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life.

Appears as: chemical names: Butene, homopolymer;-but-2-ene – but-1-ene; -; but-1-ene; but-1-ene;-but-2-ene; Butene; Butene, homopolymer; Butene, homopolymer; Butene, homopolymer – implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review AssessmentsPesticide inert of potential toxicological concernSRS45 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed Concern Reference Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods – anyCosmetic Ingredient Review AssessmentsSafe as used in cosmetics according to industry panelCosmetic Ingredient Review 2015.

Appears as: chemical names: Butene, homopolymer;-but-2-ene – but-1-ene; -; but-1-ene; but-1-ene;-but-2-ene; Butene; Butene, homopolymer; Butene, homopolymer; Butene, homopolymer.

ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS. EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government.

Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG’s strict health criteria.

Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products’ ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria.

INEOS Oligomers

The INEOS polybutene business is a leading global merchant supplier of polybutenes and offers polybutene products under the Indopol and Panalane brands.

INEOS manufactures polybutene in Lavéra, France where it benefits from an integrated feedstock position.

Short chain-length polybutenes are free-flowing; medium chain-length polybutenes are sticky with a honey-like consistency, while those with the longest chain length are very tacky, semi-solid materials.

The performance improvements achieved with Indopol polybutenes can be attributed to their unique physical properties and wide viscosity ranges.

Films tackified with Indopol polybutene exhibit good clarity, durability and cling properties.

Indopol polybutenes can plasticize and modify many physical properties of thermoplastic polymers.

Thermoplastics modified with Indopol polybutenes provide improved performance in many diverse applications like consumer products, automotive, appliance and business machines.

Post Idea #16: Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency

Related Articles – Summarized

Defense Counterintelligence And Security Agency

The Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency is a federal security agency of the United States Department of Defense.

Within areas of DoD responsibility, DCSA is tasked with conducting personnel security investigations, supervising industrial security, and performing security education and awareness training.

The Director of DCSA reports to the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.

DCSA provides the uniformed US military services, Department of Defense Agencies, 33 other federal agencies, and approximately 10,000 cleared contractor facilities with security support services.

Under the agency’s National Industrial Security Program, DCSA provides oversight to approximately 10,000 cleared companies to ensure they are adequately protecting facilities, personnel, and associated Information Technology systems from attacks and vulnerabilities.

The agency was originally established as the Defense Investigative Service in 1972.

In 1999, the agency changed its name to the Defense Security Service.

Post Idea #17: Scotiabank

Related Articles – Summarized

Scotiabank Canada

Earn and redeem points faster with eligible Scotiabank payment cards.

Worried about interest rates, inflation and market volatility?

Here’s what you need to know about the Bank of Canada interest rate hike and what it might mean for you.

Switch to eStatements and we’ll turn it into a $250,000 donation to Nature Canada to help protect our environment.

Open yours today and earn up to 2.20%*. Big Wins for Credit Cards.

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Scotiabank is a member of Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation.


On September 28, 1978, Scotiabank and Canadian Union of Public Employees signed a collective agreement in Toronto, making Scotiabank the first Canadian bank to sign a collective agreement with a union.

In 2000, Scotiabank increased its stake in Mexican bank Grupo Financiero Inverlat to 55 percent.

In 2007, Scotiabank acquired a 24.98 per cent stake in Thanachart Bank, with that share later increasing to 48.99 per cent by December 2014.

On October 20, 2011, Scotiabank acquired a 51% stake in Colpatria [es], Colombia’s fifth largest bank and second largest issuer of credit cards, for $1 billion Canadian in cash and stock.

In 2012, Scotiabank entered into an agreement to acquire ING Direct Bank of Canada from ING Groep N.V. Two years later, Scotiabank would acquire ING Direct Bank of Canada for C$3.13 billion.

The lawsuit included 16,000 Scotiabank employees across Canada who worked as personal banking officers, senior personal banking officers, financial advisors, and small business account managers from January 1, 2000, to December 1, 2013.

Scotiabank is a member of the Canadian Bankers Association and registered member with the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation, a federal agency insuring deposits at all of Canada’s chartered banks.

Ly/3wrxYV0We’re proud to support young women across the country through the Scotia Rising Teammates Program.

