31 Google Trending Breakout Blog Post Ideas – Updated on 2022-04-06

Find trends and resources for the highest search-volume keywords on Google in the last 24 hours below. This post was updated on 2022-04-06.

The automated system gathers resources for each breakout keyword, making it much easier to write blog articles on hot-topics quickly. Use this tool to climb the SEO ladder for free!

Please note that everything on this page is automatically gathered and generated. Skim through blog post ideas until you find something you’re interested in writing about. Take the hard work out of finding and researching popular blog post ideas.

Post Idea #1: FTSE 100 Index

Related Articles – Summarized

FTSE 100 Market Overview

Companies will be ranked in order of full market capitalisation.

For the FTSE 100, has risen to 90th or aboveFor the FTSE 250, has risen to 325th or above.

For the FTSE 100, has fallen to 111th or below For the FTSE 250, has fallen to 376th or below.

FTSE 100 Index

The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the “Footsie” /ˈf.ʊt.s.i./, is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation.

The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, now a wholly owned subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange, which originated as a joint venture between the Financial Times and the London Stock Exchange.

The market capitalisation weighted FTSE 100 index replaced the price-weighted FT30 Index as the performance benchmark for most investors.

The FTSE 100 broadly consists of the largest 100 qualifying UK companies by full market value.

Even though the FTSE All-Share Index is more comprehensive, the FTSE 100 is by far the most widely used UK stock market indicator.

In the FTSE indices, share prices are weighted by free-float capitalisation, so that the larger companies, with more of their stock “Floating”, make more of a difference to the index than smaller companies.

The oldest continuous index in the UK is the FT 30, also known as the Financial Times Index or the FT Ordinary Index.

Post Idea #2: Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Harbin Veterinary Institute

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Harbin Veterinary Research Institute,subordinated to the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,is located in Harbin, a beautiful and famous cultural city in northeast China.

It was founded in June, 1948 as the first veterinary medicine.

Heilongjiang Chinese Academy Of Agricultural Sciences

Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, CAAS was founded in 1948, the first research institute of veterinary medicine in China.

It mainly engages in applied and basic research on prevention and control of animal infectious diseases.

There are 566 staffs in HIVR, including 1 academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and 80 senior researchers.

HIVR has developed more than 120 kinds of diagnostic reagents and vaccines for the prevention and control of animal infectious diseases.

The ‘Avian influenza vaccines’, ‘Transmissible Gastroenteritis and Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Vaccine’,’Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Vaccine’, ‘Pseudorabies Vaccine’, ‘Vaccine of recombinant fowlpox virus expressing infectious laryngotracheitis virus’, ‘Porcine Circovirus Type2 Vaccine’ and other products are leading the world.

Four vaccines developed by HIVR were selected by CAE as “The Four Great Achievements of the 20th Century in the Veterinary Field”, namely “EIAV and donkey leucocyte attenuated vaccine”, “Hog cholera attenuated lapinized vaccine”, “Rinderpest attenuated ovinized and caprined vaccine for cattle”, and “Bovine pleuropneumonia attenuated lapinized vaccine”.

2006, Second-Prize Awards for National Science and Technology Progress: Genetic engineered vaccine of recombinant fowlpox virus expressing infectious laryngotracheitis virus.

Harbin Veterinary Research Institute

Harbin Veterinary Research Institute is a Chinese biological research institute located in Harbin, China.

It is under the supervision of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences.

HVRI was created in 1948 and is the first veterinary medicine research institute in China.

In 2013 the HVRI has come to the public attention due to the controversies surrounding its research on H5N1 and H1N1 viruses.

In 2018, the Institute put the country’s second biosafety level-4 lab, and the first for large animals, into operation.

Genotype I African Swine Fever Viruses Emerged In Domestic Pigs In China And Caused Chronic Infection

The Georgia-07-like genotype II African swine fever virus with high virulence has been prevalent in China since 2018.

Here, we report that genotype I ASFVs have now also emerged in China.

Two non-haemadsorbing genotype I ASFVs, HeN/ZZ-P1/21 and SD/DY-I/21, were isolated from pig farms in Henan and Shandong province, respectively.

Phylogenetic analysis of the whole genome sequences suggested that both isolates share high similarity with NH/P68 and OURT88/3, two genotype I ASFVs isolated in Portugal in the last century.

Animal challenge testing revealed that SD/DY-I/21 shows low virulence and efficient transmissibility in pigs, and causes mild onset of infection and chronic disease.

The emergence of genotype I ASFVs will present more problems and challenges for the control and prevention of African swine fever in China.

Keywords: African swine fever virus; China; genotype I; pig; virulence.

Post Idea #3: Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health

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Companion Animals, House Pets And Equines

The lives of animals and humans are interconnected in deep and complex ways.

We know that when animals are healthy, humans are healthier, too.

The Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health business is a global leader in the animal health industry and part of family-owned Boehringer Ingelheim, founded in 1885.

Our work is guided by a passionate belief in a future in which no animal suffers from a preventable disease.

With our innovative solutions, we support farmers, veterinarians as well as pet and horse owners who raise and deeply care for their animals.

We bring innovative health solutions to our customers to predict, prevent and treat disease in livestock animals.

Our aim is to provide advanced, preventive animal healthcare and develop smart and effective solutions for those who raise and care for animals.


We cherish the bond that people and animals share.

At Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health USA Inc. our passion revolves around keeping animals healthy.

More than 3,000 people power our U.S. animal-health business, in places that include Georgia, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, New Jersey and Puerto Rico.

They make up the second-largest animal health company in the U.S. They also form part of a larger, family-owned company with a rich global history.

Founded in 1885 in Ingelheim, Germany, Boehringer Ingelheim also focuses on human pharmaceuticals and biopharmaceutical contract manufacturing.

Boehringer Ingelheim’s animal-health portfolio includes some of the most highly regarded and broadly used vaccines, parasite-control products and pharmaceuticals to help protect pets and livestock from disease.

Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health

Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health is a multinational animal health company, formed in January 2017 when Merial was acquired by Boehringer Ingelheim and merged with Boehringer Ingelheim’s existing animal health assets.

In August 1997, Merial started as a joint venture between the animal health subsidiaries of Merck & Co. and Sanofi-Aventis.

Merial became the animal health division of Sanofi, when Sanofi bought out Merck’s 50% share of the joint venture.

On December 30, 2016 Boehringer Ingelheim completed a swap of their OTC business for Sanofi’s animal health business.

Merial is now owned by Boehringer Ingelheim and combined with their animal health business, Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, to form Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health.

On March 9, 2010, Sanofi-Aventis announced it had exercised an option to combine Merial with Intervet/Schering Plough, the animal health business of Merck.

Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health’s global headquarters is located in Ingelheim, Germany.

Post Idea #4: Telematic control unit

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What Is Telematics Control Unit & How It Works?

A Telematics Control Unit or TCU is the one that controls, connects, and manages telematics services in a modern car.

A telematics control unit in automobiles is an embedded system fitted in vehicles for availing telematics services.

The system connects & communicates with various sub-systems over data and control busses in the vehicle and collects the telemetry data.

1, Decapsulate telematics data as it passes on through web and application servers.

Enable user to view & access telematics data thru’ a mobile/web app.

Integrate telematics data into 3rd party systems to improve brand & customer experience.

Ficosa, LG, and Harman are some of the popular telematics control unit manufacturers in the world.

Telematic Control Units

Appareo’s telematic products are built on a popular distribution of embedded Linux with Docker support that allows developers to quickly deploy applications, whether that software be written by your in-house team or by Appareo on your behalf.

Hardware-abstraction libraries are provided to provide easy porting to variants of hardware platforms.

These libraries also allow for rapid development of custom applications to be run on Appareo Gateways.

Hardware abstraction libraries exist in C/C++, but Python, Rush, Google Go, and.

The Appareo team worked with Microsoft to enhance the.

NET core libraries to enable further hardware interaction for embedded Linux, usable on our devices.

Certain Appareo Gateway models are Azure Certified for Microsoft Azure IoT Edge, ensuring that the hardware will work seamlessly with Azure IoT. Appareo Gateways have also been integrated with Amazon and other popular backend service providers.

Telematic Control Unit

A telematic control unit in the automobile industry refers to the embedded system on board of a vehicle that wirelessly connects the vehicle to cloud services or other vehicles via V2X standards over a Cellular network.

The TCU collects telemetry data from the vehicle, such as position, speed, engine data, connectivity quality etc through interfacing with various sub-systems over data and control busses in the vehicle.

Note that in the automotive domain, the TCU acronym is also often used to refer to the transmission control unit.

A Satellite navigation unit, which keeps track of the latitude and longitude values of the vehicle;.

An external interface for mobile communication, which provides the tracked values to a centralized geographical information system database server;.

A microcontroller, in some versions; a microprocessor or field programmable gate array, which processes the information and acts on the interface between the GPS;. a mobile communication unit;.

Some amount of memory for saving GPS values in case of mobile-free zones or to intelligently store information about the vehicle’s sensor data.

Telematics Control Unit-Battery Replacement

You need to replace the telematics control unit battery…about $60 online.

If you have a 2016 340i and don’t find the telematics control unit in the trunk under the floor, then it’s probably in the headliner like mine.

When you get to the TCU, I used a short pry to hold the roof down…you don’t need to do more than remove the two c-pillars and brake light panel to get to it.

There is a small tab on the battery door…use a flathead bit to pry it up…you don’t need to unscrew the tiny screws nearby.

Battery slips in as it came out…very easy.

There are also two T-25 screws that need to come out…don’t unscrew the brake light.

Hiding behind the panels, for the record if anyone needs to know what’s back there…some pics, hopefully right side up.

V4 Telematics Device Control Unit

Flexibly designed, Zonar V4 is a unique telematics control unit that can be installed in your light-duty, heavy-duty and off-highway vehicles.

With PTO and five I/O expansion ports, capture additional data from your assets like when the boom is raised, door swings and plow drops.

If your fleet works in demanding environments, you need a telematics control unit built to do the same.

Extend your Zonar data into your Transportation Management Solution, Enterprise Resource Planning and other third-party software using our API. Secure data transmission.

Data collected by Zonar’s V4 is compressed, encrypted, and transmitted to our data centers over a private VPN. This high-resolution path data allows you to see the location of every one of your vehicles, with an exact record of every action performed, during every trip.

In areas of limited cellular coverage, Zonar’s system will store up to six months of data between transmissions.

No matter where your business takes you, we’ll keep you connected and your data moving.

Post Idea #5: Agig A Tech Inc

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High Speed, High Density, Battery-Free Non-Volatile Memory

A new class of non-volatile memory developed to meet the need for higher-performance persistent memory for enterprise-class storage and server applications.

By combining industry-standard DRAM and NAND Flash technology, AGIGARAM NVDIMMs provide the low latency and near infinite endurance of DRAM, while also providing the non-volatility of flash.

AgigA Tech’s NVDIMMs adhere to the JEDEC standards for NVDIMM-N type modules.

Agig A-Tech Inc., Poway: Website, Address, Contacts

Don’t forget that the most detailed information about Agig A-tech Inc. in Poway you can always get on the official web-site, in the company’s office or by calling by phone .

Established in: 2004.Company reviewsUnfortunately, no comments were posted on this page.

Repair and maintenance services for radio, television and audio-visual equipment.

Ideen und Bilder f?r die Fenstergestaltung, finden Sie die besten Ideen in der Auswahl der Stile f?r Ihre Fenstergestaltung.

Vitrek provides innovative global solutions for Harmonic Power Measurement and Electrical Safety Compliance testing needs.

AGI Geotechnical Inc – Geotechnical Services

Our goal is to make sure our clients understand the geotechnical factors impacting their projects and to help control costs associated with grading and site development.

Our company is staffed by an experienced crew of senior field technicians, certified City of Los Angeles Deputy Grading Inspectors.

Our soils testing laboratory is calibrated regularly and certified annually by the City of Los Angeles.

A.G.I. aids numerous lending institutions, developers and government agencies in providing environmental site assessments.

Geotechnical services, Soils and geologic reports, Percolation testing, Grading control environmental assessment hillside, Flatland, Observation and testing, Foundation and pavement design, Slope stability and more.

Our staff of project level and Professional Geologists as well as consulting Certified Engineering Geologists are experienced with hillside development, grading, deep foundation design, site investigation and site stabilization techniques.

With work with official certified processes and standards.

Hybrid Nonvolatile Ram

The present disclosure relates to hybrid memory systems including volatile and nonvolatile memory components, and to monolithic nonvolatile memories that require stored energy in a capacitor or temporary use of a battery to perform a save operation upon power loss.

The system controller 110 may thus include logic to backup data from volatile memory 102 to nonvolatile memory 104 when the external power source fails, and to restore data from nonvolatile memory 104 to volatile memory 102 when the external power source becomes available.

The external system may interact with the hybrid memory subsystem as though interacting with volatile memory 102, even though, transparently, the data is stored internally by the memory subsystem in nonvolatile memory 104 persistently in the absence of external system power.

In some embodiments, the memory subsystem may indicate to the external system that it is available for use, but may update the amount of volatile memory capacity that it makes available to the external system as more and more nonvolatile memory capacity is made available, for example by erasing nonvolatile memory blocks.

Thus, the memory subsystem may include logic to burst refresh the volatile memory 102 for a time at least equal to a worst-case nonvolatile page preparation time, to place the volatile memory 102 into a lower than fully operational power state while a new nonvolatile memory page is prepared and written, and to restore the volatile memory 102 to a fully operational power state after the new nonvolatile memory page is prepared and written.

The logic may make available to the device at least one portion of the volatile memory that will not be backed up to the nonvolatile memory in the event of device power failure, and make available to the device at least one portion of the nonvolatile memory that is not reserved for backups from the volatile memory.

The memory subsystem may include one or more configuration registers to enable the device to specify at least one portion of the volatile memory that will be backed up to the nonvolatile memory in the event of device power failure, and to enable the device to specify at least one portion of the nonvolatile memory that is not reserved for backups from the volatile memory.

Post Idea #6: Memory module

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Centon Electronics

Centon Electronics is a leading manufacturer of DRAM and Flash-based products for consumer, business and system builders.

For the design, manufacturing, distribution and servicing of memory-based storage products and consumer accessories.

Looking for accessories? OTM Essentials has a full assortment of designer, collegiate & classic accessories.

Fancycode/MemoryModule: Library To Load A DLL From Memory.

The default windows API functions to load external libraries into a program only work with files on the filesystem.

It’s therefore impossible to load a DLL from memory.

Common workarounds for this problems are to write the DLL into a temporary file first and import it from there.

When the program terminates, the temporary file gets deleted.

MemoryModule is a library that can be used to load a DLL completely from memory – without storing on the disk first.

How To Get Full PC Memory Specs On Windows 10

On Windows 10, the ability to check the memory’s tech specs – RAM – installed on your computer can come in handy in many situations.

In this Windows 10 guide, we will walk you through the steps to learn the technical specifications of the RAM installed on your computer, including part number, manufacturer, serial number, speed, capacity, form factor, memory type, etc.

While you can use Task Manager to view the memory specs information, if you want to determine more specific details, such as manufacturer, part number, serial number, and more, then you have several commands.

Quick tip: In the command, you can also replace “Devicelocator” with “Banklabel” to list the serial number showing the bank’s physical label where the memory is located on the motherboard.

Under the “MemoryType” column, confirm the number that identifies the type of memory.

Confirm the available information for each memory module installed on the device.

Once you complete the steps, you will have many details about the memory modules installed on your Windows 10 device.

RAM Selector >> Memory Finder >> Memory Upgrades @Memory.NET

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Be aware that certain product names are trademarks, even if not specifically mentioned.

Your misuse of the Trademarks on this site and in its conditions is strictly prohibited.

Post Idea #7: Aer Rianta International

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Aer Rianta International Signs Portuguese Duty Free Concession – Airport World

Aer Rianta International, a subsidiary of the state owned daa and the first company to operate duty-free shops in the world, has been chosen as the partner of choice by ANA Aeroportos de Portugal to form a joint venture company to operate their portfolio of duty free and duty paid retail concessions in Portugal.

ANA is part of VINCI Airports’ global airport network.

The concession scope incorporates over 34 commercial spaces, including duty free main shops, satellite stores, and fashion/beauty stores, with a total area approximately of 9,500sqm, which the new joint venture will manage for a period of seven years.

“We are convinced that authentic retail experiences, inspired by the uniqueness of the region of the airports, blending local tastes and flavours with a wide-range of international products, and keeping our focus on environmental protection at our operations, will contribute to the best of journeys for our passengers.”

“With over 70 years of experience in global travel retail, we look forward to bringing our world class service and extensive brand range to Portugal. Together with the ANA team we will deliver an exceptional tailor-made offering across all locations.”

“Nuno Amaral, ARI’s chief operations and business development officer, added:”I am beyond proud that ARI has been successful in the bid to work with the team at ANA and operate the duty-free concessions throughout my home country of Portugal.

“We knew early in the pitch process that ARI’s vision, ambition and experience in travel retail perfectly complements ANA’s innovation and service throughout their airports. We are convinced that ARI’s strong partnership ethos with joint venture partners, brands, and other key stakeholders will lead to the development of a great retail proposition in Portugal.”

She Who… Aer Rianta International And The Moodie Davitt Report Team Up To Celebrate International Women’S Day

This year, ARI’s campaign follows the theme ‘She Who’ and shines a deserved spotlight on the inspirational women that lead, inspire, motivate and encourage their colleagues.

The ‘She Who’ campaign encouraged the team at ARI to submit anonymous short stories about female colleagues who deserve to be highlighted.