The work of the three women has been shaped by their life experiences and vision.

Hear how Robin Kovitz was able to scale her business and access capital in the face of gender bias, with the help of The Scotiabank Women Initiative.

Have more questions about the Bank of Canada rate hike? Our experts break down how the 0.25% overnight rate hike is affecting budgets, investors, and housing.

7/9. Show this thread. Image 2: [top] Barbara Astman, Seeing and being seen 6, 1995, Digital image on frosted mylar, 91.44 x 182.88 cm, Copyright Astman, Private collection.

The award is Canada’s largest and most prestigious annual peer-nominated and peer-reviewed photography award.

That’s why we advocate for women on International Women’s Day, and every other day of the year.

Post Idea #18: Brian J. Porter

Related Articles – Summarized

Brian J. Porter

Mr. Porter is also Chair of the University Health Network Board of Trustees and his current board memberships include, the Council of the Americas and The BlackNorth Initiative.

Most recently, Mr. Porter assumed the role of Chair of the Board of Governors of Huron University College at Western University.

Mr. Porter previously served as Vice Chairman and Treasurer of the Washington-based Institute of International Finance.

From Dalhousie University, and has been awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws from Dalhousie University and Ryerson University.

He is a graduate of the Advanced Management Program of the Harvard Business School.

McKay, Burton & Thurman, P.C.

Graduated with honors from the S.J. Quinney College of Law at the University of Utah in 2012.

While at law school Brian was elected president of the Global Justice Think Tank, and co-founded the International Law Society.

Since graduation, Brian has focused his practice primarily on consumer bankruptcy, and has represented hundreds of individuals in consumer bankruptcy matters, worked as a staff attorney for the Chapter 13 bankruptcy Trustee for the state of Utah, and assisted mortgage creditors with bankruptcy and foreclosure litigation.

Brian’s practice areas also include Criminal Defense, Real Property, and Landlord/Tenant disputes.

Brian Porter Net Worth

Mr. Porter served as the bank’s Chief Risk Officer from 2005 to 2008, as Group Head of Risk and Treasury from 2008 to 2010 and as Group Head of International Banking from 2010 to 2012.

There are no executives at The Bank of Nova Scotia getting paid more.

The oldest executive at The Bank of Nova Scotia is Charles Dallara, 71, who is the Independent Director.

The Bank of Nova Scotia provides various banking products and services in Canada, the United States, Mexico, Peru, Chile, Colombia, the Caribbean and Central America, and internationally.

The company offers financial advice and solutions, and day-to-day banking products, including debit and credit cards, chequing and saving accounts, investments, mortgages, loans, and insurance to individuals; and business banking solutions comprising lending, deposit, cash management, and trade finance solutions to small, medium, and large businesses, including automotive financing solutions to dealers and their customers.

The company offers international banking services for retail, corporate, and commercial customers; and lending and transaction, investment banking advisory, and capital markets access services to corporate customers.

What does The Bank of Nova Scotia’s logo look like? The Bank of Nova Scotia executives and stock owners.

Post Idea #19: Cartesian coordinate robot

Related Articles – Summarized

Cartesian Robots

A Cartesian robot, or linear robot, is an industrial robot where the three control axes move in a straight line instead of rotating.

The axes of control are situated at 90° angles to each other, with three sliding joints that move linearly up and down, in and out, and back and forth.

The simplified robot control arm solution is commonly used for CNC machining, 3D printing and in milling and drawing machines.

Pick-and-place machines also operate on the principal of liner, Cartesian coordinate robots.

One type of Cartesian robot is a gantry robot, where the horizontal robot is supported at both ends.

HTE Automation is dedicated to providing the resources Kansas, Missouri and Illinois manufacturers need to maximize the return on their investment in Cartesian robot technology.

Please call HTE Automation at 800-444-4831 to speak with a robot specialist, or email us at.

ScienceDirect Topics

Robots are flexible tools but sites should be aware that any additional ancillary component such as a robot will increase energy use.

Because the robot does not include a dedicated prismatic actuator for instrument insertion/withdrawal, in general the RCM point at the trocar is implemented virtually, involving all DoF of the robot.

C)gantry robots, which are a type of Cartesian robot that is suspended from an X or X/Y axis beam;.