The stories are highlighted across ARI’s and The Moodie Davitt Report’s social media channels this week under the hashtag #InternationalWomensDayARI. Commenting on the inspiring campaign, ARI Chief Executive Officer Ray Hernan said: “We want to empower our people at ARI through innovative programmes like ‘She Who’, that inevitably accelerates gender parity and breaks down any bias. We are proud that Diversity and Inclusion is a core priority of our business and we nurture this with an Executive Sponsor lead and dedicated committee in place across our estate.”

“At ARI, International Women’s Day is a global celebration across our entire estate where we take specific time out to acknowledge the incredibly talented women that work throughout our organisation,” added ARI Global Head of Marketing Laura Toner.

“I am thrilled to celebrate International Women’s Day with such a worthy campaign,” commented ARI General Counsel & Executive Sponsor for Diversity & Inclusion Gareth Byrne.

“As ARI’s Diversity and Inclusion Executive Sponsor it is days like these that create important awareness and noise around the significance of being diverse and equal in a business. Inclusivity is at the heart of everything we do, everyone is welcome at ARI.”.

The wider global theme of International Women’s Day 2022 is #BreaktheBias.

Aer Rianta International Careers And Employment

It’s a good place to work if you are able to work 4a.m’s or midnight.

For the floor management, well….All in all it’s a good place to work, for as long as you abide the rules.

It is a semi-state company were you can have security with good money but be prepare to hate yourself and your life if you work there.

Working for the Loop at the Airport gave me a lot of chances to make conversations with customers.

Management could be bit nosy at times but overall it is a great place to work at.

Aer Rianta is a fast paced and rapidly developing business.

With a relatively small Head Office function and business units all over the world, there is an excellent opportunity to be innovative and help shape the direction of the business through both corporate process design and direct influencing across business units.

Aer Rianta International

Aer Rianta International cpt is an airport and retail holding and management company, registered in Dublin and with its head office at Dublin Airport.

ARI is a subsidiary of Ireland’s state-owned DAA. The company was established in 1988 as part of Aer Rianta.

The airport division holds a 20% stake in Düsseldorf Airport.

It formerly held stakes in Hamburg Airport, which it sold in December 2006 and Birmingham Airport, which it sold in September 2007.

The airport retail division designs, manages and operates duty free and duty paid airport retail outlets in Europe, the Middle East, India, New Zealand and the Americas.

ARI has stores in Barbados, Bahrain, Canada, Cyprus, India, Lebanon, New Zealand, Montenegro, Qatar, Indonesia and Oman and also operates retail outlets under the brand: “The Loop” at Dublin Airport and Cork Airport.

In March 2007, Aer Rianta International and Barbados-based Caribbean Airways announced a new joint venture retail business named CaribbeanAri Inc. The venture is to be debuted in Barbados’ Grantley Adams International Airport.

Post Idea #8: Lotte Duty Free

Related Articles – Summarized

Lotte Duty Free :: Buy Liquor, Cosmetics & Fragrance Online

There’s a lot to love about Lotte Duty Free with an amazing collection of leading international and local brands in Beauty, Fragrance, Liquor, Wine, Technology, Watches and Confectionery.

Make the most of your overseas trip with our incredible deals and new and exclusive products.

Serious about offering the best prices and we have a guarantee in place so if you happen to find a better price we’ll beat it by 5%. Click & Collect is available up to 60 / 90 days before you travel, so you can shop at your leisure online and collect before your flight, or it’ll be waiting when you arrive back.

Check in at Lotte Duty Free before your next flight.


Lotte Online Duty Free unveils new inclusive shopping experiences.

Meet the most powerful duty free brand in Korea and enjoy the new mobile duty free shopping paradise faster and easier for everyone.

App permissions Lotte Duty Free observes and is bound by Paragraph 2, Article 22 of the Act on Promotion of Utilization of Information and Communications Network.

Please read the following details and give your consent for access, collection, and use of your personal information by Lotte Duty Free in accordance with the Network Act.

The Lotte Duty Free App will only access, collect, and use the following information with your consent for the purposes stated.

Additional permissions are not required to use the Lotte Online Duty Free App.

The developer, Lotte Duty Free Shop., indicated that the app’s privacy practices may include handling of data as described below.

Guam International Airport

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text.

It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old.

Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source.

Lorem Ipsum comes from sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 of “De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum” by Cicero, written in 45 BC. This book is a treatise on the theory of ethics, very popular during the Renaissance.

The first line of Lorem Ipsum, “Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.”, comes from a line in section 1.10.32.

The Moodie Davitt Report -The Moodie Davitt Report

“Therefore, Metaverse duty free shops are expected to provide shopping services far beyond the digital shopping experience provided by existing internet duty free shops and the role of mere sales channels.”

As the era has arrived when foreigners can order high-quality and reliable Korean duty free goods in the rooms of their houses without having to come to South Korea, Korean players with Metaverse duty free shopping functions can be seen as presenting a new business model to generate profits.”

“Lotte Duty Free is actively utilising the Metaverse to advance digital duty free shops,” a Lotte Duty Free spokesperson commented.

The company said that it has been leading the global duty free industry in digital transformation since 2000 when it opened the world’s first internet duty free shop.

Lotte Duty Free also opened the world’s first mobile duty free shop in 2012 and introduced Korea’s first Alipay facial recognition payment system to the Myeong-dong main store’s Sulwhasoo shop in 2019.

“A Lotte Duty Free spokesperson said,”The partnership with the brands will be the core of all digital transformation projects that Lotte Duty Free will carry out in the future.

Lotte Duty Free pointed to its history of introducing brands to the Korean market – including Hermès and Chanel boutiques brought to the duty free channel for the first time in the early 1980s and more recently labels such as Valmont, Tatcha, Charlotte Tilbury, and Pomelato during the pandemic – as evidence of the company’s buying power and market dominance.

Lotte Duty Free Family Concert 2021: Airdate, How To Live Stream And K-Pop Lineup Starring BTS, Twice, TXT And Itzy

Lotte Duty Free Family Concert 2021 is finally here and the dream lineup of this year’s K-pop music fest has already raised the expectations tenfold higher.

Along with Grammy-nominated BTS, Lotte Family Concert will feature girl group Twice, TOMORROW X TOGETHER, Super Junior – D&E, fourth-gen superstars ITZY and Super Junior’s Shindong as a special MC. The 31st edition of this exclusive concert for Lotte Duty Free members will be aired on May 16 from 5 pm KST and the application period for the concert ticket was from April 20 to May 15.

Keeping in mind of the global fandom, Lotte Duty Free Concert will also provide Engish subtitles along with their live streaming.

The exclusive Lotte Duty Free Family Concert will take place on May 16 at 5 pm KST/ 4 am ET. How to live stream.

The concert will be officially live streamed from Lotte Duty Free TikTok channel.

JYP’s most popular girl group Twice will be starring in the Lotte Family Concert 2021.

Excited about Lotte Duty Free Family Concert? Tune into Lotte Duty Free TikTok on May 16 at 5 pm KST. If you have an entertainment scoop or a story for us, please reach out to us on 421-7515.

Post Idea #9: Online proofing

Related Articles – Summarized

Your Online Proofing Software To Proof & Review Files: ProofHub

An online proofing software provides your team members a simplified yet highly effective way of getting their creative work reviewed on time.

You will enjoy many other benefits by integrating an online proofing software into your team’s workflow.

Online proofing software provides a virtual space where people can share their work and exchange constructive feedback.

Along with centralizing all the project work, online proofing software allows the entire team to keep track of all their tasks and proofing statuses.

One of the most important benefits of an online proofing software is that it makes the file review and approval process less time-consuming.

Online proofing software works round the clock and is accessible using a variety of devices.

The ease of accessibility makes online proofing software an apt choice for remote teams and cross-functional teams too.

What Is Online Proofing?

One of the biggest advantages of online proofing is having just one proof that everyone looks at and comments on, rather than separate copies being routed around on emails or print-offs.

Based securely on the web and accessed via a browser or mobile app, the proofing interface may vary in terms of features and layout but the fundamental purpose is to allow collaborators to review the proof and express their opinions as easily as possible.

Here are some of the features you should expect to see in the collaboration zone of a proofing system.

Collaborator statusIt so useful just to know who has actually Seen or Not Seen the proof, regardless of whether any action has been taken on it.

This is something that online proofing can easily track as part of the current status display of the collaborator, with other examples being Finished, Requested Changes or Signed Off.

Proofing toolsOnline proofing is a huge leap forward from confusing long-hand statements written in the body of a separate email along the lines of ‘that round image needs to be smaller and less obvious’.

CommentingUsing comment threads next to the proof, collaborators can easily see who’s saying what and inspire each other to produce the most amazing creative results.

Online Proofing: A Complete Beginner’S Guide

That’s where online proofing comes in – it ensures smooth communication, clear feedback, and faster review rounds to help meet project deadlines.

Online proofing is a review and approval process that helps you get fast, transparent, and accurate feedback on your work.

Online proofing can be implemented best with online proofing software.

A powerful online proofing tool needs to have solid comment and annotation features, which allow your reviewers to leave clear and precise feedback, directly on the file.

The best online proofing software lets you create review steps, to separate internal and external reviews or different teams, like creative or legal.

Online proofing is used by marketing teams of all sizes, from individual brands to large agencies, to share and receive feedback on all kinds of marketing collateral.

For photographers, one of the best online proofing software features is the precise annotation tools, which encourage proofers to leave clear, actionable feedback.

Free Online Proofreading And Essay Editor

A proofreading tool that does not bark at every tree.

Existing tools for proofreading raise so many false alarms that their advice cannot be trusted.

Instead, the writer must carefully consider whether to accept or reject each change.

Relax, focus, write your next masterpiece…. Writing presumes more than simply laying out words on a paper.

Typely helps you get in the mood and keeps you focused, immersed and ready to write your story.

No. Typely is completely free and we plan on keeping it that way.

I just typed a spelling mistake but it’s not highlighted.

Online Proofing

Online proofing is the process undertaken by web designers, photographers, marketing agencies and video production companies, among others, to automate the review and approval of work online.

Traditionally a process used by photographers, as more work is done online and teams work remotely this method of working allows people to collaboratively work together to speed up the design process and keep an online audit trail.

Online proofing has also become widespread in the e-commerce industry.

With the growing capabilities of the internet, companies who allow their customers to design and customize a product on their website have adopted the online proofing process as an effective quality assurance method.

Online proofing saves time in the purchasing process and improves customer buying experience and raises customer satisfaction.

Post Idea #10: Sparkling wine

Related Articles – Summarized

The 18 Best Sparkling Wines To Drink In 2022

“One of the many great things about sparkling wine is the ever-increasing diversity of styles,” says Sam Stoppelmoor, wine director & general manager at La Compagnie des Vins Surnaturels in New York.

“From Champagne to crémant, Asti to American sparkling, there is one question I always ask: Is it delicious? I want my sparkling wines to be clean, refreshing, and easy to drink. They can be straightforward or extraordinarily complex.”

We’ve compiled a list of the best sparkling wines to drink under the sun, featuring various styles, categories, grape varieties, and regions.

What’s the difference between Champagne and other sparkling wines? Any sparkling wine labeled “Champagne” must be produced within Champagne, a geographical region in northeast France.

Certain sparkling wines produced elsewhere in the world may be produced using the Champagne method, in which the secondary fermentation, the step which creates the bubbles, takes place in each individual bottle.

How do you properly store sparkling wine? Store your bubbly like you would any other fine wine: on its side in a cool, low-light environment.

What’s the proper temperature at which to serve sparkling wine? Serve your sparkling wine at the same temperature you’d serve any crisp white wine-i.e. not freezing, but not far off.

Learn About Sparkling Wine

Sparkling wine can be produced anywhere in the world but there are certain types, like Champagne, that can only come from a specific region.

Sparkling wine is carbonated via a secondary fermentation, while still wine only goes through one fermentation.

Sparkling wine is a carbonated wine that can be made from any white or red grape.

Though white sparkling wines are most common, sparkling rosé and, to a lesser extent, red wines can also be found.

Méthode Champenoise is considered the premier method of making sparkling wine.

Lambrusco, an Italian sparkling wine made from indigenous red grapes, is made in the northern region of Emilia-Romagna.

Cava is Spain’s most famous sparkling wine and is unique in that it can be made in one of several autonomous regions across the country, though the majority of production takes place in DO Penedès in Catalonia.

The 15 Best Sparkling Wines Of 2022

If you’re unfamiliar with the sparkling wine category, a good rule of thumb to remember is that Champagne is a sparkling wine that must come from its eponymous region in France, which means that not all sparkling wines are Champagnes.

Type There are different types of sparkling wine, including prosecco, rosé, cava, Champagne, Lambrusco, and others.

Taste Sparkling wine is available in numerous types and flavors, and you can taste notes of apples, berries, melons, almonds, plums, spices, flowers, and more.

These wines are clean, crisp, and bubbly, but check the bottle’s label to see if the sparkling wine you’re looking at falls into the dry or sweet category.

How do you store sparkling wine? Once opened, this wine should be refrigerated, where it will keep for three to five days.

What food do you pair with sparkling wine? These wines pair well with appetizers, entrées, and desserts.

Why Trust The Spruce Eats? Wine and spirits writer Céline Bossart has long been a proponent of sparkling wines-from her five-Euro-Asti-soaked college days in Italy to now with nearly 30 different bottles of bubbles from around the world in her wine fridge, she’s the one to ask if you want a 30-minute unbridled soliloquy on the subject.

Sparkling Wine

The tendency of still wine from the Champagne region to lightly sparkle was noted in the Middle Ages but this was considered a wine fault and was disdained in early Champagne winemaking although it made the pride of other historic sparkling wine production areas like Limoux.

In 1662, the English scientist Christopher Merret presented a paper detailing how the presence of sugar in a wine led to it eventually sparkling and that by adding sugar to a wine before bottling it, nearly any wine could be made to sparkle.

The primary fermentation of sparkling wine begins like most other wines, though winemakers may choose to use specially cultivated sparkling wine yeasts.

Some of these are exclusively sparkling wine appellations, and some are appellations allowing both still and sparkling wine to be made.

“Sekt is a German term for some sparkling wine. The majority of Sekt produced is made by the Charmat method with the remaining premium Sekt being made according to the méthode traditionnelle. Cheap sparkling wine made with CO2 injection must not be called Sekt, but rather Schaumwein, while semi-sparkling wine is called Perlwein. According to CJEU regulation, Sekt and the Term „Qualitätsschaumwein” are the same.

US AVA requirements and wine laws do not regulate sugar levels and sweetness of wine though most producers tend to follow European standards with Brut wine having less than 1.5% sugar up to Doux having more than 5%. As the sparkling wine industry in California grew, foreign investments from some of the Champagne region’s most noted champagne houses came to set up wineries in the area.

Whilst most sparkling wine is produced from Chardonnay, Pinot noir and possibly Pinot Meuniere, an Australian speciality is sparkling Shiraz, a red sparkling wine produced from Shiraz grapes.

The 100 Best Sparkling Wines: A Guide For Beginners And Beyond

Putting together a list of the best sparkling wines isn’t easy, especially when you do so with an eye on affordable wines.

We have excluded wines in a price tier that suggests you’d be collecting it rather than drinking it: While certain that Dom Perignon “White Gold” is a lovely wine, we happen to think having a $2,500 price tag actually disqualifies you from being the “Best!” So you won’t find anything on this list that exceeds about $300. So, wines that cost $15 might be listed ahead of wines that cost $150. Our point is simple: price doesn’t equal quality.

There are over 100 producers in France’s Champagne region alone, and you could drink a different sparkling wine every day of your life and never get to all of them.

It’s a wonderful aperitif, party-friendly, and probably pairs most seamlessly with poultry dishes, but I can’t say it enough times: Sparkling wines are absurdly food-versatile and situations where you can go badly wrong with a food pairing are relatively rare.

There are few non-versatile sparkling wines and Proseccos might be the most go-along-to-get-along of all.

The finish is fairly typical sparkling Chard fruit notes, a lovely minerality common to wines from the Alto Adige region of Italy, and a lingering almond finish.

There are austere, bony, spectral sparkling wines.

Your Ultimate Guide To The Most Popular Types Of Sparkling Wine

Just in time for the holidays, we have put together a detailed guide to the most popular types of sparkling wine, the different glasses to serve them in, the levels of dryness they come in and the most appropriate times to gift them.

To help you navigate the wine aisle and choose the perfect wine for your taste buds, we have outlined the six most popular types of sparkling wine including where they are from and the types of grapes they are made with.

Arguably the most popular type of sparkling wine, sparkling wine can only be considered Champagne if it comes from the region of Champagne, France.

To clarify, all champagne is sparkling wine, but not all sparkling wine is champagne.

This is the most popular form of sparkling wine because it is dry with just a hint of sweetness; it has less than 12 grams per liter of residual sugar.

With the many different types of sparkling wine, it only makes sense that there be a few different glasses to choose from as well.

Flute: The flute is the most popular type of glass for sparkling wine.

Post Idea #11: Canadian Securities Exchange

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Canadian Securities Exchange

The Canadian Securities Exchange, formerly known as Canada’s New Stock Exchange, is an electronic alternative stock exchange for small-cap and microcap firms and emerging companies in Canada.

The exchange began operations in 2003 and was recognized and approved by the Ontario Securities Commission as a stock exchange the following year.

There are 683 securities from more than 580 companies listed on the exchange as of June 2021.

According to the exchange’s website, all securities listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange and TSX Venture Exchange are traded on the CSE as “Alternative market securities.”

The CSE Composite Index is a broad indicator of market activity for the CSE. The index was launched in February 2015 and covers about 75 percent of all equities listed on the exchange.

The Toronto Stock Exchange is the CSE’s primary competitor as a technology-focused Canadian exchange.

The exchange does this through its regulatory model, which attempts to remove the duplication of regulation between the exchange and the provincial securities commissions.

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Buscando Resources Now Trading On The Canadian Securities Exchange Under The Ticker BRCO

Buscando Resources CEO Kyler Hardy joined Steve Darling from Proactive to share news the company has officially started trading on the CSE using the listing “BRCO”.

Hardy talks more about the listing and also about the company’s earn in project the Rupert Property which icovers approximately 2,500 hectares on northern Vancouver Island in British Columbia.

Rock Edge Resources Completes Initial Public Offering And Lists On The Canadian Securities Exchange

Rock Edge Resources Ltd. is pleased to announce that, on April 6, 2022, it completed its initial public offering of 3,700,000 common shares in its capital, 200,000 of which were sold pursuant to an over-allotment option, at a price of $0.10 per Share for gross proceeds of $370,000.

The Shares were listed on the Canadian Securities Exchange on April 5, 2022 and are expected to begin trading on April 7, 2022 under the symbol “REDG”.

The offered securities have not been and will not be registered under the United States Securities Act of 1933., as amended, or any applicable state securities laws and may not be offered or sold in the United States or to “U.S. persons”, as such term is defined in Regulation S under the U.S. Securities Act, absent such registration or an applicable exemption from such registration requirements.

About Rock Edge Resources Ltd. Rock Edge is engaged in the business of mineral exploration and the acquisition of mineral property assets in Canada.

This news release includes certain forward-looking statements and forward-looking information within the meaning of applicable Canadian securities legislation.

All statements, other than statements of historical fact, included herein including, without limitation, statements regarding future capital expenditures, anticipated content, commencement, and cost of exploration programs in respect of the Company’s projects and mineral properties, anticipated exploration program results from exploration activities, resources and/or reserves on the Company’s projects and mineral properties, and the anticipated business plans and timing of future activities of the Company, are forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the Company to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

Canadian Securities Exchange

Canadian Securities Exchange, operated by CNSX Inc., is a stock exchange domiciled in Canada.

When recognized by the Ontario Securities Commission in 2004, CSE was the first new exchange approved in Ontario in 70 years.

The CSE is a rapidly growing stock exchange focused on working with entrepreneurs to access the public capital markets in Canada and internationally.

The CSE offers investors access to a broad selection of growth companies through a liquid, reliable and regulated trading platform.

Designed to meet the needs of emerging public companies and their investors, CSE has experienced rapid growth over the last five years and lists over 700 securities.

In February 2015, the CSE Composite Index was launched as a broad indicator of market activity for the CSE. The CSE Composite Index is a market capitalization weighted benchmark reflecting the performance of CSE listed securities meeting index eligibility requirements.

The CSE25 Index is a subset of the CSE Composite Index containing the securities of the twenty-five largest Index companies by market capitalization.

Post Idea #12: financial buzz media

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FinancialBuzz Media Networks – The Latest Buzz In Financial News

Located on Wall Street in the heart of New York City’s financial district, FinancialBuzz.com is a credible.

Source for the world’s latest trending financial and economic news.

Driven digital space, video production and integration of social media, FinancialBuzz.com.

Post Idea #13: Cost of living

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Cost Of Living Calculator

Use Salary.com’s Cost of Living Calculator to easily compare the cost of living in your current location to the cost of living in a new location.

Cost of Living Frequently Asked Questions What is a Cost of Living index and how is it used?

In the simplest terms, a Cost of Living index is the estimated amount that represents the cost of the basic necessities required for an individual to live.

The Salary.com cost of living calculator is unique in that it also incorporates current salary data for thousands of jobs specific to a chosen home or work location to provide a more refined estimate of the cost of living variations.

If you live in one location but work in another, the cost of living calculator will make those adjustments to provide an accurate estimate of the change in COL. The Salary.com cost of living calculator helps you to make cost of living comparisons cost comparisons easily and quickly.

There are certain areas of the country where the cost of housing has increased much more rapidly than other locations and the cost of living calculator will help you to identify those locations.

Energy The energy category of the cost of living estimate consists of the cost of electricity and other utilities like natural gas or home heating oil.

2022 Cost Of Living Calculator

THE BESTPLACES COST OF LIVING SCORE. The BestPlaces cost of living index is the most accurate and complete available because we add many new categories to the current and historical systems.

We start with ACCRA’s 100-as-national-average model adopted by the Council for Community and Economic Research in 1968, then update and expand it to include 21st-century consumer spending preferences and expenditure types.

Using sophisticated modeling techniques, our BestPlaces analysis expands the geographic scope of our Cost of Living Indexes down to the zip code level, covering every county, city, and metro area in the United States.

The BestPlaces cost of living score includes housing prices for renters or homeowners, utilities, healthcare costs, entertainment costs, transportation expenses, food prices, child care, and taxes.

Cost Of Living Calculator

Whether you’re planning for an upcoming move or just curious about the cost of living in other cities, the PayScale Cost of Living Calculator is the place to begin your research.

Just enter your salary and job title as well as your current location and the city where you’re considering a move.

Not only will we show you the cost of living difference, but we’ll let you know how much you need to make in the new location to maintain your current standard of living.

Cost-Of-Living Adjustment Information

The 5.9 percent cost-of-living adjustment will begin with benefits payable to more than 64 million Social Security beneficiaries in January 2022.

For Social Security beneficiaries receiving Medicare, Social Security will not be able to compute their new benefit amount until after the Medicare premium amounts for 2022 are announced.

In December 2021, Social Security COLA notices will be available online to most beneficiaries in the Message Center of their my.

The purpose of the COLA is to ensure that the purchasing power of Social Security and Supplemental Security Income benefits is not eroded by inflation.

Congress enacted the COLA provision as part of the 1972 Social Security Amendments, and automatic annual COLAs began in 1975.

The change means that inflation no longer drains value from Social Security benefits.

The 1975-82 COLAs were effective with Social Security benefits payable for June in each of those years.

City And Salary Comparison Tool

Monthly bus pass costs were obtained from the individual websites of the public transit system for each city.

One of most important determinations you need to make before moving to a new city or town is how much it will cost to live there.

Because the price of goods and services varies from one city to the next, calculating the cost of living will determine how affordable it is to live in a certain area.

Cost of living is also tied to income, as salary levels in a geographic area are measured against these expenses.

A cost of living index allows you to directly compare what it costs to live in one area against another, helping you understand how far your money can go in each place.

Whether you use a cost of living index or a cost of living calculator, each will help you feel more confident in deciding where to live.

According to the council, “C2ER produces the Cost of Living Index to provide a useful and reasonably accurate measure of living cost differences among urban areas. Items on which the index is based have been carefully chosen to reflect the different categories of consumer expenditures.”

2022 Cost Of Living Calculator

That’s where a cost of living calculator like ours can really make a major difference.

Moving to an area with lower housing costs can make a serious difference to your overall cost of living.

That’s why our cost of living calculator takes local food prices into account.

Depending on your circumstances there are several other large expenses that may shape your cost of living.

Transportation is a big factor in the cost of living because it’s so closely related to job security.

Understanding the cost of living in a given place helps you make an informed decision about the salary you’ll need to maintain the same standard of living.

A cost of living calculator can make the research much easier.

Cost Of Living Comparison Index Tool

Use the cost of living comparison calculator below to compare the cost of living in two cities.

Simply enter your current income, select your current city, as well as the city you are relocating to and click calculate.

The cost of living calculator will provide you with the equivalent income needed to maintain your current standard of living.

Post Idea #14: Methanol fuel

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Methanol Fuel

The Methanol Institute, the methanol trade industry organization, posts reports and presentations on methanol.

Because absorbed water dilutes the fuel value of the methanol, and may cause phase separation of methanol-gasoline blends, containers of methanol fuels must be kept tightly sealed.

Since the late 1940s, Methanol is also used as the primary fuel ingredient in the powerplants for radio control, control line and free flight model aircraft, cars and trucks; such engines use a platinum filament glow plug that ignites the methanol vapor through a catalytic reaction.

Methanol fuel is also used extensively in drag racing, primarily in the Top Alcohol category, while between 10% and 20% methanol may be used in Top Fuel classes in addition to Nitromethane.

The use of methanol fuel reduces the exhaust emissions of certain hydrocarbon-related toxins such as benzene and 1,3 butadiene and dramatically reduces long-term groundwater pollution caused by fuel spills.

Since methanol vapor is heavier than air, it will linger close to the ground or in a pit unless there is good ventilation, and if the concentration of methanol is above 6.7% in the air it can be lit by a spark and will explode above 54 F / 12 C. Once ablaze, an undiluted methanol fire gives off very little visible light, making it potentially very hard to see the fire or even estimate its size in bright daylight in the vast majority of cases, existing pollutants or flammables in the fire will color and enhance the visibility of the fire.

Methanol as an alternative fuel Recording of a discussion with Nobel laureate George Olah broadcast on NPR. An Energy Revolution by Robert Zubrin Mandating Flexible Fuel Vehicles to run on ethanol and methanol as well as gasoline will defund oil producers who are funding terrorists.

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Methanol

Methanol, also known as wood alcohol, is considered an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

As an engine fuel, methanol has chemical and physical fuel properties similar to ethanol.

Methanol can be an alternative to conventional transportation fuels.

Methanol was marketed in the 1990s as an alternative fuel for compatible vehicles.

At its peak, nearly 6 million gasoline gallon equivalents of 100% methanol and blends of 85% methanol and 15% gasoline were used annually in alternative fuel vehicles in the United States.

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology researched the future of natural gas as a feedstock to enable more widespread adoption of methanol as a transportation fuel.

The Alternative Fuels Data Center and U.S. Department of Energy do not necessarily recommend or endorse these companies.


Fuel system for methanol and 32/44 single-cylinder research engine.

Methanol has some advantages concerning its emissions behavior: There are fewer NOx emissions and no SOx or soot emissions for pure methanol combustion.

Methanol is less hazardous for aquatic organisms compared to well-known marine fuels like marine gas oil or heavy fuel oil.

The challenges with using methanol as a fuel mainly lie in the fuel system and injection technology as well as in the optimization of the combustion.

Get first-hand info by two of our low-speed customers from Methanex NZ Ltd and Waterfront Shipping Canada about their experience with methanol as a marine fuel type and also about their experiences with MAN as prime mover for two-stroke methanol engines.

Watch our two-stroke customer Marinvest Shipping AB and find out more about their experience with methanol as a marine fuel type, with MAN as a partner and also about the operation of vessels powered by B&W ME-LGIM engines.

Methanol fuel use in shipping – fuel, regulation and retrofits.

99.95% Minimum Purity

VP M1 Racing Methanol fuel has a 99.95% minimum purity.

It’s the highest purity available in the United States.

M1 helps engines run cooler compared to standard methanol blends.

They’re also subject to less corrosion when compared to standard methanol blends.

We use only lined drums, which prohibit rust, corrosion and metal deposits that can contaminate fuel delivery systems.

We recommend M1 for all methanol-legal racing applications.

Power your performance with VP’s leading-edge line of racing motor oil and engine lubricants.

Methanol As A Marine Fuel

Methanol is a safe, cost-effective, globally available marine fuel.

With the growing demand for cleaner marine fuel, methanol is an alternative fuel for ships that helps the shipping industry meet increasingly strict emissions regulations.

These seven 50,000 dead weight tonne vessels are built with the first-of-its kind MAN B&W ME-LGI 2-stroke dual fuel engine that can run on methanol, fuel oil, marine diesel oil, or gas oil.

Methanol marine fuel complies with the most stringent regulations in Emission Control Areas and would comply with the most stringent emissions regulations currently being considered.

Methanol is a cost-effective alternative marine fuel in terms of the fuel itself, the dual fuel engine and the shoreside storage and bunkering infrastructure.

The cost to convert vessels to run on methanol is significantly less than other alternative fuel conversions with no need for expensive exhaust gas aftertreatment and, as a liquid fuel, only minor modifications are needed for existing storage and bunkering infrastructure to handle methanol.

Risk classification societies and the International Maritime Organization have developed standards and guidelines for methanol as a marine fuel.

Methanol: A Clean-Burning Fuel With Greater Energy Efficiency/ The Result Of New Chemical Innovation To Drive The Future Vehicles

Methanol is coming up as an emerging, clean and sustainable fuel for travel and transport for future generations.

Though having less energy content than petrol and diesel, methanol can be mixed in lower quantities with gasoline and can be used as a great alternative for vehicles running in the road, rail, and marine and also, methanol can be useful for energy sectors such as boilers, process heating modules, huge commercial vehicles, and tractors.

Methanol is a clean-burning fuel that causes less and non-toxic emissions like sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides.

Methanol can be a good source of energy for improving vehicle efficiency, as it is a high-octane vehicle fuel that offers better acceleration and power.

Due to lower greenhouse gas emissions, the global methanol market will see vertical growth in the near future.

Because of its high potential and energy efficiency, the shipping industry is looking forward to investing more in the usage of methanol as the carrier fuel which is a major step towards reducing the carbon emission causing so far.

There is a report from the International Renewable Energy Agency and Methanol Institute stating that the increasing production of renewable Methanol will soon be going to cause an effective approach to de-carbonization.

Post Idea #15: Lead Edge Capital

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High Impact Growth Investing

Lead Edge Capital invests in private and public software, internet, consumer, and tech-enabled services businesses.

Lead Edge leverages a group of over 500 strategic individual investors to add value to companies by connecting customers, partners, talent, and advisors to accelerate success.

With $5B in capital, Lead Edge has supported phenomenal entrepreneurs to create enduring businesses.

Lead Edge Capital Announces $1.95 Billion For Fund VI

Lead Edge Capital, a technology-focused growth stage investment fund, today announced the closing of Fund VI. The new fund was oversubscribed, with over $1.95 billion of commitments from Lead Edge’s expansive network of over 500 limited partners and institutions.

LEC will target making equity investments of between $15 million and $200 million per portfolio company from Fund VI and continue its focus on investing primarily in private companies, with a flexible mandate that also enables public company investments.

The addition of Fund VI brings the firm’s total capital raised since inception to $5 billion.

“Not only is the Lead Edge Capital team well-connected, but they’re also ready and willing to roll up their sleeves and do whatever they can to help their portfolio companies,” said Dug Song, former CEO of Duo Security.

Lead Edge Capital is a growth stage investment fund with $5 billion of capital raised since inception, and portfolio companies across the internet, software, consumer, and tech-enabled services sectors – including Alibaba Group, Asana, Bazaarvoice, Benchling, Duo Security, Signal Sciences, Spotify, Toast, and Wise.

Lead Edge Capital offers its entrepreneurs flexible capital and extensive domain expertise via its robust Limited Partner Network, a global advisory group of leading executives, entrepreneurs, and dealmakers who have built and run some of the world’s most successful companies.

Lead Edge Capital leverages its LPs to connect companies with the customers, partners, talent, and advisors needed to accelerate success.

Lead Edge Capital Raises $1.95 Billion For Growth-Equity Bets

Lead Edge Capital raised $1.95 billion for its largest fund to date, to make bets on software, internet, consumer, and tech-enabled service companies.

The new vehicle, Lead Edge Capital VI, will be deployed over three years.

Lead Edge can invest up to 25% of its latest fund in public equities.

Lead Edge counts unicorns including Hinge Health, LaunchDarkly, ID.me and Benchling among its current holdings.

Asana found its audit chair Sydney Carey through the Lead Edge network, he said.

Meg Whitman, the former chief executive officer of Hewlett-Packard Co. and EBay Inc., has backed three Lead Edge funds including its most recent.

The former California gubernatorial candidate who has been nominated as the U.S. ambassador to Kenya said she has connected potential candidates with roles at Lead Edge portfolio companies, and been involved in CEO coaching.

Post Idea #16: Growth capital

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What Is Growth Capital?

Growth capital, popularly known as expansion capital, is capital provided to relatively mature companies that require money to expand or restructure operations or explore and enter new markets.

Growth capital serves the purpose of facilitating target companies to accelerate growth.

Growth capital is placed on the gamut of private equity investing at the crossroads of venture capital and control buyouts.

When a PE fund wishes to make a growth capital investment, they would be looking out for concrete, clear plan outlining the capital requirements.

PE investors would be interested in growth capital investments if the business has the potential, and the investment is made at the crucial point of the growth curve of Target Company.

This would not be the case in growth capital investments that Target companies would have no or minimum future capital requirements.

Growth capital is lesser-known investing as compared to traditional venture capital and controlled buyout.

Growth Capital

Growth capital is a type of private equity investment, usually a minority investment, in relatively mature companies that are looking for capital to expand or restructure operations, enter new markets or finance a significant acquisition without a change of control of the business.

Growth capital can also be used to effect a restructuring of a company’s balance sheet, particularly to reduce the amount of leverage the company has on its balance sheet.

Growth capital is often structured as preferred equity, although certain investors will use various hybrid securities that include a contractual return in addition to an ownership interest in the company.

Growth capital resides at the intersection of private equity and venture capital and as such growth capital is provided by a variety of sources.

The types of investors that provide growth capital to companies span a variety of both equity and debt sources, including private equity and late-stage venture capital funds, family offices, sovereign wealth funds, hedge funds, Business Development Companies, and mezzanine funds.

Growth capital investments are also made by more traditional buyout firms.

Particularly in markets where debt is less available to finance leveraged buyouts or where competition to fund startup businesses is intense, growth capital becomes an attractive alternative.

Capital Growth Definition

Capital growth is measured by the difference between the current value, or market value, of an asset or investment and its purchase price, or the value of the asset or investment at the time it was acquired.

Capital growth investment objectives can be classified into moderate growth and high growth.

On the other hand, an investor seeking high capital growth might invest in more speculative investments or growth stocks.

Growth stocks are often companies with little profit or earnings history that offer the promise of high growth in the future.