E)parallel robots such as hexapods having multiple arms, each of which has three concurrent prismatic joints; selectively compliant arm for robotic assembly robots are cylindrical and have two parallel joints to provide compliance in one selected plane;.

F)spherical robots have an arm with two rotary joints and one prismatic joint; the axes of a spherical robot form a polar coordinate system.

The joints in the arm are referred to as axes.1.Cartesian: This robot is also called a rectilinear or gantry robot.

4.SCARA: The acronym SCARA for this robot stands for selective compliance assembly robot arm or selective compliance articulated robot arm.

What Is A Cartesian Robot?

We’ve written several articles on this site about Cartesian robots, but let’s take a step back and define exactly what makes a robot a Cartesian robot, as opposed to another type of robot or multi-axis system.

What makes a Cartesian robot a robot is that the axes perform coordinated motion, through a common motion controller.

The axes of a Cartesian robot are made from some form of linear actuator – either purchased as a pre-assembled system from a manufacturer or custom-built by the OEM or end user from linear guide and drive components.

Not every linear system that works in the X-Y, or X-Y-Z axes is a Cartesian robot.

The primary difference between gantry and Cartesian robots is that a Cartesian robot uses one linear actuator on each axis, whereas a gantry robot is always constructed with two base axes, with the second axis spanning them.

Cartesian robots overlap SCARA and 6-axis robots in some technical specifications and can be applied in some of the same applications, but Cartesian robots have several benefits over SCARA and 6-axis types.

In the recent past, pre-assembled Cartesian robots were rare, with most units being custom-built by an OEM, a robot integrator, or even the end user.

What Is Cartesian Robot? Explanation, Applications & Advantages

The Cartesian coordinate robot is also referred to as rectilinear robot or X-Y-Z robot of the spherical configuration because it is equipped with three sliding joints for assembling XYZ axes.

The Cartesian coordinate robot arm and body configuration is shown in Fig.

The arm movement of a robot using the Cartesian configuration can be described by three intersecting perpendicular straight lines, referred to as the X, Y and Z axes.

This configuration robot will process in a rectangular workspace by means of this three joints movement.

This allows the robot to move directly to its designated point, instead of following trajectories parallel to each axis.

The Cartesian co-ordinate configuration finds applications in inspection, assembly, machining operations, welding, finishing operations etc.

This configuration also get a name of Gantry Robot as it is capable of carrying high loads with the help of its rigid structure and this weight lifting capacity does not vary at different locations within the work envelope.

Cartesian Coordinate Robot

A Cartesian coordinate robot is an industrial robot whose three principal axes of control are linear and are at right angles to each other.

Cartesian coordinate robots are controlled by mutually perpendicular active prismatic P joints that are aligned with the X, Y, Z axes of a Cartesian coordinate system.

Most Cartesian coordinate robots are fully serial or a combination of serial and parallel connected linkages.

Each axis of a Cartesian coordinate robot typically is a linear stage consisting of a linear actuator geometrically parallel with linear bearings.

At least one of the linear stages of cantilevered Cartesian coordinate robots is supported at only one end.

Cartesian coordinate robots with the horizontal member supported at both ends are sometimes called gantry robots; mechanically, they resemble gantry cranes, although the latter are not generally robots.

Popular applications for Cartesian coordinate robots are computer numerical control machine and 3D printing.

Cartesian – The Robot Times

Description of Algorithm: Deep reinforcement learning is a category of machine learning and artificial intelligence where intelligent machines can learn from their actions similar to the way humans learn from experience.

For example of a Deep Reinforcement Learning for Motion Planning of Mobile Robots it can be seen that Starting from a random initial state, i.e., position, velocity and orientation, the robot reaches an arbitrary target state while taking both kinematic and dynamic constraints into account.

Our deep reinforcement learning agent not only processes a continuous state space it also executes continuous actions, i.e., the acceleration of wheels and the adaptation of the steering angle.

Another subfield of machine learning named reinforcement learning, tries to find an optimal behavior strategy through interactions with the environment.

Combining deep learning and reinforcement learning permits resolving critical issues relative to the dimensionality and scalability of data in tasks with sparse reward signals, such as robotic manipulation and control tasks, that neither method permits resolving when applied on its own.