Diversification A typical strategy for investors seeking capital growth is to allocate the different investments in a portfolio so that it’s diversified.

The investment objectives and the risk factors would also determine the equity allocation between moderate capital growth investments and high capital growth investments.

10% Bonds The Vanguard Total Bond Market ETF provides investors with access to many investment grade bonds throughout the U.S. The fund offers income and has very low capital growth through share price appreciation.


Growth Capital is the investment arm of the Menke Family Office.

We are the ideal investor/acquiror for entrepreneurial operators looking for successor ownership, management teams interested in buying out non-active shareholders, or start-up teams seeking early-stage growth capital.

ERIC MENKE.Prior to founding Growth Capital Management, Mr. Menke was one of the founding partners of Champlain Capital, a successful $140 million private equity fund focused on making private equity and growth capital investments in companies in the middle-market.

Prior to Champlain, Mr. Menke founded Menke Equity Partners, a firm dedicated to sourcing, structuring and financing middle-market buyout transactions.

Before forming Menke Equity Partners, Mr. Menke was an officer and board member of MBR Capital, the General Partner of MBR Investment Associates, a leveraged buyout fund in which he was responsible for sourcing, structuring and consummating acquisitions on behalf of the partnership.

Mr. Menke has served on numerous boards of companies ranging both above and below $100 million in revenues.

Mr. Menke received his B.A., cum laude, from the University of Southern California, and his M.B.A. from the Kellogg Graduate School of Management at Northwestern University.

For leading technology companies, growth is critical-and capital is essential.

Our Growth Capital and Venture Debt team provides highly customized equity and debt solutions to help take your company to the next level.

PARTNERS IN GROWTH. As your capital needs continue to grow, Growth Capital grows along with you.

Our investments provide a compelling mix of cost of capital and flexibility to support growth companies.

Growth companies primarily in the technology sector.

Mid- to late-stage growth companies with strong customer validation.

Run-rate revenues of $10 million or greater with good top line growth and revenue visibility.

Overview, Uses, And Characteristics

Growth equity is a type of investment opportunity in relatively mature companies that are going through some transformational event in their lifecycle with potential for some dramatic growth.

Growth equity investors benefit from the high growth potential and moderate risk of the investments.

Growth equity investments generally come with a lower holding period compared to venture capital investments.

The source of returns for growth equity investments is the company’s ability to scale its operations, which results in significant revenue and profitability growth.

Unlike venture capital deals that come with a high level of risk, growth equity deals are generally considered investments with moderate risk.

Compound Growth Rate.The compound growth rate is a measure used specifically in business and investing contexts, that indicates the growth rate over multiple time periods.

Investors can take advantage of new growth investing strategies in order to more precisely hone in on stocks or other investments offering above-average growth potential.

Post Idea #17: Managed care

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What Is Managed Care?

Always consult your doctor for appropriate examinations, treatment, testing, and care recommendations.

Cigna assumes no responsibility for any circumstances arising out of the use, misuse, interpretation or application of the information provided.

NCBI Bookshelf

Managed care refers to a healthcare insurance approach that integrates the financing of health care and the delivery of care and related services to keep the costs to the purchaser at a minimum while delivering what is appropriate for a given patient or population of patients.

The PCP is expected to manage and oversee the care so that only appropriate care and services are provided according to available evidence or consistent with standardized care pathways.

The optimal managed care plan would be one where the provider offers the optimal, appropriate amount of care and service to each patient, then average out across all the enrolled patients being cared for by that provider and financially beneficial for the provider and clinically appropriate for the patient.

As experience with managed care becomes established in the health care setting, a concern arises around the risk that patient access may be limited by providers gaming the system and cherry-picking or seeking to serve only patients in one’s practice that are likely to be healthier, more likely to need less care and service and thus who would make it easier to meet the utilization and quality targets.

In essence, managed care was designed to help centralize health care, contain costs for the patients, improve utilization of resources, and improve the patients’ quality of care.

To help facilitate the resolution of some of the challenges associated with managed care and how it interacts with the providers delivering the care to the patients, the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy Professional Practice Committee determined nine concepts to strengthen the provider and pharmacist relationship.

8.Mechanic D. The managed care backlash: perceptions and rhetoric in health care policy and the potential for health care reform.

Managed Care

The term managed care or managed healthcare is used in the United States to describe a group of activities intended to reduce the cost of providing health care and providing American health insurance while improving the quality of that care.

Intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases.

Managed care plans are widely credited with subduing medical cost inflation in the late 1980s by reducing unnecessary hospitalizations, forcing providers to discount their rates, and causing the health care industry to become more efficient and competitive.

Because many managed care health plans are provided by for-profit companies, their cost-control efforts are driven by the need to generate profits and not providing health care.

Critics of managed care argue that “For-profit” managed care has been an unsuccessful health policy, as it has contributed to higher health care costs, increased the number of uninsured citizens, driven away health care providers, and applied downward pressure on quality.

The most common managed care financial arrangement, capitation, places healthcare providers in the role of micro-health insurers, assuming the responsibility for managing the unknown future health care costs of their patients.

As managed care became popular, health care quality became an important aspect.

Definition, History & Systems

In this lesson, explore the definition of managed care while looking at its history and delivery systems.

What image comes to mind when you hear managed care? You may be surprised to find out that managed care actually describes a specific type of health insurance, which is insurance that pays for medical expenses.

Managed care is defined as health insurance that contracts with specific healthcare providers in order to reduce the costs of services to patients, who are known as members.

Now that you have a definition of managed care, let’s look at a bit of history surrounding MCOs in the U.S. Although many people think that managed care emerged in the mid-1970s, managed care has actually been used in the United States for over 100 years.

HMOs require their members to select a contracted primary care doctor who will coordinate their care with other contracted specialists and facilities, specific to each member’s healthcare needs.

Managed care, health insurance that contracts with specific healthcare providers in order to reduce the cost of services to patients, has a long history in the United States, in both private and government insurance organizations.

The three main delivery systems are health maintenance organizations, which require their members to select a contracted primary care doctor; preferred provider organizations, which use providers that are both contracted and not-contracted; and point of service, which allow members to select either the HMO or PPO option each time they seek services.

A Path To The Future

Accordingly, managed care organizations-which employ or contract with providers to deliver care to defined groups of people as an alternative to fee-for-service care-grew in popularity.

Despite MCOs’ efforts to improve the quality of care delivery over the past four decades, the value-based care revolution that was supposed to usher in a new era of better, cheaper healthcare has not materialized.

Even worse, the U.S. ranks dead last among peer countries when it comes to health care access and quality.

Specifically, leaders must clarify and validate the knowledge and skills that each health care role must learn to successfully shift to outcome-focused care.

Do the teams responsible for reporting the measure interact with the teams responsible for improving the rates? Do care management teams have a clear process to move the needle on wellness and prevention measures? Across the organization, teams must have shared quality goals, aligned work plans and robust collaboration to realize improved population health.

In traditional reporting structures where vertical silos prevail, providers, pharmacy workers, health system call centers and care management teams all try to reach these goals separately.

To improve, health care leaders should look for ways to create horizontal integration and collaboration.

Post Idea #18: Alimentation Couche-Tard

Related Articles – Summarized

Alimentation Couche-Tard

Customers experience our vision of convenience with one of the three brands under the Alimentation Couche-Tard umbrella.

It is through those three brands that we deliver on our mission to make our customers’ lives a little easier every day.

Alimentation Couche-Tard prices $1 billion debt offering, including inaugural Green Bonds Alimentation Couche-Tard announces proposed private offering of senior unsecured notes, including inaugural Green Bonds.

Alimentation Couche-Tard

Alimentation Couche-Tard Inc., or simply Couche-Tard, is a Canadian multinational operator of convenience stores.

In 1985, Bouchard acquired 11 “Couche-Tard” branded stores in the Quebec City area which he merged with its existing stores in the Montreal area to rename the whole company “Alimentation Couche-Tard”.

In early 1999, Dépan-Escompte Couche-Tard and Provi-Soir merged to create the chain in its current branding; reverting to the old Couche-Tard name without “Dépan-Escompte”, but adopting the owl mascot of Provi-Soir.

In the United States, approximately 470 ExxonMobil On the Run stores are owned or franchised by Alimentation Couche-Tard under an agreement announced April 29, 2009.

Circle K is an international chain of convenience stores owned by Alimentation Couche-Tard.

Couche-Tard is the original brand of Alimentation Couche-Tard.

On April 18, 2012, it became known that Couche-Tard had agreed to buy Norway’s Statoil Fuel and Retail for $2.8 billion, giving Couche-Tard the largest chain of petrol stations in Scandinavia and a major foothold in Northern Europe with a presence in Poland, the Baltics and Russia.


PRNewswire/ – Alimentation Couche-Tard Inc. today announced that it entered into a private agreement with Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, for the repurchase for cancellation of 5,477,451 Class A multiple voting shares of Couche-Tard held by CDPQ at a price of CAD $54.77.

The repurchase price represents a discount of 3% on the closing price of the Class A shares on the Toronto Stock Exchange on April 4, 2022.

The repurchase will be made in connection with the periodic portfolio rebalancing of CDPQ. Once the repurchase is completed, CDPQ will hold approximately 52.3 million Class A shares, representing approximately 5% of Couche-Tard’s total shares outstanding.

“This transaction is consistent with our capital structure optimization objectives and represents a unique opportunity to create value for our shareholders. With a solid balance sheet and a low leverage ratio, we are well positioned to take advantage of this opportunity to repurchase our shares at an attractive price using excess cash on-hand,” said Claude Tessier.

Under the NCIB, Couche-Tard is authorized to repurchase up to 46 806 328 Class A shares until the earlier of April 25, 2022 or the date on which the Company will either have acquired the maximum number of Class A shares allowable under the NCIB or otherwise decides not to make any further purchases for cancellation under it.

As at April 4, 2022., the Company had repurchased 33,323,365 Class A shares under its current NCIB. Following this transaction, the Company will have repurchased a total of 38,800,816 Class A shares and therefore a total of 8,005,512 Class A shares will remain available under the current NCIB. Information regarding the share repurchase, including the number of Class A shares repurchased and aggregate repurchase price paid, will be available on SEDAR at www.

Couche-Tard will not issue any additional press release announcing the completion of this share repurchase.

Alimentation Couche-Tard Announces Agreement To Repurchase Shares

Alimentation Couche-Tard Inc. entered into a private agreement with Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, for the repurchase for cancellation of 5,477,451 Class A multiple voting shares of Couche-Tard held by CDPQ at a price of C$ 54.77 per Class A share, for a total consideration of approximately C$ 300 million.

The repurchase price represents a discount of 3% on the closing price of the Class A shares on the Toronto Stock Exchange on April 4, 2022 and will be paid using Couche-Tard’s cash on hand.

Couche-Tard is in the convenience and fuel retail industry, operating in 26 countries and territories, with more than 14,100 stores, of which approximately 10,800 offer road transportation fuel.

With its well-known Couche-Tard and Circle K banners, it is one of the largest independent convenience store operator in the United States and it is a leader in the convenience store industry and road transportation fuel retail in Canada, Scandinavia, the Baltics, as well as in Ireland.

The repurchase will be made in connection with the periodic portfolio rebalancing of CDPQ. Once the repurchase is completed, CDPQ will hold approximately 52.3 million Class A shares, representing approximately 5% of Couche-Tard’s total shares outstanding.

A favorable decision was obtained from the Autorité des marches financiers to exempt Couche-Tard from issuer bid requirements under applicable securities legislation applicable to the transaction, which will be made at a discount in accordance with the decision and is expected to settle on April 6, 2022.

The share repurchase will be made in connection with the Alimentation Couche-Tard’s normal course issuer bid commenced on April 26, 2021, as previously amended.

Alimentation Couche-Tard Stock Forecast, Price & News

Alimentation Couche-Tard Inc. operates and licenses convenience stores.

Its convenience stores sell tobacco products, grocery items, beverages, and fresh food offerings; road transportation fuel; and stationary energy, marine fuel, aviation fuel, and chemicals.

The company operates its convenience store and road transportation fuel retailing chain under various banners, including Circle K, Couche-Tard, Holiday, Ingo, Mac’s, Re.Store, and Topaz.

It is also involved in the sale of lottery tickets, calling cards, gift cards, postage stamps, and bus tickets; issuance of money orders; and provision of automatic teller machines, cashing checks, and car wash services.

The company was formerly known as Actidev Inc. and changed its name to Alimentation Couche-Tard Inc. in December 1994.

Alimentation Couche-Tard Inc. was founded in 1980 and is headquartered in Laval, Canada.

Alimentation Couche-Tard A Earnings Preview: What Wall Street Is Expecting

Alimentation Couche-Tard A reveals earnings for Q3 on March 15.

10 analysts expect earnings of $0.645 per share compared to earnings of $0.560 per share in the same quarter of the previous year.

Estimates from analysts predict sales for the quarter to come in at $18.11 billion.

That would represent an increase of 37.22% compared to the prior year quarter.

With regard to the current fiscal year, analysts expect a profit per share of $2.45, while the previous year saw a profit of $2.45.

This story was written by Markets Insider’s RoboEddy, which automatically writes these stories based on data provided by our partners.

Alimentation Couche-Tard Exploring ‘Future Of Convenience’

LAVAL, Quebec – Alimentation Couche-Tard Inc. has invested more than half of the initial $100 million of its Circle K Venture Fund in startup companies that are “Shaping the future of convenience,” the c-store retailer has revealed.

Since the fund’s inception in 2020, Couche-Tard has secured equity stakes in several entrepreneurial companies that are forming collaborative partnerships and entering into agreements to test and commercialize their innovations and developing solutions focused on improving efficiency and enhancing the customer experience.

“The evolution of our customers’ convenience needs has accelerated over the past two years since the start of the pandemic, and these investments and partnerships allow us not only to participate in the growth of these innovative teams, but also to explore ways to add real value for our customers, shareholders, and team members,” said Claude Tessier, Couche-Tard’s CFO. “As we move forward on our strategic goals, the fund supports cutting-edge solutions with the potential of improving the customer journey and the experience of our team members in our stores, to create new ways of delivering our products and presenting our offerings and to change the very nature of convenience.”

The fund’s most recent investments are Food Rocket and Farmstead, both U.S.-based companies, offering delivery of grocery, convenience and pantry items.

Couche-Tard is working with these two partners on piloting commercial programs, by testing and learning the best approaches to compete in the fast-expanding world of delivery and distribution for its urban and suburban customers.

Over the last several months, as labor challenges have increased, particularly in the United States, the fund has also invested in technology that helps retailers and other groups alleviate staffing issues by tapping into the fast-growing gig economy, Couche-Tard said.

Laval, Quebec-based Couche-Tard’s 26-country global network includes approximately 9,300 c-stores in North America, with more than 7,100 in the United States under the Circle K and Holiday Stationstores banners in 48 states, and approximately 2,100 in Canada under the Circle K, Mac’s and Couche-Tard banners.

Post Idea #19: Franchising

Related Articles – Summarized

What Is Franchising? Definition And Meaning

Franchising is a form of marketing and distribution in which the owner of a business system grants to an individual or group of individuals the right to run a business selling a product or providing a service using the franchisor’s business system.

Franchising as we know it today is widely believed to have originated with Isaac Singer in the 1850s.

In 1954, Ray Kroc, a successful business man from Illinois, saw the potential in franchising a successful southern California hamburger stand owned by a couple of brothers.

While franchising is a staple of the American business landscape, the merits of franchising have not been ignored abroad. It is steadily increasing its footprint in numerous other countries.

No business method or industry sector can guarantee success, and franchising is no exception.

Despite its strong association with fast food, franchising is not confined to a narrow range of business segments.

Not only is it used in many different industries and sectors, but elements of franchising are becoming a feature in many areas of business.

What Is Franchising?

There are many misconceptions about franchising, but probably the most widely held is that you as a franchisee are “Buying a franchise.” In reality you are investing your assets in a system to utilize the brand name, operating system and ongoing support.

To be successful in franchising you must understand the business and legal ramifications of your relationship with the franchisor and all the franchisees.

Your focus must be on working with other franchisees and company managers to market the brand, and fully use the operating system to get and keep customers.

You will want to change the system because of your needs, you will wonder what you are paying the royalty for, and you will begin thinking of other franchisees as your competitors.

As a franchisee you own the assets of your company, which you have chosen to invest in someone else’s brand and operating system and ongoing support.

Finally, your desire to become a franchisee must be grounded in your belief that you can be more successful using someone else’s brand and operating according to their systems and methods, than you could if you opened up your own independent business and competed against them.

You want to look for a franchisor who is building a system of interdependent franchisees who are committed to getting and keeping customers, to growing faster than the market, to growing faster than the competitors, and to do all of that with high margins.

International Franchise Association

A franchise is a method of distributing products or services involving a franchisor, who establishes the brand’s trademark or trade name and a business system, and a franchisee, who pays a royalty and often an initial fee for the right to do business under the franchisor’s name and system.

The practice of creating and distributing the brand and franchise system is most often referred to as franchising.

Since customers see franchise systems as a branded chain of operations, great products and services delivered by one franchisee benefits the entire system.

While every franchise is a license, not every license is a franchise under the law.

The definition of what is a franchise can vary significantly under the laws in some states and it is important that you don’t simply rely on the federal definition of a franchise in understanding any particular state’s requirements.

Investing in a franchise or becoming a franchisor can be a great opportunity.

Before you select any franchise investment and sign any franchise agreement, do your homework, understand what the franchise system is offering and get the support of a qualified franchise lawyer.

Franchise Definition

A franchise is a type of license that grants a franchisee access to a franchisor’s proprietary business knowledge, processes, and trademarks, thus allowing the franchisee to sell a product or service under the franchisor’s business name.

A franchise is a joint venture between a franchisor and a franchisee.

The franchise business model has a storied history in the United States.

Franchise contracts are complex and vary for each franchisor.

Typically, a franchise agreement includes three categories of payment to the franchisor.

A franchise contract is temporary, akin to a lease or rental of a business.

This disclosure requirement was previously known as the Uniform Franchise Offering Circular before it was renamed the Franchise Disclosure Document in 2007.


The boom in franchising did not take place until after World War II. Nevertheless, the rudiments of modern franchising date back to the Middle Ages when landowners made franchise-like agreements with tax collectors, who retained a percentage of the money they collected and turned the rest over.

Although many business owners did affiliate with cooperative ventures of one type or another, there was little growth in franchising until the early 20th century, and in whatever form franchising existed, it looked nothing like what it is today.

In Australia, franchising is regulated by the Franchising Code of Conduct, a mandatory code of conduct concluded under the Trade Practices Act 1974.

The ACCC regulates the Franchising Code of Conduct, which is a mandatory industry code that applies to the parties to a franchise agreement.

On 1 January 2015, the old Franchising Code was repealed and replaced with a new Franchising Code of Conduct.

Commentators like Dr Mark Abell, in his book “The Law and Regulation of Franchising in the EU” consider this lack of uniformity to be one of the greatest barriers to franchising realising its potential in the EU. When adopting a European strategy, it is important that a franchisor takes expert legal advice.

The Minister for Industry and the Regions, Margaret Hodge, conducted hearings but saw no need for any government regulation of franchising with the advice that government regulation of franchising might lull the public into a false sense of security.

What Is Franchising? Definition And Examples

Franchising is an arrangement in which the franchisor gives the franchisee the right to distribute and sell the franchisor’s goods or services and use its business name and business model for a specified period, and possibly covering a geographical area.

The franchisor is the owner of the business that provides the product/service, while the franchisee is the person who receives the rights to use the franchisor’s business name, model, etc.

In business format franchising the franchisee has the right to sell the franchisor’s goods or services, but also uses the franchisor’s designs, quality control, training, and also benefits from his/her advertising and promotions, accounting systems, and operating procedures.

A wholesaler-to-retailer arrangement – the franchisor sells products to the franchisee who sells them to the general public.

The franchisor may have several sources of income, such as franchise fees, franchise royalty fees, training fees, service fees, advertising and franchise marketing fees, rebates from suppliers, and the sales of products and supplies to the franchisees.

Confidentiality – a franchisor will have to divulge more confidential information about the business to franchisees than to employees.

Long-term growth – the franchisee’s ambitions regarding to become large business one day may be limited by the franchise setup and the franchisor’s aims.

Post Idea #20: Revenue cycle management

Related Articles – Summarized

Revenue Cycle Management 101: Everything You Need To Know!

Revenue cycle management is the process used by healthcare systems in the United States to track the revenue and collect the cash from treating patients, from their initial appointment or encounter with the healthcare system to their final payment of balance.

Pre-Cycle/Patient Access Scheduling During the pre-cycle phase of revenue cycle management, Patient Access involves scheduling, registration, financial clearance, and patient collection.

Patient scheduling aims to improve the match between healthcare resources and patient needs.

RegistrationA patient registration specialist will collect Patient Identification, while Address Verification confirms the patient identity, address, and demographic data against third-party sources to improve registration accuracy and the ability to communicate with patients.

If anything is omitted, given incorrectly by the patient or entered incorrectly by the front desk, additional rework is created through the rest of the revenue cycle process.

Insurance VerificationInsurance Verification is the process of checking a patient’s active coverages with the insurance companies and verifying the eligibility and benefits available to expedite payment of a patient’s insurance claims.

The revenue cycle staff or software programs post these payments immediately into the respective patient accounts, against that particular claim to reconcile them.

Revenue Cycle Management

Revenue cycle management is the process a healthcare provider uses to track patient service revenue from the time of account creation to the final payment.

“Many provider organizations have failed to implement comprehensive payor contract management practices because of the complexity associated with negotiating and managing multiple contracts,”1 explained Tracy Watrous, Vice President Member Services and Organizational Content at Medical Group Management Association.

It is vital to be aware of your revenue cycle performance in order to provide better care services and receive reimbursement.

The Healthcare Financial Management Association defines revenue cycle in healthcare as all administrative and clinical functions that contribute to the capture, management and collection of patient services revenue.

Some will argue that successfully managing the RCM process is vital to the health and success of an organization but maintaining a high-performing revenue cycle for healthcare providers is not easy.

An effective revenue cycle management team can incorporate processes and workflows designed around the patient and streamline operations throughout the process by optimizing the PMS. A well-trained staff can reduce billing errors and make the whole RCM process efficient and effective.

Although providers pursue a variety of strategies to attain revenue cycle excellence, high-performing RCM practices don’t just happen.

What Is Revenue Cycle Management?

Revenue Cycle Management refers to the process of identifying, collecting and managing the practice’s revenue from payers based on the services provided.

The move toward value-based reimbursement and more holistic patient care has required healthcare providers to take a closer look at the way they approach revenue cycle management.

The revenue cycle begins when the patient makes the appointment and ends with successful payment collection.

Long waits for billing and claims to be processed for provider payments may result from claims denied due to insurance eligibility issues and the increasing efforts to combat healthcare fraud and abuse.

Patient pre-registration is essential to gaining the most accurate information about medical history and insurance information upfront to reduce claim denials.

Many providers choose to invest in healthcare Revenue Cycle Management.

Focusing on examining and improving an organization’s Revenue Cycle Management.

What Is It And Why Is It Important?

Healthcare revenue cycle management refers to the specific RCM process used by healthcare providers.

Benefits of RCM. Effective revenue cycle management helps providers avoid lost or delayed revenue.

Today, it is more important than ever that providers maintain quality data and digital RCM processes.

For a healthcare provider, choosing the right RCM system is an important decision that impacts financial data management, care, patient satisfaction, and office success.

McKesson – one of the largest providers of pharmaceutical supplies and health IT products/services in the U.S.Experian – a large company focusing on RCM, patient engagement, and care management solutions to help transition into value-based reimbursement.

ADP – one of the largest global payroll outsourcing providers, as well as a global outsourcing services provider.

In its focus on improving revenue processes, RCM benefits the provider, patient, and healthcare industry.

Corridor’s revenue cycle management services accelerate internal processes, payor response time and cash flow.

The revenue cycle starts with an appointment and ends when all claims and payment for that appointment have been made.

It sounds straightforward, but there are crucial steps that if performed incorrect, can result in delayed payment, decreased revenue, and ultimately, stress on your entire agency.

Building on over 30 years of best practice techniques, scalable resources, and advanced technology, Corridor’s dedicated team of revenue cycle experts bring billing expertise and confidence to your agency’s revenue cycle.

We’ll dig in to examine your processes, identify reimbursement gaps and implement optimizations needed to accelerate cash flow and reach your highest level of financial health.

What Is Revenue Cycle Management And Why Is It Important?

You may be wondering what revenue cycle management is and how it affects your office.

The definition of Revenue Cycle Management in healthcare is the process of managing your office’s claims processing, payment and revenue generation.

In order to efficiently manage the patient revenue cycle of your office, you’ll need a medical billing software or practice management software that allows you to effectively keep track of the claims process.

While the typical office day can be very busy, it’s important that everyone understands their role in the office’s revenue cycle.

With the proper revenue cycle processes and workflows in place, your office can increase payments while decreasing bad debt write-offs.

How? You may need to invest in an office consultant or medical billing company that specializes in Revenue Cycle Management.

If you interested in optimizing your revenue cycle, consider a Revenue Cycle Management company that will partner with you to get the most out of your office’s revenue cycle.

What Is Healthcare Revenue Cycle Management?

Healthcare revenue cycle management is the financial process facilities use to manage the administrative and clinical functions associated with claims processing, payment, and revenue generation.

THE BASICS OF HEALTHCARE REVENUE CYCLE MANAGEMENT. Healthcare revenue cycle management begins when a patient makes an appointment to seek medical services.

HOW TO SUCCEED AT HEALTHCARE REVENUE CYCLE MANAGEMENT. In simple terms, healthcare organizations must stay in the black and maintain profitability to see success with revenue cycle management.

As healthcare providers face an economic crisis due to the pandemic, outsourcing revenue cycle management to a third party may help organizations balance finances and patient care.

CHALLENGES OF HEALTHCARE REVENUE CYCLE MANAGEMENT. With ever-changing healthcare regulations, it can be difficult for organizations to maintain stable revenue cycle management policies.

Collecting payments from patients at or before point-of-service is a top revenue cycle management challenge for healthcare organizations.

HOW TECHNOLOGY HELPS DRIVE HEALTHCARE REVENUE CYCLE MANAGEMENT. Health IT and EHR systems have helped streamline and refine healthcare revenue cycle management strategies.

Post Idea #21: Solvent in chemical reactions

Related Articles – Summarized

What Is The Role Of A Solvent In A Chemical Reaction?

In scientific experiments, you will need specific molar concentrations of the two chemicals in water as a solvent to balance the reaction.

The role of a solvent in a chemical reaction can either be non-participatory or participatory.

Inorganic solvents are solvents that do not have carbon in their chemical compositions.

Water is the most common example of an inorganic solvent.

Most biochemical reactions in an organism will not occur without water as a solvent.

When written as chemical equations, these solutions are appended with in their chemical formula to indicate that water is used as solvent.

Vice versa, a non-aqueous solution is a liquid solution that does not have water as a solvent.

Solvents Uses & Properties

The term “Solvents” refers to a class of chemical compounds described by function – the term derives from Latin, meaning roughly to “Loosen.” In chemistry, solvents – which are generally in liquid form – are used to dissolve, suspend or extract other materials, usually without chemically changing either the solvents or the other materials.

Many different solvents are used in a wide variety of everyday product applications – from paint, personal care products and pharmaceuticals, to pesticides, cleaners and inks.

Varied and versatile different solvents meet specific needs to make products with optimal performance attributes, including spray paints that dry quickly and don’t clog the spray nozzle, inks that don’t smudge, paints that look good and last a long time, and strong cleaners that are good for tough, greasy jobs.

Types of Solvents: The chemical classification of a solvent is based on its chemical structure.

Hydrocarbon solvents are classified into three sub-groups based on the type of “Carbon skeleton” of their molecules, giving us the aliphatic, aromatic and paraffinic solvents families.

Oxygenated solvents are produced through chemical reactions from olefins, giving us the following sub-groups: alcohols, ketones, esters, ethers, glycol ethers and glycol ether esters.

Halogenated solvents are solvents that contain a halogen such as chlorine, bromine or iodine.

What Is The Role Of A Solvent In A Chemical Reaction?

In scientific experiments, you will need specific molar concentrations of the two chemicals in water as a solvent to balance the reaction.

The role of a solvent in a chemical reaction can either be non-participatory or participatory.

Inorganic solvents are solvents that do not have carbon in their chemical compositions.

Water is the most common example of an inorganic solvent.

Most biochemical reactions in an organism will not occur without water as a solvent.

When written as chemical equations, these solutions are appended with in their chemical formula to indicate that water is used as solvent.

Vice versa, a non-aqueous solution is a liquid solution that does not have water as a solvent.


Water is a solvent for polar molecules and the most common solvent used by living things; all the ions and proteins in a cell are dissolved in water within the cell.

Specific uses for organic solvents are in dry cleaning; as paint thinners; as nail polish removers and solvents of glue; in spot removers; in detergents; and in perfumes.

Generally, the dielectric constant of the solvent provides a rough measure of a solvent’s polarity.

In chemical reactions the use of polar protic solvents favors the SN1 reaction mechanism, while polar aprotic solvents favor the SN2 reaction mechanism.

These polar solvents are capable of forming hydrogen bonds with water to dissolve in water whereas non-polar solvents are not capable of strong hydrogen bonds.

Small amounts of low-boiling-point solvents like diethyl ether, dichloromethane, or acetone will evaporate in seconds at room temperature, while high-boiling-point solvents like water or dimethyl sulfoxide need higher temperatures, an air flow, or the application of vacuum for fast evaporation.

Solvent vapors can also be found in supposedly empty drums and cans, posing a flash fire hazard; hence empty containers of volatile solvents should be stored open and upside down.

Definition, Examples, & Facts

Substance, ordinarily a liquid, in which other materials dissolve to form a solution.

Polar solvents favour formation of ions; nonpolar ones do not.

Solvents may be predominantly acidic, predominantly basic, amphoteric, or aprotic.

Organic compounds used as solvents include aromatic compounds and other hydrocarbons, alcohols, esters, ethers, ketones, amines, and nitrated and halogenated hydrocarbons.

Their chief uses are as media for chemical syntheses, as industrial cleaners, in extractive processes, in pharmaceuticals, in inks, and in paints, varnishes, and lacquers.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Adam Augustyn.

American Chemical Society

This tool is brought to you by the ACS GCI Pharmaceutical Roundtable.

DISCLAIMER. The American Chemical Society Green Chemistry Institute’s Pharmaceutical Roundtable has created this Solvent Selection Tool to inform and guide users towards greener and safer solvents for selected criteria.

The Roundtable has used reasonable efforts in collecting, preparing and providing quality information and material, but does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy, completeness, adequacy or currency of the information contained in the Solvent Selection Tool.

By downloading, viewing and utilizing information from the Solvent Selection Tool visitors assume full responsibility for their own actions and any damages or liabilities that may result from the utilization of information obtained from the Solvent Selection Tool.

Post Idea #22: Business school

Related Articles – Summarized

Business School

A business school may also be referred to as school of management, management school, school of business administration, or colloquially b-school or biz school.

As the French scholar Adrien Jean-Guy Passant points out, the oldest business school in the world is, to this day, ESCP Business School, founded in Paris in October 1819, under the name ‘Special School of Commerce and Industry’, followed by the business school of the Università Ca’Foscari in Italy which was opened in August 1868 under the name ‘Higher School of Commerce of Venice’.

1857 – The world’s first public business school, Budapest Business School was founded in Budapest in Austria-Hungary as the first business school in Central Europe.

1898 – On the west coast Haas School of Business is established as the College of Commerce of the University of California with Carl Copping Plehn as the Dean in 1898 and became the first public business school.

The Booth School of Business The University of Chicago Booth School of Business also traces its beginnings to 1898 when university faculty member James Laurence Laughlin chartered the College of Commerce and Politics.

The school conferred the first advanced degree in business, specifically, a Master of Science in Commercial Sciences, the predecessor to the MBA. 1902 – The Birmingham Business School of University of Birmingham is the United Kingdom’s first business school.

Business schools often obtain case studies published by the Harvard Business School, INSEAD, London Business School, the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan, the Richard Ivey School of Business at The University of Western Ontario, the Darden School at the University of Virginia, IESE, other academic institutions, or case clearing houses.

Best Business Schools 2022

Check out our latest full list of best MBA programs, or browse by region.

Learn which business schools have the most highly rated faculties.

Business Schools & Colleges

Business schools provide the opportunity to learn essential skills that can improve your ability to reach the level of success you’re striving for.

The business schools on this page offer a compelling variety of programs.

Find Business Schools by Program Business Schools Central Christian College of Kansas Only available to residents of some states.

Business skills are just as valuable to a sole entrepreneur as they are to a manager or executive of a big multinational corporation.

Many people choose to focus on just one or a few areas of business administration.

Salaries for people with business administration degrees can be very good, particularly for those who choose to emphasize a specific area.

When you understand international business and trade and the special considerations involved in conducting business abroad, you can often find positions that pay higher salaries and come with the chance to travel to locations in some of the most fascinating parts of the world.

London Business School

Executive MBA. Realise your leadership potential with our Executive MBA. This transformative programme equips you with the business knowledge, leadership skills and networks to accelerate your career.

Choose to take it in London or Dubai to suit your own plans.

MBA, Master Full Time, Part Time Ed Executive Master

Unisciti ai 5.240 che si sono già iscritti alle Open Lesson.

Dall’1 al 14 aprile avrai libero accesso a contenuti esclusivi con i massimi esperti di ogni settore.

“Ogni impresa grande o piccola che sia, nasce sempre da un sogno”.

“Studia per assumere qualche certezza ma poi coltiva i dubbi”.

BEATRICE VENEZI. ISCRIVITI AL PROSSIMO OPEN DAY DEL 12 APRILE. Open Day Open Dreams L’Open Day un’occasione unica per scoprire e scegliere il tuo futuro e confrontarti con Manager e Professionisti che ti spiegheranno come sta cambiando il mondo del lavoro e quali sono le skills più richieste oggi da ogni settore.

55%. dei partecipanti, trova lavoro già durante il Master.

STAGE GARANTITO. 90%. dei partecipanti, trova o cambia lavoro entro 4 mesi dal termine del Master.

Post Idea #23: Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business

Related Articles – Summarized

Association To Advance Collegiate Schools Of Business

The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business was established by its members in 1916 as a non-profit organization to accredit business schools throughout the world.

The first business school was accredited by AACSB in 1919.

For several years, AACSB stood for “American Association of Collegiate Schools of Business” and was only responsible for accrediting business schools in North America.

Later the association’s name was officially changed to “Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business” and it wasn’t until 1997 that the association started accrediting business schools in other regions of the world.

The first international business school to be accredited by AACSB was the renowned French business school ESSEC. AACSB established its first international headquarters in Singapore in 2009.

AACSB offers two accreditations, one in business and another in both business and accounting.

While AACSB standards today are similar to what they were nearly a hundred years ago, they have evolved and been revised on a regular basis to ensure quality and continuous improvement in collegiate business education.