Recent significant progress of deep reinforcement learning algorithms, which try to tackle the problems for the application in the domain of robotic manipulation control, such as sample efficiency and generalization.

Despite these continuous improvements, currently, the challenges of learning robust and versatile manipulation skills for robots with deep reinforcement learning are still far from being resolved for real-world applications.

Cartesian Coordinate Robots

Sinceits launch in 1986, Shibaura Machine’s COMPO ARM lineup of Cartesiancoordinate robots have combined high reliability with ease of operation.

The COMPO ARM BA-Ⅲ series carries on the features of the previous BA-Ⅱ and adds new features for enhanced ease of operation.

The BA-Ⅲ serieslineup features a wide range of variations from single axis to Cartesian axis configurations.

COMPO ARM BA-C Series are compact Cartesian Coordinate Robots equipped with AC servomotor, available as substitutes for air equipment.

Used as the master unit for single-axis control and orthogonal two-axis control.

Used as an auxiliary unit when controlling the master unit or high-performance master unit.

A driver unit for one axis control is built in this unit.

Post Idea #20: Emergent BioSolutions

Related Articles – Summarized

Global Specialty Life Sciences Company

At Emergent, our mission is to protect and enhance life.

Emergent BioSolutions Provides Corporate Governance Update Emergent BioSolutions Inc. today announced that its board of directors has undertaken a series of changes consistent with its commitment to continuous improvement of best practices for corporate governance.

Effective April 1, 2022: Zsolt Harsanyi, Ph.D., an independent director at Emergent since 2004, has been appointed as chairman of the board.

The board has decided to eliminate the role of executive chairman in favor of an independent… Emergent BioSolutions Initiates Phase 1 Study Evaluating Potential Intranasal Treatment for Cyanide Poisoning Emergent BioSolutions Inc. today announced that it has dosed the first participant in its Phase 1 study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of stabilized isoamyl nitrite, a treatment being developed for known or suspected acute cyanide poisoning.

Under an existing multi-year contract with the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, and in collaboration with the Southwest Research Institute… Emergent BioSolutions Reports Financial Results for Fourth Quarter 2021 Emergent BioSolutions Inc. today reported financial results for the fourth quarter and year ended December 31, 2021.

“Emergent’s performance in 2021 is a testament to our strategic focus and highly capable team,” said Robert G. Kramer, president and CEO of Emergent BioSolutions.

“Looking forward, I am encouraged by the stability and durability of our diversified business lines and exciting R&D portfolio, supported by our improved operational structure that better aligns us with patients and customers, and more effectively positions us for success.”

Emergent BioSolutions

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Emergent BioSolutions also produced Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca/Oxford vaccines at one of its plants; however, this was marked by contamination and other production issues, and millions of doses of vaccine had to be discarded.

On June 27, 2016, the US Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority contracted with Emergent Biosolutions to develop a vaccine for the Zika virus.

Adapt is headquartered in Dublin, Ireland, and operates from Radnor, PA. Emergent purchased the specialty vaccine manufacturer PaxVax, whose product line includes FDA-approved typhoid vaccine Vivotif and cholera vaccine Vaxchora, from its owner, Cerebus Capital Management, a private equity fund.

Emergent BioSolutions is the manufacturer of the controversial BioThrax vaccine.

Amid these issues, the U.S. government announced an additional $23 million in funding for the plant for increased production of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine on April 5, 2021, but because the Astra-Zeneca vaccine was not under production, the Biden administration was no longer paying fees to Emergent tied to the production of that vaccine.

The FDA cleared a total of 25 million vaccine doses for domestic and international distribution, but with a warning to recipients that “Regulators cannot guarantee that Emergent BioSolutions … followed good manufacturing practices.”

As of August 2021, the US Food and Drug Administration authorized eight batches of Johnson & Johnson’s COVID-19 vaccine produced at the Emergent BioSolutions Bayview facility.

Emergent BioSolutions Stock Forecast, Price & News

Emergent BioSolutions Inc., a life sciences company, focuses on the provision of preparedness and response solutions that address accidental, deliberate, and naturally occurring public health threats in the United States.

The company’s products address PHTs, which include chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosives; emerging infectious diseases; travel health; and emerging health crises and acute/emergency care.