The Association To Advance Collegiate Schools Of Business Grants Reaccreditation To Lagos Business School

Lagos, Nigeria; Sunday, February 20, 2022: Leading global accreditation body, the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business has extended the accreditation of all business degree programmes of Lagos Business School.

This reaccreditation, which is valid for five years, reaffirms LBS premier status being the only business school in Nigeria and one of eight in Africa to be accredited by AACSB. While congratulating each institution on their achievement, the Executive Vice President and Chief Accreditation Officer of AACSB, Stephanie M. Bryant said; “Every AACSB accredited school has demonstrated a focus on excellence in all areas, including teaching, research, curricula development, and student learning. The intense prereview process exemplifies their commitment to quality business education.”

It is a global nonprofit association for the business education industry providing quality assurance, business education intelligence, and learning and development services to over 1,700 member organizations and more than 840 accredited business schools worldwide.

Commenting on the milestone, the Dean of LBS, Professor Chris Ogbehie stated that “By the feat of the AACSB Re-accreditation, Lagos Business School has once more distinguished itself as a management education provider of high repute in Africa. The reaccreditation is an external validation of our excellent quality; our goal through our MBA programmes, and other executive programmes to develop responsible leaders who are solving Africa’s social and institutional business problems”.

Its accreditation process reflects this commitment to fostering engagement, acceleration, innovation and amplifies impact in business education and demands business schools to perform at the highest level continually.

ABOUT LAGOS BUSINESS SCHOOL Lagos Business School is the graduate business school of Pan-Atlantic University.

LBS is a member of the Association of African Business Schools, the Global Business School Network, the Principles for Responsible Management Education, AACSB International-The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business and the Graduate Management Admission Council, alongside 220 leading graduate business schools worldwide.

The Association To Advance Collegiate Schools Of Business Grants Reaccreditation To LBS

This reaccreditation, which is valid for five years, reaffirms LBS premier status being the only business school in Nigeria and one of eight in Africa to be accredited by AACSB.While congratulating each institution on their achievement, the Executive Vice President and Chief Accreditation Officer of AACSB, Stephanie M. Bryant said; “Every AACSB accredited school has demonstrated a focus on excellence in all areas, including teaching, research, curricula development, and student learning. The intense peer review process exemplifies their commitment to quality business education”.

AACSB has for more than a century been synonymous with the highest standards in business education.

It is a global non-profit association for the business education industry providing quality assurance, business education intelligence, and learning and development services to over 1,700 member organizations and more than 840 accredited business schools worldwide.

It is the largest global business education network, linking students, academia, and businesses to advance the cause of business education around the world.

Stated that “By the feat of the AACSB Re-accreditation, Lagos Business School has once more distinguished itself as a management education provider of high repute in Africa. The reaccreditation is an external validation of our excellent quality; our goal through our MBA programmes, and other executive programmes to develop responsible leaders who are solving Africa’s social and institutional business problems”.

The accreditation is international in scope and reach, and AACSB works under the belief that accredited schools should be of the highest standard and reflect changing trends and innovation in business education.

Its accreditation process reflects this commitment to fostering engagement, acceleration, innovation and amplifies impact in business education and demands business schools to perform at the highest level continually.

The Association To Advance Collegiate Schools Of Business Grants Re-Accreditation To Lagos Business School

Leading global accreditation body, the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business has extended the accreditation of all business degree programmes of Lagos Business School.

This re accreditation, which is valid for five years, reaffirms LBS premier status being the only business school in Nigeria and one of eight in Africa to be accredited by AACSB. While congratulating each institution on their achievement, the Executive Vice President and Chief Accreditation Officer of AACSB, Stephanie M. Bryant said; “Every AACSB accredited school has demonstrated a focus on excellence in all areas, including teaching, research, curricula development, and student learning. The intense peer review process exemplifies their commitment to quality business education.”

It is a global nonprofit association for the business education industry providing quality assurance, business education intelligence, and learning and development services to over 1,700 member organizations and more than 840 accredited business schools worldwide.

Commenting on the milestone, the Dean of LBS, Professor Chris Ogbechie stated that “By the feat of the AACSB Re-accreditation, Lagos Business School has once more distinguished itself as a management education provider of high repute in Africa. The reaccreditation is an external validation of our excellent quality; our goal through our MBA programmes, and other executive programmes to develop responsible leaders who are solving Africa’s social and institutional business problems”.

Its accreditation process reflects this commitment to fostering engagement, acceleration, innovation and amplifies impact in business education and demands business schools to perform at the highest level continually.

Lagos Business School is the graduate business school of Pan-Atlantic University.

LBS is a member of the Association of African Business Schools, the Global Business School Network, the Principles for Responsible Management Education, AACSB International-The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business and the Graduate Management Admission Council, alongside 220 leading graduate business schools worldwide.

AACSB Grants Re-Accreditation To Lagos Business School

The leading global accreditation body, the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business has extended the accreditation of all business degree programmes of Lagos Business School.

This reaccreditation, which is valid for five years, reaffirms LBS premier status as being the only business school in Nigeria and one of eight in Africa to be accredited by AACSB. While congratulating each institution on their achievement, the Executive Vice President and Chief Accreditation Officer of AACSB, Stephanie M. Bryant said; “Every AACSB-accredited school has demonstrated a focus on excellence in all areas, including teaching, research, curricula development, and student learning. The intense peer-review process exemplifies their commitment to quality business education.”

Commenting on the milestone, the Dean of LBS, Professor Chris Ogbechie stated that “By the feat of the AACSB Re-accreditation, Lagos Business School has once more distinguished itself as a management education provider of high repute in Africa. The reaccreditation is an external validation of our excellent quality; our goal through our MBA programmes and other executive programmes to develop responsible leaders who are solving Africa’s social and institutional business problems”.

The accreditation is international in scope and reach, and AACSB works under the belief that accredited schools should be of the highest standard and reflect changing trends and innovation in business education.

Its accreditation process reflects this commitment to fostering engagement, acceleration, innovation and amplifies impact in business education and demands business schools to perform at the highest level continually.

Lagos Business School is the graduate business school of Pan-Atlantic University.

LBS is a member of the Association of African Business Schools, the Global Business School Network, the Principles for Responsible Management Education, AACSB International-The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business and the Graduate Management Admission Council, alongside 220 leading graduate business schools worldwide.

AACSB Vs ACBSP Accreditation

Should applicants care about the accreditation of an MBA program to which they might apply? Before answering that question, let’s first review what accreditation means for both business schools as well as applicants.

Institutional accreditation usually pertains to an entire college or university, while specialized accreditation pertains to component schools, departments, or programs within such an institution.

Several organizations worldwide award accreditation to business schools and programs, including the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business and the Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs.

Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs History AACSB built its accreditation process around the goal of creating and supporting the next generation of business leaders.

They point out that in only 30 years, the ACBSP brought an emphasis on educational standards commensurate with an accreditation process to almost 3,000 programs whose academic structures and lower operating budgets likely prevent them from ever receiving AACSB accreditation.

Reported that faculty hired after a school achieved AACSB accreditation overwhelmingly disclosed their preference for working at such an institution; they also revealed that AACSB accreditation helped their school obtain appropriate faculty.

Wolk pointed out that U.S. News and World Report and other ranking authorities consider AACSB accreditation, but do not consider accreditation by other accrediting boards.

The Association To Advance Collegiate Schools Of Business Extends Accreditation Of All Business Degree Programmes Of Lagos Business School

Leading global accreditation body, the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business has extended the accreditation of all business degree programmes of Lagos Business School.

It is a global nonprofit association for the business education industry providing quality assurance, business education intelligence, and learning and development services to over 1,700 member organizations and more than 840 accredited business schools worldwide.

It is the largest global business education network, linking students, academia, and businesses to advance the cause of business education around the world.

By the feat of the AACSB Re-accreditation, Lagos Business School has once more distinguished itself as a management education provider of high repute in Africa.

The reaccreditation is an external validation of our excellent quality; our goal through our MBA programmes and other executive programmes to develop responsible leaders who are solving Africa’s social and institutional business problems.

The accreditation is international in scope and reach, and AACSB works under the belief that accredited schools should be of the highest standard and reflect changing trends and innovation in business education.

Its accreditation process reflects this commitment to fostering engagement, acceleration, innovation and amplifies impact in business education and demands business schools to perform at the highest level continually.

Post Idea #24: Business administration

Related Articles – Summarized

What Is Business Administration?

A business administration degree can even be a great path to starting your own company.

In the United States, business degrees – like a Bachelor of Business Administration -are the most popular type of degree programs for undergraduates.

The National Association of Colleges and Employers ranks business administration in the top five on its list of college majors for finding full-time employment after school, with 48.7% of responding employers saying they planned to hire new business administration graduates in the coming year.

Business administration professionals can work in many different fields and settings including businesses, non-profit organizations and in healthcare fields.

You might imagine business professionals working primarily in small, medium and large for-profit companies, but in fact just about every kind of organization, from hospitals to higher education, has a need for professionals who can effectively manage business practices and resources.

All of these careers and many more have a business component and present possible opportunities for people with a business background.

Whether you are looking to step up to a leadership role or make a complete career change, or you are dreaming of one day starting your own business, a bachelor’s degree in business administration is a versatile and flexible choice that will serve you well in today’s job market.

What Is A Business Administration Degree?

At its core, business administration degree programs focus on many aspects of managing a business – and its people and processes.

An associate degree in business administration will typically take about two years to earn, and it will prepare students for entry-level positions in business, such as in customer service, sales, administrative support, and retail management.

Many people may wish to study business administration not because they want to enter the corporate world, but rather because they either want to start their own business or contribute in a greater capacity to a family-owned business.

Companies and organizations of all kinds are in need of employees with skills learned in a business administration degree program, but a few industries, in particular, employ a higher level of people in business and finance.

Many people who earn a bachelor’s degree in business administration or a related business field continue on to earn a master’s of business administration.

Earning a master’s of business administration degree online is one way to grow and advance in the field.

What started as a simple answer to “What is a business administration degree?” at the start of this article turned into a deeper dive into business administration opportunities, which truly demonstrates the versatility of this area of study.

What Is Business Administration All About?

The Bachelor of Business Administration degree is designed to provide in-depth knowledge of a wide-range of aspects related to business operations.

The program aims to provide you with an opportunity to learn from instructors with extensive experience in business administration.

The course lays the basic foundation for education in business administration principles.

To broaden horizons after completing the program, you can study towards the Master of Business Administration degree.

A bachelor’s degree program in business administration qualifies you for roles in various industries and settings.

The degree program provides much-needed exposure to the basics of business administration.

Which makes earning a BBA an excellent stepping stone to to future business success with graduate degrees such as the MBA. Do you believe the Bachelor of Science in Business Administration is the right move for you? ECPI University offers this degree program in accelerated format.

A business manager may have a wide variety of responsibilities depending on the organization they are employed with.

Universal functions include: Planning Organizing Staffing Directing, Controlling Budgeting 1.2 Common Business Terms Business – Activity that seeks to provide goods and services to others while operating at a profit.

Sole proprietorship – Business owned and managed by one person.

Limited Liability – Partners are not responsible for debts of the business.

Need – Necessary wants 1 Want – Things you wish you could have Profit – The amount of money left over a business has paid for the cost of producing its goods & services Revenue – Total amount of money a business takes in during a given period by selling goods and services Loss – Occurs when expenses are more than revenues Competition – Rivalry among business who share target customers to sell their goods and services.

Planning A business manager is responsible for looking down the road and preparing the organization for what lies ahead. Involves: Budget projections Market research Strategic planning.

Controlling tasks include analysis of: Business expenses Information management Performance measurement Budgeting Critical to any business manager’s success are: Projecting Tracking Reviewing the budget 4 Important areas of knowledge for a business administrator include: Statistics Marketing Human resources Economics Decision-making Logic Problem-solving Interpersonal skills 5 ..

Business Administration

Business administration is the administration of a commercial enterprise.

The administration of a business includes the performance or management of business operations and decision-making, as well as the efficient organization of people and other resources to direct activities towards common goals and objectives.

The Bachelor of Business Administration or Bachelor of Commerce is a bachelor’s degree in commerce and business administration.

The Master of Business Administration is a master’s degree in business administration with a significant focus on management.

The Doctor of Business Administration is a research doctorate awarded on the basis of advanced study and research in the field of business administration.

The D.B.A. is a terminal degree in business administration, and is equivalent to the Ph.D in Business Administration.

The degree is intended for those seeking academic research- and teaching-careers as faculty or professors in the study of management at business schools worldwide.

What Is Business Administration?

If you’re interested in getting a degree in business administration, you’ll want to get your bachelor’s degree in business.

What’s the difference between business administration and business management?

It’s easy to get business administration and business management confused, as the two are similar and can sometimes be used interchangeably.

Business administration: Concentrates on the overall operations of the business.

Business management: Focuses on interpersonal aspects of business.

One of the great things about earning a degree in business administration is that there is a wide range of career opportunities at your fingertips.

Getting a business administration degree is a great way to kickstart your career in the business world.

What Is Business Administration? Definition And Meaning

In most cases, the term, business administration, refers to the programs available in colleges.

“Business administration is the process of organizing the business’s personnel and resources to meet business goals and objectives.”

Universities and colleges across the world earn significant incomes from their business administration courses.

MBA stands for Masters in Business Administration, i.e., it is a post-graduate degree.

A business administrator is usually somebody who has studied business administration and is in charge of the day-to-day operations of a company.

If you are considering starting a degree in Business Administration, bear in mind that it comprises many areas of business.

The course outline also includes project management and global business.

Post Idea #25: Feminine hygiene

Related Articles – Summarized

Feminine Hygiene Tips

Everyone’s vaginas, even healthy ones, have their own special scent.

“People think the vagina is the dirtiest place on the planet,” says Alyssa Dweck, MD, assistant clinical professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Science at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City and author of The Complete A to Z for Your V. “More bacteria are in our mouth than in our vagina.”

Keep the vagina clean and dryCotton is breathable, making it an ideal fabric selection for underwear.

Don’t doucheYour vagina knows how to take care of itself.

If your vagina smells like something rotting, you may have bacterial vaginosis, a common vaginal infection.

“You don’t need to clean the inside of the vagina,” she says.

Eat rightMaintaining a healthy diet can do your body and your vagina good.

20 Feminine Hygiene Tips: Who It’S For, Routines, Myths, More

Plus, what vulvar health and hygiene really entails.

One that’s based in transphobic, misogynistic values designed to make cisgender women feel ashamed of their genitals, and therefore buy so-called feminine hygiene products.

Actually, a better, more accurate phrase would be vulvar/vaginal hygiene.

Just as oral hygiene entails more than just one thing, vulvar/vaginal hygiene does too!

“The vulva is skin, and it’s skin that needs to be washed just like any other skin on the body,” explains Lauren F. Streicher, MD, clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology and author of “Sex Rx: Hormones, Health, and Your Best Sex Ever.”.

“After menopause the vulva skin may need more moisture because the skin and area will become more dry,” Gersh says.

Even more painful and unsavory is the risk that it can literally burn your vaginal tissues and vulvar skin.

32 Healthy Feminine Hygiene Tips For Vaginal Health And Hygiene

Get into a good feminine hygiene routine with these feminine hygiene tips and learn when to use feminine hygiene products, like vaginal washes, for vaginal health and hygiene.

Wondering how to get rid of the odour of vaginal discharge, prevent vaginal infections, and whether to use a feminine hygiene wash or douche?

These feminine hygiene tips will show you how to practice good feminine hygiene and when to use feminine hygiene products like vaginal washes, cleanses, douches, and personal care products in your feminine hygiene routine.

If this is your experience, you may have felt the need to ask one or more of these feminine hygiene questions on maintaining vaginal health and good feminine hygiene.

Today, there are a number of feminine hygiene washes that help in maintaining vaginal hygiene.

These feminine hygiene products help to maintain a healthy pH required for vaginal health.

From menstrual hygiene and contraception to vaginal washes, each of us has our own feminine hygiene products list that we’re comfortable using.

The Ultimate Guide To Feminine Hygiene

These statistics make it appear that women have ready access to tampons, sanitary pads, and other essential feminine hygiene products.

Trends in the use of feminine hygiene products, conflicts surrounding feminine hygiene, and resources for women to use in securing these necessities are examined in the following sections.

According to Grand View Research, the projected 6.5 percent compound annual growth rate in the global feminine hygiene market from 2014 to 2025 is being driven by three things: growing awareness among women of the need for such products, the increase in disposable income in developing countries, and the development of products that are easy to use and that are less harmful to the environment.

Feminine hygiene support groups and organizations Nearly two-thirds of the women living in St. Louis can’t always afford feminine hygiene.

A survey conducted by researchers at St. Louis University found that women who lack the funds to buy feminine hygiene products use cloth, rags, toilet paper, and “Sometimes even diapers or paper towels taken from public bathrooms,” according to Linda Carroll, writing for Reuters Health.

More than 300,000 feminine hygiene products have been collected and donated to women struggling with homelessness as part of a “National period product drive.”

The estimated 3.5 million homeless people in America include many women who lack access to feminine hygiene products.

L.A. County Offers Free Feminine Hygiene Products, Diapers In Pilot Program

Los Angeles County will offer free feminine hygiene products and diapers at select facilities under a new pilot program, the Board of Supervisors announced Tuesday.

The program will provide feminine hygiene products, diapers and other personal care items at select county venues such as parks, libraries and museums.

“Just as we provide toilet paper and soap in public restrooms, we should also provide feminine hygiene products and diapers, so that women’s basic health needs, and the needs of their infants, can be met in our county restrooms,” Supervisor Sheila Kuehl, co-author of the motion, said.

“In recent years, there has been an overdue recognition that hygiene products are costly, and that cost is disproportionately felt by women,” a news release from Supervisor Hilda Solis’s office reads.

With increasing prices such, California lifted the sales tax for children’s diapers and feminine hygiene products for the next two years.

“LA County should use this opportunity to address this structural inequity by providing free feminine hygiene products and diapers at certain facilities where parents and children frequent,” Solid added.

The motion also directs the county’s Chief Executive Office to support federal and state legislation reducing the cost of feminine products and diapers, providing additional federal and state funding to cover the cost of providing these free products to low-income residents, and/ or that would allow government benefits to cover the cost of feminine hygiene products and diapers.

FACT CHECK: Does Germany Have A 19 Percent Tax On Feminine Hygiene Products?

An image shared on Facebook claims Germany has a 19 percent tax on feminine hygiene products while having only a 7 percent tax on books.

While Germany did have a 19 percent tax on female hygiene products, it abolished the tax in 2020.

The Facebook image, which features a screen grab of a tweet, claims Germany had a 19 percent tax on feminine hygiene products while only having a 7 percent tax on books.

“Today I learned that female hygiene products in Germany have a nominal tax rate of 19%, but books only 7%. So one company is packaging tampons as books, and selling as books, and there’s nothing anybody can do about it :-),” reads the post.

Germany does have a 7 percent value-added tax on books, according to Publishing Perspective.

While Germany did have a 19 percent tax on feminine hygiene products, the country abolished it in 2020, according to DW. At the time, Germany classified feminine hygiene products as luxury items, which meant they were taxed at 19 percent, the outlet reported.

The German parliament voted to abolish the 19 percent tax on female hygiene products in November 2019 after journalist Jule Schulte presented them with a petition with over 80,000 signatures supporting the move, according to Dazed Digital.

Feminine Hygiene

Feminine hygiene products are personal care products used during menstruation, vaginal discharge, and other bodily functions related to the vulva and vagina.

Feminine hygiene products also include products meant to cleanse the vulva or vagina, such as douches, feminine wipes, and soap.

Feminine hygiene products are either disposable or reusable.

Sanitary napkins, tampons, and pantyliners are disposable feminine hygiene products.

Menstrual cups, cloth menstrual pads, period panties, and sponges are reusable feminine hygiene products.

Feminine hygiene products that are meant to cleanse may lead to allergic reaction and irritation, as the vagina naturally flushes out bacteria.

In low-income countries, women’s choices of menstrual hygiene materials are often limited by the costs, availability and social norms.

Post Idea #26: Caesarstone

Related Articles – Summarized

Caesarstone USA Quartz Countertops. Life In Stone.

If you are a Caesarstone trader partner, please call your local Caesarstone representative or call 877.978.2789 to order samples.

Architects & Designers, you can also order samples from our Material Bank Program by visiting materialbank.com.

Omicron Granite & Tile

Caesarstone is one of the most beautiful stones you can choose for your home.

Our Caesarstone selection come in a wide range of colors and patterns to choose from, so you are sure to find the perfect shade to match your style.

With a wide selection of styles and finishes, your caesarstone can be either traditional or contemporary, or a mix of both.

When you choose caesarstone, you’ll never have to worry about sealing this non- porous surface, and will need minimum maintenance to keep your stone looking brand new.

This stone looks optimal for any work surface, whether it be caesarstone countertops, caesarstone sinks, or vanities.

It’s easy to make your home pop with this quartz stone.

Caesarstone is sanitary and non-porous, so you can stop worrying about spills.

2022 Cost Of Caesarstone Countertop

Cambria vs. Caesarstone CostCambria is $65 to $75 per square foot.

Its cheapest models are $10 per square foot more expensive compared to Caesarstone.

Caesarstone vs. Marble CostMarble countertops cost $65 to $90 per square foot.

Essastone vs. Caesarstone PriceEssastone costs $35 to $80 per square foot.

Their standard single-color designs are up to 40% cheaper compared to a similar Caesarstone model.

Vadara vs. Caesarstone PriceVadara costs $40 to $60 per square foot, making it $15 cheaper compared to Caesarstone.

Cost of Caesarstone vs. SilestoneAt $50 to $70 per square foot, Silestone is $5 less than Caesarstone.


Caesarstone Ltd. manufactures quartz surfaces in three different sites, two in Israel – Kibbutz Sdot Yam and the Bar Lev Industrial Zone near Karmiel, and in its new plant in Richmond Hill, GA, USA, since May 27, 2015.

The name Caesarstone comes from the company’s location near Caesarea.

In 2012, Caesarstone started trading on NASDAQ in New York under the ticker symbol CSTE. In 2015, Caesarstone opened a new facility in the US with an investment of about 100 million dollars.

In 2016, Caesarstone’s share in the quartz surface market was: Israel 84%; Australia 55%; Canada 36%; USA 19%. In 2016, Caesarstone registered a revenue of 539 million dollars, 1.7% higher than the forecast.

For 2017, Caesarstone expects that revenue will stand at 580-595 million dollars and EBITDA in the range of 119-126 million dollars.

In 2015-2016, Caesarstone encountered challenges which included discord between shareholders and kibbutz members, departure of board members and CEO, and a report by Spruce Point hedge fund claiming that the company’s quartz surfaces contain less than the commonly accepted amounts of quartz, and yet are still sold at premium prices.

In 2016 the share price declined compared to its former peak, however in H1 2017, Caesarstone shares climbed 23 percent; thus, Caesarstone’s value stands at 1.49 billion dollars.

101+ Caesarstone Reviews From Real Owners

In order to answer these questions we decided to turn to real-life homeowners that had made a purchase and then let others know both the good points and the not-so-great points we discovered through Caesarstone reviews written by actual owners.

Caesarstone slabs are manufactured from natural materials and naturally occurring variations in appearance in the long term caused by artificial or natural light are not covered by the Caesarstone warranty.

Charles Pace couldn’t agree more Annette – the service is lousy and the guarantee useless – but at least you got a replacement – we got a running commentary from Caesarstone about how we must have used a knife to create the numerous tiny pin prick holes in our bench top – not once was the possibility that it was a product related issue mentioned – we’ve recommended to numerous friends not to use this product Lisa Which quartz company did you go with? Liz I’m having all the same issues with my Frosty Carina Caesarstone.

Luis Garcia Hi Betty, Caesarstone is the name of the company that produces quartz counter tops jane glascock I too just had Caesarstone “Concrete” installed and agree it is a terrible product, showing every single handprint, touch, cup bottom, anything.

Does anyone know if sealing caesarstone with something like 511 Impregnator or similar product from ‘Miracle Sealants’ would help? I know caesarstone says their countertops don’t need to be sealed, but given the conversations above clearly it’s worth considering.

We are screwed, Ikea sends us to Caesarstone and Caesarstone sends us back to Ikea.

Every single forum where people ask if Caesarstone is recommended over quartz or granite, I will tell them NO. Ellie Caesarstone IS Quartz.

Caesarstone Countertops Reviews

I’m looking to redesign my kitchen and I’d like to go with either Silestone or Caesarstone.

I’ve read about chipping for both stones, staining, etc.

I’m just in disbelief? Is one far more superior than the other?

Caesarstone USA Quartz Countertops. Life In Stone.

If you are a Caesarstone trader partner, please call your local Caesarstone representative or call 877.978.2789 to order samples.

Architects & Designers, you can also order samples from our Material Bank Program by visiting materialbank.com.

Post Idea #27: Swap Execution Facility

Related Articles – Summarized

Swap Execution Facility Definition

A Swap Execution Facility is an electronic platform provided by a corporate entity that allows participants to buy and sell swaps in a regulated and transparent manner.

The Dodd-Frank Act defined a SEF as, “A facility, trading system or platform in which multiple participants have the ability to execute or trade swaps by accepting bids and offers made by other participants that are open to multiple participants in the facility or system, through any means of interstate commerce.”

A facility that allows for multiple bids and offers provides liquidity to the swap marketplace.

Swap execution facilities are electronic matching platforms that bring together buyers and sellers of swaps contracts, much like any other electronic exchange.

Swap execution facilities were created under the 2010 Dodd-Frank act to better regulate and increase transparency for swaps deals, both before and after the trade.

Are swaps required to be transacted through a swap execution facility?

While many swaps now must be traded on a SEF, financial institutions can still transact certain swaps over-the-counter directly between one another.

What Is Swap Execution Facility

A swap execution facility is regulated platform or trading facility which is designed to enable multiple participants to execute swap transactions by accepting bids and offers.

Where have you heard about a swap execution facility?

The development of swap execution facilities represents a major step forward in increasing transparency in the OTC derivative markets.

What you need to know about a swap execution facility.

Swap execution facilities are an attempt by the Securities and Exchange Commission and Commodity Futures Trading Commission to bring swaps trading in line with other ‘exchange traded’ products such as financial futures and options.

Trading on an exchange-style platform offers a much greater degree of price transparency to market participants than trading ‘over-the-counter’, where participants relied on an old-style voice broker to execute their transactions and trades were not posted for the rest of the market to see.

Trading on a SEF also moves participants toward clearing-house settlement for swaps, again mirroring the exchange-traded futures markets.

Swap Execution Facility

About the AEGIS SEF. AEGIS SEF LLC, a subsidiary of AEGIS Hedging Solutions, will facilitate the negotiation and execution of bilateral swap contracts for market participants.

The AEGIS SEF, pending regulatory approval, will include a request-for-quote function to allow negotiations between clients and financial counterparties and a central limit order book.

Trading on the AEGIS SEF will be used to execute Permitted Transactions.

Commodity interest trading involves risk and is not appropriate for all persons; failure to manage commercial risk by engaging in some form of hedging also involves risk.

There is no guarantee that hedge program objectives will be achieved.

Neither this trading advisor nor any of its trading principals offer a trading program to clients, nor do they propose guiding or directing a commodity interest account for any client based on any such trading program.

The Commodity Futures Trading Commission does not pass upon the adequacy or accuracy of this Advisor’s disclosure and has not reviewed or approved the contents of this webpage.


Success in the changing derivatives marketplace means having the right tools to access liquidity, manage risk and execute your trading strategies.

A broad suite of trading protocols for maximum flexibility.

Seamless connections to clearing and automatic SDR reporting.

DW SEF offers USD IRS, Basis Swaps and OIS among other products.

DW SEF supports voice, electronic and hybrid execution.

Swap Execution Facilities

This page contains forms and other documents related to the Swap Execution Facilities operating under the regulatory oversight of the CFTC, pursuant to Section 5h of the Commodity Exchange Act.

More information about SEFs is available in the Industry Oversight section.

Cboe SEF

Cboe SEF brings Cboe’s track record of innovation to the Non-Deliverable Forwards market.

With the launch of Cboe SEF, market participants can trade NDFs on emerging market currencies for the first time on Cboe’s awardwinning technology.

Become a Participant on Cboe SEF as a:. Principal Trading Firm – for executing dealers with an ability to settle trades.

Trading Firm – for proprietary trading firms that utilize a prime broker for credit.

Physical connectivity to the Cboe Spot Market at NY5 and LD4 can be leveraged to seamlessly access Cboe SEF. To learn more, please visit our Rulebook or contact.

Unless otherwise noted in the Product specification for a Product listed in Chapter 10 of the SEF Rules, the Trading Hours of the SEF begin on each Sunday at 5:00 p.m. ET, and end on the following Friday at 5:00 p.m. ET, with a suspension of trading between 5:00 p.m. ET and 5:30 p.m. ET on each of the Monday through Thursday during each such period, with the exception of Christmas Day and New Year’s Day in each year, on which days the SEF will be closed.

As of Trade Date April 18, 2019, all Cboe SEF, LLC volumes are shown as single-counted notional values.

FACT SHEET Regulatory Regime for Security-Based Swap Execution Facilities The Securities and Exchange Commission proposed rules that would: Create a regime for the registration and regulation of security-based swap execution facilities; Implement the “Trade execution requirement” for security-based swaps and address various issues relating to the requirement, including its cross-border application; Address conflicts of interest at SBSEFs and national securities exchanges that trade SBS; and Promote consistency between the proposed rules governing SBSEFs and existing rules under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Why This Matters To enhance transparency and oversight of the over-the-counter derivatives market, Title VII of the Dodd-Frank Act requires the Commission to implement a regulatory framework for SBS that requires the registration and regulation of SBSEFs and mitigates conflicts of interest on SBSEFs and SBS exchanges.

The Commission proposed Regulation SE, which would implement these statutory requirements and represent an important step in the SEC’s efforts to finalize its regulatory regime for the SBS market.

How This Rule Applies Regulation SE would set out the process for an entity to register with the Commission as an SBSEF, including by submitting a new Form SBSEF. Proposed Rule 802(w) implement the Exchange Act definition of “Security-based swap execution facility” but would not include an entity that is registered with the Commission as a clearing agency and limits its security-based swap matching functions to operation of a trading session that is designed to further the accuracy of end-of-day valuations.

Regulation SE also would establish various requirements for registered SBSEFs.

Proposed Rules 818 to 831 of Regulation SE, for example, would implement and require SBSEFs to comply with the 14 “Core Principles” set forth in Section 3D(d) of the Exchange Act.

What’s Required For an entity meeting the definition of “Security-based swap execution facility”: Register with the Commission as an SBSEF on Form SBSEF or register as a national securities exchange; and Foreign SBS trading venues may seek an exemption from the definition of “Security-based swap execution facility” pursuant to proposed Rule 833(a).

Post Idea #28: Dental restoration

Related Articles – Summarized

Dental Restorations: Treatment, Types & Definition

Teeth frequently need to be reduced evenly around the tooth so that the crown will perfectly restore the size and shape of the tooth.

Bridges are false teeth that are designed to “Bridge” the gap created by one or more missing teeth.

Dentures are a removable replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissues.

Partial dentures are considered when some natural teeth remain, and are retained by metal clasps attached to the natural teeth.

Contact your dentist right away if you have a problem with your teeth.

You’ll need to brush and otherwise care for your false teeth as much as you would your natural teeth.

Take good care of your teeth by cleaning them every day, and attending follow-up cleaning appointments with your dentist.

Restorative Dentistry & Types Of Dental Restoration

While it is not currently recognized as a dental specialty by the American Dental Association, general dentists are able to perform many of these procedures without additional education and certification.

Many of the procedures are also covered by the dental specialty of prosthodontic dentistry, including fillings, veneers, crowns, bridges, full and partial dentures and dental implants.

Restorative dentistry is often referred to as prosthodontic dentistry.

Whether your dental professional uses the term “Restorative dentistry” or “Prosthodontic dentistry,” the goal is to preserve natural teeth as much as possible.

Replacing missing teeth with a dental implant, bridge, full or partial denture helps promote dental health as well.

Most dentists involved in restorative dentistry will try to preserve your natural teeth if possible before resorting to full or partial dentures so you won’t have to remove and clean the devices regularly.

These days, thanks to a variety of options for dental restoration, you have many choices for repairing, worn, decayed, damaged or missing teeth and restoring a healthy and beautiful smile.

ScienceDirect Topics

Resin-Based MaterialsFor tooth restorations, resin-based materials have been used as cements and restorative materials.

Caries associated with restorations and sealants is the most prevalent reason given for restoration replacements, regardless of the restorative material used.

Assessment TrainingIt is widely reported that when assessing failing restorations, individual clinicians are inconsistent in their decision making and that wide variation exists among dentists in deciding whether or not to replace a restoration.

Use of high-quality, standardized radiographic images is an important diagnostic and monitoring tool, but training is also recommended for the radiographic assessment of existing restorations to overcome the challenges of diagnosing radiolucencies, superimposition and masking by radiopaque materials.

Scores 1, 2 and 3 divide acceptable restorations into three distinct categories, and there are two further categories defining unsatisfactory restorations.

N.B. The location of the defect, extent and accessibility are important factors in determining whether restorations can be renovated or repaired, and a restoration that requires repair should still be considered a failure.

13.The dentist should place restorations that will provide the greatest longevity with the least amount of maintenance, for example, full-coverage stainless steel crowns rather than large amalgam restorations on posterior primary teeth.

What Is Restorative Dentistry?

Restorative dentistry is a branch of dentistry that focuses on replacing damaged or missing teeth.

This branch of dentistry also incorporates treatments from other dental fields, including endodontics, prosthodontics, and periodontics.

Repairing damaged teeth with dental fillings or bonding treatment.

Restorative dental materials are the foundation of tooth structure replacement.

Bridges are the result of extreme dental decay, missing teeth, or extractions.

In essence, dental bonds can fill cavities, repair cracked or chipped teeth, and cover the surfaces of discolored teeth.

Depending on needs, there are three different dental bonding treatments available, including indirect dental bonding, composite veneer bonding, and composite bonding.

Dental Restoration

Dental restoration, dental fillings, or simply fillings, are treatments used to restore the function, integrity, and morphology of missing tooth structure resulting from caries or external trauma as well as to the replacement of such structure supported by dental implants.

The process of preparation usually involves cutting the tooth with a rotary dental handpiece and dental burrs, a dental laser, or though air abrasion to make space for the planned restorative materials and to remove any dental decay or portions of the tooth that are structurally unsound.

If permanent restoration cannot be carried out immediately after tooth preparation, temporary restoration may be performed.

While the indirect restoration is being prepared, a provisory/temporary restoration is sometimes used to cover the prepared tooth to help maintain the surrounding dental tissues.

Possible indications for amalgam are for load-bearing restorations in medium to large sized cavities in posterior teeth, and in core build-ups when a definitive restoration will be an indirect cast restoration such as a crown or bridge retainer.

Inorganic filler such as silica, quartz or various glasses, are added to reduce polymerization shrinkage by occupying volume and to confirm radio-opacity of products due to translucency in property, which can be helpful in diagnosis of dental caries around dental restorations.