It offers BioThrax, an anthrax vaccine; ACAM2000, a smallpox vaccine; Botulism Antitoxin Heptavalent to treat botulinum disease; vaccinia immune globulin intravenous that addresses complications from smallpox vaccine; raxibacumab for the treatment and prophylaxis of inhalational anthrax; Anthrasil to for inhalational anthrax; reactive skin decontamination lotion kits; and Trobigard, a combination drug-device auto injector product candidate; and Trobigard, a combination drug-device auto injector product candidate.

The company also provides NARCAN, a nasal spray for the emergency treatment of known or suspected opioid overdose; Vivotif, an oral vaccine for typhoid fever; and Vaxchora, a single-dose oral vaccine to treat cholera.

It is developing AP003, a Naloxone multidose nasal spray; AP007, a sustained release Nalmefene injection for treatment of opioid use disorder; AV7909, an anthrax vaccine; CGRD-001, a pralidoxime chloride/atropine auto-injector; CHIKV VLP, a chikungunya virus VLP vaccine; COVID-HIG for the treatment of SARS-CoV2; EGRD-001, a diazepam auto-injector; SIAN, an antidote for the initial treatment of acute poisoning of cyanide; and UniFlu, a universal influenza vaccine.

Further, the company provides contract development and manufacturing services comprising drug substance and product manufacturing, and packaging, as well as technology transfer, process, and analytical development services.

The company was incorporated in 1998 and is headquartered in Gaithersburg, Maryland.

Early in the pandemic, the government decided to bank on the company to be the sole domestic manufacturer of the Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca vaccines.

The company said it would continue working with Johnson & Johnson to produce its vaccine in Baltimore because the arrangement with that company, while endorsed by the government, was not financed under the $600 million deal.

Regulators have yet to issue that certification, although they have certified Johnson & Johnson’s manufacturing operation in the Netherlands as well as plants that produce vaccines for Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines.

Although Johnson & Johnson, one of only three federally authorized vaccines here, produced tens of millions of doses at the Baltimore plant, it did so under a separate contract with Emergent as its subcontractor.

In a statement on Thursday, a spokesman for Johnson & Johnson said that “Today’s announcement by Emergent BioSolutions will not impact our collaboration to produce our Covid-19 vaccine.” The company said it would continue to work with authorities to obtain certification of the Bayview site for production of its vaccine.

Slightly more than 15 million people have received one dose of the Johnson & Johnson shot, compared with nearly 71 million who have received two doses of the Moderna vaccine and 107 million who have received two doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.

In September, Emergent announced that it had reached a five-year agreement with Providence Therapeutics, a Canadian biotechnology company that specializes in mRNA vaccine therapies, to support that company’s Covid-19 mRNA vaccine development.

Emergent BioSolutions Inc. Shares Acquired By New York State Teachers Retirement System

New York State Teachers Retirement System lifted its stake in shares of Emergent BioSolutions Inc. by 10.6% during the fourth quarter, according to its most recent disclosure with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

New York State Teachers Retirement System owned about 0.11% of Emergent BioSolutions worth $2,619,000 at the end of the most recent reporting period.

Virginia Retirement Systems ET AL now owns 25,400 shares of the biopharmaceutical company’s stock worth $1,272,000 after buying an additional 300 shares during the last quarter.

State of New Jersey Common Pension Fund D grew its position in Emergent BioSolutions by 1.0% in the third quarter.

State of New Jersey Common Pension Fund D now owns 43,126 shares of the biopharmaceutical company’s stock worth $2,159,000 after buying an additional 428 shares during the last quarter.

Finally, Bank of New York Mellon Corp grew its position in Emergent BioSolutions by 13.7% in the third quarter.

Bank of New York Mellon Corp now owns 594,188 shares of the biopharmaceutical company’s stock worth $29,751,000 after buying an additional 71,731 shares during the last quarter.

Post Idea #21: Satellite Internet access

Related Articles – Summarized

Best Satellite Internet Providers For 2022

Which of the satellite internet providers is the best?

Here’s what you’ll find when you start to explore satellite internet access, starting with a quick look at how the best satellite internet providers compare.

Let’s dig a little deeper to see what each of the satellite internet providers brings to the table.