Dental compomers are another type of white filling material although their use is not as widespread. Compomers were formed by modifying dental composites with poly-acid in an effort to combine the desirable properties of dental composites, namely their good aesthetics, and glass ionomer cements, namely their ability to release fluoride over a long time.

Tooth Restoration: 7 Different Types

If you have crooked, worn, discolored, damaged, or unhealthy teeth, your dentist may recommend tooth or dental restoration.

Tooth restoration can restore the natural function of your teeth, plus prevent additional damage from decay.

If you’ve lost all your teeth due to injury, tooth decay, or gum disease, you may get a full set of dentures.

Veneers are tooth-colored, natural-looking shells that cover the front of a tooth or several teeth.

Tooth bonding is used to perfect the appearance of discolored, cracked, or chipped teeth.

Your dentist will apply a composite resin to your tooth that matches the color of your natural teeth.

If you have cracked, discolored, chipped, or missing teeth, talk with your dentist about dental restoration procedures that can improve the appearance of your teeth and help you avoid additional tooth damage.

Complex Dental Restorations| Division Of Dentistry And Oral Surgery At Johns Hopkins

Complex dental restorations are procedures that replace many, if not all, of the teeth on a person’s lower or upper jaw.

Your prosthodontist will lead this effort, replacing many of the teeth with a combination of crowns, bridges or dental implants.

After your initial evaluation for a restoration, our prosthodontist will create a diagnostic model of your mouth.

Using that model, he or she will propose a treatment, with a guide for how the restoration will proceed.

This usually involves temporary restorations, including temporary crowns and bridges, so that you can see the final cosmetic result.

At Johns Hopkins, we have introduced an advanced method of completing complex dental restorations, known as cone beam CT-guided implant restorations.

While complex dental restorations are very involved and take at least six months, our patients are thrilled with the results.

Post Idea #29: Acquiring bank

Related Articles – Summarized

What Is An Acquiring Bank? The Acquirer’S Role In Payments

An acquiring bank works as the middleman in payment card transactions.

An acquiring bank is a financial institution which accepts and processes credit and debit cards transactions on behalf of merchants.

The processor submits the request through the card scheme, then on to the issuing bank.

Issuing bank checks whether the card account is active, whether the requested amount is available to the account, and more.

Payment card transactions-including purchases, refunds, chargebacks, and more-don’t only involve the cardholder and the merchant; between the two, there will always be an acquirer.

Acquiring banks are named for the function they perform in credit card processing.

Think of a merchant account as a virtual bank account linked to a physical bank account and used to process payment cards.

What Is An Acquiring Bank?

The acquiring bank is a financial institution that plays a crucial role for the merchant by creating and managing the bank account.

A merchant’s acquiring bank can be an actual bank, or it can be another type of financial organization.

A large acquiring bank may also issue credit and debit cards to its customers, thus also acting as an “Issuing bank” when a consumer pays with the card.

4th Step: The issuing bank transfers the amount to the acquiring bank.

The acquiring bank is more of a go-between among the card networks, including the issuing bank and the merchant.

The acquiring bank essentially mediates any disputed transaction from the issuing bank.

It’s not always obvious who your acquiring bank is, as some processors and acquiring banks are separate entities, while sometimes you’re dealing with the same organization.

What Is An Acquiring Bank?

A financial institution or bank that accepts transactions by credit and debit cards from cardholders; making the process of shopping both online and in normal stores faster and easier for both the merchant as well as the customer.

The term acquirer is used for the bank that acquires or accepts these payments from the banks within an association.

Acquiring banks often work deep behind the scenes and work through intermediaries rather than directly serving the merchants.

You can think of acquiring banks as facilitators who help with the exchange of funds between the banks who issue the cards and the merchants who accept the cards.

The acquiring banks rarely sell these services on their own though, and most typically it is third-party organizations that are responsible for signing up merchants and providing them with customer service.

Most people think that acquiring banks benefit from processing fees, and they do to some extent, but really the fees are small and they play a very small role in the actual credit card transaction.

Surprisingly given the small fees they receive, acquiring banks assume most of the risk in the credit card process since the merchant accounts are considered as lines-of-credit rather than holding accounts.

Acquiring Bank

An acquiring bank is a bank or financial institution that processes credit or debit card payments on behalf of a merchant.

The acquiring bank enters into a contract with a merchant and offers it a merchant account.

Under the agreement, the acquiring bank exchanges funds with issuing banks on behalf of the merchant and pays the merchant for its daily payment-card activity’s net balance-that is, gross sales minus reversals, interchange fees, and acquirer fees.

The acquiring bank accepts the risk that the merchant will remain solvent.

The main source of risk to the acquiring bank is fund reversals.

To defray the cost of any fines received, the acquiring banks are inclined to pass such fines on to the merchant.

New merchants pose risk to acquiring banks as well, beyond solvency concerns.

Acquiring Bank: Definition And Role In Payment Processing

The authorization and processing of digital payments require the smooth coordination of various key players within the payment network, and one of the them is the acquiring bank.

In other words, an Acquiring bank is the financial institution in charge of processing credit and debit card payments on behalf of the merchant.

Every time a cardholder uses his card in a purchase, the Acquiring bank is responsible for authorizing or rejecting the transaction based on the data received from the issuing bank and the card network.

When the customer arrives at checkout to finalize his purchase, the transaction process is first initiated by a payment gateway such as MYMOID which is responsible for acquiring transaction authorization and data encryption to ensure the safe transmission of data along the red.

Once the process has been initiated by the gateway, the acquiring bank takes the transaction data from the merchant and passes it on to the card association.

Once the transaction has been approved, the card association and the issuing bank send their approval to the Acquiring bank to credit the funds to the merchant.

Acquiring banks are exposed to certain risks when it comes to processing transactions on the merchant’s website.

Acquiring Bank And Issuing Bank

In any discussion about payments or chargebacks, you’re likely to run into terms like acquiring bank, acquirer, issuing bank, or issuer.

An issuing bank or issuer is the cardholder’s lender or bank.

An acquiring bank or acquirer is the merchant’s bank.

Each day, the merchant’s acquiring bank exchanges funds with various issuing banks as customers make purchases, return products for refunds, or request chargebacks.

What Do Issuing Banks Do? Issuing banks provide customers with credit and debit cards affiliated with the major card networks.

When a customer makes a purchase with their card, their issuing bank communicates with the merchant’s acquiring bank and transfers the funds to them.

Yes, a bank can act as both an issuing and acquiring bank.

Acquiring Vs. Issuing Banks: What Are The Differences?

An issuing bank is another key player in the payment process.

In the simplest terms, an issuing bank is a financial institution that provides credit and debit cards to customers on behalf of big card networks like Visa, MasterCard, Discover, and American Express.

In any given online transaction, the issuing bank plays the role of a middle-man between the consumer and the card network.

Despite a common misconception that card networks like Visa and Mastercard issue debit and credit cards, it’s the banks and credit unions who actually issue the card on behalf of the credit card networks.

Because of the risk associated with issuing cards, the issuing bank accept the liabilities and guarantee payment in case of loss or damage.

The issuing banks become responsible for recouping the costs.

The issuing bank is also in charge of approving and denying credit card applications, collecting payments from the cardholders and providing customer support.

Post Idea #30: Neglected tropical diseases

Related Articles – Summarized

Neglected Tropical Diseases

Neglected tropical diseases include several parasitic, viral, and bacterial diseases that cause substantial illness for more than one billion people globally.

Affecting the world’s poorest people, NTDs impair physical and cognitive development, contribute to mother and child illness and death, make it difficult to farm or earn a living, and limit productivity in the workplace.

As a result, NTDs trap the poor in a cycle of poverty and disease.

NIH: National Institute Of Allergy And Infectious Diseases

Neglected tropical diseases, such as dengue, lymphatic filariasis, trachoma, and leishmaniasis, are called “Neglected,” because they generally afflict the world’s poor and historically have not received as much attention as other diseases.

NTDs tend to thrive in developing regions of the world, where water quality, sanitation, and access to health care are substandard.

Some of these diseases also are found in areas of the United States with high rates of poverty.

Neglected tropical diseases, take a tremendous toll on global health.

The World Health Organization estimates that more than one billion people – approximately one-sixth of the world’s population – suffer from at least one NTD. While NTDs rarely lead to death, they can cause significant disability that persists for a lifetime, including fatigue, blindness, and disfigurement.

NIAID has a robust program of research devoted to better understanding, preventing, and treating NTDs. Studies conducted and supported by NIAID have led to important new discoveries about the microbes that cause NTDs, the identification of targets for potential new drugs and vaccines, and the development of strategies for controlling the organisms that transmit NTD-causing agents to humans.

Learn more about the NIAID role in neglected tropical disease research.

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

To reduce the burden of neglected tropical diseases on the world’s poorest people through targeted and effective control, elimination, and eradication efforts.

Neglected tropical diseases affect 1 billion people worldwide, and the poorest and most vulnerable communities suffer the most.

Many tropical diseases could be considered neglected, so we target our investments toward diseases that are large in scale and severity, that impose significant social and economic burdens on developing countries, and that have the greatest likelihood of elimination or eradication through strategic, feasible interventions.

We currently target the 10 NTDs specified in the London Declaration on Neglected Tropical Diseases, and we vary our approach based on the unique challenges of each disease.

More than 1 billion people in developing countries suffer from infectious diseases that attract little donor funding, largely because those diseases are rare in wealthier countries.

In January 2012, the foundation; 13 pharmaceutical companies; the governments of the United States, United Kingdom, and United Arab Emirates; the World Bank; and other global health organizations signed the London Declaration on Neglected Tropical Diseases, launching a global push to control, eliminate, or eradicate 10 NTDs by the end of the decade.

Katey Einterz Owen, Ph. D. leads efforts in controlling, eliminating, and eradicating the diseases of the London Declaration on Neglected Tropical Diseases, which collectively put at risk more than one billion people in the world.

Neglected Tropical Diseases

There is some debate among the WHO, CDC, and infectious disease experts over which diseases are classified as neglected tropical diseases.

Sustainable Development Goal 3 has this target to eradicate NTDs: “By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases.”

Inclusion of NTDs into initiatives for malaria, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis, as well as integration of NTD treatment programs, may have advantages given the strong link between these diseases and NTDs. Some neglected tropical diseases share common vectors.

Many neglected tropical diseases and other prevalent diseases share common vectors, creating another opportunity for treatment and control integration.

Drugs for Neglected Disease initiative is one of these PDPs that has already developed new treatments for NTDs. The Sabin Vaccine Institute, founded in 1993, works to address the issues of vaccine-preventable diseases as well as NTDs. They run three main programs, Sabin Vaccine Development, Global Network for Neglected Tropical Diseases, and Vaccine Advocacy and Education.

An open-access journal dedicated to neglected tropical diseases called PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases first began publication in 2007.

The Great Neglected Tropical Diseases Network was a consortium of scientists from all over the world, hand picked by Ken Warren, working to expand the research base in neglected diseases.

Neglected Tropical Diseases Of The Developing World: Developing Drugs For Treatment Or Prevention

The purpose of this guidance is to assist sponsors in the development of drugs for the treatment or prevention of neglected tropical diseases of the developing world.

Specifically, this guidance addresses the Food and Drug Administration’s current thinking regarding the overall drug development program for the treatment or prevention of NTDs, as defined in section 524(a)(3) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, including clinical trial designs and internal review standards to support approval of drugs.

You can submit online or written comments on any guidance at any time(5.

All written comments should be identified with this document’s docket number: FDA-2011-D-0587.

Post Idea #31: Tropical disease

Related Articles – Summarized

Major Tropical Diseases

Some of the organisms that cause tropical diseases are bacteria and viruses, terms that may be familiar to most people since these types of organisms cause illness common in the U.S. Less well known are those more complex organisms commonly referred to as parasites.

In the tropics, respiratory diseases and sexually transmitted diseases are also of great importance.

Some tropical disease agents are transmitted by an intermediate carrier or vector.

Often, tropical disease agents must undergo important developmental changes within the vector before they complete their life cycle and once again become infective for man.

Arboviruses are of special relevance as tropical diseases.

Since different diseases are prominent in tropical regions, patterns of the HIV-associated infections may diverge significantly from those seen in the developed nations.

It is thought that being infected with one or more tropical diseases may affect the course of AIDS upon subsequent HIV infection.

Tropical Diseases: Definition, Geographic Distribution, Transmission, And Classification

The term tropical diseases encompasses all diseases that occur principally in the tropics.

This term covers all communicable and noncommunicable diseases, genetic disorders, and disease caused by nutritional deficiencies or environmental conditions that are encountered in areas that lie between, and alongside, the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn belts.

In tropical countries, apart from noncommunicable diseases, a severe burden of disease is caused by an array of different microorganisms, parasites, land and sea animals, and arthropods.

What Are Tropical Diseases?

During recent history, tropical regions of the world were more severely affected by infectious diseases in comparison to the temperate world.

Principal reasons why infectious diseases can thrive in such regions can be found in both environmental and biological factors that support high levels of biodiversity of pathogens, vectors and hosts, but also in social factors that undermine efforts to control these diseases.

Such infectious diseases are known simply as tropical diseases, and tropical medicine has emerged as an important discipline for their study.

Tuberculosis represents the leading cause of death associated with infectious diseases globally, and its incidence is on the rise in tropical areas due to the interaction between tuberculosis and HIV epidemics.

Strongyloidiasis a common cause of disease in tropical and subtropical areas, as a warm climate is suitable for parasite survival.

Tropical diseases can be put under control by distributing medications, improving living conditions and building waste sanitation facilities.

Community-wide vaccination programs can make a difference, and some vaccines for neglected tropical diseases have entered the clinical pipeline.

Neglected Tropical Diseases

NTDs are found in several countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

NTDs are especially common in tropical areas where people do not have access to clean water or safe ways to dispose of human waste.

Information on diseases included in the WHO portfolio of NTDs is available at www.

Controlling the vectors that transmit these diseases and improving basic water, sanitation, and hygiene are highly effective strategies against these NTDs. Fact Sheet.

Tropical Disease

Disease prevalent in or unique to tropical and subtropical regions.

Tropical diseases are diseases that are prevalent in or unique to tropical and subtropical regions.

Human exploration of tropical rainforests, deforestation, rising immigration and increased international air travel and other tourism to tropical regions has led to an increased incidence of such diseases to non-tropical countries.

Historical TDR disease portfolio Disease When added Pathogen Primary vector Primary endemic areas Frequency Annual deaths Symptoms Complications Malaria 1975 Plasmodium falciparum and four other Plasmodium species of protazoa Anopheles mosquitoes throughout the tropics 228 million 405,000 fever, tiredness, vomiting, headache yellow skin, seizures, coma, death Schistosomiasis /ˌʃɪs.

1.5 million chronic cough, fever, cough with bloody mucus, weight loss death TB-HIV coinfection‡ 1999 HIV + Mycobacterium tuberculosis sexual contact + airborne disease Africa 1.2 million 251,000 Sexually transmitted infections 2000 bacteria, parasite, viruses sexual contact worldwide various various Although leprosy and tuberculosis are not exclusively tropical diseases, their high incidence in the tropics justifies their inclusion.

Tropical countries like Brazil, which have improved their socio-economic situation and invested in hygiene, public health and the combat of transmissible diseases have achieved dramatic results in relation to the elimination or decrease of many endemic tropical diseases in their territory.

‘Conquest and Disease or Colonisation and Health’, lecture by Professor Frank Cox on the history of tropical disease, given at Gresham College, 17 September 2007… Colombian Institute of Tropical Medicine ICMT-CES University.

Tropical Disease

Tropical disease, any disease that is indigenous to tropical or subtropical areas of the world or that occurs principally in those areas.

After the Spanish conquest in the 16th century, Europeans discovered yellow fever, a disease present in tropical Africa and South America.

Scientific interest in the identification and classification of tropical diseases emerged in the 19th century, when increasing numbers of Europeans and Americans, as a result of exploration and colonial expansion, were brought into contact with infectious diseases in tropical and subtropical climates.

The study of tropical diseases formed the basis of tropical medicine.

Neglected tropical diseases Numerous tropical diseases have been described, and they collectively affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide each year.

Efforts to prevent and control neglected tropical diseases have been challenged by the limited international visibility of the diseases, by the significant economic and social problems that face afflicted regions, by a lack of medical access in those regions, and by a lack of local education about the diseases.

Although drugs were available for only a few neglected tropical diseases, so-called mass drug administration, in which drugs were made available to large numbers of people, and other interventions, such as vector control and sanitation and hygiene improvements, proved highly effective against the diseases.

Tropical Disease Priority Review Voucher Program

The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, section 524, authorizes FDA to award priority review vouchers to sponsors of approved tropical disease product applications that meet certain criteria.

In October 2016, FDA finalized a guidance providing information on the implementation of section 524 of the FD&C Act – Tropical Disease Priority Review Vouchers Guidance for Industry.

Tropical Disease PRVs. To qualify for a PRV, a sponsor’s application must be for a drug or biological product for the prevention or treatment of a “Tropical disease,” must otherwise qualify for priority review, and must contain no active ingredient that has been approved in any other application under section 505(b)(1) of the FD&C Act or section 351 of the Public Health Services Act.

The Food and Drug Administration Reauthorization Act of 2017 made changes to the eligibility criteria for receipt of a tropical disease priority review voucher.

An application awarded a tropical disease PRV must be for the “Prevention or treatment of a tropical disease” as listed and described in the statute.

FDA Review of Candidates for Addition to the List of Tropical Diseases.

Section 524 does not provide a time period for designation, nor does it establish any designation or disease candidate submission process, other than to specify that the designation must be “By order of the Secretary.” FDA’s docket review process is described below.

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