Viasat satellite internet lets you choose an internet plan that best fits your needs.

Second, Starlink keeps things simple by going with only two satellite internet plans – Starlink and Starlink Premium.

Starlink satellite internet plans and pricing Plan Max download and upload speeds Starting monthly cost Regular monthly cost Contract terms Data allowance Starlink 250Mbps download, 20Mbps upload $99 $99 None Unlimited Starlink Premium 500Mbps download, 40Mbps upload $500 $500 None Unlimited What’s on the horizon for satellite internet providers?

Do all satellite internet providers have data caps?

Best Satellite Internet Providers Of 2022

Although all three satellite providers do offer high-speed internet options, satellite internet is not known for being as efficient as other connection types, such as fiber or cable internet.

Satellite internet is an internet connection that uses satellite signals to send and receive data.

With so many people connected at once, satellite internet providers use data caps to help ensure there is enough bandwidth for all.

22,000 miles is a long way for data to travel, which is why satellite internet has such high latency.

What you should know about satellite internet data caps.

Data allowances from both providers are significantly lower than other internet types which tend to offer 1 TB/mo.

To give you an idea of how much data you’ll need with your satellite internet plan, here is an estimate of data consumption for various online activities.

Satellite Internet Access

Satellite Internet access is Internet access provided through communication satellites.

New satellite internet constellations are being developed in low-earth orbit to enable low-latency internet access from space.

In 2013 the first four satellites of the O3b constellation were launched into medium Earth orbit to provide internet access to the “Other three billion” people without stable internet access at that time.

Satellite Internet generally relies on three primary components: a satellite – historically in geostationary orbit but now increasingly in Low Earth orbit or Medium Earth orbit MEO) – a number of ground stations known as gateways that relay Internet data to and from the satellite via radio waves, and further ground stations to serve each subscriber, with a small antenna and transceiver.

Home or consumer grade two-way satellite Internet service involves both sending and receiving data from a remote very-small-aperture terminal via satellite to a hub telecommunications port, which then relays data via the terrestrial Internet.

One-way terrestrial return satellite Internet systems are used with conventional dial-up Internet access, with outbound data traveling through a telephone modem, but downstream data sent via satellite at a higher rate.

GPRS as return improves mobility when the service is provided by a satellite that transmits in the field of 100-200 kW. Using a 33 cm wide satellite dish, a notebook and a normal GPRS equipped GSM phone, users can get mobile satellite broadband.

What Is Satellite Internet Access?

Satellite Internet access refers to Internet access provided through satellites.

Satellite Internet access is generally provided either through low earth orbit satellites or geostationary satellites.

Various types of satellite Internet access service packages offer explicit performance features and technical limitations for different applications.

Updated satellite Internet access supports two way service.

The capacity of satellite Internet access can be calculated in bandwidth amount, downlink power and uplink G/T. The capacity is also affected by the size of dish used.

Latency for the DSL and cable modem access is around 50-150ms and for the satellite Internet connection is 500-600ms.

Fresnel zone: The partial and inappropriate propagation of radio signals can also adversely affect the transmission over the satellite Internet access.

Satellite Internet In The United States At A Glance

Satellite Internet is a method of delivering Internet service by via satellite connection.

Though not as prolific as other mediums, consumer satellite internet has been around since the late 1990’s, and has improved by several orders of magnitude since then.

Several companies are researching next-generation satellite technologies that take advantage of bands never before used in satellite technologies before, but as of now, none of these are operational beyond the prototyping stage.

Though satellite internet lags behind terrestrial internet options today in terms of both speed and reliability, this is beginning to change with rapidly advancing telecommunications technology.

As innovation and expansion begins to stall out amongst wired internet providers, more and more companies are starting to see potential in low Earth orbiting satellite arrays that could soon connect millions around the world with broadband-level speeds never before seen from a space-based connection.

Airline companies such as Delta and American have even begun implementing satellite internet options for passengers in an attempt to provide superior speeds on some of their flights, and this trend is only expected to continue as these technologies become more competitive.

As innovations in broadcast mediums and orbital technology continues to increase, it is likely that the satellite internet industry will see fundamental shifts in its structure, enabling new ways for people long cut off from broadband access to join the modern, connected world.

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